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Medieval music

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  • 1. The Medieval Periodof Western Musical History 476 AD to 1400 AD
  • 2. The word Medieval is derived from the Latin word “medius” meaning “middle.”The Medieval Period in Western history is also known as the Middle Ages or also the DarkAges. It was a period in the history of Western civilization when civilization broke down invarious ways and became quite primitive. The cultural advances of the ancient Greece andRome were essentially lost with the Fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. As a result, Western civilization had to begin again during the Medieval period.
  • 3. The word Medieval is derived from the Latin word “medius” meaning “middle.” The Medieval Period in Western history isalso known as the Middle Ages or also theDark Ages. It was a period in the history ofWestern civilization when civilization broke down in various ways and became quite primitive. The cultural advances of theancient Greece and Rome were essentially lost with the Fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. As a result, Western civilization had to begin again during the Medieval period.
  • 4. Medieval Period of Western History Lasted from about 476 A.D to 1400 A.D. (different sources vary as to the exact dates) One of the 3 broad periods of Western history: Classic / Medieval / Modern Founding of universities Building of cathedrals and castles
  • 5. Heidelberg Castle in Germany Built in 1214 A.D.
  • 6. A Medieval painting depicting angels stabbing dragons, a common symbolic image in Medieval art.
  • 7. Medieval painting depicting the victory ofByzantine Emperor Heraclius over the Persians in 627 A.D.
  • 8. Music of the Medieval Period: Monody – Monophonic Music (meaning “one sound”) Single line melodies with no accompaniment Known as “chant” or “plainchant” Used as music for the early Christian church Gregorian chant – a more uniform system of chant that was developed under the reign of Pope Gregory I (590 AD to 604 AD) Sung by monks practicing the Divine Office eight times a day at the specific hours
  • 9. Developments in Medieval Music: Polyphony (meaning “many sounds”) Two or more independent lines of music sung or played simultaneously Began as an additional parallel line to a line of Gregorian chant Music notation began to be developed around the same time polyphony developed
  • 10. Gregorian ChantIlluminated Manuscript
  • 11. The Medieval Motet Polyphonic vocal composition with several different melodic lines (several voices singing)Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS0jAZFWrmA One line (cantus firmus) used phrase from Gregorian chant Lines above cantus firmus were different and sometimes in a another language Music often contained complex musical techniques
  • 12. Secular (Non-Sacred) Music in the Medieval Period Lyrics (words) often written and preserved; music seldom preserved Sung in vernacular (local) languages Troubadours – traveling composer-singers who sang songs about chivalry and courtly loveAlso: Dance music (mostly lost today) Musical Example: 13th century Dance Music (3’02”): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-8weVCnvdM
  • 13. Secular (Non-Sacred) Music in the Medieval Period Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377) was a composer of the late Medieval period and one of the few composers from the Medieval period for whom biographical information still exists.
  • 14. “Dame mon couer en vous remaint” Medieval French Song by Guillaume de MachautLady, my heart remains in you.However far I may be from you.With true love which dwells in me.Lady, my heart remains in you.Now I pray God your heart may love me. Withoutleaving me for any other love. Lady, my heartremains in you.However far I may be from you Listen to this song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jVWKHJKLHgQ (4’34”)
  • 15. (End)

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