<ul><li>An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot </li></ul>
First Cartoons <ul><li>The first animated cartoon was "Fantasmagorie" produced in 1908 by the French director Emile Cohl. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first successful animated cartoons was “Gertie the Dinosaur” produced by Winsor McCay </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the 1930s to 1960s, cartoons were produced in huge numbers, and usually shown before a movie to keep audiences entertained. </li></ul>
Sound Technology <ul><li>Original cartoons were black and white and included no sound. </li></ul><ul><li>The first cartoon with synchronized sound is Walt Disney's </li></ul><ul><li>Steamboat Willie,starring </li></ul><ul><li>Mickey Mouse in 1928. </li></ul>
Sound Film <ul><li>With the advent of “sound film”, musical themes were now included. Animated characters would perform an action in "loops", were drawings were repeated over and over, synchronized with the music. </li></ul><ul><li>Disney produced the first full-color cartoon in Technicolor, “Flowers and Trees”, in 1931 </li></ul>
Today’s Technology <ul><li>Today, animation is commonly produced with computers, giving the animator new tools not available in hand-drawn traditional animation. </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals argue that today’s computer generated films, are not officially cartoons </li></ul>
Primetime <ul><li>Other networks tried to run cartoons in the primetime slot such as, The Jetsons , Top Cat , and The Alvin Show , none of these programs survived more than a year. </li></ul><ul><li>The Flintstones was the first successful primetime animated series in the United States, running from 1960-1966. </li></ul>
Saturday Morning Cartoons <ul><li>Networks moved these failed shows to Saturday morning. Reaching smaller audiences with more demographic unity among children </li></ul><ul><li>the cartoons became popular and played for years! </li></ul>
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