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Internet Citing
Internet Citing
Internet Citing
Internet Citing
Internet Citing
Internet Citing
Internet Citing
Internet Citing
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Internet Citing


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  • 1. Internet Citing Jennifer Patetta Computer Apps Period 2 Copyright: a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship exclusive rights to it
  • 2. Conditions to Claim Fair Use
    • The copy is used in a non-profit educational institution or with homebound students.
    • The copy is used in face-to-face instruction.
    • The copy is used in support of curricular objectives.
    • The copy is legally obtained
  • 3. How Much Text Can I Use?
    • Up to 10% or 1000 words of a copyrighted work may be used, whichever is less.
    • An entire poem if less it is less than 250 words.
    • 250 words or less may be used from a longer poem.
    • No more than 5 poems or excerpts of different poets may be used from a poetry anthology.
    • Only 3 poems or excerpts may be used from a single poet in a presentation.
  • 4. How Many Photos Can I Use?
    • No more than 5 images of an artist’s or photographer’s work may be used in a single presentation.
    • When using photographs from a collection, no more than 10% or 15 images (whichever is less) may be used.
    • A photograph or illustration must be used without cropping or alteration
  • 5. Photocopying Fair Use
    • A teacher can make a single copy of a book chapter, magazine or newspaper article, picture from a book, magazine, or newspaper for personal research or for teaching.
      • Multiple Copies - A teacher can make multiple classroom copies of printed works.
        • You can copy a poem if it is less than 250 words.
        • A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words
        • A single graphic or picture from book or issue
        • Combinations of prose, poetry, and illustrations up to 10% of total
        • users must include copyright notice on the item
      • Exception: children’s/picture books less than 2,500 words
        • excerpt no more than two pages
        • may not contain more than 10% of total words
      • Conditions
        • The number of copies may not exceed one per pupil
        • The use is spontaneous and there is not enough time to contact copyright holder for permission
        • Copies may not be used year after year
      • Do Not!
        • copy consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, test booklets, and answer sheets
        • make copies to save money.
        • be directed by higher authority to make illegal copies
  • 6. Commercial Fair Use
    • Broadcast programs are defined as television programs transmitted by television stations for reception by the general public without charge
    • Broadcast programs may be:
      • recorded and retained for a period of 45 calendar days from the date of recording.
        • School days do not include weekends, holidays, vacations, examination periods, or other scheduled interruptions.
      • used once by individual teachers in classroom teaching activities.
      • used with students only during first 10 school days.
      • repeated once during the first 10 school days for reinforcement if necessary.
      • used after 10 days only by a teacher for evaluation purposes.
      • made only at request of and used by individual teachers.
    • Broadcast programs must be erased at the conclusion of the retention period.
    • Broadcast programs may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests.
    • No program may be recorded for an individual teacher more than one time regardless of number of times it is broadcast.
    • A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the legitimate needs of teachers under fair use guidelines (subject to same provisions as original).
    • Recording need not be used in their entirety.
    • Recordings may not be altered from their original content.
    • Recordings may not be physically or electronically combined or merged into teaching anthologies or compilations.
    • All recordings must include the copyright notice.
    • Premium cable channels are not considered broadcast channels since they are not open to the general public free of charge.
  • 7. Microcomputer Fair Use
    • With 2 exceptions, making copies of software is not allowed under fair use:
      • 1 backup archival purposes only. This copy may not be used unless original is destroyed and the backup copy must be destroyed when rights to program cease.
      • 1 copy may be created on the computer’s hard drive in order to make the program operate
  • 8. Adaptation
    • Changing the media format of an original work or modifying the work. You may NOT enlarge, modify, or convert a copyrighted work to a different medium without permission