21st Century Learning SkillsPresentation Transcript
21 st Century Learning Skills- What are they and why are they important? Mansfield High School Spring 2010
21st Century Skills…Essential Questions
What are they?
Why do we need them?
What type of instruction is needed to get to the heart of 21 st century skills?
How do you assess how well a student has acquired 21 st century skills?
21st Century Skills for a global economy…
Flattening of the world
Shift in work patterns and careers
21st Century Skills for a creative economy…
We are moving from the informational to the conceptual age
Right brain rising (left brain is not enough anymore)
3 Prevailing Trends: abundance, Asia, and automation
The six aptitudes to develop:
21st Century Skills for a competitive economy…
There is a gap between what even our best schools teach vs. the skills all students need to be successful
The “net” generation is motivated differently
Seven Survival Skills for College, Careers &
Critical Thinking & Problem-Solving
Agility & Adaptability
Initiative & Entrepreneurialism
Effective Oral & Written Communication
Accessing and Analyzing Information
Curiosity and Imagination
How do we stack up to the competition?
PISA Reading Literacy- 15 th out of 29 OECD countries
PISA Problem-Solving- 24 th out of 29
PISA Science Literacy- 21 st out of 30
PISA Math Literacy- 25 th out of 30
1995: U.S. College completion was number 1 in the world
2005: We dropped to 13 th in the world
Today 1 out of 2 students who starts college never completes a degree
Sources: Program for International Student Assessment, 2006; National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
“ Due to rapidly changing dynamics facing the 21st Century, new skills, regardless of what they are called, will be needed for every man, woman and child to address the economic, social, political and citizenship challenges that await them... Business success will demand a workforce whose skills adapt to the needs of the future.” - SCANS (Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills) Report, 1992
Emphasize core subjects*
Emphasize learning skills*
Use 21st Century tools to develop learning skills (computers, Internet, other technology)
Teach and learn in a 21st Century context (relevance to students’ life, authentic learning experiences, bring world into classroom, go out into the world)
Teach and learn 21st Century content*
Use 21st Century assessment that measures 21st Century skills (classroom assessments and standardized tests)
21st Century Learning: What does it involve? * see Framework, next slide
Framework for 21st Century Learning Core Subjects and 21st Century Themes Life and Career Skills Learning and Innovation Skills Information, Media and Technology Skills
21st Century Themes (21st Century Content)
Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy
Learning and Innovation Skills
Creativity and Innovation Skills
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills
Communication and Collaboration Skills
Information, Media & Technology Skills
ICT Literacy (Information, Communications, and Technology)
Life and Career Skills
Flexibility and Adaptability
Initiative and Self Direction
Social and Cross-Cultural Skills
Productivity and Accountability
Leadership and Responsibility
New Context Skills Required Global Competition:
Information & Communication Technology (ICT) Literacy
More Jobs & Careers:
Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
Innovation & Improvement
Flexibility & Adaptability
Growing Service Economy:
Life and Career Awareness Skills
What skills are most important for job success when hiring a high school graduate?
Why are 21 st century skills so important? Source: Working in the 21 st Century , U.S. Department of Labor Statistics (2003) Work Ethic 80% Collaboration 75% Good Communication 70% Social Responsibility 63% Critical Thinking & Problem Solving 58%
Of the high school students that you recently hired, what were their deficiencies?
Why are 21 st century skills so important? Source: Working in the 21 st Century , U.S. Department of Labor Statistics (2003) Written Communication 81% Leadership 73% Work Ethic 70% Critical Thinking & Problem Solving 70% Self-Direction 58%
So…. how must things change in our schools? In a 20 th Century Classroom… In a 21 st Century Classroom… Rigor is content mastery (measured by quantity of content) Rigor is figuring the right questions/problem to be solved Content is studied by separate disciplines Problems are explored within and across disciplines Learners work alone and in competition Learners work in teams Motivation is mainly by extrinsic rewards (grades) Motivation is more by intrinsic rewards (pride in mastery, contribution, etc.) Taught in isolation by content experts Taught by teamed coaches through exploration/discovery Student learning is assessed through traditional tests and quizzes Performance-based assessments that allow students to demonstrate what they know are used
Further Implications for Teaching & Learning
More use of project-based learning- framing projects around essential questions
Additional opportunities for students to extend their learning beyond the high school campus- e.g., internships, service learning, dual enrollment, online learning, etc.
New ways to assess student learning- senior projects, capstone projects, electronic portfolios, etc.
Additional usage of technology for students to learn and collaborate- e.g., use of blogs, wikis, etc.
Appropriate professional development for all teachers- and the creation of structures so they may effectively collaborate
Additional opportunities for all students to make interdisciplinary connections
Gather baseline data- survey and interview recent alumni… what works and what doesn’t??
Further Implications for Teaching & Learning (con’t)