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Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
Illich Presentation
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Illich Presentation


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The life and work of Ivan Illich:primer

The life and work of Ivan Illich:primer

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  • 1. “ A Twentieth Century Gadfly” The life and legacy of Ivan Illich By Jozsef Horvath 2008 USF
  • 2. Ivan Illich 1926-2002
  • 3. Academic Background
    • Born in Vienna in 1926
    • Forced to leave University of Salzburg during WW.II.
    • Studied crystallography at University of Florence.
    • Theology at Gregorian University in Rome.
    • Ph.D in nature of historical knowledge at University of Salzburg.
  • 4. Professional background
    • 1951-56 Washington Heights, N.Y. priest in Irish Puerto-Rican parish.
      • “ Culture of Ignorance”
    • 1956-60 vice rector at Catholic University of Ponce (PR.)
      • “ Pro state sponsored birth control”
  • 5. Professional background cont.
    • 1961 founded Center for Intercultural documentation (CIDOC) in Cuernavaca Mexico.
      • “ Block Pope John XIII’s plan”
    • 1969 ordered to leave--leaves priesthood.
    • 1970 creative phase--books and essay’s.
  • 6. Professional Background Cont.
    • 1980’s-1990’s lived and worked in Mexico, Germany, USA.
    • Visiting professor at University of Bremen and Penn State.
    • Died of Cancer in 2002 refusing medication.
      • “ History of Pain”
  • 7. Influenced by
    • Arnold J. Toynbee
    • Rise and fall of civilizations
    • Everett Reimer
    • School is Dead
    • Jacques Maritain
    • Degrees of knowledge
    • Leopold Kohr
    • Breakdown of nations
  • 8. Influenced
    • Everett Reimer
    • Power For All or For None.
    • Andre Gorz
      • Basic Income Guarantee .
    • Lee Felsenstein,
    • Community Memory
    • Wolfgang Sachs
    • Stock Exchange of Visions
  • 9. Central Features of His Philosophy.
    • Deschooling
    • Critique of institution
    • Critique of professionals
    • Agents of dehumanization
  • 10. What He Meant
    • “ Institutions create the needs and control
    • their satisfaction, and, by so doing, turn
    • the human being and her or his creativity
    • into objects”
    • Ivan Illich 1972, CIDOC
  • 11. The Four Aspects of Anti-institutialism.
    • A critique of the process of institutionalization
    • A critique of experts and expertise.
    • A critique of commodification.
    • The principle of counter-productivity.
  • 12. A Critique of the Process of Institutionalization
    • Modern societies create more and more institutions.
    • Creation process diminishes confidence and kills creativity.
    • Process becomes parasitical and colonizing.
  • 13. A Critique of Experts and Expertise.
    • They obscure unhealthy political and economic conditions.
    • They expropriate the power of individual to heal themselves.
    • Experts call for more experts utilizing institutional barricades and self-selection.
  • 14. A Critique of Commodification
    • Self-directed learning is devalued.
    • Learning becomes a commodity, thus scarce ready for exploitation.
    • Learning is amassed, measured and traded by humans earning social value.
    • Learning becomes industrial acquisition /consumption of services.
  • 15. The Principle of Counter-productivity.
    • Threshold limit for positive growth/development.
    • Travel
    • Education
    • Health Care
    • Economics
    • Politics
  • 16. Convivial Alternatives
    • Learning Webs
    • New non-formal educational institutions
  • 17. Learning Webs
    • Provide access anytime to anyone
    • Provide platform to share knowledge
    • Provide venue for contact, public debate.
    • The are: reference services, skill exchanges,peer matching, educators at large.
  • 18. The Critics
    • Reliance of metaphors and allegories.
    • No reference to research.
    • Ideas in theoretical vacuum.
    • The importance of schools.
  • 19. New non-formal educational institutions
    • Learning anywhere with problem solving.
    • More ways to learn and to teach.
    • “Freedom from restrain.”
    • “Not deschooling but reschooling
  • 20. Conclusion
    • Calls for concern about [man's] unfolding - physically, spiritually and intellectually.
    • Leads out of the prison of routinized, sterile, preconceived notions.
    • Challenging us to learn our way out of the current malaise.
    • Provides us with the Ivan Illich problem.
  • 21. Thank You Q & A
  • 22. References
    • Duden, B. (1991) The Woman Beneath the Skin: A Doctor's Patients in Eighteenth-Century Germany, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    • Fordham, P., Poulton, G. and Randle, L. (1979) Learning Networks in Adult Education. Non-formal education on a housing estate , London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    • F romm. E. (1979) To Have or To Be , London: Abacus.
    • Gabbard, D. A. (1993) Silencing Ivan Illich : A Foucauldian Analysis of Intellectual Exclusion, New York: Austin & Winfield
    • .Gajardo, M (1994) 'Ivan Illich' in Z. Morsy (ed.) Key Thinkers in Education Volume 2 , Paris: UNESCO Publishing .
    • Hern, M. (ed.) (1996) Deschooling Our Lives , Gabriola Island BC.: New Society Publishers.
    • Hoinacki, L. (1996) El Camino: Walking to Santiago de Compostela, University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.I
    • llich, Ivan (1974) Energy and Equity , London: Marion Boyars.
    • Illich, Ivan (1975) Medical Nemesis: The expropriation of health , London: Marian Boyars.
  • 23. Reference cont.
    • Illich, Ivan and Verne, E. (1976) Imprisoned in the global classroom , London: Writers and Readers Publishing Co-operative.
    • llich, Ivan et al (1977) Disabling Professions , London: Marion Boyars.
    • Illich, Ivan (1977) The Right to Useful Unemployment and its Professional Enemies , London: Marian Boyars.
    • llich, Ivan (1978) Toward a History of Needs , New York: Random House.
    • Klein, N. (2001) No Logo , London: Flamingo.
    • Leadbeater, C. (2000) Living on Thin Air. The new economy , London: Penguin.
  • 24. Reference cont.
    • Monbiot, G. (2001) Captive State. The corporate takeover of Britain , London: Pan.
    • Putnam, R. D. (2000) Bowling Alone. The collapse and revival of American community , New York: Simon and Schuster.
    • Sachs, W.(1992) The Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power, London: Zed Books.
    • S chwartz, D. (1997) Who Cares? Rediscovering Community, Boulder, CO: Westview.
    • Smith, L. G. and Smith, J. K. (1994) Lives in Education , New York: St. Martin's Press.