Portuguese School System


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Portuguese School System

  1. 1. Portuguese School System Some reflections João Proença
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Portuguese educational system covers: </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-school education – not compulsory </li></ul><ul><li>School education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes basic (compulsory), secondary, higher education and extra-curricular education </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The state is responsible for <ul><li>General policy </li></ul><ul><li>Educational law </li></ul><ul><li>National Curriculum guidelines (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of educational materials </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally coordinated examination </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of schools </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher education and in-service training </li></ul><ul><li>School development -funding </li></ul>Introduction
  4. 4. Pre-school education <ul><li>For children between the age of 3 and the start of basic education (6 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Attendance it’s optional </li></ul><ul><li>The state doesn’t have, the necessary number of kinder garden for all the children yet. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate the children’s skills, and encourage their development. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote integration in different social groups </li></ul><ul><li>Develop expressive and communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage hygienic and healthy habits </li></ul><ul><li>Detect early signs of dysfunctions, special gifts,… </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Pre-school education
  6. 6. <ul><li>It's universal, compulsory and free of charge and directed to children aged 6 and 15 years. </li></ul><ul><li>It lasts 9 years and is spread over 3 cycles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st cycle – for 4 years – one teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd cycle – for 2 years – 8/9 teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd cycle – for 3 years – 10/11 Teachers </li></ul></ul>Basic education
  7. 7. Basic education <ul><li>The latest major change in the act, 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>9 years of schooling , 6-15 years. </li></ul><ul><li>180 school days each year . </li></ul><ul><li>25-27 lessons a week. </li></ul><ul><li>National Curriculum guidelines. </li></ul><ul><li>A school for all - inclusive education. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SEN </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnical minorities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Basic education The aim of the compulsory education in Portugal is not only to impart knowledge, but also to promote personal development. Great emphasis is placed on developing practical skills and aptitudes, on creativity and critical evaluation. The school is based on humanistic and democratic ideals and aims to promote values like tolerance and freedom of thought, equal status, equality of responsibility and participation in decision-making. The pupils are supposed to learn cooperation on the one hand and independence and personal responsibility on the other. Leads to the diploma of basic education
  9. 9. A school for all: inclusive education <ul><li>Pupils with disabilities. </li></ul>attend the same school as other pupils <ul><li>Pupils with learning difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils whose 1st language is not the Portuguese language. </li></ul>
  10. 10. e.g. in our school Pupils with learning difficulties. <ul><li>integrate a class with specific curriculum. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>promote basic skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop practical training connected with professional world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give a strategic importance to the curriculum integration of ICT (SL/RC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different organisation of the teachers of the class </li></ul>
  11. 11. Basic recurrent or second- chance education <ul><li>It is a special type of schooling which is available for those who did not complete basic education at the usual age of school attendance (up to 15) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Basic recurrent education <ul><li>Basic recurrent education has the same objectives and leads to the same diploma as regular basic education, although it adopts study plans and methods appropriate for its target users </li></ul><ul><li>In some cases recurrent basic education also provides a certified vocational training component </li></ul>
  13. 13. Secondary education <ul><li>For pupils who have completed basic education </li></ul><ul><li>Lasts for 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Not compulsory (but the state intends to extends the compulsory education up to 12 years schooling </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Secondary regular education is arranged into: </li></ul><ul><li>General courses , for pupils who want secondary level instruction, with a view to pursue higher education studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological courses , for pupils who want an intermediate level vocational qualification that gives access to the labour market. (Level 3 qualification) </li></ul>Secondary education
  15. 15. <ul><li>Recurrent (second-chance) education is a special type of schooling which is available for those who did not complete secondary education at the usual age of attendance (up to 18) </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent secondary education has the same objectives and leads to the same diploma as regular secondary education, although it adopts plans and methods appropriate for its target users. </li></ul>Recurrent Secondary education
  16. 16. Higher education <ul><li>Higher education comprises university education and polytechnic education </li></ul><ul><li>Access –Is submitted to number restrictions (numerus clausus) and admission is done by competition. </li></ul><ul><li>students must have a diploma of secondary education and do exams in specific subjects </li></ul>
  17. 17. University education <ul><li>Leads to the following degrees: </li></ul><ul><li>Licenciado , after a course of four or five years. </li></ul><ul><li>Mestre , a process lasting a total of two years, including a specialized course and presentation of a dissertation. </li></ul><ul><li>Doutor , through the preparation and presentation of a thesis. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Polytechnic education <ul><li>Provides theoretical and practical scientific knowledge with a view to professional activities. </li></ul><ul><li>The following degrees are attributed in polytechnic education: </li></ul><ul><li>Bacharel , in courses lasting for three years; </li></ul><ul><li>Licenciado , in courses lasting four or five years. </li></ul>
  19. 19. New developments in basic education after 1986 <ul><li>A school for all </li></ul><ul><li>A different kind of schools (EBI) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting the schools Autonomy towards a better response to local education needs </li></ul>
  20. 20. New developments in basic education after 1986 <ul><li>Offer some autonomy to schools to build the schools curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>New subjects are introduced Project work, Citizen education, Supported-study </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized the ICT as a very important tool for students and teachers </li></ul>
  21. 21. Curricular Class Project as a strategy for new learning styles New developments in basic education after 1986
  22. 22. Curricular class project Class characterization Skills National Curriculum Which best way? Different subject classes New curricular areas ICT
  23. 23. <ul><li>Strategic instrument of organizing Students’ knowledge acquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Team project made by all the class staff, under the class tutor’s supervision </li></ul>Home 2
  24. 24. Analyse: <ul><li>Individual folders </li></ul><ul><li>students’ reports </li></ul><ul><li>SEN reports </li></ul><ul><li>Non integrated students </li></ul><ul><li>Non-accomplished previous learning </li></ul>home3
  25. 25. National Curriculum <ul><li>Specific Skills (Different Subjects) </li></ul><ul><li>Information Skills/ Instrumental Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul>Home 4
  26. 26. <ul><li>Define global strategies (different subjects) </li></ul><ul><li>Plan the work to be developed at curricular areas </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure curriculum integration of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and build up evaluation instruments </li></ul>Working in co-operation/ Sharing experiencies home 5