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Presentation of the Joint Programming Initiative Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans (JPI Oceans)

Presentation of the Joint Programming Initiative Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans (JPI Oceans)

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  • Joint Programming is a concept, introduced in 2008, to tackle the challenges that can not be solved solely on a national level. Participating countries are expected to coordinate national research activities, group resources and benefit from complementarities. This should be started by the development of common research and innovation agenda’s which will be the basis for long term cooperation. http://www.flickr.com/photos/kkazantzoglou/5668988469/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • To introduce you to the concept of Joint Programming I would like to start by showing you the current European research landscape. As you can see 15% of the the research funding is on a European level or spent on intergovernmental programs like for example the Bonus 185 initiative. 85 % though is still spent at the national level. The concept of Joint Programming main focus is on this 85 %. In this 85% there is still a lack of coordination between members states and associated countries which leads to unnecessary duplication and fragmentation.
  • The main objective of Joint Programming is to increase the value of national R&D investments. This should be done by concerted and joint planning, implementation and evaluation of national research programmes and investments. http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16899218-graph.php?st=46ac12d
  • Joint programming is one of the actions proposed to develop the ERA (Eruopean Research Area). If you look at the slide there is reason to believe that there is substaintial duplication and fragmentation, calling for stronger cooperation interaction and coordination together with the European Commision. Puttng together the EU investments it is almost as high as the public research funding in the US.
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/patrmach/3180095669/sizes/z/in/photostream/
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/mairag/6419364999/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by {maira.gall}
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/7842643@N07/3270462224/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by danitarrino
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaibara/2072160194/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by kaibara87
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/acornchief/2640688704/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by acornchief
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/lhirlimann/2787609882/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by Ludovic Hirlimann
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/annamagal/5508747237/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by Annamagal
  • One of the grand challenges are our seas and oceans.
  • Our seas are under huge pressure from human activities. And there is no slide which shows it better, than this one. It is a picture of the Irish sea with in the middle the Isle of Man. On the slide you can see the different human activities alongside each other all competing for space. It is clear that there is a need for more coordination and maritime spatial planning. The slide is produced by DEFRA in the UK and shows the UK and not the Irish activity in the Irish sea. The JPI targets these challenges but also the opportunities
  • In addition these human activities can lead to deterioration of our marine environment which is seen for instance in the case of the enormous amount of marine litter in our seas and oceans. http://www.flickr.com/photos/zanzibar123/422785982/sizes/l/in/photostream/ by zanzibar
  • Although our seas and oceans face many challenges, they also provide a lot of opportunities as they provide an essential part of our wealth and well being and will do so in the future.
  • As mentioned in the Integrated Maritime Policy the EU maritime regions account for around 40% of the GDP.
  • The maritime economy alone accounts for 3 to 5% of the European GDP http://www.flickr.com/photos/fransdewit/2242672384/sizes/z/in/photostream/
  • Maritime transport is responsible for 90% of EU's external trade
  • Fisheries, aquaculture and food processing account for a turnover of €32 billion Euros yearly and 0.5 million jobs . The ship pictured is the Norwegian research vessel "G.O. Sars“. The "G.O. Sars" is equipped with state-of-the-art technology in order to carry out a wide variety of research work. Examples of the kind of research work the vessel is capable of carrying out include: pelagic and bottom trawling, plankton sampling, CTD/rosette operations, towed body operations, hydrographic operations, water sampling, miscellaneous kinds of environmental sampling, grabbing and coring, hydro-acoustic research work, seismic operations.
  • The average consumption of fish is 22.3 kg/person/year in the EU. http://www.flickr.com/photos/monkeyc/320268576/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • European maritime tourism is solely responsible 3 million jobs and 72 billion Euros of revenue per year. To conclude there is no doubt that E urope's well-being is therefore inseparably linked with the sea
  • The EU’s integrated maritime policy was launched in 2007 and was based on the clear recognition that all matters relating to Europe's oceans and seas are interlinked, and that sea-related policies must develop in a joined-up way.
  • Europe 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade. The goal for the EU is to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. In particular the flagship initiatives on “innovation Union”, “an industrial policy for the globalization era” and “Resource efficient Europe” are of relevance.
  • The EU 20-20-20 targets are the climate and energy targets to be met by 2020, known. These are: A reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources A 20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, to be achieved by improving energy efficiency.
  • So far the introduction of the Joint programming concept. Let us now have a look at the Joint Programming Initiative for Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans.
  • JPI Oceans is a coordinating and integrating platform specifically focused on marine and maritime research.
  • At the moment JPI Oceans has 16 participating countries which include the outer periphery regions. With our. The JPI Oceans secretariat is based in Brussels
  • Why do we need JPI Oceans?
  • With the Joint Programming initiative, we aim at avoiding the current fragementation... http://www.flickr.com/photos/fontina/6245327043/sizes/l/in/photostream/ by Fon-tina
  • and unnecessary duplication between the participating countries http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-16215600-do-not-copy.php?st=5a88d00
  • Instead JPI Oceans will facilitate cooperation while also planning common initiatives http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-9632402-perfect-caribbean-vacation-sailing-at-st-barth.php?st=8ebc128
  • and look for synergies in national research programmes
  • What is the added value of JPI Oceans in the current European research landscape?
  • First of all; it has a long term perspective. This in compairison to for example the ERA-nets which are usually shorter term projects. http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-13515529-oresund-bridge.php?st=6086e04
  • In addition JPI’s aim to have high level commitment from the participating countries meaning that the members of the JPI Oceans management board will have decision making capabilities. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ecstaticist/2816327143/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • Lastly, the participating countries can choose in which actions to participate. Alll actions will therefore be based on a variable geometry.
  • Enable the advent of a knowledge based maritime economy, maximising its value in a sustainable way
  • Ensure Good Environmental Status of the seas and optimise planning of activities in the marine space http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-14359128-fish-school.php?st=a0cc27d
  • Optimise the response to climate change and its impacts and mitigate human impacts on the marine environment
  • specificitiies
  • http://www.pelamiswave.com/gallery?category=images
  • Marine scientific infrastructure are extreamly costly and need to be tailormade to the conditions of the oceans, implying that use of for instance satelites to monitor the sea compared to land is more challenging. (Does not go into the seabed). Thus we depend on spescialisted sollutions ofte in situ. These investments are key for scientiste to be able to conduct their work both in terms of science, monitoring data and policy advice,...The same applies to industry, who need equipment to monitor the effects they have on the marine environment. For this reason data, human capacities and infrastructre are a core cross-cutting dimension of JPI Oceans, also an objective is to enhance dual use across sectors and disiplines of these investments. T
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/gcaptain/991744606/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • Climate change impact on caostal areas are potentially enormous. If scientists can predict with more certainty – costly damages or “over investments “ can be avoided. Likewise, industry has to plan for major climate events, which again are costly, for instance major storms which destroy aquaculture dens and result in escapees. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jsorbie/1895956429/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by jsorbieus
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/joseeivissa/2813883254/sizes/l/in/photostream/ by Joseeivissa
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/oneeighteen/2773318215/sizes/o/in/photostream/ by OneEighteen
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/arthur-caranta/2925352521/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by Arthur40A
  • Develop a research to policy mechanism, in particular to support the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and marine spatial planning and management http://www.flickr.com/photos/francisco_oliveira_portugal/1981886300/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by Francisco-PortoPortugal
  • Foster the marine bio economy in relation to new products, services and jobs. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ricephotos/2678931353/sizes/z/in/photostream/ by IRRI Images
  • A short introduction to the governance structure. At the top you can see the Management Board with the members from all participating countries. On the left you can see the Strategic Advisory Board which will consist of 16 members. 7 members from science (research centres, universities, technological centres, etc.). 5 members from industry and services (industry, SMEs, technological platforms, industry organisations etc.) 4 members from civil society: 3 from public authorities and 1 from civil society organizations. Underneath you can see the executive committee which will consist of delegates of the management board. Together with the Strategic Advisory Board and the secretariat the Executive Committee develop the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda. In the next phase an Implementation Plan and operational toolkit will be developed which will be presented to the Management Board. Based on these documents the Management Board will decide which actions to undertake which will result in the Action Plan.
  • JPI Oceans has identified the following target groups: Industry and services Researchers and technologists Policy makers and society
  • An overview of the current state of play of JPI Oceans
  • A Vision has been developed which has been approved at the last Management Board meeting.
  • In addition a mapping exercise has been conducted of the marine and maritime research projects and programs in the participating countries. The outcome of the quantitative mapping can be seen here with the total national marine and maritime research spending in Million Euro.
  • On this slide you can see what this means if we count it as investments per person.
  • And thirdly you can see how these investments compare as a percenteage of the national research investments.
  • As you can see from the table the total annual research funding of the participating countries adds up to almost 1,8 billion Euro. If you add the research funding from the European Commission’s Framework Programme this adds up to almost 2 billion Euro annualy spent on marine and maritime research. Be aware as well that this is only the public money.
  • What were the milestones for the JPI in 2011? In April the JPI Oceans’ Vision, Terms of Referenece and Mapping were handed in for the maturity assessment by the European Commission. After the assesment which considered JPI Oceans as mature the European Commisison published its recommendation of the initiative on 16 September. On 22 September the first Management Board meeting took place During the competiveness council on 6 December EU Research ministers officially launched JPI Oceans.
  • Next steps: Firstly the JPI will further consolidate its governance by the stablishment of the Strategic Advisory board and the Executiv Committee. Secondly, on demand of the Management Board JPI Oceans will closely monitor the development of the Horizon 2020 proposal. Last but not least the JPI aims to operationalise the Coordination and Support Action. A project proposal responding to a call for a support action which was published by the European Commission has been handed in in December.

JPI Oceans presentation JPI Oceans presentation Presentation Transcript

  • JPI Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans A New Frontier
  • Content1. What is Joint Programming? 1. Objective 2. Why? 3. Examples of other JPI’s2. Oceans as a grand challenge 1. Challenges 2. Opportunities 3. Policy context
  • 3. JPI Oceans 1. Why? 2. Added value 3. Goals 4. Objectives 5. How? 6. State of play 7. Next steps
  • What is Joint Programming?
  • A concept to tacklechallenges that cannot be solved solelyat national level
  • Research funding in Europe 15% 85%
  • Objective
  • Increase the value of national R&D investments
  • Why?
  • EU27 + EC
  • Examples of other JointProgramming Initiatives?
  • Water challenges for a Changing World
  • Agriculture, Food security andClimate Change
  • A healthy diet for a healthy life
  • Cultural heritage
  • Urban Europe – Global Challenges Local solutions
  • The microbial challenge - Anemerging threat to Human Health
  • More Years, BetterLives - The Potentialand Challenges ofDemographicChange
  • Connecting Climate Knowledgefor Europe (ClikEU)
  • Neurodegenerative Disease Research
  • Oceans as a grand challenge
  • COMPETING CLAIMSLanduseTourismOil &GasMaricultureCoastalDefencePorts &NavigationMilitaryActivitiesCultureConservationDredging &DisposalSubmarine Fishing Renewable Marine MineralCables Energy Recreation Extraction
  • Marine litter
  • Opportunities
  • The EU’s maritime regions account for around40% of the GDP
  • Maritime transport, responsible for 90% of EUs external trade and 40% of its internal trade, is vital for the EU’sThe maritime economy : 3 to 5% of the EU GDP economy.
  • Maritime transport: 90% of EUs external trade
  • Fisheries, aquaculture and food processing:€32 billion Euros yearly, 0.5 million jobs.
  • The averageconsumption of fish is22.3 kg/person/year inthe EU .
  • European maritime tourism: 3 million jobsand 72 billion Euros of revenue per year.
  • Policy Context
  • EU’s Integrated Maritime Policy
  • EU 2020 objectives
  • EU 20-20-20 targets
  • JPI Oceans?
  • FP5 IP, NoE NoE IP, IP, NoE IP, NoE NoE NoE IP, IP, IP, NoE MARIN MARI MARFP6 AMPERA BONUS FISH TEC ERA Marine Environment Marine Resources SEAS MARI RENW MARFP7 BONUS BIOT ERA FISH ENERGY TECHorizon 2020 ERA-nets JPI Oceans
  • A coordinating andintegrating platform for marine and maritime research
  • 17 Participating countries(+ Outermost regions)
  • Why?
  • Avoid Fragmentation...
  • ...and unnecessary duplication
  • Facilitate cooperationPlan common initiatives
  • Look for synergies
  • Added Value
  • Long term perspective
  • High Levelcommitment
  • Voluntary basis(Variable geometry)
  • Different tools
  • Goals
  • Knowledge based maritime economy
  • Good environmental status of the seas
  • Optimise the response to climate change....
  • ...and its impacts
  • Objectives
  • Create the best enabling environment tomaximise the development ofmarine renewable energy
  • Develop the necessary knowledge andtechnologies to conquer the newdeep-sea frontier
  • Foster enabling cross-cutting marinetechnologies across the maritime sectors
  • Understand climate change impact on coastal areas and thedesign of marine structures and activities, to optimisemitigation and significantly reduce costly damages
  • Understand and mitigate the impact of climate change andpressure from human activities on the marine environment toreach GES of our seas by 2020
  • Improve understanding of marine ecosystems and theirprocesses, in particular delivery of ecosystem services andthe impact of human activities
  • Develop and sustain infrastructure to support anintegrated data and information base enabling industrialdevelopment and supporting maritime governance
  • Foster the inter-disciplinaryhuman capacities that arenecessary to fulfil the JPI’sgoals
  • Develop aresearch to policy mechanism
  • Foster the marine bio economy
  • How?
  • VariableStrategic Management Board GeometryAdvisory (high level MS/AC representatives) Action Plan Board Implementation Strategic Plan Research & Operational Innovation Executive committee Toolkit Agenda Secretariat
  • Economy-Science-Governance interfaceIndustry Researchers Policy makers & & &Services Technologists Society
  • State of play
  • Vision document
  • National marine- maritime research spending(M€) 25 230 18 200 189 29 30 33 52 300 306 9 100 37 121
  • 78National marine and 47 3maritime research 21spending per 3capita(€) 7 5 2 5 4 5 0.4 2 0.5 3
  • Milestones 2011April September December
  • How can JPI Oceansadd value to yourorganisation ?Thoughts, reflections,...
  • Email -> jpioceans@rcn.no
  • Email: ka@rcn.no Twitter: @jpioceansWebsite: www.jpi-oceans.eu
  • Photo credits  zanzibar on Flickr {maira.gall} on Flickr  F.d.W. on Flickr danitarrino on Flickr  monkeyc.net on Flickr kaibara87 on Flickr  ecstaticist on Flickr acornchief on Flickr  gcaptain.com on Flickr Ludovic Hirlimann on Flickr  http://www.pelamiswave.com/ Annamagal on Flickr  VLIZ Fotogalerij Onze Kust / Van Fon-tina on Flickr Ginderdeuren, Karl, 2011 k.kazantzoglou on Flickr  jsorbieus on Flickr patrmach on Flickr  Joseeivissa on Flickr tom jervis on Flickr  OneEighteen on Flickr Ifremer, Olivier Dugornay  Arthur40A on Flickr Tom Gulbrandsen, 2011  Francisco-PortoPortugal on Flickr Fon-tina on Flickr  IRRI Images on Flickr