Turn of the Screw: A Textual history

14,847 views

Published on

A textual history of the novella: The Turn of the Screw.

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
14,847
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
32
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Turn of the Screw: A Textual history

  1. 1. Presented by Joshua Peterson University of Texas at Arlington Henry James at 16. (Matheson 711, “Biography”)
  2. 2.  James and the homoerotic cannot be separated.  The Turn of the Screw has been read as a homosexual response to the Oscar Wilde tragedy. WARNING: Some images in England; 1894 this presentation may be Oscar Wilde and his male lover considered pornographic to Lord Alfred Douglas. Wilde was some viewers. convicted of “gross indecency” with a man in 1895. (Wikipedia, Matheson 710-3, “Homosexualitywilde”)
  3. 3.  Commissioned by Robert J. Collier.  Serialized in Collier‟s Weekly illustrated magazine:  January 27 through April 16, 1898.  A total of 12 weekly installments.  James always intended to republished the story in novel form. Original illustration in Collier‟s Weekly. (Beidler vii, 141)
  4. 4.  Published in two concurrent editions in October 1898  Titled: The Two Magics  American Edition: Macmillan  English Edition: Heinemann Title page to the first printing of the American edition of The Two Magics. (Beidler vii) (Turn of the Screw, Wikipedia)
  5. 5.  Last collection of works James personally supervised  Published in 1908  Volume 12 included:  Two novellas:  The Aspern Papers  The Turn of the Screw  Two short stories: A 2008 theatrical production  “The Liar” on Benjamin Britten‟s  “The Two Faces” operetta The Turn of the Screw. (Beidler vii) (Turn of the Screw, Rupert Larl)
  6. 6.  First Paperbacks  Penguin Books (1946)  Price on Amazon.com  $25.99  Mass Market Paperback (1993)  Price on Booksamillion.com Penguin offers a cheaper  $3.99 paperback alternative to a classic novella. (Amazon) (“Penguin”) (Turn of the Screw, Booksamillion)
  7. 7.  The Two Magics  First Edition (1898)  $600.00  Macmillian (1929)  $25.00  The Turn of The Screw  Heritage Press (1949)  $25.00  Modern Library (1930)  $25.00 First edition of The Two Magics. (Amazon, Two Magics)
  8. 8.  Since 1945  162 editions  This does not include:  New Editions of The Two Magics Icarus and Daedalus; Frederic Leighton;  Literary Anthologies 1869 c.  E-books “There was a thin line in the 19th century between art and pornography,  Collected Works of and the best way to get lots of sweetly- Henry James scented pink flesh into a painting was to set it safely in the past.” (Googlebook, Calendo)
  9. 9.  The Two Magics  United States  Macmillan 1898  2250 copies Noonday Heat with Trousers; Henry Scott Tuke; 1902  Claret cloth cover Tuke was a contemporary of both James  2-3 pages of and Oscar Wilde. His works focus on the advertisements after beauty of the nude male youth. This painting was also done “without text. trousers.” (Two Magics) (“Henry Scott Tuke,” Gay Paintings) (“Henry Scott Tuke,” Wikipedia)
  10. 10.  Since 1898 The Turn of the Screw has been translated into every major language including:  Afrikaans  Hebrew  Modern Greek Paul Avril; 1884 c.  Persian  Polish The proliferation of 19th century pornography makes is possible to  Vietnamese read the novella as a form of erotic transgression. (Worldcat, “Édouard-Henri Avril,” Matheson)
  11. 11.  James never answers what really happens at Bly  Are the ghost real?  Is the governess insane? Paul Avril ; 1884 c.  Was Quint sexually involved with Miles? Where heterosexual pornography was  Adaptations of his thriving in Europe. The only safe way to work seek to answer portray homosexual pornographic images these questions. was to set it in the ancient past. (Beidler vii-x, Amazon, “Édouard-Henri Avril,” Calendo)
  12. 12.  The Innocents: A New Play  Full Texts on Googlebooks  By William Archibald 1982; Royal Opera House Convent  1950 Garden; Film Version  First Performed: Film version of the opera. This version  The Playhouse, NY strongly reinforces the homoerotic connection between the Quint, the valet,  1 Feb. 1950 and young master Miles. (Archibald) (Turn of the Screw, YouTube)
  13. 13.  The Turn of the Screw: Opera in a Prologue and Two Acts  Music by Benjamin Britten Op. 54  Libretto by Myfanwy Piper  Full Text available at Columbia. 2004 Film Version of the Opera  1955 This version of the opera develops a child- predatory/pedophiliac (Turn of the Screw, “Music”) (Wesley) theme.
  14. 14.  The Innocents  Trailer on YouTube  Screenplay by  William Archibald  Truman Capote  Starring Deborah Kerr  1961 Instead of developing a homoerotic theme within the  Ghosts become real film, an erotic attachment demons in this adaptation between demonically of the novella. possessed Miles and the governess occurs. (Innocents)
  15. 15.  E-Audiobook  Recorded Books  Made available electronically  NetLibrary, 1998.  Unabridged San Francisco Lyric Opera; David Ransom; 2008  Over 200 editions of the When recreating Quint in visual media notice how important male novella in audio form. beauty becomes over the textual prerequisites of red hair, beady eyes (Worldcat, “Review”) and whiskers.
  16. 16.  Read the entire text online for free.  Project Gutenberg Covent Garden; Daniel Norman; 2006  Googlebooks  Read a facsimile copy of One common complaint of the opera is an 1920 Macmillan that it fails to be disturbing enough. The Reprint of the 1898 music sounds more sinister than the performers look or the libretto sounds. edition. (Googlebook, Project, Guardian)
  17. 17.  If James was a closet homosexual then a reading of his novella should take into account that this may be more than a ghost story. Rome; 1907; Henry James and  Ghosts may represent Hendrick Andersen the shadow of homoerotic James had several young unmarried transgression and desire male “friends” with whom he in Victorian England. corresponded quite frequently and intimately. (Matheson, “Our Expectation”)
  18. 18.  Henry James  Probably  William Archibald  Unlikely, but he was an actor…  Benjamin Britten  Yes  Truman Capote  Yes United States; 1875; unknown  Oscar Wilde Social norms regulating intimacy  Yes between males were significantly less repressed in the 19 Century. (Beidler, Matheson, Googlebook, “1880,” Ibson)
  19. 19.  Regardless of James‟s own sexuality The Turn of the Screw has evolved into a principle work of the gay literary cannon.  The transformation of James‟s novella into both play and opera have specified the homoerotic as the The modern emphasis on James‟s novella has moved from unnamed evil at Bly. the spiritual to both the psychological and homoerotic. (Turn of the Screw, “Whats on Stage”) (Beidler 305-13)
  20. 20.  The novella:  No “evil” is specified.  The play:  Ghosts are real  A homoerotic/homosexual Noonday Heat without Trousers; relationship between Quint Henry Scott Tuke; 1902 and Miles is created “I saw the restlessness in him, yes, to be  The opera: with Quint.”  Ghosts are real A single work of art like Tuke‟s  Homoerotic undertones Noonday Heat… can have varying  Quint becomes a child nuances of the homoerotic by the simple removal of the bather‟s trousers. The predator same effect is achieved by the modification of James‟s novella. (Archibald 86) (Innocents) (“Henry Scott Tuke,” Wikipedia)
  21. 21.  Film  Ghosts are real The Innocents; 1961; Governess and Miles  No homoerotic undertones Where transgression into the realm of the homoerotic can occur in theatre or opera  The children are it was not considered appropriate for film. possessed by ghosts  Romantic relationship between the governess and Miles (Innocents, Horrorphile)
  22. 22. “1880-Male Couple-US-02.jpg.” Wikipedia. 23 Dec. 2006. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1880-Male_Couple-US- 02.jpg>. Amazon.com. 2009. 17 Mar. 2009 <www.amazon.com>. Archibald, William. The Innocents: A New Play. New York: McCann, 1950. “Biography and Visits.” InfoBritain. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.infobritain.co.uk/Henry_James_Biography_And_Visi ts.htm>.
  23. 23. Calendo, John. “The Beautiful „Boy of Art‟ confirmed Bachelors.” Night Charm. 12 Oct. 2006. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.nightcharm.com/2006/10/page/2/>. Cummings, Michael J. “The Turn of the Screw: A Study Guide.”Cummings Guides. 2007. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides4/TurnScrew.htm >. “Édouard-Henri Avril” Library of Library. Dec. 2008. Butterflyportal. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://anal- sex.ax.lib.bz/E_n_c_p_d_%C3%89douard-Henri_Avril.html>. Googlebook. 2009. Google.19 Mar. 2009 <http://books.google.com/>.
  24. 24. “Henry Scott Tuke.” Gay Paintings Magazine. 11 Oct. 2005. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.gaypaintings.com/magazine/index.php?name=Reviews &req=showcontent&id=8>. ---. Wikipedia. 21 Jan. 2009. 18 Mar. 2009 < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Scott_Tuke>. “Homosexualitywilde.jpg” Wikipedia. 20 Feb. 2005. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homosexualitywilde.jpg>. Horrorphile. 2008. 19 Mar. 2009 < http://www.horrorphile.net/the- innocents/>. Ibson, John. “Don't Look Gay: Why American Men Are Afraid of Intimacy with Each Other.”American Sexuality Magazine. Alternet. 4 July 2007. 19 Mar. 2009 < http://www.alternet.org/story/55816/>.
  25. 25. Innocents, The. Screenplay by William Archibald and Truman Capote. Dir. Jack Clayton. Perf. Deborah Kerr, Megs Jenkins, and Michael Redgrave. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 1961. Innocents, The. Screenplay by William Archibald and Truman Capote. Dir. Jack Clayton. Perf. Deborah Kerr, Megs Jenkins, and Michael Redgrave. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 1961. Matheson, Neill. quot;Talking Horrors: James, Euphemism, and the Specter of Wilde.quot; American Literature. 71.4 (1999): 709-50. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. UT Arlington Library, Arlington, TX. 23 Jan. 2009 <http://www.ebsco.com>. “Our Expectation that Henry James Was Far More Than Just Curious, On.” The Gay Recluse. 23 Dec. 2007. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://thegayrecluse.com/2007/12/23/on-our-expectation-that- henry-james-was-far-more-than-just-curious/>. “Penguin First Edition, A.” Flickr. 4 Jan. 2008. Yahoo. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/12220922@N05/2165867741/>.
  26. 26. Project Gutenberg. 2008. 18 Mar. 2009 <http://www.gutenberg.org>. “Review: Eerie, magnificent Turn of the Screw.” SFGate. 30 June 2008. San Francisco Chronicle. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.sfgate.com/cgi- bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/06/03/DDTD111NOF.DTL&type=perf ormance>. Turn of the Screw, The. Artsopolis. 11 Oct. 2008. 18 Mar. 2009 <http://www.artsopolis.com/event/detail/24243>. ---. Booksamillion. 2009. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.booksamillion.com/ncom/books?pid=0812533410>. ---. Guardian 23 Oct. 2006. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2006/oct/23/classicalmusica ndopera>.
  27. 27. ---. Literature Archive. 14 May 2006. Blogger. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://literaturaenlenguainglesa.blogspot.com/>. ---. Music by Benjamin Britten Op. 54. Libretto by Myfanwy Piper. Based on the novel by Henry James. London: Hawkes, 1955. ---. Rupert Larl / Fotografie. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://presse.landestheater.at/main.php?g2_itemId=16435>. ---. Whats On Stage. 8 May 2008. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.whatsonstage.com/blogs/midlands/?p=53>. ---. Wikipedia. 5 Mar. 2009. 18 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Turn_of_the_Screw>.
  28. 28. ---. YouTube. 23 Sep. 2007. 18 Mar. 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qb8_SnrZWzk>. Two Magics, The. The Turn of the Screw/ The Covering End. The Kelmscott Bookshop. 2009. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.kelmscottbookshop.com/store/20927.htm>. Wesley Classics. 17 Mar. 2009 <https://secure.wesleyclassics.com.au/library/product/1467/Dowl and-Lachrimae-or-Seaven-Teares>. Worldcat. 22 Mar. 2009. OCLC. UT Arlington Library, Arlington, TX. 22 Mar. 2009 <http://www.worldcat.org>.

×