American Imperialism
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American Imperialism

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American Imperialism American Imperialism Presentation Transcript

  • Lesson Four The United States and East Asia Mr. Reidy
  • Today’s Agenda
  • Recap
    • American’s decision to keep the Philippines reflected a desire to:
      • expand its influence
      • compete with European colonial powers
      • gain new trade in Asia
    • Imperialism in East Asia brought greater power and wealth to Americans, but it also increased international tensions in Asia.
  • War and Peace in the Philippines
    • Please answer the following questions with no more than two other people next to you . Each person must answer the questions.
  •  
  • Press the box above to participate 3. Why did hostilities erupt in the Philippines after the Spanish-American War?
  • The United States Pursues Interests in China
    • By 1899, once-mighty China had fallen into political, economic, and military disarray.
    • China was easy pickings
    • Rather than compete for Chinese trade, Britain, France, Germany, and Russia carved China into distinct spheres of influence.
    • What is a sphere of influence?
  • The United States Pursues Interests in China
    • The U.S. did not have a zone, and American trade in China was threatened
    • U.S. Sec. of State John Hay attempted to persuade foreign diplomats in 1899.
    • The U.S. intervenes in the Boxer Rebellion : Chinese nationalist group challenged the west, “foreign devils.”
    • How did the U.S. protect its commercial interests in China?
  • Tensions Rise Between American and Japan
    • Like the U.S., Japan wanted to expand its influence in China.
    • Japan disapproved of the European “carve-up”
    • Japanese attacked Russian’s Pacific fleet at Port Author, China
    • The Japanese and the Russians had a series of conflicts, more than 100,000 casualties.
  • Tensions Rise Between American and Japan
    • Roosevelt Settles the Russo-Japanese War
      • 1905 – rep’s from each country go to Portsmouth, New Hampshire to negotiate
      • President Theodore Roosevelt (McKinley assassinated in 1901) won the Nobel Peace Prize for urging peace.
      • Roosevelt’s actions reflected America’s growing role in world affairs
    • Anti-Asian Prejudice Troubles Relations
      • “Gentlemen’s Agreement” – end segregation of Asian student in the school board and Japan limited emigration of its citizens to the U.S.
  • The Great White Fleet Sets Sail
    • Roosevelt used diplomacy to ease tensions in Japan
    • To keep in check Japan’s territorial expansion and make a point, the Great White Fleet (armada of 16 U.S. white battleships) was sent around the world.
  • Writing Groups
    • In groups of two or three, please answer this question into two 3-5 sentence paragraphs.
      • How do you think the Japanese felt about the U.S. warships visit?
      • What did the voyage of the Great White Fleet demonstrate to the rest of the world? Does the U.S. still show its presence to the world? How?
  • Today’s Agenda
  • Review
    • How did the United States extend its influence in Asia?
  • Homework
    • Find at least two primary sources (one written document and one visual source, like a postcard) from the Great White Fleet.
    • Use your sources in a three-paragraph essay, answering the following question:
      • What was the significance of the Great White Fleet to American Imperialism? Use your sources to help you answer the question.