Music 28 Slides No 9 - S12


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Music 28 Slides No 9 - S12

  1. 1. Hist of Rock 1970sSoft 70s, Corporate Rock, Rock Fusion & The Era of Excess
  2. 2. Cultural Changes• University protests – Kent State murders & others• Violence at concerts – Altamont – trampling at The Who in Cincinnati, OH• Deaths of young rock heroes and heroines – Brian Jones (Rolling Stones), Keith Moon (The Who), Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Brian Epstein (The Beatles), Jim Morrison (The Doors), Otis Redding• War still continued – Vietnam – continued until 1975 – 58,153 Americans died in the Vietnam War. Approximately 9,000 American suicides were a direct result of the war. The Vietnamese reported 5.1 million deaths. The Grand total is 5.4 million deaths.• All these events combined to change the direction of rock music in the 1970s
  3. 3. Music Changes in the 70s• Rather than the pounding volume and elevated emotions of 60s rock, some 70s audiences sought a more cerebral music• Overall disillusionment lead to people turning inward – Softer music – More personal, introspective lyrics – Or a lack of content – Less of a heavy message – Experimental
  4. 4. Where was the rock and roll?• Audiences had to seek out rock music• New radio formats besides the top 40 – AOR – Album Oriented Rock - KLOS – Progressive Rock – college - KMET – Urban contemporary - KPRW – Oldies – 50s and early 60s hits - KRTH – Alternative rock – punk/new wave – by the end of the 70s – KROQ & 91X
  5. 5. Rock Fusion• Rock was fused with other styles• Fusion: the combination of 2 or more styles which create a unique new fused style – Jazz Rock – Classical Rock – (not the same as classic rock) – Country Rock – 70s Folk Rock
  6. 6. Jazz-Rock• Both Jazz and Rock share a similar background – The Blues – Jazz is approximately 50 years older than rock – It was a natural progression for rock steeped in the blues to gravitate towards more sophistication in jazz• Some jazz-rock groups include: – Chicago – Santana – Steely Dan
  7. 7. • Originally The Chicago Transit Authority – Became Chicago in the early 1970s – Fused jazz horns with pop/rock – Apolitical lyrics (lacking in political content)• “25 or 6 to 4” from Chicago II – 1970 – Lyrics are about the time of day and writing a song at 3:35 or 3:36am, or 25 or 26 to 4 in the morning
  8. 8. 25 or 6 to 4Waiting for the break of daySearching for something to say Flashing lights against the sky Giving up I close my eyesSitting cross-legged on the floor Twenty-five or six to four Staring blindly into space Getting up to splash my face Wanting just to stay awakeWondring how much I can take Should I try to do some more Twenty-five or six to four (solo) Feeling like I ought to sleepSpinning room is sinking deepSearching for something to say Waiting for the break of day Twenty-five or six to four Twenty-five or six to four
  9. 9. • Tijuana born Carlos Santana combined Latin rhythms and Latin jazz to his virtuosic guitar playing• His albums Abraxas (1970) and Santana III (1971) both hit no. 1 – “Black Magic Woman” hit no. 4 in the US charts
  10. 10. • Co-founded by Donald Fagen and Walter Becker who met through their mutual interest in jazz while at college.• Their blend of jazz and rock is keyboard based• “Rikki Don’t Lose That Number” was their biggest hit at no. 4 on the charts – Borrowed riff from jazz great Horace Silver
  11. 11. Classical Rock• Not to be confused with classic rock, Classical Rock is sometimes called: – Art Rock or Progressive Rock – A fusion of classical music elements with rock • Instrumentation – orchestras and orchestral instruments • Formal design • Fantasy lyrics • Occasionally Theatrics • Extremely long jam sessions and solos
  12. 12. Classical Rock• Early bands in this genre: – Procol Harum and The Moody Blues – Procol Harum’s “Nights in White Satin” featured the London Festival Orchestra• Other bands in this genre are: – Genesis – composed in classical forms and included elaborate stage shows and costumes – Pink Floyd – originally a psychedelic band, they added classical elements including instruments, form and theatrics to their music in the 1970s • Yes • Rush • Electric Light Orchestra
  13. 13. • After their guitarist Sid Barrett left the band in 1968 due to excessive LSD use, David Gilmore joined the band and their style began to blend classical elements with rock• Gilmore’s collaboration with Roger Waters incorporated more experimentation with orchestration
  14. 14. • Their album Dark Side of the Moon explores themes on mental illness, anxiety and alienation.• It is considered the band’s masterpiece and has remained on the charts for over 28 years, the longest of any album
  15. 15. • “On The Run” from Dark Side of the Moon is a track about air travel and anxiety, ultimately culminating in the crash of the airplane.• “This piece was created by entering an 8 note sequence into a Synthi AKS and speeding it up, with an added white noise generator creating the hi-hat sound. The band then added backwards guitar parts, created by dragging a microphone stand down the fretboard, reversing the tape, and panning left to right. There are also other Synthi and VCS3 synthesizer parts, made to sound like a vehicle passing, giving a Doppler effect. The 8 note sequence (E3, G3, A3, G3, D4, C4, D4, E4) is played at a tempo of 166, and modulates upwards occasionally. Near the end, the only guitar part is heard: a chord over the explosion of the presumed aircraft, which gradually fades, segueing into the chiming clocks introduction of the following track ‘Time’.” – Blake, Mark (2008), Comfortably Numb—The Inside Story of Pink Floyd
  16. 16. • Their Rock Opera The Wall partly depicts the destruction of Sid Barrett to drugs and mental illness• Recurring themes in Pink Floyd’s music: – War – Mental illness – Anxiety – Planes – Isolation/alienation
  17. 17. • Began in 1967 by students at England’s Charter school – They incorporate theatrics, formal design, Mellotron and other electronic keyboards in their music and performance – Members: Peter Gabriel, Phil Collins, Tony Banks, Mike Rutherford, Steve Hackett – They are in the top 30 highest selling recording artists of all time
  18. 18. • The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway – 1974 – A concept album • a surrealistic description of the adventures of Rael as he confronts the modern civilization of New York City • When performed live Peter Gabriel portrayed Rael – The title track is an example of the bands style of Classical/Art Rock
  19. 19. Country Rock• A fusion of the simple living and the rural traditions or country music – Country music has always been an element of rock going back to Elvis and Chuck Berry – 70s version of country rock was more sophisticated• Some country Rockers: – The Allman Brothers – electric deep South blues – Lynrd Skynyrd – Linda Ronstadt – The Eagles – Ronstadt’s tour band – Jackson Browne – West coast country rock song writer/performer
  20. 20. The Allman Brothers Band• The Allman Brothers – Formed by Duane Allman in 1969 – Members: Gregg Allman, Dickey Betts, Berry Oakley, Butch Trucks, Jaimoe Johanson• Their second album At the Filmore East became the forefront of southern (or country) rock – They were inspired by the southern urban blues pioneers – They paved the way for bands like Lynrd Skynrd and the Marshal Tucker band• “Ramblin’ Man” 1973 is based on a Hank Williams song with the same name.
  21. 21. The Eagles• Formed after leaving Linda Ronstadt in 1971 – Members: Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Randy Meisner, Bernie Leadon (Joe Walsh replaced Leadon in ’75)• Their second album Desperado was a concept album about the old West’s Dalton gang• The Eagles “Life in the Fast Lane” off their 1976 Hotel California album is a good example of the twang of country rock fused with the sophistication of rock. – The lyrics capture the decadence of the “Era of Excess”
  22. 22. “Life in the Fast Lane” – The Eagles 1976He was a hard-headed man Out every evening, until it was lightHe was brutally handsome, and she was terminally He was too tired to make it, she was too tiredpretty to fight about itShe held him up, and he held her for ransom inthe heart of the cold, cold city Life in the fast laneHe had a nasty reputation as a cruel dude Surely make you lose your mindThey said he was ruthless, they said he was crude Life in the fast lane, everything all the timeThey had one thing in common, they were Life in the fast lane, uh huhgood in bedShed say, Faster, faster. The lights are turnin red." Blowin and burnin, blinded by thirst They didnt see the stop sign, took a turn for theLife in the fast lane WorseSurely make you lose your mind, mm She said, "Listen, baby. You can hear theAre you with me so far? engine ring. Weve been up and down this highway;Eager for action and hot for the game havent seen a goddam thing."The coming attraction, the drop of a name He said, "Call the doctor. I think Im gonnaThey knew all the right people, they took all the crash."right pills "The doctor say hes comin, but you gotta payThey threw outrageous parties, they paid heavenly him cash."bills They went rushin down that freeway, messedThere were lines on the mirror, lines on her face around and got lostShe pretended not to notice, she was caught up They didnt care they were just dyin to get offin the race And it was life in the fast lane Life in the fast lane
  23. 23. 70s Sweet Soft Soul• Soul music took on a mellow, ballad quality in the 1970s• Stevie Wonder matures and finds his softer soul sound – His songs become much more personal – He incorporates a funky style with personal lyrical content• His album Talking Book – 1972 hit the top five and contains two of his all time hits – “You are the Sunshine of My Life” – “Superstition”
  24. 24. Stevie Wonder’s soft 70s soul• 1976 he released a double album – “Songs in the Key of Life” • Double album • Best selling in his career • Ranked 56 in Rolling Stones’ best 500 albums of all time • “Sir Duke” • “I Wish”
  25. 25. 1970s Folk Rock – Singer/Songwriter• A less country and more self focused folk music• Many personal responses to unmarried or divorced life and loneliness – By 1975 divorce skyrocketed from 377,000 to 1,036,00 – a 54% rise from the late 1960s• Many of these artists were singer-songwriters – James Taylor • “I Was a Fool to Care” – Joni Mitchell • “Help Me”
  26. 26. The Era of Excess, The “Me” Decade• Hippies who had protested for peace, love and freedom now had to earn a living and became more a part of the establishment• The emergence of Yuppies – Short for young urban professionals – financially secure 20 and 30-somethings• The last of the baby boomers were in college and became more materialistic and self- indulgent – Drug use still prominent – more expensive – Sexuality flaunted – Conspicuous wealth
  27. 27. Glam (or Glitter) Rock Heavy-Metal Theater??• Mid 1970s artists who sought to flaunt their sexuality or ambiguity with costumes, make-up, flamboyant shows and sexually charged lyrics.• People and bands include: – David Bowie – Elton John – Iggy Pop – Queen • 80s bands – Culture Club, The Eurythmics
  28. 28. David Bowie• Began his Glam-Rock style in the early 70s – Flaunted androgyny • Wore dresses in public • Makeup, died hair, campy stage theatrics • Declared his bisexuality in a 1972 British music magazine• Ziggy Stardust – Bowie’s bisexual, space-age, glam persona – The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars sold over a million copies• Bowie’s early glam style influenced other androgynous rockers
  29. 29. • Formed in 1971• Lead singer Freddy Mercury flaunted his sexuality on stage with his dress, costumes, behavior and theatrics• Their music was as dramatic as their stage presence – A Night at the Opera includes the iconic track “Bohemian Rhapsody.” – 1975 • Operatic structure with heavy metal style guitar solos• “We Will Rock You” and “We Are the Champions” – Iconic of the 70s rock sound
  30. 30. Heavy-Metal Theater• Theatrical, glittery often androgynous 70s heavy metal• Other artists include: – Iggy Pop – Michigan based • Formed The Stooges • Edgy and pre-punk – The New York Dolls • The New York Dolls were a cross between punk and glitter-rock in 1973-74 – Kiss – Alice Cooper
  31. 31. Disco• Disco represents 1970s excess• Begun in New York clubs• DJs played non-stop dance music with an insistent, electronically generated beat – Disco appealed more to white audiences since the beat was even and easy to dance to • Often the backbeat of rock is gone – The music of rich baby-boomers – Created an atmosphere of stars on the dance floor and self-obsession• Disco was not about the band on the stage but about the people on the dance floor – The lyrics were often very simple and on themes of “me, me, me, me” – Disco was enjoyed by many as an escape from reality
  32. 32. 70s Arena Rock • 70s Rock becomes a huge business • Larger venues meant larger theatrics – Smoke bombs – Over-the-top costumes – Outrageous behavior • Problem = created a huge distance from the audience – Intimate singer-song writer didn’t initially fit the big venues • Many of the same bands of corporate rock were also playing the huge arenas
  33. 33. Corporate Rock• The 1970s a hand full of record companies dominated the marketplace – The top 4 record companies accounted for 52% of all record sales • CBS & Warner-Elektra accounted for 38% – These corporations had interests in other areas than music • RCA – owned Hertz Rent-A-Car & NBC • MCA – owned Universal films, a cemetery chain and a bank – Profits became more important than innovation and content
  34. 34. Corporate Rock• Many bands became formulaic, predictable and mass produced – Even the most successful bands felt the pressure to make profits over creativity – By the end of the decade rock had become a big business dominated by millionaire rock stars and arena rock shows which alienated audiences • Some bands include: – Kiss – The Bee Gees – Foreigner – Journey – REO Speedwagon – STYX – Toto