Change

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Change

  1. 1. Presentation by, Jyoti Joseph Kalpavalli Kaushik Kalyan Chakravarthy
  2. 2. CONTENTS Change - Definition Types of change Change Process Individual response to change
  3. 3. DEFINITION Change management is an approach to shifting individuals, teams, and organizations from a current state to a desired future state.
  4. 4. TYPES OF CHANGE Pro-active Change: Proactive change involves actively attempting to make alterations to the work place and its practices. Companies that take a proactive approach to change are often trying to avoid a potential future threat or to capitalize on a potential future opportunity. Example: Air Deccan
  5. 5. Reactive Change A reactive change is one that occurs spontaneously. It is not created by a person's conscious decision. Example: Satyam
  6. 6. CHANGE PROCESS Lewin's Three Step Model Social Psychologist Kurt Lewin developed a three-step model for implementing change based on the concept of force field analysis.
  7. 7. Force field analysis addresses the driving and resisting forces in a change situation. Driving forces must outweigh resisting forces in a situation if change is to occur. Thus, managers must be willing to advocate change strongly in order to overcome resistance from employees
  8. 8. STEPS OF CHANGE -Unfreezing -Change -Refreezing
  9. 9. UNFREEZING -This stage is to create the motivation to change. -Individuals are encouraged to replace old behaviour and attitudes with those desired by management. -Make the reasons for change obvious to the individual/organization to do this employees need to be become dissatisfied with the old way of doing things.
  10. 10. CHANGE -Change involves learning. This change provides with new information. New behavioural models or new way of looking at things. -The purpose is to help employees learn new concepts or points of view. -Adaptation of New values , behaviours & attitudes.
  11. 11. REFREEZING During this Phase, the old ideas are totally discarded and the new ideas are fully accepted. Individuals internalise the believes, feelings and behaviour learned in the changing phase .He practises and experiments with the new method of behaviour and sees that it effectively blends with his other behavioural attitudes.
  12. 12. INDIVIDUAL RESPONSE TO CHANGE Habit-Comfort Zone Security Economic Factor Fear of Unknown Selective Information Processing Undisclosed Reasons
  13. 13. Habit-comfort zone security Economic factor- Pay-productivity- Tie up-inability. Selective information Processing. Fear of the unknown INDIVIDUAL RESISTANCE
  14. 14. References: Google Wikipedia Core Syllabus

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