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The land question inThe land question in 
South AfricaSouth Africa 
The distribution of land in South 
Africa: 
h d h l• 1913: The Native Land Act white settlers 
had the right to possess 87...
Land reform after 1994Land reform after 1994
• 1994: End of Apartheid: First Free Elections in 
h fSouth Africa
Land refor...
• 1997: White Paper on South African Land Policy:1997: White Paper on South African Land Policy: 
1. The ridistribution of...
The results:The results: 
Q tit ti i t f i O l 4 % f th• Quantitative point of view: Only 4 % of the 
land has been ridist...
The problems:The problems: 
• Resistance on the one hand from land owners and on 
the other resistance from social groups
...
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Miriam franzelin

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Transcript of "Miriam franzelin"

  1. 1. The land question inThe land question in  South AfricaSouth Africa 
  2. 2. The distribution of land in South  Africa:  h d h l• 1913: The Native Land Act white settlers  had the right to possess 87% of the land. Black  Africans were allowed to posses only 7% of  the land and were forced to live in reserves.  • Conquering vacant land: 1890‐1930.  • Labor was needed for mines Number of blackLabor was needed for mines. Number of black  farmers diminished drastically.  1936 L d d T t A t 13% f th l d• 1936: Land and Trust Act. 13% of the land was  reserved for black people. 
  3. 3. Land reform after 1994Land reform after 1994 • 1994: End of Apartheid: First Free Elections in  h fSouth Africa Land reform with the objective to redistribute  30% f h l d d b h hi h bl k30% of the land owned by the white to the black  population Th di t ib ti f l d t f lThe redistribution of land was part of a larger  agrarian reform This agrarian reform was based on the neoliberalisticThis agrarian reform was based on the neoliberalistic  principle of the World Bank and International  Monetary Found: “Willing buyers, willing sellers”: The  redistribution of land should be regulated by the  market
  4. 4. • 1997: White Paper on South African Land Policy:1997: White Paper on South African Land Policy:  1. The ridistribution of land after the espropriation in  1913 (NLA). 2. The ridistribution of land in order to correct the inequal access of property rights 3. Security of property rights to poor people • 1999: The Land Rights Bill:• 1999: The Land Rights Bill: The problem of individual vs. common property i htrights • 2001: Land Redistribution for Agricultural D l (LRAD)Development (LRAD) The target group: single individuals • 2004: The Communal Land Right Act: – Land given to communities rather then to indivuals – The question is to define what is a community?q y
  5. 5. The results:The results:  Q tit ti i t f i O l 4 % f th• Quantitative point of view: Only 4 % of the  land has been ridistributed (2006) • Rejection of the Market based approach by• Rejection of the Market based approach by social movements • Social effects: difficulty to analyze social• Social effects: difficulty to analyze social  effects due to the poor quantitative effect
  6. 6. The problems:The problems:  • Resistance on the one hand from land owners and on  the other resistance from social groups • Individual vs. common property rightsp p y g • The remaining question is:The remaining question is:  What is the best way to solve the unequal distribution of land considering on the one hand economico a d co s de g o t e o e a d eco o c development and on the other social equality? 
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