• The term Heavy Metal was first used by Beat poet William Burroughs and was re-introduced by the rock band Steppenwolf – “Born to be Wild” – It represents volume & distortion, life on the edge – Explosive blues based rock harder than hard rock – Heavy metal is an exaggeration of hard rock • If hard rock was loud, heavy metal was louder – Many bands include theatrics and have oxymoronic names • Black Sabbath • AC/DC • Iron Maiden • Quite Riot • Guns & Roses
• Formed in 1968 by members of the Yardbirds – Members: Jimmy Page (guitarist), John Paul Jones (bass/Keyboards), John Bonham (drums), & Robert Plant (lead vocals)• Their sound is heavily steeped in the blues• Some critics have termed them the first Heavy Metal band – They did not like this term since they felt it was too confining • A third of their music is acoustic• Characteristics: – Virtuosic guitar - Page – Extreme vocals - Plant – Fantasy lyrics • Stairway to Heaven about Celtic Fairies • Immigrant Song written after a trip to Iceland “…the land of ice and snow…” inspired by the Vikings
• “Whole Lotta Love” off of Led Zeppelin II, is a good example what becomes the heavy metal sound in its early years – Insistent eighth-note beat – Strong low-range guitar riff repeats under each verse – High pitched vocals which boarder on shouting – Distorted guitar – Loud – It is hard-rock – only harder• Psychedelic Blues???
Whole Lotta Love – Led Zeppelin, 1969You need coolin, baby, Im not foolin You been coolin Im gonna send ya back to schoolin And baby, Ive been droolin Way down inside, a-honey, you need it All the good times, baby, Ive been Im gonna give you my love misusin Im gonna give you my love, oh A-way, way down inside Im gonna give ya my love Wanna whole lotta love Im gonna give ya every inch of my love Wanna whole lotta love Im gonna give you my love Wanna whole lotta love Yeah, alright, lets go Wanna whole lotta love Wanna whole lotta love Youve been learnin Wanna whole lotta love And baby, I been learnin Wanna whole lotta love All them good times Wanna whole lotta love Baby, baby, Ive been discernin-a A-way, way down inside A-honey, you need-a Way down inside Im gonna give you my love, ah woman, you need it Im gonna give you my love, ah Love Oh, whole lotta love Oh, shake for me, girl Wanna whole lotta love I wanna be your backdoor man-a Wanna whole lotta love Hey, oh, hey, oh Wanna whole lotta love Hey, oh, oooh I dont want more Keep a-coolin, baby A-keep a-coolin, baby (ad lib) A-keep a-coolin, baby Uh, keep a-coolin, baby
• March 29, 1975: Led Zeppelin becomes the first band in history to have 6 albums on the charts at once: – Physical Graffiti, Led Zeppelin IV, House of the Holy, Led Zeppelin II, Led Zeppelin, and Led Zeppelin III• Important to music history: – Their management got them advanced royalties and full artistic rights – this is the first time any band had achieved this amount of financial control over their music • They kept 90% of their arena concert draw
• As the band rose to stardom their off stage behavior became more and more outrageous – Hotels “Riot House” – John Bonham motorcycle through the hotel – Destruction of a Japanese hotel • Banned• 1980 drummer John Bonham dies of asphyxiation while drunk – age 32
• Their most successful album is often called Led Zeppelin IV (1971), although officially it was an untitled album represented by these four symbols• representing (from left to right) Jimmy Page, John Paul Jones, John Bonham, and Robert Plant.
• “Stairway to Heaven” was never released as a single but is the most requested AOR FM radio song ever.• In the early 1980s the Baptist church said that satanic messages could be found in many rock songs if they were played slowly and backwards – “…If there’s a bustle in your hedgerow, don’t be alarmed now…” – “Here’s to my sweet Satan” and “I sing because I live with Satan” – LZ’s response: • Robert Plant wrote the lyrics based on Celtic Fairies in 20 minutes – not nearly enough time to create complicated backwards masking
Stairway to Heaven – Led ZeppelinTheres a lady whos sure all that glitters is gold If theres a bustle in your hedgerow, dont beAnd shes buying the stairway to heaven. alarmed now,When she gets there she knows, if the stores are all Its just a spring clean for the May queen.closed Yes, there are two paths you can go by, but in theWith a word she can get what she came for. long runOoh, ooh, and shes buying the stairway to heaven. Theres still time to change the road youre on. And it makes me wonder.Theres a sign on the wall but she wants to be sureCause you know sometimes words have two Your head is humming and it wont go, in case youmeanings. dont know,In a tree by the brook, theres a songbird who sings, The pipers calling you to join him,Sometimes all of our thoughts are misgiving. Dear lady, can you hear the wind blow, and didOoh, it makes me wonder, you knowOoh, it makes me wonder. Your stairway lies on the whispering wind.Theres a feeling I get when I look to the west, And as we wind on down the roadAnd my spirit is crying for leaving. Our shadows taller than our soul.In my thoughts I have seen rings of smoke through There walks a lady we all knowthe trees, Who shines white light and wants to showAnd the voices of those who stand looking. How everything still turns to gold.Ooh, it makes me wonder, And if you listen very hardOoh, it really makes me wonder. The tune will come to you at last. When all are one and one is allAnd its whispered that soon if we all call the tune To be a rock and not to roll.Then the piper will lead us to reason.And a new day will dawn for those who stand long And shes buying the stairway to heaven.And the forests will echo with laughter.
• Formed in 1968 – Originally formed with the name Earth• Black Sabbath centered their image on occult and horror themes – They took the guitar intensity of heavy metal and used it to define their dark image• Black Sabbath is one of the most influential early heavy metal bands of all time
• Their personnel has changed over the years – They have over 22 former members – John Ozzy Osbourne is the front man arguably their most recognizable member • Fired in 1979 due to his excessive drinking • Replaced by Ronnie James Dio (1942-2010)
• The group changed heavy metal forever with their innovative style and hard edged sound – The released their self titled album Black Sabbath on Friday the 13th, 1970 – “The Beatles of Heavy Metal” – Rolling Stone – Their second 1970 album Paranoid is placed in Rolling Stone magazine’s 100 best albums of all time – VH1 placed their single “Iron Man” as no. 1 in their list of 40 greatest metal songs