Music 28 Slides No 12 - S12


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Music 28 Slides No 12 - S12

  1. 1. Gen X BluesHistory of Rock
  2. 2. NWBHM New Wave British Heavy Metal  Brits inspired by metal pioneers like Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath  They had much in common with 70s Brit punks • Dissatisfaction with society, politics and the world in general  This metal was harsh, fast and angry Bands include:  Saxon  Venom  Iron Maiden  AC/DC – from Australia but part of the wave • These bands took a dark militant image
  3. 3. Iron Maiden & AC/DC  In 1983 metal fans voted Iron Maiden’s albums Piece of Mind and The Number of the Beast the best 2 metal albums of all- time  “The Number of the Beast” is a good example of the aggressive intensity of this new wave of metal  AC/DC caught Brit fans’ attention in the early 80s with hits like “Highway to Hell”, and “Back in Black”.
  4. 4. Thrash or Speed Metal  US Band Metallica took the inspiration of NWBHM  They sped up metal  Anger an aggression are the central themes to their music • This was similar to the West coast punk mood of the time  Formed by LA based Lars Ulrich. Other members are: James Hetfield, Kirk Hammett, and a series of bassists  They have won 9 Grammy awards  They are the first band to debut 5 albums at number on the Billboard 200 chart“Enter Sandman”
  5. 5. Post Baby Boom EconomicSlide 1992 – the average worker earned $18 less than the average worker in 1979 Unemployment rose to 7.4 percent Teens not is school (college) could not find jobs This new generation found no stability either at home or economically  Divorce  Child abuse rates up  Many sought aggressive music as an outlet for their frustrations
  6. 6. Industrial Music Harsh vocals, buzz-saw guitar combined with electronic samples and synthesized sounds  Captured the alienation of late 80s and early 90s youths  Post-punk pessimism Some early English bands are: PiL – Public Image Limited (formed by John Lydon), Cabaret Voltaire and Throbbing gristle  PiL with Lydon’s vocals are repetitive, cold and hostile “Rise” - PiL
  7. 7. Industrial Music Ministry – formed in 1981 by Alain Jourgensen  Their early sound combined industrial dance with intense, abrasive, pounding guitar inspired samples, synthesized sounds and tape effects  “Everyday is Halloween” received the most commercial play  “Stigmata” from the album Land of Rape and Honey shows their heavy- metal industrial style
  8. 8. Industrial Music Nine Inch Nails • Added heavy metal guitar for a greater mass-appeal sound  Trent Reznor – Classically trained - Formed NIN in 1988  NIN captured the gloom and doom of this era  “just one big blast of anger. Not necessarily a well-rounded record-just one ultrafast chunk of death” – Rockin’ in Time quote by Reznor about the NIN album Broken 1992 “Head Like a Hole” - NIN
  9. 9. Rock in the Pacific Northwest A style of rock music which had a combination of punk hardcore and metal emerged out of independent record labels in Washington state Grunge  Independent label Sub Pop signed bands that rejected the fashion of both punk and metal  Northwest fashion • Faded flannel shirts • Ripped jeans • Baggy shorts • Boots or tennis shoes • Wool caps
  10. 10. Grunge Music influenced by hardcore and metal with a darker melodic influence Bands include:  Soundgarden  Nirvana  Pearl Jam • Their lyrics were often personal and deeper than their punk predecessors
  11. 11.  Arguably the most recognized grunge band Formed in Aberdeen, Washington in 1987  Members: Kurt Cobain, Krist Novoselic, & Dave Grohl (1990) 2nd album Nevermind released on major label DGC Records in 1991  Huge success  “voice of a generation” Gen X  Cobain did not like the attention In 7 years and only 3 commercial albums Nirvana helped establish alternative rock in the form of grunge and re-vitalize guitar based rock and roll “Smells Like Teen Spirit”
  12. 12. Pearl Jam Seattle, WA. They followed Nirvana to the top the charts Their members were fans of British heavy metal Their debut album Ten has sold over 12 million copies “Even Flow”
  13. 13. Grunge Other bands took what Nirvana had started and spread the sound throughout the Pacific Northwest  Alice in Chains – Dirt went quadruple platinum (platinum = 1 mill sold)  Sound Garden – First Seattle grunge band to land a major record label deal • Superunknown – released at number one on the charts and won 2 Grammy awards “Black Hole Sun”
  14. 14. Alt Rock Now an enormous category  Indie Rock  Underground Rock Often began in college towns on college radio  Independent labels  Anti-commercial ??? • Anti-conformity  Guitar based music blends Very diverse category:  R.E.M. - Georgia  Sonic Youth – New York  Smashing Pumpkins - Chicago  Stone Temple Pilots – San Diego  No Doubt – Orange County, CA
  15. 15. Nu-Metal Pioneers A hybrid of hard-edged rock and hip-hop Faith No More – Los Angeles band formed in 1980 Blended hip-hop, funk and metal Paid homage to metal pioneers  Black Sabbath  Led Zeppelin  Jimi Hendrix “If it wasn’t for Sabbath, I wouldn’t be sitting here” – Puffy Bordin – drummer for Faith No More “We really liked the Run DMC thing that was going on at the time” – Roddy Bottum keyboardist for Faith No More “Epic”
  16. 16. Nu-Metal Pioneers  Red Hot Chili Peppers – Formed in 1983 in L.A.  Blended funk, metal and rap  Members: Anthony Kiedis, funk bass player Michael “Flea” Balzary, guitarist John Frusciante and drummer Chad Smith  Their 1991 album Blood Sugar Sex Magik hit no. 3 in the charts  They found inspiration in groups such as Parliament/Funkadelic, Sly and the Family Stone, Run-D.M.C. and the Beastie Boys “Suck My Kiss” “Give it Away”