Postpartum depression


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Postpartum depression

  1. 1. Postpartum Depression Child Development
  2. 2. Is this the “baby blues?” <ul><li>Many new moms feel happy one minute and sad the next. If you feel better after a week or so, you probably just had the &quot;baby blues.&quot; If it takes you longer to feel better, you may have postpartum depression. </li></ul><ul><li>,,20193997,00.html </li></ul>
  3. 3. Baby Blues <ul><li>a mild, short-lived depression </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Sadness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Crying </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustion </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of inadequacy </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Post-Partum Depression? <ul><li>A more severe form of depression that can develop within the first six months after giving birth.  </li></ul><ul><li>feelings such as sadness, anxiety and restlessness can be so strong that they interfere with daily tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely, a more extreme form of depression known as postpartum psychosis can develop. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>After pregnancy, hormonal changes in a woman's body may trigger symptoms of depression. </li></ul><ul><li>During pregnancy, the amount of two female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, in a woman's body increases greatly. </li></ul><ul><li>In the first 24 hours after childbirth, the amount of these hormones rapidly drops back down to their normal non-pregnant levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers think the fast change in hormone levels may lead to depression, just as smaller changes in hormones can affect a woman's moods before she gets her menstrual period. </li></ul>Why?
  6. 6. Other Contributing Factors <ul><li>Feeling tired after delivery, broken sleep patterns, and not enough rest often keeps a new mother from regaining her full strength for weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling overwhelmed with a new, or another, baby to take care of and doubting your ability to be a good mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling stress from changes in work and home routines. Sometimes, women think they have to be &quot;super mom&quot; or perfect, which is not realistic and can add stress. </li></ul>
  7. 7. More Contributing Factors <ul><li>Having feelings of loss — loss of identity of who you are, or were, before having the baby, loss of control, loss of your pre-pregnancy figure, and feeling less attractive. </li></ul><ul><li>Having less free time and less control over time . </li></ul><ul><li>Having to stay home indoors for longer periods of time and having less time to spend with the your partner and loved ones . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Who Does This Affect? <ul><li>According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, about 10 percent of new moms experience postpartum depression — </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 80% of new mothers cry easily or feel stressed following the birth of a baby. When this happens within the first two weeks following birth, it is called “baby blues.” </li></ul><ul><li>However, some women experience a deep sadness that doesn’t go away or comes and goes. For other women, these feelings sometimes occur months after childbirth. </li></ul><ul><li>,,20194000,00.html </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are the Symptoms? <ul><li>Difficulty sleeping, even when the baby is sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping too much </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite changes </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling irritable, angry, or nervous </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling exhausted </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of ability to enjoy life as much as in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest in the baby </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest in friends and family </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest in sex or even being touched </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling guilty or worthless </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling hopeless </li></ul><ul><li>Crying for “no reason” </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling as if you are a bad mother </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating or focusing </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts of harming self or the baby </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Do They Test For It? <ul><li>To distinguish between a short-term case of the baby blues and a more severe form of depression, your doctor may ask you to complete a depression-screening questionnaire . </li></ul><ul><li>Blood tests can help your doctor determine whether an under active thyroid is contributing to your signs and symptoms. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Complications <ul><li>Left untreated, postpartum depression can last for up to a year or longer — taking a toll on the entire family . </li></ul><ul><li>Untreated postpartum depression can interfere with mother-child bonding and cause family distress . </li></ul><ul><li>Children of mothers with untreated postpartum depression are more likely to have behavioral problems, including sleeping and eating difficulties, temper tantrums and hyperactivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Delays in language development are common as well. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treatments <ul><li>With appropriate treatment, postpartum depression usually goes away within a few months. Some women have lingering symptoms for months or years </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Antidepressant Medication </li></ul>
  13. 13. Counseling <ul><li>It may help to talk through your concerns with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health professional. Through counseling, you can find better ways to cope with your feelings, solve problems and set realistic goals. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Antidepressants <ul><li>Antidepressants are a proven treatment for postpartum depression. </li></ul><ul><li>If you're breast-feeding, it's important to know that any medication you take will enter your breast milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Some antidepressants can be used during breast-feeding with little risk to your baby. </li></ul><ul><li>But several antidepressants raise concerns for the baby, and various others have not been adequately tested to fully assess the risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with your doctor to weigh the potential risks and benefits as you choose the treatment that's right for you. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hormone Therapy <ul><li>Estrogen replacement may help counteract the rapid drop in estrogen that accompanies childbirth. However, estrogen therapy after childbirth may decrease milk production and increase the risk of developing blood clots in the leg or lungs. As with antidepressants, weigh the potential risks and benefits of hormone therapy with your doctor. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Self-Help <ul><li>Make healthy lifestyle choices. Rest as much as you can. Exercise regularly. Try daily walks with your baby. Eat healthy foods — plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Avoid alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Set realistic expectations. Don't pressure yourself to do everything. Scale back your expectations for the perfect household. Do what you can and leave the rest. Ask for help when you need it. </li></ul><ul><li>Make time for yourself. If you feel like the world is coming down around you, take some time for yourself. Get dressed, leave the house and visit a friend or run an errand. Or schedule some time alone with your partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid isolation. Talk with your partner, family and friends about how you're feeling. Ask other mothers about their experiences. Ask your doctor about local support groups for new moms or women with postpartum depression. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Stories <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>,,20194003,00.html </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>