PISA Reading Literacy- 15 th out of 29 OECD countries
PISA Problem-Solving- 24 th out of 29
PISA Science Literacy- 21 st out of 30
PISA Math Literacy- 25 th out of 30
1995: U.S. College completion was number 1 in the world
2005: We dropped to 13 th in the world
Today 1 out of 2 students who starts college never completes a degree
Sources: Program for International Student Assessment, 2006; National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
“ Due to rapidly changing dynamics facing the 21st Century, new skills, regardless of what they are called, will be needed for every man, woman and child to address the economic, social, political and citizenship challenges that await them... Business success will demand a workforce whose skills adapt to the needs of the future.” - SCANS (Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills) Report, 1992
What skills are most important for job success when hiring a high school graduate?
Why are 21 st century skills so important? Source: Working in the 21 st Century , U.S. Department of Labor Statistics (2003) Work Ethic 80% Collaboration 75% Good Communication 70% Social Responsibility 63% Critical Thinking & Problem Solving 58%
Of the high school students that you recently hired, what were their deficiencies?
Why are 21 st century skills so important? Source: Working in the 21 st Century , U.S. Department of Labor Statistics (2003) Written Communication 81% Leadership 73% Work Ethic 70% Critical Thinking & Problem Solving 70% Self-Direction 58%
So…. how must things change in our schools? In a 20 th Century Classroom… In a 21 st Century Classroom… Rigor is content mastery (measured by quantity of content) Rigor is figuring the right questions/problem to be solved Content is studied by separate disciplines Problems are explored within and across disciplines Learners work alone and in competition Learners work in teams Motivation is mainly by extrinsic rewards (grades) Motivation is more by intrinsic rewards (pride in mastery, contribution, etc.) Taught in isolation by content experts Taught by teamed coaches through exploration/discovery Student learning is assessed through traditional tests and quizzes Performance-based assessments that allow students to demonstrate what they know are used