Commonprinciples onthe basis ofwhich MemberStates have todraw up theirown strategies
in cooperation with other MemberStates and third countries
To achieve Good Environmental Status of the seas
Aim: • to protect and restore Europes marine ecosystems • ensure the ecological sustainability of economic activities linked to the marine environment.
Member States must firstly assess the ecological status oftheir waters and the impact of human activities. Thisassessment covers:
• an analysis of the essential characteristics of these waters (physical and chemical features, types of habitat, animal and plant populations, etc.);• an analysis of the main impacts and pressures,• an economic and social analysis of the use of these waters and the cost of the degradation of the marine environment.
On this basis, the Member States must define the objectives andindicators to achieve good environmental status.
Regular process: The mechanism to keep the world’s oceans and seas under continuing review by providing regular assessments at global and supra-regional level
Regular process MSFD JPI Oceans (Global) (European Commission) (Member States and AC in consultation with the European Commission) √ √ Support informed decisionmaking, by providing the best scientific information √ √ Fully integrated view of environmental, social and economic aspects √ √ Consistent analytical frameworks and data standards (Supporting)
JPI Oceans will focus onexisting gaps:Example: A coordinatedEuropean Initiative, to provideEurope with an IntegratedOcean Observing Capability