Internet Citing


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Internet Citing

  1. 1. Internet Citing Jennifer Patetta Computer Apps Period 2 Copyright: a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship exclusive rights to it
  2. 2. Conditions to Claim Fair Use <ul><li>The copy is used in a non-profit educational institution or with homebound students. </li></ul><ul><li>The copy is used in face-to-face instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>The copy is used in support of curricular objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>The copy is legally obtained </li></ul>
  3. 3. How Much Text Can I Use? <ul><li>Up to 10% or 1000 words of a copyrighted work may be used, whichever is less. </li></ul><ul><li>An entire poem if less it is less than 250 words. </li></ul><ul><li>250 words or less may be used from a longer poem. </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 5 poems or excerpts of different poets may be used from a poetry anthology. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 3 poems or excerpts may be used from a single poet in a presentation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Many Photos Can I Use? <ul><li>No more than 5 images of an artist’s or photographer’s work may be used in a single presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>When using photographs from a collection, no more than 10% or 15 images (whichever is less) may be used. </li></ul><ul><li>A photograph or illustration must be used without cropping or alteration </li></ul>
  5. 5. Photocopying Fair Use <ul><li>A teacher can make a single copy of a book chapter, magazine or newspaper article, picture from a book, magazine, or newspaper for personal research or for teaching. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Copies - A teacher can make multiple classroom copies of printed works. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can copy a poem if it is less than 250 words. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A single graphic or picture from book or issue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combinations of prose, poetry, and illustrations up to 10% of total </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>users must include copyright notice on the item </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exception: children’s/picture books less than 2,500 words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>excerpt no more than two pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>may not contain more than 10% of total words </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The number of copies may not exceed one per pupil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The use is spontaneous and there is not enough time to contact copyright holder for permission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copies may not be used year after year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do Not! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>copy consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, test booklets, and answer sheets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>make copies to save money. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>be directed by higher authority to make illegal copies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Commercial Fair Use <ul><li>Broadcast programs are defined as television programs transmitted by television stations for reception by the general public without charge </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast programs may be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>recorded and retained for a period of 45 calendar days from the date of recording. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School days do not include weekends, holidays, vacations, examination periods, or other scheduled interruptions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used once by individual teachers in classroom teaching activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used with students only during first 10 school days. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeated once during the first 10 school days for reinforcement if necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used after 10 days only by a teacher for evaluation purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>made only at request of and used by individual teachers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadcast programs must be erased at the conclusion of the retention period. </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast programs may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests. </li></ul><ul><li>No program may be recorded for an individual teacher more than one time regardless of number of times it is broadcast. </li></ul><ul><li>A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the legitimate needs of teachers under fair use guidelines (subject to same provisions as original). </li></ul><ul><li>Recording need not be used in their entirety. </li></ul><ul><li>Recordings may not be altered from their original content. </li></ul><ul><li>Recordings may not be physically or electronically combined or merged into teaching anthologies or compilations. </li></ul><ul><li>All recordings must include the copyright notice. </li></ul><ul><li>Premium cable channels are not considered broadcast channels since they are not open to the general public free of charge. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Microcomputer Fair Use <ul><li>With 2 exceptions, making copies of software is not allowed under fair use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 backup archival purposes only. This copy may not be used unless original is destroyed and the backup copy must be destroyed when rights to program cease. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 copy may be created on the computer’s hard drive in order to make the program operate </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Adaptation <ul><li>Changing the media format of an original work or modifying the work. You may NOT enlarge, modify, or convert a copyrighted work to a different medium without permission </li></ul>