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FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
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FAMINES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD

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  • Congratulations on your slideshow very interesting ! Great work... beautifully presented ! ! Thank you for sharing. I allowed myself to add it to 'GREAT CAUSES and JUST CAUSES' group . Feel free to join us. Thank you in advance for your participation and sharing your 'favorites'. .. With friendship from France. Bernard
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  • 1. FAMINE IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD Jessica M. Paule
  • 2. Famine… • Despite a global food surplus, almost half of the world’s less developed countries suffer significant problems concerning food. • Causes of famine: – Shortage or inability of people to obtain food – Low food production resulting from drought • Where? – In rural areas – Where farming and livestock rearing are the main means of livelihood
  • 3. Famine… • Expected results: – Continuing tight and volatile market conditions – Growing threat of starvation in poor developing countries – No increase of free food from the West
  • 4. Famine… • 1970-1990 Half of the worlds developing countries had a decline in food supply. A quarter had increase in child hunger. • Mid 1990s 840 million did not have enough goods to meet basic nutritional needs • 200 million suffer from sever malnutrition • Malnutrition is a major barrier to economic and social development.
  • 5. Famine in Africa • Nearly 30 million Africans could be facing famine within months. • The number at risk: – 15 million in the Horn of Africa – Over 14 million in southern Africa – Hundreds of thousands in the Sahel region of West Africa. • Malnutrition is widespread across Africa, even in famine-free years where food production or imports appear to meet a country’s needs. • 40-50% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa goes hungry
  • 6. Famine in Africa • Causes: – Drought • Ruined harvests and left people and livestock without food and water. – Not self-sufficient and rely on imports – Armed conflict, corruption, and the mismanagement of food supplies – Environmental degradation / Climate change – trade policies that harm African agriculture – AIDS
  • 7. Famine in Africa Examples: • Under present terms of trade, African agriculture exports command low prices and cannot compete on world markets. • Diversion of government finances, corruption or mismanagement have gone alongside conflict or developed from bad governance and have turned droughts and good shortages into famine. • Throughout the Sub-Saharan famines (blamed on drought), exporting continued and the incoming aid went to support export crops. • In Ethiopia, during drought from 1982-1985, the government spent all money on military, government farms fed military.
  • 8. Famine in Africa • Progress: – Over the past 30 years, developing countries as a group have reduced the percentage of undernourished from 37- 18% – East and South Asia have reduced the figure from 43-13% – Decline in rainfall over the Sahel due to climate change
  • 9. Solutions? • Increased food supply • Economic growth
  • 10. References Adger, W. Neil. quot;Adaptation to climate change in the developing world.quot; Progress in Development Studies 3.3 (2003): 179-195. Jenkins, J Craig . quot;Food security in less developed countries.quot; Pro Quest 66.5 (2001): 718, 27 pgs. 14 Nov. 2008. Lewis, Paul. quot; Peril of Third-World Famine Is Seen by U.N. Food Agency - New York Times.quot; The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 27 Mar. 1990. 12 Nov. 2008 <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE0DD1531F9 34A15750C0A966958260>. Sommerville, Keith. quot;Why famine stalks Africa.quot; BBC News. 12 Nov. 2002. 12 Nov. 2008 <new.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2449527.stm>.

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