1. FAMINE IN THE
Jessica M. Paule
• Despite a global food surplus, almost half of the world’s less
developed countries suffer significant problems concerning
• Causes of famine:
– Shortage or inability of people to obtain food
– Low food production resulting from drought
– In rural areas
– Where farming and livestock rearing are the main means of livelihood
• Expected results:
– Continuing tight and volatile market conditions
– Growing threat of starvation in poor developing countries
– No increase of free food from the West
Half of the worlds developing countries had a decline in food supply.
A quarter had increase in child hunger.
• Mid 1990s
840 million did not have enough goods to meet basic nutritional needs
• 200 million suffer from sever malnutrition
• Malnutrition is a major barrier to economic and
5. Famine in Africa
• Nearly 30 million Africans could be facing famine within
• The number at risk:
– 15 million in the Horn of Africa
– Over 14 million in southern Africa
– Hundreds of thousands in the Sahel region of West Africa.
• Malnutrition is widespread across Africa, even in famine-free
years where food production or imports appear to meet a
• 40-50% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa goes hungry
6. Famine in Africa
• Ruined harvests and left people and livestock without food and water.
– Not self-sufficient and rely on imports
– Armed conflict, corruption, and the mismanagement of food supplies
– Environmental degradation / Climate change
– trade policies that harm African agriculture
7. Famine in Africa
• Under present terms of trade, African agriculture exports command
low prices and cannot compete on world markets.
• Diversion of government finances, corruption or mismanagement
have gone alongside conflict or developed from bad governance and
have turned droughts and good shortages into famine.
• Throughout the Sub-Saharan famines (blamed on drought),
exporting continued and the incoming aid went to support export
• In Ethiopia, during drought from 1982-1985, the government spent
all money on military, government farms fed military.
8. Famine in Africa
– Over the past 30 years, developing countries as a group
have reduced the percentage of undernourished from 37-
– East and South Asia have reduced the figure from 43-13%
– Decline in rainfall over the Sahel due to climate change
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Lewis, Paul. quot; Peril of Third-World Famine Is Seen by U.N. Food
Agency - New York Times.quot; The New York Times - Breaking News,
World News & Multimedia. 27 Mar. 1990. 12 Nov. 2008
Sommerville, Keith. quot;Why famine stalks Africa.quot; BBC News. 12 Nov.
2002. 12 Nov. 2008 <new.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2449527.stm>.