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  • 3. TO THE MOST HIGH AND MIGHTY PRINCE JAMES BY THE GRACE OF GOD KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND IRELAND DEFENDER OF THE FAITH, &c. The Translators of the Bible wish Grace, Mercy, and Peace, through JESUS CHRIST our LordG REAT and manifold were the blessings, most dread Sovereign, which Almighty God, the Father of all mercies, bestowed upon us the people of England, when first he sent Your Majesty’s Royal Person torule and reign over us. For whereas it was the expectation of many, who wished not well unto our Sion, thatupon the setting of that bright Occidental Star, Queen Elizabeth of most happy memory, some thick andpalpable clouds of darkness would so have overshadowed this Land, that men should have been in doubtwhich way they were to walk; and that it should hardly be known, who was to direct the unsettled State; theappearance of Your Majesty, as of the Sun in his strength, instantly dispelled those supposed and surmisedmists, and gave unto all that were well affected exceeding cause of comfort; especially when we beheld theGovernment established in Your Highness, and Your hopeful Seed, by an undoubted Title, and this alsoaccompanied with peace and tranquillity at home and abroad.But among all our joys, there was no one that more filled our hearts, than the blessed continuance of thepreaching of God’s sacred Word among us; which is that inestimable treasure, which excelleth all the richesof the earth; because the fruit thereof extendeth itself, not only to the time spent in this transitory world, butdirecteth and disposeth men unto that eternal happiness which is above in heaven.Then not to suffer this to fall to the ground, but rather to take it up, and to continue it in that state, whereinthe famous Predecessor of Your Highness did leave it: nay, to go forward with the confidence and resolutionof a Man in maintaining the truth of Christ, and propagating it far and near, is that which hath so boundand firmly knit the hearts of all Your Majesty’s loyal and religious people unto You, that Your very name isprecious among them: their eye doth behold You with comfort, and they bless You in their hearts, as thatsanctified Person, who, under God, is the immediate Author of their true happiness. And this theircontentment doth not diminish or decay, but every day increaseth and taketh strength, when they observe,that the zeal of Your Majesty toward the house of God doth not slack or go backward, but is more and morekindled, manifesting itself abroad in the farthest parts of Christendom, by writing in defence of the Truth,(which hath given such a blow unto that man of sin, as will not be healed,) and every day at home, byreligious and learned discourse, by frequenting the house of God, by hearing the Word preached, bycherishing the Teachers thereof, by caring for the Church, as a most tender and loving nursing Father.There are infinite arguments of this right Christian and religious affection in Your Majesty; but none ismore forcible to declare it to others than the vehement and perpetuated desire of accomplishing andpublishing of this work, which now with all humility we present unto Your Majesty. For when YourHighness had once out of deep judgment apprehended how convenient it was, that out of the OriginalSacred Tongues, together with comparing of the labours, both in our own, and other foreign Languages, ofmany worthy men who went before us, there should be one more exact Translation of the holy Scripturesinto the English Tongue; Your Majesty did never desist to urge and to excite those to whom it wascommended, that the work might be hastened, and that the business might be expedited in so decent amanner, as a matter of such importance might justly require.And now at last, by the mercy of God, and the continuance of our labours, it being brought unto such aconclusion, as that we have great hopes that the Church of England shall reap good fruit thereby; we hold itour duty to offer it to Your Majesty, not only as to our King and Sovereign, but as to the principal Moverand Author of the work: humbly craving of Your most Sacred Majesty, that since things of this quality have iii
  • 4. THE EPISTLE DEDICATORYever been subject to the censures of illmeaning and discontented persons, it may receive approbation andpatronage from so learned and judicious a Prince as Your Highness is, whose allowance and acceptance ofour labours shall more honour and encourage us, than all the calumniations and hard interpretations ofother men shall dismay us. So that if, on the one side, we shall be traduced by Popish Persons at home orabroad, who therefore will malign us, because we are poor instruments to make God’s holy Truth to be yetmore and more known unto the people, whom they desire still to keep in ignorance and darkness; or if, onthe other side, we shall be maligned by selfconceited Brethren, who run their own ways, and give liking untonothing, but what is framed by themselves, and hammered on their anvil; we may rest secure, supportedwithin by the truth and innocency of a good conscience, having walked the ways of simplicity and integrity,as before the Lord; and sustained without by the powerful protection of Your Majesty’s grace and favour,which will ever give countenance to honest and Christian endeavours against bitter censures anduncharitable imputations. The Lord of heaven and earth bless Your Majesty with many and happy days, that, as his heavenly hand hath enriched Your Highness with many singular and extraordinary graces, so You may be the wonder of the world in this latter age for happiness and true felicity, to the honour of that great GOD, and the good of his Church, through Jesus Christ our Lord and only Saviour. iv
  • 5. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The best things have been calumniatedZ EAL to promote the common good, whether it be by devising any thing ourselves, or revising that which hath been laboured by others, deserveth certainly much respect and esteem, but yet findeth butcold entertainment in the world. It is welcomed with suspicion instead of love, and with emulation insteadof thanks: and if there be any hole left for cavil to enter, (and cavil, if it do not find an hole, will make one) itis sure to be misconstrued, and in danger to be condemned. This will easily be granted by as many as knowstory, or have any experience. For was there ever any thing projected, that savoured any way of newness orrenewing, but the same endured many a storm of gainsaying or opposition? A man would think that civility,wholesome laws, learning and eloquence, synods, and Church-maintenance, (that we speak of no morethings of this kind) should be as safe as a sanctuary, and out of shot, as they say, that no man would lift upthe heel, no, nor dog move his tongue against the motioners of them. For by the first we are distinguishedfrom brute beasts led with sensuality: by the second we are bridled and restrained from outrageousbehaviour, and from doing of injuries, whether by fraud or by violence: by the third we are enabled toinform and reform others by the light and feeling that we have attained unto ourselves: briefly, by thefourth, being brought together to a parley face to face, we sooner compose our differences, than by writings,which are endless: and lastly, that the Church be sufficiently provided for is so agreeable to good reason andconscience, that those mothers are holden to be less cruel, that kill their children as soon as they are born,than those nursing fathers and mothers (wheresoever they be) that withdraw from them who hang upontheir breasts (and upon whose breasts again themselves do hang to receive the spiritual and sincere milk ofthe word) livelihood and support fit for their estates. Thus it is apparent, that these things which we speakof are of most necessary use, and therefore that none, either without absurdity can speak against them, orwithout note of wickedness can spurn against them.Yet for all that, the learned know that certain worthy men have been brought to untimely death for noneother fault, but for seeking to reduce their countrymen to good order and discipline: And that in someCommonweals it was made a capital crime, once to motion the making of a new law for the abrogating ofan old, though the same were most pernicious: And that certain, which would be counted pillars of theState, and patterns of virtue and prudence, could not be brought for a long time to give way to good lettersand refined speech; but bare themselves as averse from them, as from rocks or boxes of poison: Andfourthly, that he was no babe, but a great Clerk, that gave forth, (and in writing to remain to posterity) inpassion peradventure, but yet he gave forth, That he had not seen any profit to come by any synod ormeeting of the Clergy, but rather the contrary: And lastly, against Church-maintenance and allowance, insuch sort as the ambassadors and messengers of the great King of kings should be furnished, it is notunknown what a fiction or fable (so it is esteemed, and for no better by the reporter himself, thoughsuperstitious) was devised: namely, That at such time as the professors and teachers of Christianity in theChurch of Rome, then a true Church, were liberally endowed, a voice forsooth was heard from heaven,saying, Now is poison poured down into the Church, &c. Thus not only as oft as we speak, as one saith, butalso as oft as we do any thing of note or consequence, we subject ourselves to every one’s censure, andhappy is he that is least tossed upon tongues; for utterly to escape the snatch of them it is impossible. If anyman conceit that this is the lot and portion of the meaner sort only, and that princes are privileged by theirhigh estate, he is deceived. As, The sword devoureth as well one as another, as it is in Samuel; nay, as thegreat commander charged his soldiers in a certain battle to strike at no part of the enemy, but at the face;and as the king of Syria commanded his chief captains, To fight neither with small nor great, save onlyagainst the king of Israel: so it is too true, that envy striketh most spitefully at the fairest, and at the chiefest.David was a worthy prince, and no man to be compared to him for his first deeds; and yet for as worthy anact as ever he did, even for bringing back the ark of God in solemnity, he was scorned and scoffed at by hisown wife. Solomon was greater than David, though not in virtue, yet in power; and by his power andwisdom he built a temple to the Lord, such an one as was the glory of the land of Israel, and the wonder ofthe whole world. But was that his magnificence liked by all? We doubt of it. Otherwise why do they lay it inhis son’s dish, and call unto him for easing of the burden? Make, say they, the grievous servitude of thyfather, and his sore yoke, lighter. Belike he had charged them with some levies, and troubled them withsome carriages; hereupon they raise up a tragedy, and wish in their heart the temple had never been built. Sohard a thing it is to please all, even when we please God best, and do seek to approve ourselves to every one’sconscience. v
  • 6. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The highest personages have been calumniatedIf we will descend to later times, we shall find many the like examples of such kind, or rather unkind,acceptance. The first Roman Emperor did never do a more pleasing deed to the learned, nor more profitableto posterity, for conserving the record of times in true supputation, than when he corrected the Calendar,and ordered the year according to the course of the sun: and yet this was imputed to him for novelty andarrogancy, and procured to him great obloquy. So the first Christened Emperor, (at the leastwise, thatopenly professed the faith himself, and allowed others to do the like) for strengthening the empire at hisgreat charges, and providing for the Church, as he did, got for his labour the name Pupillus, as who wouldsay, a wasteful Prince, that had need of a guardian or overseer. So the best Christened Emperor, for the lovethat he bare unto peace, thereby to enrich both himself and his subjects, and because he did not seek war,but find it, was judged to be no man at arms, (though in deed he excelled in feats of chivalry, and shewed somuch when he was provoked) and condemned for giving himself to his ease, and to his pleasure. To beshort, the most learned Emperor of former times, (at the least, the greatest politician) what thanks had hefor cutting off the superfluities of the laws, and digesting them into some order and method? This, that hehath been blotted by some to be an Epitomist, that is, one that extinguished worthy whole volumes, to bringhis abridgments into request. This is the measure that hath been rendered to excellent Princes in formertimes, even, Cum bene facerent, male audire, For their good deeds to be evil spoken of. Neither is there anylikelihood that envy and malignity died and were buried with the ancient. No, no, the reproof of Mosestaketh hold of most ages, Ye are risen up in your fathers’ stead, an increase of sinful men. What is that thathath been done? that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun, saith the wise man. AndSt Stephen, As your fathers did, so do ye.¶ His Majesty’s constancy, notwithstanding calumniation, for the survey of the English translationsThis, and more to this purpose, his Majesty that now reigneth (and long and long may he reign, and hisoffspring for ever, Himself and children and children’s children always!) knew full well, according to thesingular wisdom given unto him by God, and the rare learning and experience that he hath attained unto;namely, That whosoever attempteth any thing for the publick, (especially if it appertain to religion, and tothe opening and clearing of the word of God) the same setteth himself upon a stage to be glouted upon byevery evil eye; yea, he casteth himself headlong upon pikes, to be gored by every sharp tongue. For he thatmeddleth with men’s religion in any part meddleth with their custom, nay, with their freehold; and thoughthey find no content in that which they have, yet they cannot abide to hear of altering. Notwithstanding hisroyal heart was not daunted or discouraged for this or that colour, but stood resolute, As a statueimmoveable, and an anvil not easy to be beaten into plates, as one saith; he knew who had chosen him to bea soldier, or rather a captain; and being assured that the course which he intended made much for the gloryof God, and the building up of his Church, he would not suffer it to be broken off for whatsoever speechesor practices. It doth certainly belong unto kings, yea, it doth specially belong unto them, to have care ofreligion, yea, to know it aright, yea, to profess it zealously, yea, to promote it to the uttermost of theirpower. This is their glory before all nations which mean well, and this will bring unto them a far mostexcellent weight of glory in the day of the Lord Jesus. For the Scripture saith not in vain, Them that honourme I will honour: neither was it a vain word that Eusebius delivered long ago, That piety towards God wasthe weapon, and the only weapon, that both preserved Constantine’s person, and avenged him of hisenemies.¶ The praise of the Holy ScripturesBut now what piety without truth? What truth, what saving truth, without the word of God? What word ofGod, whereof we may be sure, without the Scripture? The Scriptures we are commanded to search. John v.39. Isaiah viii. 20. They are commended that searched and studied them. Acts xvii. 11 and viii. 28, 29. Theyare reproved that were unskilful in them, or slow to believe them. Matth. xxii. 29. Luke xxiv. 25. They canmake us wise unto salvation. 2 Tim. iii. 15. If we be ignorant, they will instruct us; if out of the way, they willbring us home; if out of order, they will reform us; if in heaviness, comfort us; if dull, quicken us; if cold,inflame us. Tolle, lege; tolle, lege; Take up and read, take up and read the Scriptures, (for unto them was thedirection) it was said unto St Augustine by a supernatural voice. Whatsoever is in the Scriptures, believe me,saith the same St Augustine, is high and divine; there is verily truth, and a doctrine most fit for therefreshing and renewing of men’s minds, and truly so tempered, that every one may draw from thence thatwhich is sufficient for him, if he come to draw with a devout and pious mind, as true religion requireth.Thus St Augustine. And St Hierome, Ama Scripturas, et amabit te sapientia, &c. Love the Scriptures, andwisdom will love thee. And St Cyrill against Julian, Even boys that are bred up in the Scriptures, becomemost religious, &c. But what mention we three or four uses of the Scripture, whereas whatsoever is to bebelieved, or practised, or hoped for, is contained in them? or three or four sentences of the Fathers, since vi
  • 7. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERwhosoever is worthy the name of a Father, from Christ’s time downward, hath likewise written not only ofthe riches, but also of the perfection of the Scripture? I adore the fulness of the Scripture, saith Tertullianagainst Hermogenes. And again, to Apelles an heretick of the like stamp he saith, I do not admit that whichthou bringest in (or concludest) of thine own (head or store, de tuo) without Scripture. So St Justin Martyrbefore him; We must know by all means (saith he) that it is not lawful (or possible) to learn (any thing) ofGod or of right piety, save only out of the Prophets, who teach us by divine inspiration. So St Basil afterTertullian, It is a manifest falling away from the faith, and a fault of presumption, either to reject any ofthose things that are written, or to bring in (upon the head of them, ἐπεισάγειν) any of those things that are notwritten. We omit to cite to the same effect St Cyrill, Bishop of Jerusalem in his 4. Cateches. St Hieromeagainst Helvidius, St Augustine in his third book against the letters of Petilian, and in very many otherplaces of his works. Also we forbear to descend to latter Fathers, because we will not weary the reader. TheScriptures then being acknowledged to be so full and so perfect, how can we excuse ourselves of negligence,if we do not study them? of curiosity, if we be not content with them? Men talk much of εἰρεσιώνη, how manysweet and goodly things it had hanging on it; of the Philosopher’s stone, that it turneth copper into gold; ofCornucopia, that it had all things necessary for food in it; of Panaces the herb, that it was good for alldiseases; of Catholicon the drug, that it is instead of all purges; of Vulcan’s armour, that it was an armour ofproof against all thrusts and all blows, &c. Well, that which they falsely or vainly attributed to these forbodily good, we may justly and with full measure ascribe unto the Scripture for spiritual. It is not only anarmour, but also a whole armoury of weapons, both offensive and defensive; whereby we may saveourselves, and put the enemy to flight. It is not an herb, but a tree, or rather a whole paradise of trees of life,which bring forth fruit every month, and the fruit thereof is for meat, and the leaves for medicine. It is not apot of Manna or a cruse of oil, which were for memory only, or for a meal’s meat or two; but as it were ashower of heavenly bread sufficient for a whole host, be it never so great, and as it were a whole cellar full ofoil vessels; whereby all our necessities may be provided for, and our debts discharged. In a word, it is apanary of wholesome food against fenowed traditions; a physician’s shop (St Basil calleth it) of preservativesagainst poisoned heresies; a pandect of profitable laws against rebellious spirits; a treasury of most costlyjewels against beggarly rudiments; finally, a fountain of most pure water springing up unto everlasting life.And what marvel? the original thereof being from heaven, not from earth; the author being God, not man;the inditer, the Holy Spirit, not the wit of the Apostles or Prophets; the penmen, such as were sanctifiedfrom the womb, and endued with a principal portion of God’s Spirit; the matter, verity, piety, purity,uprightness; the form, God’s word, God’s testimony, God’s oracles, the word of truth, the word ofSalvation, &c.; the effects, light of understanding, stableness of persuasion, repentance from dead works,newness of life, holiness, peace, joy in the Holy Ghost; lastly, the end and reward of the study thereof,fellowship with the saints, participation of the heavenly nature, fruition of an inheritance immortal,undefiled, and that never shall fade away: Happy is the man that delighteth in the Scripture, and thricehappy that meditateth in it day and night.¶ Translation necessaryBut how shall men meditate in that which they cannot understand? How shall they understand that which iskept close in an unknown tongue? as it is written, Except I know the power of the voice, I shall be to himthat speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian to me. The Apostle excepteth no tongue;not Hebrew the ancientest, not Greek the most copious, not Latin the finest. Nature taught a natural man toconfess, that all of us in those tongues which we do not understand are plainly deaf; we may turn the deafear unto them. The Scythian counted the Athenian, whom he did not understand, barbarous: so the Romandid the Syrian and the Jew: (even St Hierome himself calleth the Hebrew tongue barbarous; belike, becauseit was strange to so many:) so the Emperor of Constantinople calleth the Latin tongue barbarous, thoughPope Nicolas do storm at it: so the Jews long before Christ called all other nations Lognasim, which is littlebetter than barbarous. Therefore as one complaineth that always in the Senate of Rome there was one orother that called for an interpreter; so, lest the Church be driven to the like exigent, it is necessary to havetranslations in a readiness. Translation it is that openeth the window, to let in the light; that breaketh theshell, that we may eat the kernel; that putteth aside the curtain, that we may look into the most holy place;that removeth the cover of the well, that we may come by the water; even as Jacob rolled away the stonefrom the mouth of the well, by which means the flocks of Laban were watered. Indeed without translationinto the vulgar tongue, the unlearned are but like children at Jacob’s well (which was deep) without a bucketor something to draw with: or as that person mentioned by Esay, to whom when a sealed book wasdelivered with this motion, Read this, I pray thee, he was fain to make this answer, I cannot, for it is sealed. vii
  • 8. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The translation of the Old Testament out of the Hebrew into GreekWhile God would be known only in Jacob, and have his name great in Israel, and in none other place; whilethe dew lay on Gideon’s fleece only, and all the earth besides was dry; then for one and the same people,which spake all of them the language of Canaan, that is, Hebrew, one and the same original in Hebrew wassufficient. But when the fulness of time drew near, that the Sun of righteousness, the Son of God, shouldcome into the world, whom God ordained to be a reconciliation through faith in his blood, not of the Jewonly, but also of the Greek, yea, of all them that were scattered abroad; then, lo, it pleased the Lord to stir upthe spirit of a Greek prince, (Greek for descent and language) even of Ptolemy Philadelph king of Egypt, toprocure the translating of the book of God out of Hebrew into Greek. This is the translation of the Seventyinterpreters, commonly so called, which prepared the way for our Saviour among the Gentiles by writtenpreaching, as St John Baptist did among the Jews by vocal. For the Grecians, being desirous of learning,were not wont to suffer books of worth to lie moulding in kings’ libraries, but had many of their servants,ready scribes, to copy them out, and so they were dispersed and made common. Again the Greek tonguewas well known and made familiar to most inhabitants in Asia by reason of the conquests that there theGrecians had made, as also by the colonies which thither they had sent. For the same causes also it was wellunderstood in many places of Europe, yea, and of Africk too. Therefore the word of God being set forth inGreek, becometh hereby like a candle set upon a candlestick, which giveth light to all that are in the house;or like a proclamation sounded forth in the market-place, which most men presently take knowledge of;and therefore that language was fittest to contain the Scriptures, both for the first preachers of the Gospel toappeal unto for witness, and for the learners also of those times to make search and trial by. It is certain, thatthat translation was not so sound and so perfect, but that it needed in many places correction; and who hadbeen so sufficient for this work as the Apostles or apostolick men? Yet it seemed good to the Holy Ghost andto them to take that which they found, (the same being for the greatest part true and sufficient) rather thanby making a new, in that new world and green age of the Church, to expose themselves to many exceptionsand cavillations, as though they made a translation to serve their own turn, and therefore bearing witness tothemselves, their witness not to be regarded. This may be supposed to be some cause, why the translation ofthe Seventy was allowed to pass for current. Notwithstanding, though it was commended generally, yet itdid not fully content the learned, no not of the Jews. For not long after Christ, Aquila fell in hand with anew translation, and after him Theodotion, and after him Symmachus: yea, there was a fifth and a sixthedition, the authors whereof were not known. These with the Seventy made up the Hexapla, and wereworthily and to great purpose compiled together by Origen. Howbeit the edition of the Seventy went awaywith the credit, and therefore not only was placed in the midst by Origen, (for the worth and excellencythereof above the rest, as Epiphanius gathereth) but also was used by the Greek Fathers for the ground andfoundation of their commentaries. Yea, Epiphanius abovenamed doth attribute so much unto it, that heholdeth the authors thereof not only for interpreters, but also for prophets in some respect: and Justinianthe Emperor, injoining the Jews his subjects to use especially the translation of the Seventy, rendereth thisreason thereof, Because they were, as it were, enlightened with prophetical grace. Yet for all that, as theEgyptians are said of the Prophet to be men and not God, and their horses flesh and not spirit: so it isevident, (and St Hierome affirmeth as much) that the Seventy were interpreters, they were not prophets.They did many things well, as learned men; but yet as men they stumbled and fell, one while throughoversight, another while through ignorance; yea, sometimes they may be noted to add to the original, andsometimes to take from it: which made the Apostles to leave them many times, when they left the Hebrew,and to deliver the sense thereof according to the truth of the word, as the Spirit gave them utterance. Thismay suffice touching the Greek translations of the Old Testament.¶ Translation out of Hebrew and Greek into LatinThere were also within a few hundred years after Christ translations many into the Latin tongue: for thistongue also was very fit to convey the law and the Gospel by, because in those times very many countries ofthe West, yea of the South, East, and North, spake or understood Latin, being made provinces to theRomans. But now the Latin translations were too many to be all good, for they were infinite; (Latiniinterpretes nullo modo numerari possunt, saith St Augustine.) Again, they were not out of the Hebrewfountain, (we speak of the Latin translations of the Old Testament) but out of the Greek stream; thereforethe Greek being not altogether clear, the Latin derived from it must needs be muddy. This moved StHierome, a most learned Father, and the best linguist without controversy of his age, or of any other thatwent before him, to undertake the translating of the Old Testament out of the very fountains themselves;which he performed with that evidence of great learning, judgment, industry, and faithfulness, that he hathfor ever bound the Church unto him in a debt of special remembrance and thankfulness. viii
  • 9. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The translating of the Scripture into the vulgar tonguesNow though the Church were thus furnished with Greek and Latin translations, even before the faith ofChrist was generally embraced in the Empire: (for the learned know that even in St Hierome’s time theConsul of Rome and his wife were both Ethnicks, and about the same time the greatest part of the Senatealso) yet for all that the godly learned were not content to have the Scriptures in the language whichthemselves understood, Greek and Latin, (as the good lepers were not content to fare well themselves, butacquainted their neighbours with the store that God had sent, that they also might provide for themselves)but also for the behoof and edifying of the unlearned which hungered and thirsted after righteousness, andhad souls to be saved as well as they, they provided translations into the vulgar for their countrymen,insomuch that most nations under heaven did shortly after their conversion hear Christ speaking unto themin their mother tongue, not by the voice of their minister only, but also by the written word translated. Ifany doubt hereof, he may be satisfied by examples enough, if enough will serve the turn. First, St Hieromesaith, Multarum gentium linguis Scriptura ante translata docet falsa esse quæ addita sunt, &c. i.e. TheScripture being translated before in the language of many nations doth shew that those things that wereadded (by Lucian or Hesychius) are false. So St Hierome in that place. The same Hierome elsewhereaffirmeth that he, the time was, had set forth the translation of the Seventy, Suæ linguæ hominibus; i.e. forhis countrymen of Dalmatia. Which words not only Erasmus doth understand to purport, that St Hierometranslated the Scripture into the Dalmatian tongue; but also Sixtus Senensis, and Alphonsus a Castro, (thatwe speak of no more) men not to be excepted against by them of Rome, do ingenuously confess as much. SoSt Chrysostome, that lived in St Hierome’s time, giveth evidence with him: The doctrine of St John (saithhe) did not in such sort (as the Philosophers’ did) vanish away: but the Syrians, Egyptians, Indians, Persians,Ethiopians, and infinite other nations, being barbarous people, translated it into their (mother) tongue andhave learned to be (true) Philosophers (he meaneth Christians). To this may be added Theodoret, as nextunto him both for antiquity, and for learning. His words be these, Every country that is under the sun is fullof these words, (of the Apostles and Prophets) and the Hebrew tongue (he meaneth the Scriptures in theHebrew tongue) is turned not only into the language of the Grecians, but also of the Romans, andEgyptians, and Persians, and Indians, and Armenians, and Scythians, and Sauromatians, and, briefly, intoall the languages that any nation useth. So he. In like manner Ulpilas is reported by Paulus Diaconus andIsidore, and before them by Sozomen, to have translated the Scriptures into the Gothick tongue: JohnBishop of Sevil by Vasseus, to have turned them into Arabick about the Year of our Lord 717: Beda byCistertiensis, to have turned a great part of them into Saxon: Efnard by Trithemius, to have abridged theFrench Psalter (as Beda had done the Hebrew) about the year 800; King Alured by the said Cistertiensis, tohave turned the Psalter into Saxon: Methodius by Aventinus (printed at Ingolstad) to have turned theScriptures into Sclavonian: Valdo Bishop of Frising by Beatus Rhenanus, to have caused about that time theGospels to be translated into Dutch rhyme, yet extant in the library of Corbinian: Valdus by divers, to haveturned them himself, or to have gotten them turned, into French about the year 1160: Charles the fifth ofthat name, surnamed The wise, to have caused them to be turned into French, about 200 years after Valdushis time; of which translation there be many copies yet extant, as witnesseth Beroaldus. Much about thattime, even in our King Richard the second’s days, John Trevisa translated them into English, and manyEnglish Bibles in written hand are yet to be seen with divers; translated, as it is very probable, in that age. Sothe Syrian translation of the New Testament is in most learned men’s libraries, of Widminstadius his settingforth; and the Psalter in Arabick is with many, of Augustinus Nebiensis’ setting forth. So Postel affirmeth,that in his travel he saw the Gospels in the Ethiopian tongue: And Ambrose Thesius allegeth the Psalter ofthe Indians, which he testifieth to have been set forth by Potken in Syrian characters. So that to have theScriptures in the mother tongue is not a quaint conceit lately taken up, either by the Lord Cromwell inEngland, or by the Lord Radevile in Polony, or by the Lord Ungnadius in the Emperor’s dominion, but hathbeen thought upon, and put in practice of old, even from the first times of the conversion of any nation; nodoubt, because it was esteemed most profitable to cause faith to grow in men’s hearts the sooner, and tomake them to be able to say with the words of the Psalm, As we have heard, so we have seen.¶ The unwillingness of our chief adversaries that the Scriptures should be divulged in the mother tongue, &c.Now the Church of Rome would seem at the length to bear a motherly affection towards her children, andto allow them the Scriptures in their mother tongue: but indeed it is a gift, not deserving to be called a gift,an unprofitable gift: they must first get a licence in writing before they may use them; and to get that, theymust approve themselves to their Confessor, that is, to be such as are, if not frozen in the dregs, yet souredwith the leaven of their superstition. Howbeit it seemed too much to Clement the eighth that there shouldbe any licence granted to have them in the vulgar tongue, and therefore he overruleth and frustrateth thegrant of Pius the fourth. So much are they afraid of the light of the Scripture, (Lucifugæ Scripturarum, asTertullian speaketh) that they will not trust the people with it, no not as it is set forth by their own sworn ix
  • 10. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERmen, no not with the licence of their own Bishops and Inquisitors. Yea, so unwilling they are tocommunicate the Scriptures to the people’s understanding in any sort, that they are not ashamed to confessthat we forced them to translate it into English against their wills. This seemeth to argue a bad cause, or abad conscience, or both. Sure we are, that it is not he that hath good gold, that is afraid to bring it to thetouchstone, but he that hath the counterfeit; neither is it the true man that shunneth the light, but themalefactor, lest his deeds should be reproved; neither is it the plaindealing merchant that is unwilling tohave the weights, or the meteyard, brought in place, but he that useth deceit. But we will let them alone forthis fault, and return to translation.¶ The speeches and reasons, both of our brethren, and of our adversaries, against this workMany men’s mouths have been opened a good while (and yet are not stopped) with speeches about thetranslation so long in hand, or rather perusals of translations made before: and ask what may be the reason,what the necessity, of the employment. Hath the Church been deceived, say they, all this while? Hath hersweet bread been mingled with leaven, her silver with dross, her wine with water, her milk with lime? (Lactegypsum male miscetur, saith St Irenee.) We hoped that we had been in the right way, that we had had theoracles of God delivered unto us, and that though all the world had cause to be offended, and to complain,yet that we had none. Hath the nurse holden out the breast, and nothing but wind in it? Hath the breadbeen delivered by the Fathers of the Church, and the same proved to be lapidosus, as Seneca speaketh? Whatis it to handle the word of God deceitfully, if this be not? Thus certain brethren. Also the adversaries ofJudah and Hierusalem, like Sanballat in Nehemiah, mock, as we hear, both at the work and workmen,saying, What do these weak Jews, &c. will they make the stones whole again out of the heaps of dust whichare burnt? Although they build, yet if a fox go up, he shall even break down their stony wall. Was theirtranslation good before? Why do they now mend it? Was it not good? Why then was it obtruded to thepeople? Yea, why did the Catholicks (meaning Popish Romanists) always go in jeopardy for refusing to goto hear it? Nay, if it must be translated into English, Catholicks are fittest to do it. They have learning, andthey know when a thing is well, they can manum de tabula. We will answer them both briefly: and theformer, being brethren, thus with St Hierome, Damnamus veteres? Minime, sed post priorum studia indomo Domini quod possumus laboramus. That is, Do we condemn the ancient? In no case: but after theendeavours of them that were before us, we take the best pains we can in the house of God. As if he said,Being provoked by the example of the learned that lived before my time, I have thought it my duty to assaywhether my talent in the knowledge of the tongues may be profitable in any measure to God’s Church, lest Ishould seem to have laboured in them in vain, and lest I should be thought to glory in men (althoughancient) above that which was in them. Thus St Hierome may be thought to speak.¶ A satisfaction to our brethrenAnd to the same effect say we, that we are so far off from condemning any of their labours that travelledbefore us in this kind, either in this land, or beyond sea, either in King Henry’s time, or King Edward’s, (ifthere were any translation, or correction of a translation, in his time) or Queen Elizabeth’s of ever renownedmemory, that we acknowledge them to have been raised up of God for the building and furnishing of hisChurch, and that they deserve to be had of us and of posterity in everlasting remembrance. The judgment ofAristotle is worthy and well known: If Timotheus had not been, we had not had much sweet musick: But ifPhrynis (Timotheus his master) had not been, we had not had Timotheus. Therefore blessed be they, andmost honoured be their name, that break the ice, and give the onset upon that which helpeth forward to thesaving of souls. Now what can be more available thereto, than to deliver God’s book unto God’s people in atongue which they understand? Since of an hidden treasure, and of a fountain that is sealed, there is noprofit, as Ptolemy Philadelph wrote to the Rabbins or masters of the Jews, as witnesseth Epiphanius: and asSt Augustine saith, A man had rather be with his dog than with a stranger (whose tongue is strange untohim.) Yet for all that, as nothing is begun and perfected at the same time, and the latter thoughts arethought to be the wiser: so, if we building upon their foundation that went before us, and being holpen bytheir labours, do endeavour to make that better which they left so good; no man, we are sure, hath cause tomislike us; they, we persuade ourselves, if they were alive, would thank us. The vintage of Abiezer, thatstrake the stroke: yet the gleaning of grapes of Ephraim was not to be despised. See Judges viii. 2. Joash theking of Israel did not satisfy himself till he had smitten the ground three times; and yet he offended theProphet for giving over then. Aquila, of whom we spake before, translated the Bible as carefully and asskilfully as he could; and yet he thought good to go over it again, and then it got the credit with the Jews tobe called κατ᾽ ἀκρίβειαν, that is, accurately done, as St Hierome witnesseth. How many books of profanelearning have been gone over again and again, by the same translators, by others? Of one and the same bookof Aristotle’s Ethics there are extant not so few as six or seven several translations. Now if this cost may bebestowed upon the gourd, which affordeth us a little shade, and which to day flourisheth, but to morrow is x
  • 11. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERcut down; what may we bestow, nay, what ought we not to bestow, upon the vine, the fruit whereof makethglad the conscience of man, and the stem whereof abideth for ever? And this is the word of God, which wetranslate. What is the chaff to the wheat? saith the Lord. Tanti vitreum, quanti verum margaritum! (saithTertullian,) if a toy of glass be of that reckoning with us, how ought we to value the true pearl? Therefore letno man’s eye be evil, because his Majesty’s is good; neither let any be grieved, that we have a Prince thatseeketh the increase of the spiritual wealth of Israel; (let Sanballats and Tobiahs do so, which therefore dobear their just reproof) but let us rather bless God from the ground of our heart for working this religiouscare in him to have the translations of the Bible maturely considered of and examined. For by this means itcometh to pass, that whatsoever is sound already, (and all is sound for substance in one or other of oureditions, and the worst of ours far better than their authentick Vulgar) the same will shine as gold morebrightly, being rubbed and polished; also, if any thing be halting, or superfluous, or not so agreeable to theoriginal, the same may be corrected, and the truth set in place. And what can the King command to bedone, that will bring him more true honour than this? And wherein could they that have been set at workapprove their duty to the King, yea, their obedience to God, and love to his Saints, more, than by yieldingtheir service, and all that is within them, for the furnishing of the work? But besides all this, they were theprincipal motives of it, and therefore ought least to quarrel it. For the very historical truth is, that upon theimportunate petitions of the Puritans at his Majesty’s coming to this crown, the conference at HamptonCourt having been appointed for hearing their complaints, when by force of reason they were put from allother grounds, they had recourse at the last to this shift, that they could not with good conscience subscribeto the Communion book, since it maintained the Bible as it was there translated, which was, as they said, amost corrupted translation. And although this was judged to be but a very poor and empty shift, yet evenhereupon did his Majesty begin to bethink himself of the good that might ensue by a new translation, andpresently after gave order for this translation which is now presented unto thee. Thus much to satisfy ourscrupulous brethren.¶ An answer to the imputations of our adversariesNow to the latter we answer, That we do not deny, nay, we affirm and avow, that the very meanesttranslation of the Bible in English set forth by men of our profession (for we have seen none of theirs of thewhole Bible as yet) containeth the word of God, nay, is the word of God: as the King’s speech which heuttered in Parliament, being translated into French, Dutch, Italian, and Latin, is still the King’s speech,though it be not interpreted by every translator with the like grace, nor peradventure so fitly for phrase, norso expressly for sense, every where. For it is confessed, that things are to take their denomination of thegreater part; and a natural man could say, Verum ubi multa nitent in carmine, non ego paucis offendormaculis, &c. A man may be counted a virtuous man, though he have made many slips in his life, (else therewere none virtuous, for, In many things we offend all,) also a comely man and lovely, though he have somewarts upon his hand; yea, not only freckles upon his face, but also scars. No cause therefore why the wordtranslated should be denied to be the word, or forbidden to be current, notwithstanding that someimperfections and blemishes may be noted in the setting forth of it. For whatever was perfect under the sun,where Apostles or apostolick men, that is, men endued with an extraordinary measure of God’s Spirit, andprivileged with the privilege of infallibility, had not their hand? The Romanists therefore in refusing to hear,and daring to burn the word translated, did no less than despite the Spirit of grace, from whom originally itproceeded, and whose sense and meaning, as well as man’s weakness would enable, it did express. Judge byan example or two.Plutarch writeth, that after that Rome had been burnt by the Gauls, they fell soon to build it again: butdoing it in haste, they did not cast the streets, nor proportion the houses, in such comely fashion, as hadbeen most sightly and convenient. Was Catiline therefore an honest man, or a good patriot, that sought tobring it to a combustion? or Nero a good Prince, that did indeed set it on fire? So by the story of Ezra andthe prophecy of Haggai it may be gathered, that the temple built by Zerubbabel after the return fromBabylon was by no means to be compared to the former built by Solomon: (for they that remembered theformer wept when they considered the latter) notwithstanding might this latter either have been abhorredand forsaken by the Jews, or profaned by the Greeks? The like we are to think of translations. Thetranslation of the Seventy dissenteth from the Original in many places, neither doth it come near it forperspicuity, gravity, majesty; yet which of the Apostles did condemn it? Condemn it? Nay, they used it, (as itis apparent, and as St Hierome and most learned men do confess) which they would not have done, nor bytheir example of using of it so grace and commend it to the Church, if it had been unworthy the appellationand name of the word of God. And whereas they urge for their second defence of their vilifying and abusingof the English Bibles, or some pieces thereof, which they meet with, for that Hereticks forsooth were theauthors of the translations: (Hereticks they call us by the same right that they call themselves Catholicks, xi
  • 12. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERboth being wrong) we marvel what divinity taught them so. We are sure Tertullian was of another mind: Expersonis probamus fidem, an ex fide personas? Do we try men’s faith by their persons? We should try theirpersons by their faith. Also St Augustine was of another mind: for he, lighting upon certain rules made byTychonius a Donatist for the better understanding of the Word, was not ashamed to make use of them, yea,to insert them into his own book, with giving commendation to them so far forth as they were worthy to becommended, as is to be seen in St Augustine’s third book De Doctrina Christiana. To be short, Origen, andthe whole Church of God for certain hundred years, were of another mind: for they were so far fromtreading under foot (much more from burning) the translation of Aquila a proselyte, that is, one that hadturned Jew, of Symmachus, and Theodotion, both Ebionites, that is, most vile hereticks, that they joinedthem together with the Hebrew original, and the translation of the Seventy, (as hath been before signifiedout of Epiphanius) and set them forth openly to be considered of and perused by all. But we weary theunlearned, who need not know so much; and trouble the learned, who know it already.Yet before we end, we must answer a third cavil and objection of theirs against us, for altering andamending our translation so oft; wherein truly they deal hardly and strangely with us. For to whom ever wasit imputed for a fault (by such as were wise) to go over that which he had done, and to amend it where hesaw cause? St Augustine was not afraid to exhort St Hierome to a Palinodia or recantation. The same StAugustine was not ashamed to retractate, we might say, revoke, many things that had passed him, and dotheven glory that he seeth his infirmities. If we will be sons of the truth, we must consider what it speaketh,and trample upon our own credit, yea, and upon other men’s too, if either be any way an hinderance to it.This to the cause. Then to the persons we say, that of all men they ought to be most silent in this case. Forwhat varieties have they, and what alterations have they made, not only of their service books, portesses, andbreviaries, but also of their Latin translation? The service book supposed to be made by St Ambrose(Officium Ambrosianum) was a great while in special use and request: but Pope Adrian, calling a councilwith the aid of Charles the Emperor, abolished it, yea, burnt it, and commanded the service book of StGregory universally to be used. Well, Officium Gregorianum gets by this means to be in credit; but doth itcontinue without change or altering? No, the very Roman service was of two fashions; the new fashion, andthe old, the one used in one Church, and the other in another; as is to be seen in Pamelius a Romanist hispreface before Micrologus. The same Pamelius reporteth out of Radulphus de Rivo, that about the year ofour Lord 1277 Pope Nicolas the third removed out of the churches of Rome the more ancient books (ofservice) and brought into use the missals of the Friers Minorites, and commanded them to be observedthere; insomuch that about an hundred years after, when the above named Radulphus happened to be atRome, he found all the books to be new, of the new stamp. Neither was there this chopping and changing inthe more ancient times only, but also of late. Pius Quintus himself confesseth, that every bishoprick almosthad a peculiar kind of service, most unlike to that which others had; which moved him to abolish all otherbreviaries, though never so ancient, and privileged and published by Bishops in their Dioceses, and toestablish and ratify that only which was of his own setting forth in the year 1568. Now when the Father oftheir Church, who gladly would heal the sore of the daughter of his people softly and slightly, and make thebest of it, findeth so great fault with them for their odds and jarring; we hope the children have no greatcause to vaunt of their uniformity. But the difference that appeareth between our translations, and our oftencorrecting of them, is the thing that we are specially charged with; let us see therefore whether theythemselves be without fault this way, (if it be to be counted a fault to correct) and whether they be fit mento throw stones at us: O tandem major parcas insane minori: They that are less sound themselves ought notto object infirmities to others. If we should tell them that Valla, Stapulensis, Erasmus, and Vives, found faultwith their vulgar translation, and consequently wished the same to be mended, or a new one to be made;they would answer peradventure, that we produced their enemies for witnesses against them; albeit theywere in no other sort enemies, than as St Paul was to the Galatians, for telling them the truth: and it were tobe wished, that they had dared to tell it them plainlier and oftener. But what will they say to this, That PopeLeo the tenth allowed Erasmus’s translation of the New Testament, so much different from the Vulgar, byhis apostolick letter and bull? That the same Leo exhorted Pagnine to translate the whole Bible, and barewhatsoever charges was necessary for the work? Surely, as the Apostle reasoneth to the Hebrews, That if theformer Law and Testament had been sufficient, there had been no need of the latter: so we may say, that ifthe old Vulgar had been at all points allowable, to small purpose had labour and charges been undergoneabout framing of a new. If they say, it was one Pope’s private opinion, and that he consulted only himself;then we are able to go further with them, and to aver, that more of their chief men of all sorts, even theirown Trent champions, Paiva and Vega, and their own inquisitor Hieronymus ab Oleastro, and their ownBishop Isidorus Clarius, and their own Cardinal Thomas a Vio Cajetan, do either make new translationsthemselves, or follow new ones of other men’s making, or note the Vulgar interpreter for halting, none ofthem fear to dissent from him, nor yet to except against him. And call they this an uniform tenor of text and xii
  • 13. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERjudgment about the text, so many of their worthies disclaiming the now received conceit? Nay, we will yetcome nearer the quick. Doth not their Paris edition differ from the Louvain, and Hentenius’s from themboth, and yet all of them allowed by authority? Nay, doth not Sixtus Quintus confess, that certain Catholicks(he meaneth certain of his own side) were in such an humour of translating the Scriptures into Latin, thatSatan taking occasion by them, though they thought of no such matter, did strive what he could, out of souncertain and manifold a variety of translations, so to mingle all things, that nothing might seem to be leftcertain and firm in them? &c. Nay further, did not the same Sixtus ordain by an inviolable decree, and thatwith the counsel and consent of his Cardinals, that the Latin edition of the Old and New Testament, whichthe Council of Trent would have to be authentick, is the same without controversy which he then set forth,being diligently corrected and printed in the printinghouse of Vatican? Thus Sixtus in his preface before hisBible. And yet Clement the eighth, his immediate successor, published another edition of the Bible,containing in it infinite differences from that of Sixtus, and many of them weighty and material; and yet thismust be authentick by all means. What is to have the faith of our glorious Lord Jesus Christ with yea andnay, if this be not? Again, what is sweet harmony and consent, if this be? Therefore, as Demaratus ofCorinth advised a great King, before he talked of the dissensions among the Grecians, to compose hisdomestick broils; (for at that time his queen and his son and heir were at deadly feud with him) so all thewhile that our adversaries do make so many and so various editions themselves, and do jar so much aboutthe worth and authority of them, they can with no show of equity challenge us for changing and correcting.¶ The purpose of the Translators, with their number, furniture, care, &c.But it is high time to leave them, and to shew in brief what we proposed to ourselves, and what course weheld, in this our perusal and survey of the Bible. Truly, good Christian Reader, we never thought from thebeginning that we should need to make a new translation, nor yet to make of a bad one a good one; (forthen the imputation of Sixtus had been true in some sort, that our people had been fed with gall of dragonsinstead of wine, with whey instead of milk;) but to make a good one better, or out of many good ones oneprincipal good one, not justly to be excepted against; that hath been our endeavour, that our mark. To thatpurpose there were many chosen, that were greater in other men’s eyes than in their own, and that soughtthe truth rather than their own praise. Again, they came, or were thought to come, to the work, notexercendi causa, (as one saith) but exercitati, that is, learned, not to learn; for the chief overseer andἐργοδιώκτης under his Majesty, to whom not only we, but also our whole Church was much bound, knew by hiswisdom, which thing also Nazianzen taught so long ago, that it is a preposterous order to teach first, and tolearn after, yea that τὸ ἐν πίθῳ κεραμίαν μανθάνειν, to learn and practise together, is neither commendable for theworkman, nor safe for the work. Therefore such were thought upon, as could say modestly with StHierome, Et Hebræum sermonem ex parte didicimus, et in Latino pene ab ipsis incunabulis, &c. detritisumus; Both we have learned the Hebrew tongue in part, and in the Latin we have been exercised almostfrom our very cradle. St Hierome maketh no mention of the Greek tongue, wherein yet he did excel;because he translated not the Old Testament out of Greek, but out of Hebrew. And in what sort did theseassemble? In the trust of their own knowledge, or of their sharpness of wit, or deepness of judgment, as itwere in an arm of flesh? At no hand. They trusted in him that hath the key of David, opening, and no manshutting; they prayed to the Lord, the Father of our Lord, to the effect that St Augustine did; O let thyScriptures be my pure delight; let me not be deceived in them, neither let me deceive by them. In thisconfidence, and with this devotion, did they assemble together; not too many, lest one should troubleanother; and yet many, lest many things haply might escape them. If you ask what they had before them,truly it was the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, the Greek of the New. These are the two golden pipes, orrather conduits, wherethrough the olive branches empty themselves into the gold. St Augustine calleth themprecedent, or original, tongues; St Hierome, fountains. The same St Hierome affirmeth, and Gratian hathnot spared to put it into his decree, That as the credit of the old books (he meaneth of the Old Testament) isto be tried by the Hebrew volumes; so of the New by the Greek tongue, he meaneth by the original Greek. Iftruth be to be tried by these tongues, then whence should a translation be made, but out of them? Thesetongues therefore (the Scriptures, we say, in those tongues) we set before us to translate, being the tongueswherein God was pleased to speak to his Church by his Prophets and Apostles. Neither did we run over thework with that posting haste that the Septuagint did, if that be true which is reported of them, that theyfinished it in seventy two days; neither were we barred or hindered from going over it again, having oncedone it, like St Hierome, if that be true which himself reporteth, that he could no sooner write any thing,but presently it was caught from him, and published, and he could not have leave to mend it: neither, to beshort, were we the first that fell in hand with translating the Scripture into English, and consequentlydestitute of former helps, as it is written of Origen, that he was the first in a manner, that put his hand towrite commentaries upon the Scriptures, and therefore no marvel if he overshot himself many times. Noneof these things: The work hath not been huddled up in seventy two days, but hath cost the workmen, as xiii
  • 14. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERlight as it seemeth, the pains of twice seven times seventy two days, and more. Matters of such weight andconsequence are to be speeded with maturity: for in a business of moment a man feareth not the blame ofconvenient slackness. Neither did we think much to consult the translators or commentators, Chaldee,Hebrew, Syrian, Greek, or Latin; no, nor the Spanish, French, Italian, or Dutch; neither did we disdain torevise that which we had done, and to bring back to the anvil that which we had hammered: but having andusing as great helps as were needful, and fearing no reproach for slowness, nor coveting praise forexpedition, we have at the length, through the good hand of the Lord upon us, brought the work to thatpass that you see.¶ Reasons moving us to set diversity of senses in the margin, where there is great probability for eachSome peradventure would have no variety of senses to be set in the margin, lest the authority of theScriptures for deciding of controversies by that show of uncertainty should somewhat be shaken. But wehold their judgment not to be so sound in this point. For though, Whatsoever things are necessary aremanifest, as St Chrysostome saith; and, as St Augustine, In those things that are plainly set down in theScriptures all such matters are found that concern faith, hope, and charity: yet for all that it cannot bedissembled, that partly to exercise and whet our wits, partly to wean the curious from loathing of them fortheir every where plainness, partly also to stir up our devotion to crave the assistance of God’s Spirit byprayer, and lastly, that we might be forward to seek aid of our brethren by conference, and never scornthose that be not in all respects so complete as they should be, being to seek in many things ourselves, ithath pleased God in his Divine Providence here and there to scatter words and sentences of that difficultyand doubtfulness, not in doctrinal points that concern salvation, (for in such it hath been vouched that theScriptures are plain) but in matters of less moment, that fearfulness would better beseem us thanconfidence, and if we will resolve, to resolve upon modesty with St Augustine, (though not in this same casealtogether, yet upon the same ground) Melius est dubitare de occultis, quam litigare de incertis: It is betterto make doubt of those things which are secret, than to strive about those things that are uncertain. Therebe many words in the Scriptures which be never found there but once, (having neither brother norneighbour, as the Hebrews speak) so that we cannot be holpen by conference of places. Again, there bemany rare names of certain birds, beasts, and precious stones, &c. concerning which the Hebrewsthemselves are so divided among themselves for judgment, that they may seem to have defined this or that,rather because they would say something, than because they were sure of that which they said, as StHierome somewhere saith of the Septuagint. Now in such a case doth not a margin do well to admonish theReader to seek further, and not to conclude or dogmatize upon this or that peremptorily? For as it is a faultof incredulity, to doubt of those things that are evident; so to determine of such things as the Spirit of Godhath left (even in the judgment of the judicious) questionable, can be no less than presumption. Thereforeas St Augustine saith, that variety of translations is profitable for the finding out of the sense of theScriptures: so diversity of signification and sense in the margin, where the text is not so clear, must needs dogood; yea, is necessary, as we are persuaded. We know that Sixtus Quintus expressly forbiddeth that anyvariety of readings of their Vulgar edition should be put in the margin; (which though it be not altogetherthe same thing to that we have in hand, yet it looketh that way;) but we think he hath not all of his own sidehis favourers for this conceit. They that are wise had rather have their judgments at liberty in differences ofreadings, than to be captivated to one, when it may be the other. If they were sure that their high priest hadall laws shut up in his breast, as Paul the second bragged, and that he were as free from error by specialprivilege, as the dictators of Rome were made by law inviolable, it were another matter; then his word werean oracle, his opinion a decision. But the eyes of the world are now open, God be thanked, and have been agreat while; they find that he is subject to the same affections and infirmities that others be, that his skin ispenetrable, and therefore so much as he proveth, not as much as he claimeth, they grant and embrace.¶ Reasons inducing us not to stand curiously upon an identity of phrasingAnother thing we think good to admonish thee of, gentle Reader, that we have not tied ourselves to anuniformity of phrasing, or to an identity of words, as some peradventure would wish that we had done,because they observe, that some learned men somewhere have been as exact as they could that way. Truly,that we might not vary from the sense of that which we had translated before, if the word signified the samething in both places, (for there be some words that be not of the same sense every where) we were especiallycareful, and made a conscience, according to our duty. But that we should express the same notion in thesame particular word; as for example, if we translate the Hebrew or Greek word once by ‘purpose’, never tocall it ‘intent’; if one where ‘journeying’, never ‘travelling’; if one where ‘think’, never ‘suppose’; if one where‘pain’, never ‘ache’; if one where ‘joy’, never ‘gladness’, &c. thus to mince the matter, we thought to savourmore of curiosity than wisdom, and that rather it would breed scorn in the atheist, than bring profit to thegodly reader. For is the kingdom of God become words or syllables? Why should we be in bondage to them, xiv
  • 15. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERif we may be free? use one precisely, when we may use another no less fit as commodiously? A godly Fatherin the primitive time shewed himself greatly moved, that one of newfangledness called κράββατον, σκίμπους,though the difference be little or none; and another reporteth, that he was much abused for turning‘cucurbita’ (to which reading the people had been used) into ‘hedera’. Now if this happen in better times,and upon so small occasions, we might justly fear hard censure, if generally we should make verbal andunnecessary changings. We might also be charged (by scoffers) with some unequal dealing towards a greatnumber of good English words. For as it is written of a certain great Philosopher, that he should say, thatthose logs were happy that were made images to be worshipped; for their fellows, as good as they, lay forblocks behind the fire: so if we should say, as it were, unto certain words, Stand up higher, have a place inthe Bible always; and to others of like quality, Get ye hence, be banished for ever; we might be taxedperadventure with St James his words, namely, To be partial in ourselves, and judges of evil thoughts. Addhereunto, that niceness in words was always counted the next step to trifling; and so was to be curious aboutnames too: also that we cannot follow a better pattern for elocution than God himself; therefore he usingdivers words in his holy writ, and indifferently for one thing in nature; we, if we will not be superstitious,may use the same liberty in our English versions out of Hebrew and Greek, for that copy or store that hehath given us. Lastly, we have on the one side avoided the scrupulosity of the Puritans, who leave the oldEcclesiastical words, and betake them to other, as when they put ‘washing’ for ‘baptism’, and ‘congregation’instead of ‘church’: as also on the other side we have shunned the obscurity of the Papists, in their ‘azymes’,‘tunik’, ‘rational’, ‘holocausts’, ‘prepuce’, ‘pasche’, and a number of such like, whereof their late translationis full, and that of purpose to darken the sense, that since they must needs translate the Bible, yet by thelanguage thereof it may be kept from being understood. But we desire that the Scripture may speak likeitself, as in the language of Canaan, that it may be understood even of the very vulgar.Many other things we might give thee warning of, gentle Reader, if we had not exceeded the measure of apreface already. It remaineth that we commend thee to God, and to the Spirit of his grace, which is able tobuild further than we can ask or think. He removeth the scales from our eyes, the vail from our hearts,opening our wits that we may understand his word, enlarging our hearts, yea, correcting our affections, thatwe may love it above gold and silver, yea, that we may love it to the end. Ye are brought unto fountains ofliving water which ye digged not; do not cast earth into them, with the Philistines, neither prefer broken pitsbefore them, with the wicked Jews. Others have laboured, and you may enter into their labours. O receivenot so great things in vain: O despise not so great salvation. Be not like swine to tread under foot so preciousthings, neither yet like dogs to tear and abuse holy things. Say not to our Saviour with the Gergesites, Departout of our coasts; neither yet with Esau sell your birthright for a mess of pottage. If light be come into theworld, love not darkness more than light: if food, if clothing, be offered, go not naked, starve not yourselves.Remember the advice of Nazianzene, It is a grievous thing (or dangerous) to neglect a great fair, and to seekto make markets afterwards: also the encouragement of St Chrysostome, It is altogether impossible, that hethat is sober (and watchful) should at any time be neglected: lastly, the admonition and menacing of StAugustine, They that despise God’s will inviting them shall feel God’s will taking vengeance of them. It is afearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God; but a blessed thing it is, and will bring us to everlastingblessedness in the end, when God speaketh unto us, to hearken; when he setteth his word before us, to readit; when he stretcheth out his hand and calleth, to answer, Here am I, here we are to do thy will, O God. TheLord work a care and conscience in us to know him and serve him, that we may be acknowledged of him atthe appearing of our Lord JESUS CHRIST, to whom with the Holy Ghost be all praise and thanksgiving.Amen. xv
  • 16. HOW TO KNOW THE PURE CAMBRIDGE EDITION OF THE KING JAMES BIBLEIt is important to have the correct, perfect and final text of the King James Bible, since there are correctors(e.g. publishers) who have changed some aspects of King James Bible texts. The final form of the King JamesBible is the Pure Cambridge Edition (circa 1900), which conforms to the following:1. “or Sheba” not “and Sheba” in Joshua 19:22. “sin” not “sins” in 2 Chronicles 33:193. “Spirit of God” not “spirit of God” in Job 33:44. “whom ye” not “whom he” in Jeremiah 34:165. “Spirit of God” not “spirit of God” in Ezekiel 11:246. “flieth” not “fleeth” in Nahum 3:167. “Spirit” not “spirit” in Matthew 4:18. “further” not “farther” in Matthew 26:399. “bewrayeth” not “betrayeth” in Matthew 26:7310. “Spirit” not “spirit” in Mark 1:1211. “spirit” not “Spirit” in Acts 11:2812. “spirit” not “Spirit” in 1 John 5:8 THE GUARDIANS OF THE PURE CAMBRIDGE EDITION xvi
  • 17. THE NAMES AND ORDER OF ALL THE BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT, WITH THE NUMBER OF THEIR CHAPTERS. ——————— The Books of the Old Testament. Page Chaps Page ChapsGENESIS 1 50 Ecclesiastes 482 12Exodus 43 40 Song of Solomon 488 8Leviticus 78 27 Isaiah 491 66Numbers 104 36 Jeremiah 530 52Deuteronomy 140 34 Lamentations 575 5Joshua 170 24 Ezekiel 579 48Judges 190 21 Daniel 620 12Ruth 210 4 Hosea 633 141 Samuel 213 31 Joel 639 32 Samuel 239 24 Amos 642 91 Kings 261 22 Obadiah 647 12 Kings 287 25 Jonah 648 41 Chronicles 311 29 Micah 650 72 Chronicles 335 36 Nahum 654 3Ezra 363 10 Habakkuk 656 3Nehemiah 372 13 Zephaniah 658 3Esther 384 10 Haggai 660 2Job 391 42 Zechariah 662 14Psalms 412 150 Malachi 669 4Proverbs 464 31 ——————— The Books of the New Testament. Page Chaps Page ChapsMATTHEW 674 28 1 Timothy 843 6Mark 701 16 2 Timothy 846 4Luke 718 24 Titus 849 3John 747 21 Philemon 851 1The Acts 768 28 Hebrews 852 13Romans 795 16 James 860 51 Corinthians 806 16 1 Peter 863 52 Corinthians 817 13 2 Peter 866 3Galatians 824 6 1 John 868 5Ephesians 828 6 2 John 871 1Philippians 832 4 3 John 872 1Colossians 835 4 Jude 873 11 Thessalonians 838 5 Revelation 874 222 Thessalonians 841 3 xvii
  • 18. THE FIRST BOOK OF MOSES CALLED GENESIS CHAPTER 1 20 And God said, Let the waters bring forthI N the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.2 And the earth was without form, and void; and abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the 21 And God created great whales, and every livingSpirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. creature that moveth, which the waters brought3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was forth abundantly, after their kind, and every wingedlight. fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God 22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, anddivided the light from the darkness. multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he multiply in the earth.called Night. And the evening and the morning were 23 And the evening and the morning were the fifththe first day. day.6 ¶ And God said, Let there be a firmament in the 24 ¶ And God said, Let the earth bring forth themidst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from living creature after his kind, cattle, and creepingthe waters. thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was7 And God made the firmament, and divided the so.waters which were under the firmament from the 25 And God made the beast of the earth after hiswaters which were above the firmament: and it was kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing thatso. creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the that it was good.evening and the morning were the second day. 26 ¶ And God said, Let us make man in our image,9 ¶ And God said, Let the waters under the heaven after our likeness: and let them have dominion overbe gathered together unto one place, and let the dry the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, andland appear: and it was so. over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and 27 So God created man in his own image, in theGod saw that it was good. image of God created he him; male and female11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the created he them.herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit 28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them,after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth,and it was so. and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over everyyielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding living thing that moveth upon the earth.fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and 29 ¶ And God said, Behold, I have given you everyGod saw that it was good. herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the13 And the evening and the morning were the third earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of aday. tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.14 ¶ And God said, Let there be lights in the 30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowlfirmament of the heaven to divide the day from the of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon thenight; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and earth, wherein there is life, I have given every greenfor days, and years: herb for meat: and it was so.15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the 31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and,heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. behold, it was very good. And the evening and the16 And God made two great lights; the greater light morning were the sixth rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night:he made the stars also. CHAPTER 217 And God set them in the firmament of the heavento give light upon the earth, T HUS the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which18 And to rule over the day and over the night, andto divide the light from the darkness: and God saw he had made; and he rested on the seventh day fromthat it was good. all his work which he had made.19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it:day. because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. 1
  • 19. GENESIS4 ¶ These are the generations of the heavens and of 23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones,the earth when they were created, in the day that the and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman,LORD God made the earth and the heavens, because she was taken out of Man.5 And every plant of the field before it was in the 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and hisearth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shallthe LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the be one, and there was not a man to till the ground. 25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife,6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and and were not ashamed.watered the whole face of the ground.7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the CHAPTER 3ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath oflife; and man became a living soul. N OW the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made.8 ¶ And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, YeEden; and there he put the man whom he had shall not eat of every tree of the garden?formed. 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to of the fruit of the trees of the garden:grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst ofgood for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it,garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall notand from thence it was parted, and became into four surely die:heads. 5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof,11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be ascompasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gods, knowing good and; 6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good12 And the gold of that land is good: there is for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and abdellium and the onyx stone. tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto hersame is it that compasseth the whole land of husband with her; and he did eat.Ethiopia. 7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leavesis it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the together, and made themselves aprons.fourth river is Euphrates. 8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam andinto the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. his wife hid themselves from the presence of the16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, unto him, Where art thou?thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest 10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and Ithereof thou shalt surely die. was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.18 ¶ And the LORD God said, It is not good that the 11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked?man should be alone; I will make him an help meet Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commandedfor him. thee that thou shouldest not eat?19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed 12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavestevery beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.brought them unto Adam to see what he would call 13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What isthem: and whatsoever Adam called every living this that thou hast done? And the woman said, Thecreature, that was the name thereof. serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the 14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Becausefowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle,Adam there was not found an help meet for him. and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days ofupon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his thy life:ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 15 And I will put enmity between thee and the22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shallman, made he a woman, and brought her unto the bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his 16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt 2
  • 20. GENESISbring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy 11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, whichhusband, and he shall rule over thee. hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast blood from thy hand;hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten 12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall notof the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitiveThou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy 13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment islife; greater than I can bear.18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to 14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day fromthee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid;19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth;thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou and it shall come to pass, that every one that findethtaken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou me shall slay me.return. 15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore20 And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken onshe was the mother of all living. him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain,21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD lest any finding him should kill him.God make coats of skins, and clothed them. 16 ¶ And Cain went out from the presence of the22 ¶ And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east ofbecome as one of us, to know good and evil: and, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the 17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, andtree of life, and eat, and live for ever: bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the name of the city, after the name of his son, of Eden, to till the ground from whence he 18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begatwas taken. Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the Methusael begat Lamech.east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming 19 ¶ And Lamech took unto him two wives: thesword which turned every way, to keep the way of name of the one was Adah, and the name of thethe tree of life. other Zillah. 20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as CHAPTER 4 dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.A ND Adam knew Eve his wife; and she 21 And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have father of all such as handle the harp and organ.gotten a man from the LORD. 22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and thea keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.ground. 23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearkenbrought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto unto my speech: for I have slain a man to mythe LORD. wounding, and a young man to my hurt.4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his 24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamechflock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had seventy and sevenfold.respect unto Abel and to his offering: 25 ¶ And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she,respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel,countenance fell. whom Cain slew.6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou 26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son;wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? and he called his name Enos: then began men to call7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and upon the name of the LORD.if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And untothee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. CHAPTER 58 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it cameto pass, when they were in the field, that Cain roseup against Abel his brother, and slew him. T HIS is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;9 ¶ And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy 2 Male and female created he them; and blessedbrother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s them, and called their name Adam, in the day whenkeeper? they were created.10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice ofthy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground. 3
  • 21. GENESIS3 ¶ And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, 29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This sameand begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of ourand called his name Seth: hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath4 And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth cursed.were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and 30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah fivedaughters: hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine daughters:hundred and thirty years: and he died. 31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred6 And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and seventy and seven years: and he died.begat Enos: 32 And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and CHAPTER 6twelve years: and he died.9 ¶ And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan: A ND it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters10 And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight were born unto them,hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and 2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of mendaughters: that they were fair; and they took them wives of all11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and which they chose.five years: and he died. 3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always12 ¶ And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his daysMahalaleel: shall be an hundred and twenty years.13 And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight 4 There were giants in the earth in those days; andhundred and forty years, and begat sons and also after that, when the sons of God came in untodaughters: the daughters of men, and they bare children to14 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred them, the same became mighty men which were ofand ten years: and he died. old, men of renown.15 ¶ And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and 5 ¶ And GOD saw that the wickedness of man wasbegat Jared: great in the earth, and that every imagination of the16 And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and 6 And it repented the LORD that he had made mandaughters: on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight 7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom Ihundred ninety and five years: and he died. have created from the face of the earth; both man,18 ¶ And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls ofand he begat Enoch: the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight 8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: 9 ¶ These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty just man and perfect in his generations, and Noahand two years: and he died. walked with God.21 ¶ And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat 10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, andMethuselah: Japheth.22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat 11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and theMethuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and earth was filled with violence.daughters: 12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way uponsixty and five years: the earth.24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for 13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh isGod took him. come before me; for the earth is filled with violence25 And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and through them; and, behold, I will destroy them withseven years, and begat Lamech: the earth.26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech 14 ¶ Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shaltseven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within andand daughters: without with pitch.27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine 15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of:hundred sixty and nine years: and he died. The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits,28 ¶ And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of ityears, and begat a son: thirty cubits. 4
  • 22. GENESIS16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a 13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, andcubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’sark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, intosecond, and third stories shalt thou make it. the ark;17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters 14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all theupon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing thatbreath of life, from under heaven; and every thing creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and everythat is in the earth shall die. fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and 15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, twothou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.thy wife, and thy sons’ wives with thee. 16 And they that went in, went in male and female of19 And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORDsort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive shut him in.with thee; they shall be male and female. 17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it waskind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his lift up above the earth.kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep 18 And the waters prevailed, and were increasedthem alive. greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the21 And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, face of the waters.and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for 19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon thefood for thee, and for them. earth; and all the high hills, that were under the22 Thus did Noah; according to all that God whole heaven, were covered.commanded him, so did he. 20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. CHAPTER 7 21 And all flesh died that moved upon the earth,A ND the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, andrighteous before me in this generation. every man:2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of allsevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that that was in the dry land, died.are not clean by two, the male and his female. 23 And every living substance was destroyed which3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the was upon the face of the ground, both man, andfemale; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of theearth. heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon Noah only remained alive, and they that were withthe earth forty days and forty nights; and every living him in the ark.substance that I have made will I destroy from off 24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth anthe face of the earth. hundred and fifty days.5 And Noah did according unto all that the LORDcommanded him. CHAPTER 86 And Noah was six hundred years old when theflood of waters was upon the earth. A ND God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the7 ¶ And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth,and his sons’ wives with him, into the ark, because of and the waters asswaged;the waters of the flood. 2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven wasand of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon restrained;the earth, 3 And the waters returned from off the earth9 There went in two and two unto Noah into the continually: and after the end of the hundred andark, the male and the female, as God had fifty days the waters were abated.commanded Noah. 4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountainswaters of the flood were upon the earth. of Ararat.11 ¶ In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the 5 And the waters decreased continually until thesecond month, the seventeenth day of the month, tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day ofthe same day were all the fountains of the great deep the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 6 ¶ And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and Noah opened the window of the ark which he hadforty nights. made: 5
  • 23. GENESIS7 And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are theyfro, until the waters were dried up from off the 3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the you; even as the green herb have I given you allwaters were abated from off the face of the ground; things.9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, 4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is the bloodand she returned unto him into the ark, for the thereof, shall ye not eat.waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he 5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require;put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at theunto him into the ark. hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he I require the life of man.sent forth the dove out of the ark; 6 Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his11 And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, blood be shed: for in the image of God made helo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah man.knew that the waters were abated from off the earth. 7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth12 And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.the dove; which returned not again unto him any 8 ¶ And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons withmore. him, saying,13 ¶ And it came to pass in the six hundredth and 9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you,first year, in the first month, the first day of the and with your seed after you;month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: 10 And with every living creature that is with you, ofand Noah removed the covering of the ark, and the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earthlooked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry. with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every14 And in the second month, on the seven and beast of the earth.twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried. 11 And I will establish my covenant with you;15 ¶ And God spake unto Noah, saying, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be asons, and thy sons’ wives with thee. flood to destroy the earth.17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is 12 And God said, This is the token of the covenantwith thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and which I make between me and you and every livingof every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be 13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for afruitful, and multiply upon the earth. token of a covenant between me and the earth.18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, 14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloudand his sons’ wives with him: over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, cloud:and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their 15 And I will remember my covenant, which iskinds, went forth out of the ark. between me and you and every living creature of all20 ¶ And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and flesh; and the waters shall no more become a floodtook of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, to destroy all flesh.and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the upon it, that I may remember the everlastingLORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the covenant between God and every living creature ofground any more for man’s sake; for the all flesh that is upon the earth.imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; 17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token of theneither will I again smite any more every thing covenant, which I have established between me andliving, as I have done. all flesh that is upon the earth.22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, 18 ¶ And the sons of Noah, that went forth of theand cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham isand night shall not cease. the father of Canaan. 19 These are the three sons of Noah: and of them CHAPTER 9 was the whole earth overspread.A ND God blessed Noah and his sons, and said 20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and planted a vineyard:replenish the earth. 21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and2 And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be he was uncovered within his tent.upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw theof the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. 6
  • 24. GENESIS23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid 18 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and theit upon both their shoulders, and went backward, Hamathite: and afterward were the families of theand covered the nakedness of their father; and their Canaanites spread abroad.faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s 19 And the border of the Canaanites was fromnakedness. Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, andhis younger son had done unto him. Zeboim, even unto Lasha.25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of 20 These are the sons of Ham, after their families,servants shall he be unto his brethren. after their tongues, in their countries, and in their26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; nations.and Canaan shall be his servant. 21 ¶ Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of27 God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to himthe tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. were children born.28 ¶ And Noah lived after the flood three hundred 22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, andand fifty years. Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.29 And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and 23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, andfifty years: and he died. Gether, and Mash. 24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber. CHAPTER 10 25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name ofN OW these are the generations of the sons of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto and his brother’s name was Joktan.them were sons born after the flood. 26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and 27 And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,Tiras. 28 And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, 29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these wereand Togarmah. the sons of Joktan.4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, 30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goestKittim, and Dodanim. unto Sephar a mount of the east.5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in 31 These are the sons of Shem, after their families,their lands; every one after his tongue, after their after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.families, in their nations. 32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, after6 ¶ And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and their generations, in their nations: and by these werePhut, and Canaan. the nations divided in the earth after the flood.7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, andSabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of CHAPTER 11Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mightyone in the earth. A ND the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. 2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar;wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty and they dwelt there.hunter before the LORD. 3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brickErech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. for stone, and slime had they for morter.11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded 4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and aNineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad uponis a great city. the face of the whole earth.13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and 5 And the LORD came down to see the city and theLehabim, and Naphtuhim, tower, which the children of men builded.14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom 6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, andcame Philistim,) and Caphtorim. they have all one language; and this they begin to do:15 ¶ And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and and now nothing will be restrained from them,Heth, which they have imagined to do.16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the 7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound theirGirgasite, language, that they may not understand one17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, another’s speech. 7
  • 25. GENESIS8 So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence CHAPTER 12upon the face of all the earth: and they left off tobuild the city. N OW the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shewthe LORD did there confound the language of all the thee:earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them 2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I willabroad upon the face of all the earth. bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt10 ¶ These are the generations of Shem: Shem was be a blessing:an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years 3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse himafter the flood: that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the11 And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five earth be blessed.hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. 4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto12 And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventybegat Salah: and five years old when he departed out of Haran.13 And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four 5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot hishundred and three years, and begat sons and brother’s son, and all their substance that they haddaughters. gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in14 And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber: Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of15 And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.and three years, and begat sons and daughters. 6 ¶ And Abram passed through the land unto the16 And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And thePeleg: Canaanite was then in the land.17 And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred 7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said,and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters. Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu: he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.19 And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred 8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain onand nine years, and begat sons and daughters. the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent, having Beth-20 And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat el on the west, and Hai on the east: and there heSerug: builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the21 And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred name of the LORD.and seven years, and begat sons and daughters. 9 And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the22 And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor: south.23 And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two 10 ¶ And there was a famine in the land: and Abramhundred years, and begat sons and daughters. went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the24 And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat famine was grievous in the land.Terah: 11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to25 And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife,and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters. Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, look upon:Nahor, and Haran. 12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the27 ¶ Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This isbegat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save theeLot. alive.28 And Haran died before his father Terah in the 13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may beland of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees. well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live29 And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the because of of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of 14 ¶ And it came to pass, that, when Abram wasNahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the womanfather of Milcah, and the father of Iscah. that she was very fair.30 But Sarai was barren; she had no child. 15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son commended her before Pharaoh: and the womanof Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, was taken into Pharaoh’s house.his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them 16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and hefrom Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants,Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there. and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five 17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his houseyears: and Terah died in Haran. with great plagues because of Sarai Abram’s wife. 8
  • 26. GENESIS18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this 16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth:that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell so that if a man can number the dust of the earth,me that she was thy wife? then shall thy seed also be numbered.19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have 17 Arise, walk through the land in the length of ittaken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee.wife, take her, and go thy way. 18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron,him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all and built there an altar unto the LORD.that he had. CHAPTER 14A CHAPTER 13 ND Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his A ND it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;the south. 2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king ofgold. Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the3 And he went on his journeys from the south even king of Bela, which is Beth-el, unto the place where his tent had been at 3 All these were joined together in the vale ofthe beginning, between Beth-el and Hai; Siddim, which is the salt sea.4 Unto the place of the altar, which he had made 4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in thethere at the first: and there Abram called on the thirteenth year they of the LORD. 5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer,5 ¶ And Lot also, which went with Abram, had and the kings that were with him, and smote theflocks, and herds, and tents. Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in6 And the land was not able to bear them, that they Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,might dwell together: for their substance was great, 6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto El-so that they could not dwell together. paran, which is by the wilderness.7 And there was a strife between the herdmen of 7 And they returned, and came to En-mishpat,Abram’s cattle and the herdmen of Lot’s cattle: and which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of thethe Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt inland. Hazezon-tamar.8 And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, I 8 And there went out the king of Sodom, and thepray thee, between me and thee, and between my king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and theherdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren. king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is9 Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale ofI pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, Siddim;then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the 9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and withright hand, then I will go to the left. Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar,10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, 10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; andbefore the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and felleven as the garden of the LORD, like the land of there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar. 11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.Lot journeyed east: and they separated themselves 12 And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, whothe one from the other. dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.12 Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot 13 ¶ And there came one that had escaped, and tolddwelled in the cities of the plain, and pitched his tent Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain oftoward Sodom. Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.before the LORD exceedingly. 14 And when Abram heard that his brother was14 ¶ And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born inwas separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and his own house, three hundred and eighteen, andlook from the place where thou art northward, and pursued them unto Dan.southward, and eastward, and westward: 15 And he divided himself against them, he and his15 For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I servants, by night, and smote them, and pursuedgive it, and to thy seed for ever. them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 9
  • 27. GENESIS16 And he brought back all the goods, and also 10 And he took unto him all these, and divided thembrought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and in the midst, and laid each piece one against another:the women also, and the people. but the birds divided he not.17 ¶ And the king of Sodom went out to meet him 11 And when the fowls came down upon theafter his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, carcases, Abram drove them away.and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of 12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleepShaveh, which is the king’s dale. fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth fell upon him.bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety thathigh God. thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflictof the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: them four hundred years;20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath 14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will Idelivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave judge: and afterward shall they come out with greathim tithes of all. substance.21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give 15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thoume the persons, and take the goods to thyself. shalt be buried in a good old age.22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift 16 But in the fourth generation they shall comeup mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is notthe possessor of heaven and earth, yet full.23 That I will not take from a thread even to a 17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun wentshoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace,thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram and a burning lamp that passed between thoserich: pieces.24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, 18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant withand the portion of the men which went with me, Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land,Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the riverportion. Euphrates: 19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the CHAPTER 15 Kadmonites,A FTER these things the word of the LORD came 20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Rephaims,Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great 21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and thereward. Girgashites, and the Jebusites.2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou giveme, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my CHAPTER 16house is this Eliezer of Damascus?3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given noseed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. N OW Sarai Abram’s wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, 2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORDsaying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go income forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain childrenheir. by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look 3 And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid thenow toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in theto number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abramseed be. to be his wife.6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to 4 ¶ And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived:him for righteousness. and when she saw that she had conceived, her7 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought mistress was despised in her eyes.thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land 5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be uponto inherit it. thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that when she saw that she had conceived, I was despisedI shall inherit it? in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.9 And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three 6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is inyears old, and a she goat of three years old, and a thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And whenram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.pigeon. 10
  • 28. GENESIS7 ¶ And the angel of the LORD found her by a 10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, betweenfountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man childin the way to Shur. among you shall be circumcised.8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai’s maid, whence camest 11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin;thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt mefrom the face of my mistress Sarai. and you.9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to 12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcisedthy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands. among you, every man child in your generations, he10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will that is born in the house, or bought with money ofmultiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be any stranger, which is not of thy seed.numbered for multitude. 13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised:thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt and my covenant shall be in your flesh for ancall his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard everlasting covenant.thy affliction. 14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cutagainst every man, and every man’s hand against off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his 15 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thybrethren. wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake shall her name be.unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I 16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also ofalso here looked after him that seeth me? her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of14 Wherefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi; nations; kings of people shall be of her.behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. 17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed,15 ¶ And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto himhis son’s name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when ninety years old, bear?Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram. 18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee! CHAPTER 17 19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a sonA ND when Abram was ninety years old and nine, indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto establish my covenant with him for an everlastinghim, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be covenant, and with his seed after him.thou perfect. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I2 And I will make my covenant between me and have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, andthee, and will multiply thee exceedingly. will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with he beget, and I will make him a great nation.him, saying, 21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the nextthou shalt be a father of many nations. year.5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, 22 And he left off talking with him, and God wentbut thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many up from Abraham.nations have I made thee. 23 ¶ And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will were born in his house, and all that were boughtmake nations of thee, and kings shall come out of with his money, every male among the men ofthee. Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their7 And I will establish my covenant between me and foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said untothee and thy seed after thee in their generations for everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and 24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine,to thy seed after thee. when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, whenthee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the he was circumcised in the flesh of his of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I 26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised,will be their God. and Ishmael his son.9 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep 27 And all the men of his house, born in the house,my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee and bought with money of the stranger, werein their generations. circumcised with him. 11
  • 29. GENESIS CHAPTER 18 20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom andA ND the LORD appeared unto him in the plains Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the grievous;heat of the day; 21 I will go down now, and see whether they have2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three done altogether according to the cry of it, which ismen stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to come unto me; and if not, I will them from the tent door, and bowed himself 22 And the men turned their faces from thence, andtoward the ground, went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in the LORD.thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy 23 ¶ And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thouservant: also destroy the righteous with the wicked?4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash 24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within theyour feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye for the fifty righteous that are therein?your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore 25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, toare ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as slay the righteous with the wicked: and that thethou hast said. righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine 26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fiftymeal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth. righteous within the city, then I will spare all the7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf place for their sakes.tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and 27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, Ihe hasted to dress it. have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which am but dust and ashes:he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood 28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fiftyby them under the tree, and they did eat. righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of9 ¶ And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I willAnd he said, Behold, in the tent. not destroy it.10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee 29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said,according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife Peradventure there shall be forty found there. Andshall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, he said, I will not do it for forty’s sake.which was behind him. 30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shallstricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, ifthe manner of women. I find thirty there.12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, 31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon meAfter I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall bebeing old also? twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did for twenty’s sake.Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, 32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and Iwhich am old? will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it forappointed I will return unto thee, according to the ten’s sake.time of life, and Sarah shall have a son. 33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she communing with Abraham: and Abraham returnedwas afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh. unto his place.16 ¶ And the men rose up from thence, and lookedtoward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to CHAPTER 19bring them on the way.17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abrahamthat thing which I do; A ND there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great with his face toward the ground;and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth 2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I prayshall be blessed in him? you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night,19 For I know him, that he will command his and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and gochildren and his household after him, and they shall on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abidekeep the way of the LORD, to do justice and in the street all night.judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham 3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and theythat which he hath spoken of him. turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and 12
  • 30. GENESIShe made them a feast, and did bake unleavened 20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it isbread, and they did eat. a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little4 ¶ But before they lay down, the men of the city, one?) and my soul shall live.even the men of Sodom, compassed the house 21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted theeround, both old and young, all the people from concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrowevery quarter: this city, for the which thou hast spoken.5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, 22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do anyWhere are the men which came in to thee this night? thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the namebring them out unto us, that we may know them. of the city was called Zoar.6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut 23 ¶ The sun was risen upon the earth when Lotthe door after him, entered into Zoar.7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. 24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out ofknown man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto heaven;you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only 25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain,unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that whichunder the shadow of my roof. grew upon the ground.9 And they said, Stand back. And they said again, 26 ¶ But his wife looked back from behind him, andThis one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs she became a pillar of a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than 27 ¶ And Abraham gat up early in the morning towith them. And they pressed sore upon the man, the place where he stood before the LORD:even Lot, and came near to break the door. 28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah,10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and,into the house to them, and shut to the door. lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of11 And they smote the men that were at the door of a furnace.the house with blindness, both small and great: so 29 ¶ And it came to pass, when God destroyed thethat they wearied themselves to find the door. cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham,12 ¶ And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, whenbesides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out 30 ¶ And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in theof this place: mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, hethem is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and and his two daughters.the LORD hath sent us to destroy it. 31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, father is old, and there is not a man in the earth towhich married his daughters, and said, Up, get you come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. 32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and weBut he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of ourlaw. father.15 ¶ And when the morning arose, then the angels 33 And they made their father drink wine that night:hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father;two daughters, which are here; lest thou be and he perceived not when she lay down, nor whenconsumed in the iniquity of the city. she arose.16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon 34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that thehis hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I laythe hand of his two daughters; the LORD being yesternight with my father: let us make him drinkmerciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie withset him without the city. him, that we may preserve seed of our father.17 ¶ And it came to pass, when they had brought 35 And they made their father drink wine that nightthem forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; andlook not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the he perceived not when she lay down, nor when sheplain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be arose.consumed. 36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord: their father.19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy 37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his namesight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites untothou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I this day.cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil takeme, and I die: 13
  • 31. GENESIS38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called 17 ¶ So Abraham prayed unto God: and God healedhis name Ben-ammi: the same is the father of the Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; andchildren of Ammon unto this day. they bare children. 18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of CHAPTER 20 the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham’sA ND Abraham journeyed from thence toward the wife. south country, and dwelled between Kadesh andShur, and sojourned in Gerar. CHAPTER 212 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is mysister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and tookSarah. A ND the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, his old age, at the set time of which God had spokenand said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, to him.for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a 3 And Abraham called the name of his son that wasman’s wife. born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.4 But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, 4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac beingLord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation? eight days old, as God had commanded him.5 Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, 5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when hiseven she herself said, He is my brother: in the son Isaac was born unto him.integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands 6 ¶ And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, sohave I done this. that all that hear will laugh with me.6 And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know 7 And she said, Who would have said untothat thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I Abraham, that Sarah should have given childrenalso withheld thee from sinning against me: suck? for I have born him a son in his old age.therefore suffered I thee not to touch her. 8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and7 Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaacprophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt was and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou 9 ¶ And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian,shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine. which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.8 Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, 10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out thisand called all his servants, and told all these things in bondwoman and her son: for the son of thistheir ears: and the men were sore afraid. bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto Isaac.him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I 11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’soffended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on sight because of his kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto 12 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, Let it not beme that ought not to be done. grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because10 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What sawest of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said untothou, that thou hast done this thing? thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the seed be called.fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me 13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will Ifor my wife’s sake. make a nation, because he is thy seed.12 And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the 14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, anddaughter of my father, but not the daughter of my took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it untomother; and she became my wife. Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and13 And it came to pass, when God caused me to sent her away: and she departed, and wandered inwander from my father’s house, that I said unto her, the wilderness of Beer-sheba.This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; 15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and sheat every place whither we shall come, say of me, He cast the child under one of the my brother. 16 And she went, and sat her down over against him14 And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Letmenservants, and womenservants, and gave them me not see the death of the child. And she sat overunto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife. against him, and lift up her voice, and wept.15 And Abimelech said, Behold, my land is before 17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angelthee: dwell where it pleaseth thee. of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hathbrother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to heard the voice of the lad where he is.thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that are with 18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand;thee, and with all other: thus she was reproved. for I will make him a great nation. 14
  • 32. GENESIS19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of 4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes,water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and saw the place afar off.and gave the lad drink. 5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonderdwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. and worship, and come again to you.21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his 6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering,mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt. and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in22 ¶ And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech his hand, and a knife; and they went both of themand Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto together.Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou 7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, anddoest: said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where isthou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, the lamb for a burnt offering?nor with my son’s son: but according to the kindness 8 And Abraham said, My son, God will providethat I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they wentand to the land wherein thou hast sojourned. both of them together.24 And Abraham said, I will swear. 9 And they came to the place which God had told25 And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laidwell of water, which Abimelech’s servants had the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laidviolently taken away. him on the altar upon the wood.26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who hath done 10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and tookthis thing: neither didst thou tell me, neither yet the knife to slay his son.heard I of it, but to day. 11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of27 And Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said,them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a Here am I.covenant. 12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad,28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I knowthemselves. that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld29 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What mean thy son, thine only son from me.these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set by 13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, andthemselves? behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his30 And he said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt thou horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, andtake of my hand, that they may be a witness unto offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead ofme, that I have digged this well. his son.31 Wherefore he called that place Beer-sheba; 14 And Abraham called the name of that placebecause there they sware both of them. Jehovah-jireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount32 Thus they made a covenant at Beer-sheba: then of the LORD it shall be seen.Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of 15 ¶ And the angel of the LORD called unto Abrahamhis host, and they returned into the land of the out of heaven the second time,Philistines. 16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD,33 ¶ And Abraham planted a grove in Beer-sheba, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast notand called there on the name of the LORD, the withheld thy son, thine only son:everlasting God. 17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in34 And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines’ land multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of themany days. heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; CHAPTER 22 18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earthA ND it came to pass after these things, that God be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, 19 So Abraham returned unto his young men, andAbraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. they rose up and went together to Beer-sheba; and2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Abraham dwelt at Beer-sheba.Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land 20 ¶ And it came to pass after these things, that itof Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering was told Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she hathupon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. also born children unto thy brother Nahor;3 ¶ And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and 21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, andsaddled his ass, and took two of his young men with Kemuel the father of Aram,him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the 22 And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph,burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place and Bethuel.of which God had told him. 15
  • 33. GENESIS23 And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight Milcah the cave which was therein, and all the trees thatdid bear to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. were in the field, that were in all the borders round24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, about, were made sureshe bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and 18 Unto Abraham for a possession in the presence ofMaachah. the children of Heth, before all that went in at the gate of his city. CHAPTER 23 19 And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife inA ND Sarah was an hundred and seven and twenty the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the years old: these were the years of the life of same is Hebron in the land of Canaan.Sarah. 20 And the field, and the cave that is therein, were2 And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba; the same is made sure unto Abraham for a possession of aHebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came buryingplace by the sons of mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.3 ¶ And Abraham stood up from before his dead, CHAPTER 24and spake unto the sons of Heth, saying,4 I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a Apossession of a buryingplace with you, that I may things. ND Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in allbury my dead out of my sight. 2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his5 And the children of Heth answered Abraham, house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I praysaying unto him, thee, thy hand under my thigh:6 Hear us, my lord: thou art a mighty prince among 3 And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the Godus: in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead; of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shaltnone of us shall withhold from thee his sepulchre, not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of thebut that thou mayest bury thy dead. Canaanites, among whom I dwell:7 And Abraham stood up, and bowed himself to the 4 But thou shalt go unto my country, and to mypeople of the land, even to the children of Heth. kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.8 And he communed with them, saying, If it be your 5 And the servant said unto him, Peradventure themind that I should bury my dead out of my sight; woman will not be willing to follow me unto thishear me, and intreat for me to Ephron the son of land: must I needs bring thy son again unto the landZohar, from whence thou camest?9 That he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which 6 And Abraham said unto him, Beware thou thathe hath, which is in the end of his field; for as much thou bring not my son thither as it is worth he shall give it me for a 7 ¶ The LORD God of heaven, which took me frompossession of a buryingplace amongst you. my father’s house, and from the land of my kindred,10 And Ephron dwelt among the children of Heth: and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me,and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shallaudience of the children of Heth, even of all that send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wifewent in at the gate of his city, saying, unto my son from thence.11 Nay, my lord, hear me: the field give I thee, and 8 And if the woman will not be willing to followthe cave that is therein, I give it thee; in the presence thee, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath:of the sons of my people give I it thee: bury thy dead. only bring not my son thither again.12 And Abraham bowed down himself before the 9 And the servant put his hand under the thigh ofpeople of the land. Abraham his master, and sware to him concerning13 And he spake unto Ephron in the audience of the that matter.people of the land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I 10 ¶ And the servant took ten camels of the camelspray thee, hear me: I will give thee money for the of his master, and departed; for all the goods of hisfield; take it of me, and I will bury my dead there. master were in his hand: and he arose, and went to14 And Ephron answered Abraham, saying unto Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.him, 11 And he made his camels to kneel down without15 My lord, hearken unto me: the land is worth four the city by a well of water at the time of the evening,hundred shekels of silver; what is that betwixt me even the time that women go out to draw water.and thee? bury therefore thy dead. 12 And he said, O LORD God of my master16 And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham, I pray thee, send me good speed this day,Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he and shew kindness unto my master Abraham.had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four 13 Behold, I stand here by the well of water; and thehundred shekels of silver, current money with the daughters of the men of the city come out to drawmerchant. water:17 ¶ And the field of Ephron, which was in 14 And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whomMachpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I 16
  • 34. GENESISmay drink; and she shall say, Drink, and I will give 31 And he said, Come in, thou blessed of the LORD;thy camels drink also: let the same be she that thou wherefore standest thou without? for I havehast appointed for thy servant Isaac; and thereby prepared the house, and room for the camels.shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto 32 ¶ And the man came into the house: and hemy master. ungirded his camels, and gave straw and provender15 ¶ And it came to pass, before he had done for the camels, and water to wash his feet, and thespeaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out, who was men’s feet that were with him.born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, 33 And there was set meat before him to eat: but heAbraham’s brother, with her pitcher upon her said, I will not eat, until I have told mine errand.shoulder. And he said, Speak on.16 And the damsel was very fair to look upon, a 34 And he said, I am Abraham’s, neither had any man known her: and she 35 And the LORD hath blessed my master greatly;went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and and he is become great: and he hath given himcame up. flocks, and herds, and silver, and gold, and17 And the servant ran to meet her, and said, Let me, menservants, and maidservants, and camels, andI pray thee, drink a little water of thy pitcher. asses.18 And she said, Drink, my lord: and she hasted, and 36 And Sarah my master’s wife bare a son to mylet down her pitcher upon her hand, and gave him master when she was old: and unto him hath hedrink. given all that he hath.19 And when she had done giving him drink, she 37 And my master made me swear, saying, Thousaid, I will draw water for thy camels also, until they shalt not take a wife to my son of the daughters ofhave done drinking. the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell:20 And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the 38 But thou shalt go unto my father’s house, and totrough, and ran again unto the well to draw water, my kindred, and take a wife unto my son.and drew for all his camels. 39 And I said unto my master, Peradventure the21 And the man wondering at her held his peace, to woman will not follow me.wit whether the LORD had made his journey 40 And he said unto me, The LORD, before whom Iprosperous or not. walk, will send his angel with thee, and prosper thy22 And it came to pass, as the camels had done way; and thou shalt take a wife for my son of mydrinking, that the man took a golden earring of half kindred, and of my father’s house:a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of 41 Then shalt thou be clear from this my oath, whenten shekels weight of gold; thou comest to my kindred; and if they give not thee23 And said, Whose daughter art thou? tell me, I one, thou shalt be clear from my oath.pray thee: is there room in thy father’s house for us 42 And I came this day unto the well, and said, Oto lodge in? LORD God of my master Abraham, if now thou do24 And she said unto him, I am the daughter of prosper my way which I go:Bethuel the son of Milcah, which she bare unto 43 Behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shallNahor. come to pass, that when the virgin cometh forth to25 She said moreover unto him, We have both straw draw water, and I say to her, Give me, I pray thee, aand provender enough, and room to lodge in. little water of thy pitcher to drink;26 And the man bowed down his head, and 44 And she say to me, Both drink thou, and I willworshipped the LORD. also draw for thy camels: let the same be the woman27 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of my whom the LORD hath appointed out for my master’smaster Abraham, who hath not left destitute my son.master of his mercy and his truth: I being in the way, 45 And before I had done speaking in mine heart,the LORD led me to the house of my master’s behold, Rebekah came forth with her pitcher on herbrethren. shoulder; and she went down unto the well, and28 And the damsel ran, and told them of her drew water: and I said unto her, Let me drink, I praymother’s house these things. thee.29 ¶ And Rebekah had a brother, and his name was 46 And she made haste, and let down her pitcherLaban: and Laban ran out unto the man, unto the from her shoulder, and said, Drink, and I will givewell. thy camels drink also: so I drank, and she made the30 And it came to pass, when he saw the earring and camels drink also.bracelets upon his sister’s hands, and when he heard 47 And I asked her, and said, Whose daughter artthe words of Rebekah his sister, saying, Thus spake thou? And she said, The daughter of Bethuel,the man unto me; that he came unto the man; and, Nahor’s son, whom Milcah bare unto him: and I putbehold, he stood by the camels at the well. the earring upon her face, and the bracelets upon her hands. 17
  • 35. GENESIS48 And I bowed down my head, and worshipped the and he loved her: and Isaac was comforted after hisLORD, and blessed the LORD God of my master mother’s death.Abraham, which had led me in the right way to takemy master’s brother’s daughter unto his son. CHAPTER 2549 And now if ye will deal kindly and truly with my Tmaster, tell me: and if not, tell me; that I may turn to HEN again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah. 2 And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, andthe right hand, or to the left.50 Then Laban and Bethuel answered and said, The Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.thing proceedeth from the LORD: we cannot speak 3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And theunto thee bad or good. sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and51 Behold, Rebekah is before thee, take her, and go, Leummim.and let her be thy master’s son’s wife, as the LORD 4 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, andhath spoken. Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the52 And it came to pass, that, when Abraham’s children of Keturah.servant heard their words, he worshipped the LORD, 5 ¶ And Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac.bowing himself to the earth. 6 But unto the sons of the concubines, which53 And the servant brought forth jewels of silver, Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent themand jewels of gold, and raiment, and gave them to away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward,Rebekah: he gave also to her brother and to her unto the east country.mother precious things. 7 And these are the days of the years of Abraham’s54 And they did eat and drink, he and the men that life which he lived, an hundred threescore andwere with him, and tarried all night; and they rose up fifteen the morning, and he said, Send me away unto my 8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in amaster. good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was55 And her brother and her mother said, Let the gathered to his people.damsel abide with us a few days, at the least ten; after 9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in thethat she shall go. cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of56 And he said unto them, Hinder me not, seeing Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre;the LORD hath prospered my way; send me away that 10 The field which Abraham purchased of the sonsI may go to my master. of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his57 And they said, We will call the damsel, and wife.inquire at her mouth. 11 ¶ And it came to pass after the death of Abraham,58 And they called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac dwelt by thethou go with this man? And she said, I will go. well Lahai-roi.59 And they sent away Rebekah their sister, and her 12 ¶ Now these are the generations of Ishmael,nurse, and Abraham’s servant, and his men. Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s60 And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her, handmaid, bare unto Abraham:Thou art our sister, be thou the mother of thousands 13 And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael,of millions, and let thy seed possess the gate of those by their names, according to their generations: thewhich hate them. firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and61 ¶ And Rebekah arose, and her damsels, and they Adbeel, and Mibsam,rode upon the camels, and followed the man: and 14 And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa,the servant took Rebekah, and went his way. 15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:62 And Isaac came from the way of the well Lahai- 16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are theirroi; for he dwelt in the south country. names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve63 And Isaac went out to meditate in the field at the princes according to their nations.eventide: and he lifted up his eyes, and saw, and, 17 And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, anbehold, the camels were coming. hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up64 And Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she the ghost and died; and was gathered unto hissaw Isaac, she lighted off the camel. people.65 For she had said unto the servant, What man is 18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that isthis that walketh in the field to meet us? And the before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and heservant had said, It is my master: therefore she took a died in the presence of all his brethren.vail, and covered herself. 19 ¶ And these are the generations of Isaac,66 And the servant told Isaac all things that he had Abraham’s son: Abraham begat Isaac:done. 20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took67 And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah’s Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syriantent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; of Padan-aram, the sister to Laban the Syrian. 18
  • 36. GENESIS21 And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because 7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife;she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, Sheand Rebekah his wife conceived. is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should22 And the children struggled together within her; kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to lookand she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went inquire of the LORD. 8 And it came to pass, when he had been there a long23 And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines lookedthy womb, and two manner of people shall be out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac wasseparated from thy bowels; and the one people shall sporting with Rebekah his stronger than the other people; and the elder shall 9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said, Behold, of aserve the younger. surety she is thy wife: and how saidst thou, She is my24 ¶ And when her days to be delivered were sister? And Isaac said unto him, Because I said, Lest Ifulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. die for her.25 And the first came out red, all over like an hairy 10 And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast donegarment; and they called his name Esau. unto us? one of the people might lightly have lien26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand with thy wife, and thou shouldest have broughttook hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called guiltiness upon us.Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she 11 And Abimelech charged all his people, saying, Hebare them. that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning to death.hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain 12 Then Isaac sowed in that land, and received in theman, dwelling in tents. same year an hundredfold: and the LORD blessed28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his him.venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob. 13 And the man waxed great, and went forward, and29 ¶ And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the grew until he became very great:field, and he was faint: 14 For he had possession of flocks, and possession of30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistinesthat same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was envied him.his name called Edom. 15 For all the wells which his father’s servants had31 And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright. digged in the days of Abraham his father, the32 And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: Philistines had stopped them, and filled them withand what profit shall this birthright do to me? earth.33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he 16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go from us; forsware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto thou art much mightier than we.Jacob. 17 ¶ And Isaac departed thence, and pitched his tent34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and 18 And Isaac digged again the wells of water, whichwent his way: thus Esau despised his birthright. they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death CHAPTER 26 of Abraham: and he called their names after theA ND there was a famine in the land, beside the names by which his father had called them. first famine that was in the days of Abraham. 19 And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, andAnd Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the found there a well of springing water.Philistines unto Gerar. 20 And the herdmen of Gerar did strive with Isaac’s2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, Go herdmen, saying, The water is ours: and he called thenot down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall name of the well Esek; because they strove with him.tell thee of: 21 And they digged another well, and strove for that3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and also: and he called the name of it Sitnah.will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I 22 And he removed from thence, and diggedwill give all these countries, and I will perform the another well; and for that they strove not: and heoath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said, For now4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall beheaven, and will give unto thy seed all these fruitful in the land.countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the 23 And he went up from thence to be blessed; 24 And the LORD appeared unto him the same night,5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fearmy charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, andlaws. multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham’s sake.6 ¶ And Isaac dwelt in Gerar: 19
  • 37. GENESIS25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon 9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence twothe name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there: good kids of the goats; and I will make them savouryand there Isaac’s servants digged a well. meat for thy father, such as he loveth:26 ¶ Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and 10 And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he mayAhuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chief eat, and that he may bless thee before his death.captain of his army. 11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold,27 And Isaac said unto them, Wherefore come ye to Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smoothme, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from man:you? 12 My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall28 And they said, We saw certainly that the LORD seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a cursewas with thee: and we said, Let there be now an oath upon me, and not a blessing.betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make 13 And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thya covenant with thee; curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me29 That thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not them.touched thee, and as we have done unto thee 14 And he went, and fetched, and brought them tonothing but good, and have sent thee away in peace: his mother: and his mother made savoury meat,thou art now the blessed of the LORD. such as his father loved.30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and 15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldestdrink. son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put31 And they rose up betimes in the morning, and them upon Jacob her younger son:sware one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and 16 And she put the skins of the kids of the goatsthey departed from him in peace. upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck:32 And it came to pass the same day, that Isaac’s 17 And she gave the savoury meat and the bread,servants came, and told him concerning the well which she had prepared, into the hand of her sonwhich they had digged, and said unto him, We have Jacob.found water. 18 ¶ And he came unto his father, and said, My33 And he called it Shebah: therefore the name of father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, mythe city is Beer-sheba unto this day. son?34 ¶ And Esau was forty years old when he took to 19 And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thywife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me:Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy35 Which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and to soul may bless me.Rebekah. 20 And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, CHAPTER 27 Because the LORD thy God brought it to me.A ND it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, 21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou behe called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My my very son Esau or not.son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I. 22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob’s voice, but theday of my death: hands are the hands of Esau.3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy 23 And he discerned him not, because his handsquiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take were hairy, as his brother Esau’s hands: so he blessedme some venison; him.4 And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and 24 And he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And hebring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless said, I am.thee before I die. 25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. Andson. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and heand to bring it. brought him wine, and he drank.6 ¶ And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, 26 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come nearBehold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy now, and kiss me, my, saying, 27 And he came near, and kissed him: and he7 Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him,that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before and said, See, the smell of my son is as the smell of amy death. field which the LORD hath blessed:8 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according 28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven,to that which I command thee. and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine: 20
  • 38. GENESIS29 Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should Ithee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s be deprived also of you both in one day?sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that 46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my lifecurseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee. because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife30 ¶ And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are ofan end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce the daughters of the land, what good shall my life dogone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that me?Esau his brother came in from his hunting.31 And he also had made savoury meat, and brought CHAPTER 28it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let myfather arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thysoul may bless me. A ND Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.32 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art 2 Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuelthou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau. thy mother’s father; and take thee a wife from thence33 And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, of the daughters of Laban thy mother’s brother.Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and 3 And God Almighty bless thee, and make theebrought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be acamest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be multitude of people;blessed. 4 And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee,34 And when Esau heard the words of his father, he and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inheritcried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said the land wherein thou art a stranger, which Godunto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. gave unto Abraham.35 And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and 5 And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padan-hath taken away thy blessing. aram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he brother of Rebekah, Jacob’s and Esau’s mother.hath supplanted me these two times: he took away 6 ¶ When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, andmy birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away sent him away to Padan-aram, to take him a wifemy blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave himblessing for me? a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the37 And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I daughters of Canaan;have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I 7 And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother,given to him for servants; and with corn and wine and was gone to Padan-aram;have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto 8 And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaanthee, my son? pleased not Isaac his father;38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one 9 Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto theblessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my wives which he had Mahalath the daughter offather. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept. Ishmael Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, his wife.Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, 10 ¶ And Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and wentand of the dew of heaven from above; toward Haran.40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve 11 And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarriedthy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou there all night, because the sun was set; and he tookshalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his of the stones of that place, and put them for hisyoke from off thy neck. pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.41 ¶ And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing 12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up onwherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: andhis heart, The days of mourning for my father are at behold the angels of God ascending and descendinghand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. on it.42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told 13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, Ito Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and theyounger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to theeEsau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, will I give it, and to thy seed;purposing to kill thee. 14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east,flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran; and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and44 And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother’s in thy seed shall all the families of the earth befury turn away; blessed.45 Until thy brother’s anger turn away from thee, 15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee inand he forget that which thou hast done to him: then all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee 21
  • 39. GENESISagain into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I him, and embraced him, and kissed him, andhave done that which I have spoken to thee of. brought him to his house. And he told Laban all16 ¶ And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, these things.Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not. 14 And Laban said to him, Surely thou art my bone17 And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this and my flesh. And he abode with him the space of aplace! this is none other but the house of God, and month.this is the gate of heaven. 15 ¶ And Laban said unto Jacob, Because thou art18 And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took my brother, shouldest thou therefore serve me forthe stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up nought? tell me, what shall thy wages be?for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. 16 And Laban had two daughters: the name of the19 And he called the name of that place Beth-el: but elder was Leah, and the name of the younger wasthe name of that city was called Luz at the first. Rachel.20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be 17 Leah was tender eyed; but Rachel was beautifulwith me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and and well favoured.will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, 18 And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee21 So that I come again to my father’s house in seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.peace; then shall the LORD be my God: 19 And Laban said, It is better that I give her to thee,22 And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall than that I should give her to another man: abidebe God’s house: and of all that thou shalt give me I with me.will surely give the tenth unto thee. 20 And Jacob served seven years for Rachel; and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had CHAPTER 29 to her.T HEN Jacob went on his journey, and came into 21 ¶ And Jacob said unto Laban, Give me my wife, the land of the people of the east. for my days are fulfilled, that I may go in unto her.2 And he looked, and behold a well in the field, and, 22 And Laban gathered together all the men of thelo, there were three flocks of sheep lying by it; for out place, and made a feast.of that well they watered the flocks: and a great stone 23 And it came to pass in the evening, that he tookwas upon the well’s mouth. Leah his daughter, and brought her to him; and he3 And thither were all the flocks gathered: and they went in unto her.rolled the stone from the well’s mouth, and watered 24 And Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpahthe sheep, and put the stone again upon the well’s his maid for an handmaid.mouth in his place. 25 And it came to pass, that in the morning, behold,4 And Jacob said unto them, My brethren, whence it was Leah: and he said to Laban, What is this thoube ye? And they said, Of Haran are we. hast done unto me? did not I serve with thee for5 And he said unto them, Know ye Laban the son of Rachel? wherefore then hast thou beguiled me?Nahor? And they said, We know him. 26 And Laban said, It must not be so done in our6 And he said unto them, Is he well? And they said, country, to give the younger before the firstborn.He is well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh 27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also forwith the sheep. the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven7 And he said, Lo, it is yet high day, neither is it time other years.that the cattle should be gathered together: water ye 28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week: and hethe sheep, and go and feed them. gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.8 And they said, We cannot, until all the flocks be 29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah hisgathered together, and till they roll the stone from handmaid to be her maid.the well’s mouth; then we water the sheep. 30 And he went in also unto Rachel, and he loved9 ¶ And while he yet spake with them, Rachel came also Rachel more than Leah, and served with him yetwith her father’s sheep: for she kept them. seven other years.10 And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the 31 ¶ And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated,daughter of Laban his mother’s brother, and the he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.sheep of Laban his mother’s brother, that Jacob went 32 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and shenear, and rolled the stone from the well’s mouth, called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely theand watered the flock of Laban his mother’s brother. LORD hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore11 And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up his voice, my husband will love me.and wept. 33 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and12 And Jacob told Rachel that he was her father’s said, Because the LORD hath heard that I was hated,brother, and that he was Rebekah’s son: and she ran he hath therefore given me this son also: and sheand told her father. called his name Simeon.13 And it came to pass, when Laban heard the 34 And she conceived again, and bare a son; andtidings of Jacob his sister’s son, that he ran to meet said, Now this time will my husband be joined unto 22
  • 40. GENESISme, because I have born him three sons: therefore I have born him six sons: and she called his namewas his name called Levi. Zebulun.35 And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she 21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and calledsaid, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called her name Dinah.his name Judah; and left bearing. 22 ¶ And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb. CHAPTER 30 23 And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, GodA ND when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no hath taken away my reproach: children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto 24 And she called his name Joseph; and said, TheJacob, Give me children, or else I die. LORD shall add to me another son.2 And Jacob’s anger was kindled against Rachel: and 25 ¶ And it came to pass, when Rachel had bornhe said, Am I in God’s stead, who hath withheld Joseph, that Jacob said unto Laban, Send me away,from thee the fruit of the womb? that I may go unto mine own place, and to my3 And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto country.her; and she shall bear upon my knees, that I may 26 Give me my wives and my children, for whom Ialso have children by her. have served thee, and let me go: for thou knowest4 And she gave him Bilhah her handmaid to wife: my service which I have done thee.and Jacob went in unto her. 27 And Laban said unto him, I pray thee, if I have5 And Bilhah conceived, and bare Jacob a son. found favour in thine eyes, tarry: for I have learned6 And Rachel said, God hath judged me, and hath by experience that the LORD hath blessed me for thyalso heard my voice, and hath given me a son: sake.therefore called she his name Dan. 28 And he said, Appoint me thy wages, and I will7 And Bilhah Rachel’s maid conceived again, and give it.bare Jacob a second son. 29 And he said unto him, Thou knowest how I have8 And Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I served thee, and how thy cattle was with me.wrestled with my sister, and I have prevailed: and 30 For it was little which thou hadst before I came,she called his name Naphtali. and it is now increased unto a multitude; and the9 When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and nowZilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. when shall I provide for mine own house also?10 And Zilpah Leah’s maid bare Jacob a son. 31 And he said, What shall I give thee? And Jacob11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his said, Thou shalt not give me any thing: if thou wiltname Gad. do this thing for me, I will again feed and keep thy12 And Zilpah Leah’s maid bare Jacob a second son. flock:13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will 32 I will pass through all thy flock to day, removingcall me blessed: and she called his name Asher. from thence all the speckled and spotted cattle, and14 ¶ And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, all the brown cattle among the sheep, and theand found mandrakes in the field, and brought them spotted and speckled among the goats: and of suchunto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, shall be my hire.Give me, I pray thee, of thy son’s mandrakes. 33 So shall my righteousness answer for me in time15 And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that to come, when it shall come for my hire before thythou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou face: every one that is not speckled and spottedtake away my son’s mandrakes also? And Rachel among the goats, and brown among the sheep, thatsaid, Therefore he shall lie with thee to night for thy shall be counted stolen with me.son’s mandrakes. 34 And Laban said, Behold, I would it might be16 And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, according to thy word.and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou 35 And he removed that day the he goats that weremust come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee ringstraked and spotted, and all the she goats thatwith my son’s mandrakes. And he lay with her that were speckled and spotted, and every one that hadnight. some white in it, and all the brown among the sheep,17 And God hearkened unto Leah, and she and gave them into the hand of his sons.conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son. 36 And he set three days’ journey betwixt himself18 And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, and Jacob: and Jacob fed the rest of Laban’s flocks.because I have given my maiden to my husband: and 37 ¶ And Jacob took him rods of green poplar, andshe called his name Issachar. of the hazel and chesnut tree; and pilled white19 And Leah conceived again, and bare Jacob the strakes in them, and made the white appear whichsixth son. was in the rods.20 And Leah said, God hath endued me with a good 38 And he set the rods which he had pilled beforedowry; now will my husband dwell with me, because the flocks in the gutters in the watering troughs 23
  • 41. GENESISwhen the flocks came to drink, that they should now arise, get thee out from this land, and returnconceive when they came to drink. unto the land of thy kindred.39 And the flocks conceived before the rods, and 14 And Rachel and Leah answered and said untobrought forth cattle ringstraked, speckled, and him, Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us inspotted. our father’s house?40 And Jacob did separate the lambs, and set the 15 Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hathfaces of the flocks toward the ringstraked, and all the sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money.brown in the flock of Laban; and he put his own 16 For all the riches which God hath taken from ourflocks by themselves, and put them not unto Laban’s father, that is ours, and our children’s: now then,cattle. whatsoever God hath said unto thee, do.41 And it came to pass, whensoever the stronger 17 ¶ Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and hiscattle did conceive, that Jacob laid the rods before wives upon camels;the eyes of the cattle in the gutters, that they might 18 And he carried away all his cattle, and all hisconceive among the rods. goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting,42 But when the cattle were feeble, he put them not which he had gotten in Padan-aram, for to go toin: so the feebler were Laban’s, and the stronger Isaac his father in the land of Canaan.Jacob’s. 19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel43 And the man increased exceedingly, and had had stolen the images that were her father’s.much cattle, and maidservants, and menservants, 20 And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban theand camels, and asses. Syrian, in that he told him not that he fled. 21 So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, CHAPTER 31 and passed over the river, and set his face toward theA ND he heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, mount Gilead. Jacob hath taken away all that was our father’s; 22 And it was told Laban on the third day that Jacoband of that which was our father’s hath he gotten all was fled.this glory. 23 And he took his brethren with him, and pursued2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, after him seven days’ journey; and they overtookbehold, it was not toward him as before. him in the mount Gilead.3 And the LORD said unto Jacob, Return unto the 24 And God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream byland of thy fathers, and to thy kindred; and I will be night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speakwith thee. not to Jacob either good or bad.4 And Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the 25 ¶ Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob hadfield unto his flock, pitched his tent in the mount: and Laban with his5 And said unto them, I see your father’s brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead.countenance, that it is not toward me as before; but 26 And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done,the God of my father hath been with me. that thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and6 And ye know that with all my power I have served carried away my daughters, as captives taken withyour father. the sword?7 And your father hath deceived me, and changed 27 Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and stealmy wages ten times; but God suffered him not to away from me; and didst not tell me, that I mighthurt me. have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with8 If he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; tabret, and with harp?then all the cattle bare speckled: and if he said thus, 28 And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and myThe ringstraked shall be thy hire; then bare all the daughters? thou hast now done foolishly in so doing.cattle ringstraked. 29 It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but9 Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your the God of your father spake unto me yesternight,father, and given them to me. saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob10 And it came to pass at the time that the cattle either good or bad.conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a 30 And now, though thou wouldest needs be gone,dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the because thou sore longedst after thy father’s house,cattle were ringstraked, speckled, and grisled. yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?11 And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream, 31 And Jacob answered and said to Laban, Because Isaying, Jacob: And I said, Here am I. was afraid: for I said, Peradventure thou wouldest12 And he said, Lift up now thine eyes, and see, all take by force thy daughters from me.the rams which leap upon the cattle are ringstraked, 32 With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let himspeckled, and grisled: for I have seen all that Laban not live: before our brethren discern thou what isdoeth unto thee. thine with me, and take it to thee. For Jacob knew13 I am the God of Beth-el, where thou anointedst not that Rachel had stolen them.the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto me: 24
  • 42. GENESIS33 And Laban went into Jacob’s tent, and into Leah’s 50 If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalttent, and into the two maidservants’ tents; but he take other wives beside my daughters, no man is withfound them not. Then went he out of Leah’s tent, us; see, God is witness betwixt me and thee.and entered into Rachel’s tent. 51 And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and34 Now Rachel had taken the images, and put them behold this pillar, which I have cast betwixt me andin the camel’s furniture, and sat upon them. And thee;Laban searched all the tent, but found them not. 52 This heap be witness, and this pillar be witness,35 And she said to her father, Let it not displease my that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and thatlord that I cannot rise up before thee; for the custom thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillarof women is upon me. And he searched, but found unto me, for harm.not the images. 53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the36 ¶ And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban: God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacoband Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my sware by the fear of his father Isaac.trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly 54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, andpursued after me? called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat37 Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what bread, and tarried all night in the mount.hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set it here 55 And early in the morning Laban rose up, andbefore my brethren and thy brethren, that they may kissed his sons and his daughters, and blessed them:judge betwixt us both. and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.38 This twenty years have I been with thee; thy ewesand thy she goats have not cast their young, and the CHAPTER 32rams of thy flock have I not eaten.39 That which was torn of beasts I brought not unto A ND Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him.thee; I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou 2 And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God’srequire it, whether stolen by day, or stolen by night. host: and he called the name of that place40 Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, Mahanaim.and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from 3 And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau hismine eyes. brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.41 Thus have I been twenty years in thy house; I 4 And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall yeserved thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saithsix years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed therewages ten times. until now:42 Except the God of my father, the God of 5 And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, andAbraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent tosurely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.hath seen mine affliction and the labour of my 6 ¶ And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying,hands, and rebuked thee yesternight. We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to43 ¶ And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These meet thee, and four hundred men with him.daughters are my daughters, and these children are 7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: andmy children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all he divided the people that was with him, and thethat thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands;unto these my daughters, or unto their children 8 And said, If Esau come to the one company, andwhich they have born? smite it, then the other company which is left shall44 Now therefore come thou, let us make a escape.covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness 9 ¶ And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham,between me and thee. and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which saidst45 And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar. unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy46 And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; kindred, and I will deal well with thee:and they took stones, and made an heap: and they 10 I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies,did eat there upon the heap. and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto47 And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha: but Jacob thy servant; for with my staff I passed over thiscalled it Galeed. Jordan; and now I am become two bands.48 And Laban said, This heap is a witness between 11 Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of myme and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lestcalled Galeed; he will come and smite me, and the mother with the49 And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch children.between me and thee, when we are absent one from 12 And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, andanother. make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude. 25
  • 43. GENESIS13 ¶ And he lodged there that same night; and took CHAPTER 33of that which came to his hand a present for Esau hisbrother; A ND Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundred14 Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two men. And he divided the children unto Leah, andhundred ewes, and twenty rams, unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids.15 Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, 2 And he put the handmaids and their childrenand ten bulls, twenty she asses, and ten foals. foremost, and Leah and her children after, and16 And he delivered them into the hand of his Rachel and Joseph hindermost.servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto 3 And he passed over before them, and bowedhis servants, Pass over before me, and put a space himself to the ground seven times, until he camebetwixt drove and drove. near to his brother.17 And he commanded the foremost, saying, When 4 And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him,Esau my brother meeteth thee, and asketh thee, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept.saying, Whose art thou? and whither goest thou? and 5 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women andwhose are these before thee? the children; and said, Who are those with thee? And18 Then thou shalt say, They be thy servant Jacob’s; he said, The children which God hath graciouslyit is a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, given thy servant.also he is behind us. 6 Then the handmaidens came near, they and their19 And so commanded he the second, and the third, children, and they bowed themselves.and all that followed the droves, saying, On this 7 And Leah also with her children came near, andmanner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him. bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and20 And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is Rachel, and they bowed themselves.behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the 8 And he said, What meanest thou by all this drovepresent that goeth before me, and afterward I will which I met? And he said, These are to find grace insee his face; peradventure he will accept of me. the sight of my lord.21 So went the present over before him: and himself 9 And Esau said, I have enough, my brother; keeplodged that night in the company. that thou hast unto thyself.22 And he rose up that night, and took his two 10 And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I havewives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven found grace in thy sight, then receive my present atsons, and passed over the ford Jabbok. my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, though I had seen the face of God, and thou wastand sent over that he had. pleased with me.24 ¶ And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a 11 Take, I pray thee, my blessing that is brought toman with him until the breaking of the day. thee; because God hath dealt graciously with me,25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against and because I have enough. And he urged him, andhim, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the he took it.hollow of Jacob’s thigh was out of joint, as he 12 And he said, Let us take our journey, and let uswrestled with him. go, and I will go before thee.26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And 13 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that thehe said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. children are tender, and the flocks and herds with27 And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he young are with me: and if men should overdrivesaid, Jacob. them one day, all the flock will die.28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more 14 Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before hisJacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power servant: and I will lead on softly, according as thewith God and with men, and hast prevailed. cattle that goeth before me and the children be able29 And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir.thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that 15 And Esau said, Let me now leave with thee somethou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him of the folk that are with me. And he said, Whatthere. needeth it? let me find grace in the sight of my lord.30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for 16 ¶ So Esau returned that day on his way unto Seir.I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. 17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon an house, and made booths for his cattle: thereforehim, and he halted upon his thigh. the name of the place is called Succoth.32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the 18 ¶ And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem,sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the which is in the land of Canaan, when he came fromthigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow Padan-aram; and pitched his tent before the city.of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew that shrank. 19 And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of 26
  • 44. GENESISHamor, Shechem’s father, for an hundred pieces of was more honourable than all the house of hismoney. father.20 And he erected there an altar, and called it El- 20 ¶ And Hamor and Shechem his son came untoelohe-Israel. the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city, saying, CHAPTER 34 21 These men are peaceable with us; therefore letAland. ND Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land, behold, it is large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, our daughters.prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay 22 Only herein will the men consent unto us for towith her, and defiled her. dwell with us, to be one people, if every male among3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of us be circumcised, as they are circumcised.Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly 23 Shall not their cattle and their substance andunto the damsel. every beast of theirs be ours? only let us consent unto4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, them, and they will dwell with us.saying, Get me this damsel to wife. 24 And unto Hamor and unto Shechem his son5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his hearkened all that went out of the gate of his city;daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the and every male was circumcised, all that went out offield: and Jacob held his peace until they were come. the gate of his city.6 ¶ And Hamor the father of Shechem went out 25 ¶ And it came to pass on the third day, when theyunto Jacob to commune with him. were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and7 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when Levi, Dinah’s brethren, took each man his sword,they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they and came upon the city boldly, and slew all thewere very wroth, because he had wrought folly in males.Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter; which thing 26 And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son withought not to be done. the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of8 And Hamor communed with them, saying, The Shechem’s house, and went out.soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I 27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, andpray you give her him to wife. spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister.9 And make ye marriages with us, and give your 28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and theirdaughters unto us, and take our daughters unto you. asses, and that which was in the city, and that which10 And ye shall dwell with us: and the land shall be was in the field,before you; dwell and trade ye therein, and get you 29 And all their wealth, and all their little ones, andpossessions therein. their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all11 And Shechem said unto her father and unto her that was in the house.brethren, Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye 30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye haveshall say unto me I will give. troubled me to make me to stink among the12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites andgive according as ye shall say unto me: but give me the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shallthe damsel to wife. gather themselves together against me, and slay me;13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he 31 And they said, Should he deal with our sister ashad defiled Dinah their sister: with an harlot?14 And they said unto them, We cannot do thisthing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; CHAPTER 35for that were a reproach unto us:15 But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will beas we be, that every male of you be circumcised; A ND God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Beth- el, and dwell there: and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest16 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we from the face of Esau thy brother.will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with 2 Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all thatyou, and we will become one people. were with him, Put away the strange gods that are17 But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be among you, and be clean, and change yourcircumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we garments:will be gone. 3 And let us arise, and go up to Beth-el; and I will18 And their words pleased Hamor, and Shechem make there an altar unto God, who answered me inHamor’s son. the day of my distress, and was with me in the way19 And the young man deferred not to do the thing, which I went.because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter: and he 27
  • 45. GENESIS4 And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods 25 And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s handmaid; Dan,which were in their hand, and all their earrings and Naphtali:which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under 26 And the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s handmaid; Gad,the oak which was by Shechem. and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were5 And they journeyed: and the terror of God was born to him in Padan-aram.upon the cities that were round about them, and 27 ¶ And Jacob came unto Isaac his father untothey did not pursue after the sons of Jacob. Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron,6 ¶ So Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.Canaan, that is, Beth-el, he and all the people that 28 And the days of Isaac were an hundred andwere with him. fourscore years.7 And he built there an altar, and called the place El- 29 And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and wasbeth-el: because there God appeared unto him, gathered unto his people, being old and full of days:when he fled from the face of his brother. and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.8 But Deborah Rebekah’s nurse died, and she wasburied beneath Beth-el under an oak: and the name CHAPTER 36of it was called Allon-bachuth.9 ¶ And God appeared unto Jacob again, when he N OW these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. 2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan;came out of Padan-aram, and blessed him.10 And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, andname shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter ofshall be thy name: and he called his name Israel. Zibeon the Hivite;11 And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be 3 And Bashemath Ishmael’s daughter, sister offruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of Nebajoth.nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of 4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemaththy loins; bare Reuel;12 And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to 5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, andthee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were bornthe land. unto him in the land of Canaan.13 And God went up from him in the place where he 6 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and histalked with him. daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his14 And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, whichtalked with him, even a pillar of stone: and he he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into thepoured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil country from the face of his brother Jacob.thereon. 7 For their riches were more than that they might15 And Jacob called the name of the place where dwell together; and the land wherein they wereGod spake with him, Beth-el. strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.16 ¶ And they journeyed from Beth-el; and there was 8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel 9 ¶ And these are the generations of Esau the fathertravailed, and she had hard labour. of the Edomites in mount Seir:17 And it came to pass, when she was in hard labour, 10 These are the names of Esau’s sons; Eliphaz thethat the midwife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son ofhave this son also. Bashemath the wife of Esau.18 And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, 11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar,(for she died) that she called his name Ben-oni: but Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz.his father called him Benjamin. 12 And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau’s son;19 And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sonsEphrath, which is Beth-lehem. of Adah Esau’s wife.20 And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the 13 And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath, andpillar of Rachel’s grave unto this day. Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons21 ¶ And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent of Bashemath Esau’s wife.beyond the tower of Edar. 14 ¶ And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the22 And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’sland, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, andfather’s concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons Korah.of Jacob were twelve: 15 ¶ These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, and of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman,Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,Zebulun:24 The sons of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin: 28
  • 46. GENESIS16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: 39 And Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, andthese are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his cityof Edom; these were the sons of Adah. was Pau; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the17 ¶ And these are the sons of Reuel Esau’s son; daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke 40 And these are the names of the dukes that came ofMizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the Esau, according to their families, after their places,land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, dukeEsau’s wife. Jetheth,18 ¶ And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau’s 41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these 42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the 43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes ofdaughter of Anah, Esau’s wife. Edom, according to their habitations in the land of19 These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and their possession: he is Esau the father of thethese are their dukes. Edomites.20 ¶ These are the sons of Seir the Horite, whoinhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, CHAPTER 37and Anah,21 And Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the A ND Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land 2 These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, beingof Edom. seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his22 And the children of Lotan were Hori and brethren; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah,Hemam; and Lotan’s sister was Timna. and with the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives: and23 And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. 3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children,24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, because he was the son of his old age: and he madeand Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules him a coat of many the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his 4 And when his brethren saw that their father lovedfather. him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and25 And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and could not speak peaceably unto him.Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. 5 ¶ And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his26 And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, brethren: and they hated him yet the more.and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. 6 And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and dream which I have dreamed:Zaavan, and Akan. 7 For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field,28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran. and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and,29 These are the dukes that came of the Horites; behold, your sheaves stood round about, and madeduke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah, obeisance to my sheaf.30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are 8 And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeedthe dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominionthe land of Seir. over us? And they hated him yet the more for his31 ¶ And these are the kings that reigned in the land dreams, and for his words.of Edom, before there reigned any king over the 9 ¶ And he dreamed yet another dream, and told itchildren of Israel. his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a32 And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom: and dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon andthe name of his city was Dinhabah. the eleven stars made obeisance to me.33 And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of 10 And he told it to his father, and to his brethren:Bozrah reigned in his stead. and his father rebuked him, and said unto him,34 And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall ITemani reigned in his stead. and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to35 And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in 11 And his brethren envied him; but his fatherhis stead: and the name of his city was Avith. observed the saying.36 And Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah 12 ¶ And his brethren went to feed their father’sreigned in his stead. flock in Shechem.37 And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the 13 And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethrenriver reigned in his stead. feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee38 And Saul died, and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor unto them. And he said to him, Here am I.reigned in his stead. 14 And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; 29
  • 47. GENESISand bring me word again. So he sent him out of the 35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up tovale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he15 ¶ And a certain man found him, and, behold, he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my sonwas wandering in the field: and the man asked him, mourning. Thus his father wept for him.saying, What seekest thou? 36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto16 And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, I pray Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh’s, and captain of thethee, where they feed their flocks. guard.17 And the man said, They are departed hence; for Iheard them say, Let us go to Dothan. And Joseph CHAPTER 38went after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.18 And when they saw him afar off, even before he A ND it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to acame near unto them, they conspired against him to certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.slay him. 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain19 And they said one to another, Behold, this Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her,dreamer cometh. and went in unto her.20 Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast 3 And she conceived, and bare a son; and he calledhim into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast his name Er.hath devoured him: and we shall see what will 4 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and shebecome of his dreams. called his name Onan.21 And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of 5 And she yet again conceived, and bare a son; andtheir hands; and said, Let us not kill him. called his name Shelah: and he was at Chezib, when22 And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but she bare him.cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and 6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whoselay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of name was Tamar.their hands, to deliver him to his father again. 7 And Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight23 ¶ And it came to pass, when Joseph was come of the LORD; and the LORD slew him.unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his 8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thycoat, his coat of many colours that was on him; brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to24 And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and thy brother.the pit was empty, there was no water in it. 9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his;25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up and it came to pass, when he went in unto histheir eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of brother’s wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lestIshmeelites came from Gilead with their camels that he should give seed to his brother.bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry 10 And the thing which he did displeased the LORD:it down to Egypt. wherefore he slew him also.26 And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit is 11 Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law,it if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood? Remain a widow at thy father’s house, till Shelah my27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he dielet not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dweltand our flesh. And his brethren were content. in her father’s house.28 Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; 12 ¶ And in process of time the daughter of Shuahand they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, Judah’s wife died; and Judah was comforted, andand sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he andof silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt. his friend Hirah the Adullamite.29 ¶ And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, 13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy fatherJoseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes. in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep.30 And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The 14 And she put her widow’s garments off from her,child is not; and I, whither shall I go? and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself,31 And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of and sat in an open place, which is by the way tothe goats, and dipped the coat in the blood; Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she32 And they sent the coat of many colours, and they was not given unto him to wife.brought it to their father; and said, This have we 15 When Judah saw her, he thought her to be anfound: know now whether it be thy son’s coat or no. harlot; because she had covered her face.33 And he knew it, and said, It is my son’s coat; an 16 And he turned unto her by the way, and said, Goevil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for hedoubt rent in pieces. knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest comeupon his loins, and mourned for his son many days. in unto me? 30
  • 48. GENESIS17 And he said, I will send thee a kid from the flock. 3 And his master saw that the LORD was with him,And she said, Wilt thou give me a pledge, till thou and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper insend it? his hand.18 And he said, What pledge shall I give thee? And 4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he servedshe said, Thy signet, and thy bracelets, and thy staff him: and he made him overseer over his house, andthat is in thine hand. And he gave it her, and came in all that he had he put into his hand.unto her, and she conceived by him. 5 And it came to pass from the time that he had19 And she arose, and went away, and laid by her made him overseer in his house, and over all that hevail from her, and put on the garments of her had, that the LORD blessed the Egyptian’s house forwidowhood. Joseph’s sake; and the blessing of the LORD was upon20 And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend all that he had in the house, and in the field.the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the 6 And he left all that he had in Joseph’s hand; and hewoman’s hand: but he found her not. knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and wellWhere is the harlot, that was openly by the way side? favoured.And they said, There was no harlot in this place. 7 ¶ And it came to pass after these things, that his22 And he returned to Judah, and said, I cannot find master’s wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and sheher; and also the men of the place said, that there said, Lie with me.was no harlot in this place. 8 But he refused, and said unto his master’s wife,23 And Judah said, Let her take it to her, lest we be Behold, my master wotteth not what is with me inshamed: behold, I sent this kid, and thou hast not the house, and he hath committed all that he hath tofound her. my hand;24 ¶ And it came to pass about three months after, 9 There is none greater in this house than I; neitherthat it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in hath he kept back any thing from me but thee,law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she is because thou art his wife: how then can I do thiswith child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her great wickedness, and sin against God?forth, and let her be burnt. 10 And it came to pass, as she spake to Joseph day by25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie by her, orfather in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, to be with I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, 11 And it came to pass about this time, that Josephwhose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff. went into the house to do his business; and there was26 And Judah acknowledged them, and said, She none of the men of the house there within.hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave 12 And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lieher not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no with me: and he left his garment in her hand, andmore. fled, and got him out.27 ¶ And it came to pass in the time of her travail, 13 And it came to pass, when she saw that he had leftthat, behold, twins were in her womb. his garment in her hand, and was fled forth,28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the 14 That she called unto the men of her house, andone put out his hand: and the midwife took and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in anbound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This Hebrew unto us to mock us; he came in unto me tocame out first. lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice:29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, 15 And it came to pass, when he heard that I liftedthat, behold, his brother came out: and she said, up my voice and cried, that he left his garment withHow hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon me, and fled, and got him out.thee: therefore his name was called Pharez. 16 And she laid up his garment by her, until his lord30 And afterward came out his brother, that had the came home.scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was 17 And she spake unto him according to thesecalled Zarah. words, saying, The Hebrew servant, which thou hast brought unto us, came in unto me to mock me: CHAPTER 39 18 And it came to pass, as I lifted up my voice andA ND Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled out. Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the 19 And it came to pass, when his master heard theguard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the words of his wife, which she spake unto him, saying,Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither. After this manner did thy servant to me; that his2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a wrath was kindled.prosperous man; and he was in the house of his 20 And Joseph’s master took him, and put him intomaster the Egyptian. the prison, a place where the king’s prisoners were bound: and he was there in the prison. 31
  • 49. GENESIS21 ¶ But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him 15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land ofmercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing thatkeeper of the prison. they should put me into the dungeon.22 And the keeper of the prison committed to 16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretationJoseph’s hand all the prisoners that were in the was good, he said unto Joseph, I also was in myprison; and whatsoever they did there, he was the dream, and, behold, I had three white baskets on mydoer of it. head:23 The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing 17 And in the uppermost basket there was of allthat was under his hand; because the LORD was with manner of bakemeats for Pharaoh; and the birds didhim, and that which he did, the LORD made it to eat them out of the basket upon my head.prosper. 18 And Joseph answered and said, This is the interpretation thereof: The three baskets are three CHAPTER 40 days:A ND it came to pass after these things, that the 19 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree;offended their lord the king of Egypt. and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.2 And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, 20 ¶ And it came to pass the third day, which wasagainst the chief of the butlers, and against the chief Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast unto all hisof the bakers. servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler3 And he put them in ward in the house of the and of the chief baker among his servants.captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where 21 And he restored the chief butler unto hisJoseph was bound. butlership again; and he gave the cup into Pharaoh’s4 And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with hand:them, and he served them: and they continued a 22 But he hanged the chief baker: as Joseph hadseason in ward. interpreted to them.5 ¶ And they dreamed a dream both of them, each 23 Yet did not the chief butler remember Joseph, butman his dream in one night, each man according to forgat him.the interpretation of his dream, the butler and thebaker of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the CHAPTER 41prison.6 And Joseph came in unto them in the morning,and looked upon them, and, behold, they were sad. A ND it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.7 And he asked Pharaoh’s officers that were with him 2 And, behold, there came up out of the river sevenin the ward of his lord’s house, saying, Wherefore well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in alook ye so sadly to day? meadow.8 And they said unto him, We have dreamed a 3 And, behold, seven other kine came up after themdream, and there is no interpreter of it. And Joseph out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; andsaid unto them, Do not interpretations belong to stood by the other kine upon the brink of the river.God? tell me them, I pray you. 4 And the ill favoured and leanfleshed kine did eat9 And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and up the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaohsaid to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before; 5 And he slept and dreamed the second time: and,10 And in the vine were three branches: and it was as behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk,though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth; and rank and good.the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes: 6 And, behold, seven thin ears and blasted with the11 And Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand: and I took east wind sprung up after them.the grapes, and pressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, 7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rankand I gave the cup into Pharaoh’s hand. and full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, it12 And Joseph said unto him, This is the was a dream.interpretation of it: The three branches are three 8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spiritdays: was troubled; and he sent and called for all the13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof:head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there wasdeliver Pharaoh’s cup into his hand, after the former none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.manner when thou wast his butler. 9 ¶ Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh,14 But think on me when it shall be well with thee, saying, I do remember my faults this day:and shew kindness, I pray thee, unto me, and make 10 Pharaoh was wroth with his servants, and put memention of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of in ward in the captain of the guard’s house, both methis house: and the chief baker: 32
  • 50. GENESIS11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; 31 And the plenty shall not be known in the land bywe dreamed each man according to the reason of that famine following; for it shall be veryinterpretation of his dream. grievous.12 And there was there with us a young man, an 32 And for that the dream was doubled untoHebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is establishedtold him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.each man according to his dream he did interpret. 33 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man13 And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it discreet and wise, and set him over the land ofwas; me he restored unto mine office, and him he Egypt.hanged. 34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers14 ¶ Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they over the land, and take up the fifth part of the landbrought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he of Egypt in the seven plenteous years.shaved himself, and changed his raiment, and came 35 And let them gather all the food of those goodin unto Pharaoh. years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of15 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I have dreamed a Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.dream, and there is none that can interpret it: and I 36 And that food shall be for store to the landhave heard say of thee, that thou canst understand a against the seven years of famine, which shall be indream to interpret it. the land of Egypt; that the land perish not through16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, It is not in the God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace. 37 ¶ And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh,17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, In my dream, and in the eyes of all his servants.behold, I stood upon the bank of the river: 38 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit ofkine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a God is?meadow: 39 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as19 And, behold, seven other kine came up after God hath shewed thee all this, there is none sothem, poor and very ill favoured and leanfleshed, discreet and wise as thou art:such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for 40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according untobadness: thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the20 And the lean and the ill favoured kine did eat up throne will I be greater than thou.the first seven fat kine: 41 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not thee over all the land of known that they had eaten them; but they were 42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, andstill ill favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke. put it upon Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven ears vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about hiscame up in one stalk, full and good: neck;23 And, behold, seven ears, withered, thin, and 43 And he made him to ride in the second chariotblasted with the east wind, sprung up after them: which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the24 And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears: knee: and he made him ruler over all the land ofand I told this unto the magicians; but there was Egypt.none that could declare it to me. 44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh,25 ¶ And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of and without thee shall no man lift up his hand orPharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what he is foot in all the land of Egypt.about to do. 45 And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnath-26 The seven good kine are seven years; and the paaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath theseven good ears are seven years: the dream is one. daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On. And Joseph27 And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that went out over all the land of Egypt.came up after them are seven years; and the seven 46 ¶ And Joseph was thirty years old when he stoodempty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went outyears of famine. from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout28 This is the thing which I have spoken unto all the land of Egypt.Pharaoh: What God is about to do he sheweth unto 47 And in the seven plenteous years the earthPharaoh. brought forth by handfuls.29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty 48 And he gathered up all the food of the seventhroughout all the land of Egypt: years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up30 And there shall arise after them seven years of the food in the cities: the food of the field, which wasfamine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the round about every city, laid he up in the of Egypt; and the famine shall consume theland; 33
  • 51. GENESIS49 And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, 10 And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buyvery much, until he left numbering; for it was food are thy servants come.without number. 11 We are all one man’s sons; we are true men, thy50 And unto Joseph were born two sons before the servants are no spies.years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of 12 And he said unto them, Nay, but to see thePoti-pherah priest of On bare unto him. nakedness of the land ye are come.51 And Joseph called the name of the firstborn 13 And they said, Thy servants are twelve brethren,Manasseh: For God, said he, hath made me forget all the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and,my toil, and all my father’s house. behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and52 And the name of the second called he Ephraim: one is not.For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of 14 And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spakemy affliction. unto you, saying, Ye are spies:53 ¶ And the seven years of plenteousness, that was 15 Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaohin the land of Egypt, were ended. ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, brother come hither.according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in 16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother,all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or elsepeople cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he 17 And he put them all together into ward threesaith to you, do. days.56 And the famine was over all the face of the earth: 18 And Joseph said unto them the third day, ThisAnd Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold do, and live; for I fear God:unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in 19 If ye be true men, let one of your brethren bethe land of Egypt. bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn57 And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for for the famine of your houses:to buy corn; because that the famine was so sore in all 20 But bring your youngest brother unto me; solands. shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so. CHAPTER 42 21 ¶ And they said one to another, We are verilyN OW when Jacob saw that there was corn in guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and weone upon another? would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from 22 And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I notthence; that we may live, and not die. unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye3 ¶ And Joseph’s ten brethren went down to buy would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood iscorn in Egypt. required.4 But Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jacob sent not 23 And they knew not that Joseph understood them;with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure for he spake unto them by an interpreter.mischief befall him. 24 And he turned himself about from them, and5 And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among wept; and returned to them again, and communedthose that came: for the famine was in the land of with them, and took from them Simeon, and boundCanaan. him before their eyes.6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he 25 ¶ Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks withit was that sold to all the people of the land: and corn, and to restore every man’s money into hisJoseph’s brethren came, and bowed down sack, and to give them provision for the way: andthemselves before him with their faces to the earth. thus did he unto them.7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, 26 And they laded their asses with the corn, andbut made himself strange unto them, and spake departed thence.roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence 27 And as one of them opened his sack to give his asscome ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to provender in the inn, he espied his money; for,buy food. behold, it was in his sack’s mouth.8 And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not 28 And he said unto his brethren, My money ishim. restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their9 And Joseph remembered the dreams which he heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one todreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; another, What is this that God hath done unto us?to see the nakedness of the land ye are come. 34
  • 52. GENESIS29 ¶ And they came unto Jacob their father unto the and not die, both we, and thou, and also our littleland of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto ones.them; saying, 9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou30 The man, who is the lord of the land, spake require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and setroughly to us, and took us for spies of the country. him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:31 And we said unto him, We are true men; we are 10 For except we had lingered, surely now we hadno spies: returned this second time.32 We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is 11 And their father Israel said unto them, If it mustnot, and the youngest is this day with our father in be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the landthe land of Canaan. in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a33 And the man, the lord of the country, said unto little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh,us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave nuts, and almonds:one of your brethren here with me, and take food for 12 And take double money in your hand; and thethe famine of your households, and be gone: money that was brought again in the mouth of your34 And bring your youngest brother unto me: then sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure itshall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true was an oversight:men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall 13 Take also your brother, and arise, go again untotraffick in the land. the man:35 ¶ And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, 14 And God Almighty give you mercy before thethat, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in man, that he may send away your other brother, andhis sack: and when both they and their father saw the Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I ambundles of money, they were afraid. bereaved.36 And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have 15 ¶ And the men took that present, and they tookye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and roseSimeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all up, and went down to Egypt, and stood beforethese things are against me. Joseph.37 And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay 16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, hemy two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him said to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home,into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again. and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine38 And he said, My son shall not go down with you; with me at noon.for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if 17 And the man did as Joseph bade; and the manmischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, brought the men into Joseph’s house.then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow 18 And the men were afraid, because they wereto the grave. brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the CHAPTER 43 first time are we brought in; that he may seekA ND the famine was sore in the land. occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for 2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up bondmen, and our asses.the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their 19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph’sfather said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. house, and they communed with him at the door of3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did the house,solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my 20 And said, O sir, we came indeed down at the firstface, except your brother be with you. time to buy food:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go 21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn,down and buy thee food: that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man’s5 But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down: money was in the mouth of his sack, our money infor the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, full weight: and we have brought it again in ourexcept your brother be with you. hand.6 And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, 22 And other money have we brought down in ouras to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother? hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our7 And they said, The man asked us straitly of our money in our sacks.state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet 23 And he said, Peace be to you, fear not: your God,alive? have ye another brother? and we told him and the God of your father, hath given you treasureaccording to the tenor of these words: could we in your sacks: I had your money. And he broughtcertainly know that he would say, Bring your Simeon out unto down? 24 And the man brought the men into Joseph’s8 And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad house, and gave them water, and they washed theirwith me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, feet; and he gave their asses provender. 35
  • 53. GENESIS25 And they made ready the present against Joseph of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thycame at noon: for they heard that they should eat lord’s house silver or gold?bread there. 9 With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both26 ¶ And when Joseph came home, they brought let him die, and we also will be my lord’s bondmen.him the present which was in their hand into the 10 And he said, Now also let it be according untohouse, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. your words: he with whom it is found shall be my27 And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is servant; and ye shall be blameless.your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is 11 Then they speedily took down every man his sackhe yet alive? to the ground, and opened every man his sack.28 And they answered, Thy servant our father is in 12 And he searched, and began at the eldest, and leftgood health, he is yet alive. And they bowed down at the youngest: and the cup was found intheir heads, and made obeisance. Benjamin’s sack.29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother 13 Then they rent their clothes, and laded every manBenjamin, his mother’s son, and said, Is this your his ass, and returned to the city.younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And 14 ¶ And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph’she said, God be gracious unto thee, my son. house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him30 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn on the ground.upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and 15 And Joseph said unto them, What deed is thishe entered into his chamber, and wept there. that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I31 And he washed his face, and went out, and can certainly divine?refrained himself, and said, Set on bread. 16 And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord?32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves?by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants:with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians behold, we are my lord’s servants, both we, and hemight not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an also with whom the cup is found.abomination unto the Egyptians. 17 And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall beto his birthright, and the youngest according to his my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace untoyouth: and the men marvelled one at another. your father.34 And he took and sent messes unto them from 18 ¶ Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Ohbefore him: but Benjamin’s mess was five times so my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word inmuch as any of theirs. And they drank, and were my lord’s ears, and let not thine anger burn againstmerry with him. thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh. 19 My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a CHAPTER 44 father, or a brother?A ND he commanded the steward of his house, 20 And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an saying, Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; andas they can carry, and put every man’s money in his his brother is dead, and he alone is left of hissack’s mouth. mother, and his father loveth him.2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack’s 21 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring himmouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.did according to the word that Joseph had spoken. 22 And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave3 As soon as the morning was light, the men were his father: for if he should leave his father, his fathersent away, they and their asses. would die.4 And when they were gone out of the city, and not 23 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except youryet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow youngest brother come down with you, ye shall seeafter the men; and when thou dost overtake them, my face no more.say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for 24 And it came to pass when we came up unto thygood? servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.5 Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and 25 And our father said, Go again, and buy us a littlewhereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so food.doing. 26 And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest6 ¶ And he overtook them, and he spake unto them brother be with us, then will we go down: for wethese same words. may not see the man’s face, except our youngest7 And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord brother be with us.these words? God forbid that thy servants should do 27 And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye knowaccording to this thing: that my wife bare me two sons:8 Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks’ 28 And the one went out from me, and I said, Surelymouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: 36
  • 54. GENESIS29 And if ye take this also from me, and mischief 12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of mybefall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speakethsorrow to the grave. unto you.30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my 13 And ye shall tell my father of all my glory infather, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall hasteis bound up in the lad’s life; and bring down my father hither.31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is 14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck,not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck.bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father 15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and weptwith sorrow to the grave. upon them: and after that his brethren talked with32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my him.father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I 16 ¶ And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh’sshall bear the blame to my father for ever. house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come: and it33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants.instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the 17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto thylad go up with his brethren. brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get34 For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be you unto the land of Canaan;not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that 18 And take your father and your households, andshall come on my father. come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. CHAPTER 45 19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take youT HEN Joseph could not refrain himself before all wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause and for your wives, and bring your father, and come.every man to go out from me. And there stood no 20 Also regard not your stuff; for the good of all theman with him, while Joseph made himself known land of Egypt is yours.unto his brethren. 21 And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave2 And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the them wagons, according to the commandment ofhouse of Pharaoh heard. Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way.3 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; 22 To all of them he gave each man changes ofdoth my father yet live? And his brethren could not raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundredanswer him; for they were troubled at his presence. pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment.4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to 23 And to his father he sent after this manner; tenme, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and tenam Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with father by the way.yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send 24 So he sent his brethren away, and they departed:me before you to preserve life. and he said unto them, See that ye fall not out by the6 For these two years hath the famine been in the and yet there are five years, in the which there 25 ¶ And they went up out of Egypt, and came intoshall neither be earing nor harvest. the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father,7 And God sent me before you to preserve you a 26 And told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he isposterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob’sgreat deliverance. heart fainted, for he believed them not.8 So now it was not you that sent me hither, but 27 And they told him all the words of Joseph, whichGod: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagonslord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit ofland of Egypt. Jacob their father revived:9 Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto 28 And Israel said, It is enough; Joseph my son is yethim, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me alive: I will go and see him before I die.lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry not:10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and CHAPTER 46thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children,and thy children’s children, and thy flocks, and thyherds, and all that thou hast: A ND Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.11 And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five 2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of theyears of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here amthat thou hast, come to poverty. I. 37
  • 55. GENESIS3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear 25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gavenot to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these untothee a great nation: Jacob: all the souls were seven.4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also 26 All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt,surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’hand upon thine eyes. wives, all the souls were threescore and six;5 And Jacob rose up from Beer-sheba: and the sons 27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him inof Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house ofones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore andhad sent to carry him. ten.6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which 28 ¶ And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, tothey had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into theinto Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: land of Goshen.7 His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his 29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went updaughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presentedbrought he with him into Egypt. himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept8 ¶ And these are the names of the children of Israel, on his neck a good while.which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, 30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die,Jacob’s firstborn. since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and 31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto hisHezron, and Carmi. father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and10 ¶ And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house,and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son which were in the land of Canaan, are come untoof a Canaanitish woman. me;11 ¶ And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and 32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hathMerari. been to feed cattle; and they have brought their12 ¶ And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan 33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall calldied in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez you, and shall say, What is your occupation?were Hezron and Hamul. 34 That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been13 ¶ And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and about cattle from our youth even until now, bothJob, and Shimron. we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the14 ¶ And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and land of Goshen; for every shepherd is anJahleel. abomination unto the Egyptians.15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare untoJacob in Padan-aram, with his daughter Dinah: all CHAPTER 47the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirtyand three. T HEN Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and16 ¶ And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, their herds, and all that they have, are come out ofShuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land17 ¶ And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and of Goshen.Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons 2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men,of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel. and presented them unto Pharaoh.18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to 3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is yourLeah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, occupation? And they said unto Pharaoh, Thyeven sixteen souls. servants are shepherds, both we, and also our19 The sons of Rachel Jacob’s wife; Joseph, and fathers.Benjamin. 4 They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn20 ¶ And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born in the land are we come; for thy servants have noManasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in theof Poti-pherah priest of On bare unto him. land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy21 ¶ And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and servants dwell in the land of Goshen.Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and 5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy fatherRosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard. and thy brethren are come unto thee:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to 6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of theJacob: all the souls were fourteen. land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the23 ¶ And the sons of Dan; Hushim. land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest24 ¶ And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, any men of activity among them, then make themand Jezer, and Shillem. rulers over my cattle. 38
  • 56. GENESIS7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set 23 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I havehim before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo,8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou? here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land.9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the 24 And it shall come to pass in the increase, that yeyears of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four partsyears: few and evil have the days of the years of my shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for yourlife been, and have not attained unto the days of the food, and for them of your households, and for foodyears of the life of my fathers in the days of their for your little ones.pilgrimage. 25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will bebefore Pharaoh. Pharaoh’s servants.11 ¶ And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, 26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egyptand gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifththe best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as part; except the land of the priests only, whichPharaoh had commanded. became not Pharaoh’s.12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his 27 ¶ And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in thebrethren, and all his father’s household, with bread, country of Goshen; and they had possessionsaccording to their families. therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.13 ¶ And there was no bread in all the land; for the 28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeenfamine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundredall the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the forty and seven years.famine. 29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now Ifound in the land of Egypt, and in the land of have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thyCanaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly withbrought the money into Pharaoh’s house. me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt:15 And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and 30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carryin the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace.Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we And he said, I will do as thou hast said.die in thy presence? for the money faileth. 31 And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto16 And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed’s for your cattle, if money fail.17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and CHAPTER 48Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, andfor the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and forA ND it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, thy father is sick: and hethe asses: and he fed them with bread for all their took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.cattle for that year. 2 And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son18 When that year was ended, they came unto him Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthenedthe second year, and said unto him, We will not hide himself, and sat upon the from my lord, how that our money is spent; my 3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almightylord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, andleft in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our blessed me,lands: 4 And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee19 Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee aand our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we multitude of people; and will give this land to thyand our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give seed after thee for an everlasting seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land 5 ¶ And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh,be not desolate. which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt20 And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; asPharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine.because the famine prevailed over them: so the land 6 And thy issue, which thou begettest after them,became Pharaoh’s. shall be thine, and shall be called after the name of21 And as for the people, he removed them to cities their brethren in their inheritance.from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the 7 And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachelother end thereof. died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath:priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; thedid eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: same is Beth-lehem.wherefore they sold not their lands. 39
  • 57. GENESIS8 And Israel beheld Joseph’s sons, and said, Who are 2 Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons ofthese? Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.9 And Joseph said unto his father, They are my sons, 3 ¶ Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, andwhom God hath given me in this place. And he said, the beginning of my strength, the excellency ofBring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless dignity, and the excellency of power:them. 4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he thou wentest up to thy father’s bed; then defiledstcould not see. And he brought them near unto him; thou it: he went up to my couch.and he kissed them, and embraced them. 5 ¶ Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of11 And Israel said unto Joseph, I had not thought to cruelty are in their habitations.see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy 6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; untoseed. their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for12 And Joseph brought them out from between his in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwillknees, and he bowed himself with his face to the they digged down a 7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob,hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh in his and scatter them in Israel.left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought 8 ¶ Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shallthem near unto him. praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine14 And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down beforeupon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his thee.left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands 9 Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son,wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn. thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a15 ¶ And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the 10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor aGod which fed me all my life long unto this day, lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come;16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.the lads; and let my name be named on them, and 11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s coltthe name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let unto the choice vine; he washed his garments inthem grow into a multitude in the midst of the wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:earth. 12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth17 And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right white with milk.hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: 13 ¶ Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; andand he held up his father’s hand, to remove it from he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shallEphraim’s head unto Manasseh’s head. be unto Zidon.18 And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my 14 ¶ Issachar is a strong ass couching down betweenfather: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand two burdens:upon his head. 15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that19 And his father refused, and said, I know it, my it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, andson, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he became a servant unto tribute.also shall be great: but truly his younger brother 16 ¶ Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribesshall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a of Israel.multitude of nations. 17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the20 And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his ridershall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim shall fall backward.and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before 18 I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.Manasseh. 19 ¶ Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall21 And Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but overcome at the last.God shall be with you, and bring you again unto the 20 ¶ Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shallland of your fathers. yield royal dainties.22 Moreover I have given to thee one portion above 21 ¶ Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodlythy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the words.Amorite with my sword and with my bow. 22 ¶ Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall: CHAPTER 49 23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot atA ND Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather him, and hated him: yourselves together, that I may tell you that 24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms ofwhich shall befall you in the last days. his hands were made strong by the hands of the 40
  • 58. GENESISmighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, 7 ¶ And Joseph went up to bury his father: and withthe stone of Israel:) him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders25 Even by the God of thy father, who shall help of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt,thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with 8 And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, andblessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that his father’s house: only their little ones, and theirlieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the flocks, and their herds, they left in the land ofwomb: Goshen.26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above 9 And there went up with him both chariots andthe blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost horsemen: and it was a very great company.bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the 10 And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad,head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him which is beyond Jordan, and there they mournedthat was separate from his brethren. with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made27 ¶ Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning a mourning for his father seven days.he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide 11 And when the inhabitants of the land, thethe spoil. Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad,28 ¶ All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this they said, This is a grievous mourning to theis it that their father spake unto them, and blessed Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abel-them; every one according to his blessing he blessed mizraim, which is beyond Jordan.them. 12 And his sons did unto him according as he29 And he charged them, and said unto them, I am commanded them:to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my 13 For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan,fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the and buried him in the cave of the field ofHittite, Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron thewhich is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Hittite, before Mamre.Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite 14 ¶ And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and hisfor a possession of a buryingplace. brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; father, after he had buried his father.there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and 15 ¶ And when Joseph’s brethren saw that theirthere I buried Leah. father was dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure32 The purchase of the field and of the cave that is hate us, and will certainly requite us all the eviltherein was from the children of Heth. which we did unto him.33 And when Jacob had made an end of 16 And they sent a messenger unto Joseph, saying,commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into Thy father did command before he died, saying,the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered 17 So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray theeunto his people. now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, CHAPTER 50 forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thyA ND Joseph fell upon his father’s face, and wept father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him. upon him, and kissed him. 18 And his brethren also went and fell down before2 And Joseph commanded his servants the his face; and they said, Behold, we be thy servants.physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians 19 And Joseph said unto them, Fear not: for am I inembalmed Israel. the place of God?3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are 20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; butfulfilled the days of those which are embalmed: and God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is thisthe Egyptians mourned for him threescore and ten day, to save much people alive.days. 21 Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and4 And when the days of his mourning were past, your little ones. And he comforted them, and spakeJoseph spake unto the house of Pharaoh, saying, If kindly unto I have found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray 22 ¶ And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father’syou, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, house: and Joseph lived an hundred and ten years.5 My father made me swear, saying, Lo, I die: in my 23 And Joseph saw Ephraim’s children of the thirdgrave which I have digged for me in the land of generation: the children also of Machir the son ofCanaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let Manasseh were brought up upon Joseph’s go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will 24 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and Godcome again. will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land6 And Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac,according as he made thee swear. and to Jacob. 41
  • 59. GENESIS25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, 26 So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten yearssaying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in aup my bones from hence. coffin in Egypt. 42
  • 60. THE SECOND BOOK OF MOSES CALLED EXODUS CHAPTER 1 21 And it came to pass, because the midwives fearedN OW these are the names of the children of God, that he made them houses. Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and 22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Everyhis household came with Jacob. son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, daughter ye shall save alive.3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. CHAPTER 25 And all the souls that came out of the loins ofJacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egyptalready. A ND there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hidgeneration. him three months.7 ¶ And the children of Israel were fruitful, and 3 And when she could not longer hide him, she tookincreased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it withexceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them. slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.knew not Joseph. 4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of done to him.the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 5 ¶ And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they wash herself at the river; and her maidens walkedmultiply, and it come to pass, that, when there along by the river’s side; and when she saw the arkfalleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.and fight against us, and so get them up out of the 6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child:land. and, behold, the babe wept. And she had11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to compassion on him, and said, This is one of theafflict them with their burdens. And they built for Hebrews’ children.Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. 7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women,multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because that she may nurse the child for thee?of the children of Israel. 8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go. And the13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to maid went and called the child’s mother.serve with rigour: 9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said unto her, Take this14 And they made their lives bitter with hard child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give theebondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner thy wages. And the woman took the child, andof service in the field: all their service, wherein they nursed it.made them serve, was with rigour. 10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto15 ¶ And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And shemidwives, of which the name of the one was called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drewShiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: him out of the water.16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife 11 ¶ And it came to pass in those days, when Mosesto the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, andif it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptiandaughter, then she shall live. smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the 12 And he looked this way and that way, and whenking of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian,children alive. and hid him in the sand.18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, 13 And when he went out the second day, behold,and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he saidand have saved the men children alive? to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the thy fellow?Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for 14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judgethey are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedstcome in unto them. the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and this thing is known.the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. 43
  • 61. EXODUS15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to 8 And I am come down to deliver them out of theslay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out ofand dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by that land unto a good land and a large, unto a landa well. flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, andand they came and drew water, and filled the troughs the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the water their father’s flock. 9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen thebut Moses stood up and helped them, and watered oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.their flock. 10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people thesaid, How is it that ye are come so soon to day? children of Israel out of Egypt.19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of 11 ¶ And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that Ithe hand of the shepherds, and also drew water should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bringenough for us, and watered the flock. forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? 12 And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and thiswhy is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee:may eat bread. When thou hast brought forth the people out of21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. 13 And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them,Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; andstrange land. they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I23 ¶ And it came to pass in process of time, that the say unto them?king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed 14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM:by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children ofcry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.24 And God heard their groaning, and God 15 And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shaltremembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD Godand with Jacob. of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you:God had respect unto them. this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. CHAPTER 3 16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, andN OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in say unto them, The LORD God of your fathers, the law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appearedthe backside of the desert, and came to the mountain unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seenof God, even to Horeb. that which is done to you in Egypt:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a 17 And I have said, I will bring you up out of theflame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites,looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and thethe bush was not consumed. Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this land flowing with milk and honey.great sight, why the bush is not burnt. 18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto thesee, God called unto him out of the midst of the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORDbush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now letI. us go, we beseech thee, three days’ journey into the5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD ourshoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou God.standest is holy ground. 19 ¶ And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let6 Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the you go, no, not by a mighty hand.God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of 20 And I will stretch out my hand, and smite EgyptJacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to with all my wonders which I will do in the midstlook upon God. thereof: and after that he will let you go.7 ¶ And the LORD said, I have surely seen the 21 And I will give this people favour in the sight ofaffliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, whenheard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I ye go, ye shall not go empty:know their sorrows; 44
  • 62. EXODUS22 But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, 16 And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people:and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of asilver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God.put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; 17 And thou shalt take this rod in thine hand,and ye shall spoil the Egyptians. wherewith thou shalt do signs. 18 ¶ And Moses went and returned to Jethro his CHAPTER 4 father in law, and said unto him, Let me go, I prayA ND Moses answered and said, But, behold, they thee, and return unto my brethren which are in will not believe me, nor hearken unto my voice: Egypt, and see whether they be yet alive. And Jethrofor they will say, The LORD hath not appeared unto said to Moses, Go in peace.thee. 19 And the LORD said unto Moses in Midian, Go,2 And the LORD said unto him, What is that in thine return into Egypt: for all the men are dead whichhand? And he said, A rod. sought thy life.3 And he said, Cast it on the ground. And he cast it 20 And Moses took his wife and his sons, and seton the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses them upon an ass, and he returned to the land offled from before it. Egypt: and Moses took the rod of God in his hand.4 And the LORD said unto Moses, Put forth thine 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goesthand, and take it by the tail. And he put forth his to return into Egypt, see that thou do all thosehand, and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand: wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine5 That they may believe that the LORD God of their hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not letfathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the people go.the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee. 22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the6 ¶ And the LORD said furthermore unto him, Put LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:now thine hand into thy bosom. And he put his 23 And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he mayhand into his bosom: and when he took it out, serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, Ibehold, his hand was leprous as snow. will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.7 And he said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again. 24 ¶ And it came to pass by the way in the inn, thatAnd he put his hand into his bosom again; and the LORD met him, and sought to kill him.plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was 25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off theturned again as his other flesh. foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet, and said,8 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe Surely a bloody husband art thou to me.thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, 26 So he let him go: then she said, A bloody husbandthat they will believe the voice of the latter sign. thou art, because of the circumcision.9 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe 27 ¶ And the LORD said to Aaron, Go into thealso these two signs, neither hearken unto thy voice, wilderness to meet Moses. And he went, and metthat thou shalt take of the water of the river, and him in the mount of God, and kissed him.pour it upon the dry land: and the water which thou 28 And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORDtakest out of the river shall become blood upon the who had sent him, and all the signs which he haddry land. commanded him.10 ¶ And Moses said unto the LORD, O my Lord, I 29 ¶ And Moses and Aaron went and gatheredam not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since thou together all the elders of the children of Israel:hast spoken unto thy servant: but I am slow of 30 And Aaron spake all the words which the LORDspeech, and of a slow tongue. had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the11 And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made sight of the’s mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or 31 And the people believed: and when they heardthe seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD? that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and12 Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, that he had looked upon their affliction, then theyand teach thee what thou shalt say. bowed their heads and worshipped.13 And he said, O my Lord, send, I pray thee, by thehand of him whom thou wilt send. CHAPTER 514 And the anger of the LORD was kindled againstMoses, and he said, Is not Aaron the Levite thy A ND afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God ofbrother? I know that he can speak well. And also, Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feastbehold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he unto me in the wilderness.seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart. 2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should15 And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD,his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth, and with neither will I let Israel go.his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do. 3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days’ journey 45
  • 63. EXODUSinto the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our 22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said,God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the Lord, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated thissword. people? why is it that thou hast sent me?4 And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore 23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name,do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thouworks? get you unto your burdens. delivered thy people at all.5 And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the landnow are many, and ye make them rest from their CHAPTER 6burdens.6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the T HEN the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong handtaskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,7 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make shall he drive them out of his land.brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for 2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, Ithemselves. am the LORD:8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make 3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, andheretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by mydiminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God. 4 And I have also established my covenant with9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land ofthey may labour therein; and let them not regard their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.vain words. 5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children10 ¶ And the taskmasters of the people went out, of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and Iand their officers, and they spake to the people, have remembered my covenant.saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. 6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the11 Go ye, get you straw where ye can find it: yet not LORD, and I will bring you out from under theought of your work shall be diminished. burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout their bondage, and I will redeem you with aall the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of stretched out arm, and with great judgments:straw. 7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will13 And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am theyour works, your daily tasks, as when there was LORD your God, which bringeth you out from understraw. the burdens of the Egyptians.14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which 8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerningPharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac,beaten, and demanded, Wherefore have ye not and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: Ifulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday am the LORD.and to day, as heretofore? 9 ¶ And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel:15 ¶ Then the officers of the children of Israel came but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish ofand cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest spirit, and for cruel bondage.thou thus with thy servants? 10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and 11 Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that hethey say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants let the children of Israel go out of his land.are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people. 12 And Moses spake before the LORD, saying,17 But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkenedsay, Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD. unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am18 Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no of uncircumcised lips?straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of 13 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron,bricks. and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel,19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring thethat they were in evil case, after it was said, Ye shall children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task. 14 ¶ These be the heads of their fathers’ houses: The20 ¶ And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, andthe way, as they came forth from Pharaoh: Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families of21 And they said unto them, The LORD look upon, and judge; because ye have made our savour to 15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, andbe abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of aof his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay Canaanitish woman: these are the families ofus. Simeon. 46
  • 64. EXODUS16 ¶ And these are the names of the sons of Levi 5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD,according to their generations; Gershon, and when I stretch forth mine hand upon Egypt, andKohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi bring out the children of Israel from among them.were an hundred thirty and seven years. 6 And Moses and Aaron did as the LORD17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according commanded them, so did their families. 7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and fourscore and three years old, when they spake untoHebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Pharaoh.Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years. 8 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these Aaron, saying,are the families of Levi according to their 9 When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Shewgenerations. a miracle for you: then thou shalt say unto Aaron,20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shallto wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the become a serpent.years of the life of Amram were an hundred and 10 ¶ And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh,thirty and seven years. and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and21 ¶ And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and beforeZichri. his servants, and it became a serpent.22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, 11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and theand Zithri. sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of in like manner with their enchantments.Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare 12 For they cast down every man his rod, and theyhim Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. became serpents: but Aaron’s rod swallowed up their24 And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and rods.Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites. 13 And he hardened Pharaoh’s heart, that he25 And Eleazar Aaron’s son took him one of the hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him 14 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh’s heartPhinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.Levites according to their families. 15 Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he26 These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand byLORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the the river’s brink against he come; and the rod whichland of Egypt according to their armies. was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine27 These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of hand.Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: 16 And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God ofthese are that Moses and Aaron. the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my28 ¶ And it came to pass on the day when the LORD people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness:spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt, and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear.29 That the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, I am the 17 Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know thatLORD: speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod thatthat I say unto thee. is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the30 And Moses said before the LORD, Behold, I am of river, and they shall be turned to blood.uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken 18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and theunto me? river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river. CHAPTER 7 19 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say untoA ND the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, uponshall be thy prophet. their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and pools of water, that they may become blood; andAaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he that there may be blood throughout all the land ofsend the children of Israel out of his land. Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.3 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply 20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORDmy signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh,may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine and in the sight of his servants; and all the watersarmies, and my people the children of Israel, out of that were in the river were turned to blood.the land of Egypt by great judgments. 21 And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the 47
  • 65. EXODUSwater of the river; and there was blood throughout 14 And they gathered them together upon heaps:all the land of Egypt. and the land stank.22 And the magicians of Egypt did so with their 15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, heenchantments: and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; asneither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had the LORD had said.said. 16 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of theneither did he set his heart to this also. land, that it may become lice throughout all the land24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the of Egypt.river for water to drink; for they could not drink of 17 And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his handthe water of the river. with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it25 And seven days were fulfilled, after that the LORD became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of thehad smitten the river. land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. 18 And the magicians did so with their CHAPTER 8 enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not:A ND the LORD spake unto Moses, Go unto so there were lice upon man, and upon beast. Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the 19 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is theLORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me. finger of God: and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened,2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD hadsmite all thy borders with frogs: said.3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, 20 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early inwhich shall go up and come into thine house, and the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, heinto thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, Thusthe house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and saith the LORD, Let my people go, that they mayinto thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs: serve me.4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and 21 Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, Iupon thy people, and upon all thy servants. will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy5 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses:Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full ofthe streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon theycause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt. are.6 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters 22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, inof Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shallland of Egypt. be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, LORD in the midst of the earth.and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt. 23 And I will put a division between my people and8 ¶ Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.said, Intreat the LORD, that he may take away the 24 And the LORD did so; and there came a grievousfrogs from me, and from my people; and I will let swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into histhe people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt: theLORD. land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies.9 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: 25 ¶ And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron,when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee 26 And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for weand thy houses, that they may remain in the river shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians toonly? the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the10 And he said, To morrow. And he said, Be it abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, andaccording to thy word: that thou mayest know that will they not stone us?there is none like unto the LORD our God. 27 We will go three days’ journey into the11 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as hethy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy shall command us.people; they shall remain in the river only. 28 And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness;and Moses cried unto the LORD because of the frogs only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.which he had brought against Pharaoh. 29 And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I13 And the LORD did according to the word of will intreat the LORD that the swarms of flies mayMoses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and fromthe villages, and out of the fields. his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal 48
  • 66. EXODUSdeceitfully any more in not letting the people go to people; that thou mayest know that there is none likesacrifice to the LORD. me in all the earth.30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated 15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I maythe LORD. smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou31 And the LORD did according to the word of shalt be cut off from the earth.Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from 16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised theePharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my namethere remained not one. may be declared throughout all the earth.32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, 17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people,neither would he let the people go. that thou wilt not let them go? 18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it CHAPTER 9 to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been inT HEN the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God 19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and allof the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may that thou hast in the field; for upon every man andserve me. beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not2 For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold be brought home, the hail shall come down uponthem still, them, and they shall die.3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle 20 He that feared the word of the LORD among thewhich is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattleupon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the flee into the houses:sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain. 21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of left his servants and his cattle in the field.Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing 22 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forthdie of all that is the children’s of Israel. thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in5 And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast,morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land. and upon every herb of the field, throughout the6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and land of Egypt.all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the 23 And Moses stretched forth his rod towardchildren of Israel died not one. heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the7 And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rainedof the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of hail upon the land of Egypt.Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people 24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail,go. very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the8 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, land of Egypt since it became a nation.Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let 25 And the hail smote throughout all the land ofMoses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast;Pharaoh. and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of every tree of the field.Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains 26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children ofupon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land Israel were, was there no hail.of Egypt. 27 ¶ And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time:before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward the LORD is righteous, and I and my people areheaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with wicked.blains upon man, and upon beast. 28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will letbecause of the boils; for the boil was upon the you go, and ye shall stay no longer.magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. 29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands untoand he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shallspoken unto Moses. there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how13 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in that the earth is the LORD’s.the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say 30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that yeunto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, will not yet fear the LORD God.Let my people go, that they may serve me. 31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy 32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up. 49
  • 67. EXODUS33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hathand spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the left.thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not 13 And Moses stretched forth his rod over the landpoured upon the earth. of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail the land all that day, and all that night; and when itand the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.and hardened his heart, he and his servants. 14 And the locusts went up over all the land of35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt: verywould he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD grievous were they; before them there were no suchhad spoken by Moses. locusts as they, neither after them shall be such. 15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so CHAPTER 10 that the land was darkened; and they did eat everyA ND the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the the hail had left: and there remained not any greenheart of his servants, that I might shew these my thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field,signs before him: through all the land of Egypt.2 And that thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, 16 ¶ Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron inand of thy son’s son, what things I have wrought in haste; and he said, I have sinned against the LORDEgypt, and my signs which I have done among them; your God, and against you.that ye may know how that I am the LORD. 17 Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only3 And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and this once, and intreat the LORD your God, that hesaid unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the may take away from me this death only.Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble 18 And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated thethyself before me? let my people go, that they may LORD.serve me. 19 And the LORD turned a mighty strong west wind,4 Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, to which took away the locusts, and cast them into themorrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast: Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one coasts of Egypt.cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the 20 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so thatresidue of that which is escaped, which remaineth he would not let the children of Israel go.unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree 21 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch outwhich groweth for you out of the field: thine hand toward heaven, that there may be6 And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of all darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness whichthy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians; may be felt.which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers’ fathers 22 And Moses stretched forth his hand towardhave seen, since the day that they were upon the heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the landearth unto this day. And he turned himself, and of Egypt three days:went out from Pharaoh. 23 They saw not one another, neither rose any from7 And Pharaoh’s servants said unto him, How long his place for three days: but all the children of Israelshall this man be a snare unto us? let the men go, had light in their dwellings.that they may serve the LORD their God: knowest 24 ¶ And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, Gothou not yet that Egypt is destroyed? ye, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your8 And Moses and Aaron were brought again unto herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you.Pharaoh: and he said unto them, Go, serve the LORD 25 And Moses said, Thou must give us also sacrificesyour God: but who are they that shall go? and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice unto the9 And Moses said, We will go with our young and LORD our God.with our old, with our sons and with our daughters, 26 Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not anwith our flocks and with our herds will we go; for we hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to servemust hold a feast unto the LORD. the LORD our God; and we know not with what we10 And he said unto them, Let the LORD be so with must serve the LORD, until we come, as I will let you go, and your little ones: look to 27 ¶ But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and heit; for evil is before you. would not let them go.11 Not so: go now ye that are men, and serve the 28 And Pharaoh said unto him, Get thee from me,LORD; for that ye did desire. And they were driven take heed to thyself, see my face no more; for in thatout from Pharaoh’s presence. day thou seest my face thou shalt die.12 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out 29 And Moses said, Thou hast spoken well, I will seethine hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, thy face again no more.that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and 50
  • 68. EXODUS CHAPTER 11 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it onA ND the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring the two side posts and on the upper door post of the one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon houses, wherein they shall eat it.Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast withshall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbsaltogether. they shall eat it.2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every 9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, butman borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with theher neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. purtenance thereof.3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until theof the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very morning; and that which remaineth of it until thegreat in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s morning ye shall burn with fire.servants, and in the sight of the people. 11 ¶ And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded,4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand;midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’s passover.5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt thisfrom the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land ofthrone, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the godsthat is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token uponland of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, Ishall be like it any more. will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a you to destroy you, when I smite the land of move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye 14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial;may know how that the LORD doth put a difference and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughoutbetween the Egyptians and Israel. your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto ordinance for, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get 15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even thethee out, and all the people that follow thee: and first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses:after that I will go out. And he went out from for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the firstPharaoh in a great anger. day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not from Israel.hearken unto you; that my wonders may be 16 And in the first day there shall be an holymultiplied in the land of Egypt. convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall bebefore Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s done in them, save that which every man must eat,heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel that only may be done of you.go out of his land. 17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your CHAPTER 12 armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall yeA ND the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in observe this day in your generations by an ordinance the land of Egypt, saying, for ever.2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of 18 ¶ In the first month, on the fourteenth day of themonths: it shall be the first month of the year to you. month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until3 ¶ Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, the one and twentieth day of the month at even.saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take 19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in yourto them every man a lamb, according to the house of houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened,their fathers, a lamb for an house: even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in thehim and his neighbour next unto his house take it land.according to the number of the souls; every man 20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all youraccording to his eating shall make your count for the habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.lamb. 21 ¶ Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel,5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lambfirst year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from according to your families, and kill the passover.the goats: 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintelthe same month: and the whole assembly of the and the two side posts with the blood that is in thecongregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 51
  • 69. EXODUSbason; and none of you shall go out at the door of could not tarry, neither had they prepared forhis house until the morning. themselves any victual.23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the 40 ¶ Now the sojourning of the children of Israel,Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirtylintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass years.over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to 41 And it came to pass at the end of the fourcome in unto your houses to smite you. hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went outto thee and to thy sons for ever. from the land of Egypt.25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the 42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORDland which the LORD will give you, according as he for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this ishath promised, that ye shall keep this service. that night of the LORD to be observed of all the26 And it shall come to pass, when your children children of Israel in their generations.shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 43 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This27 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s is the ordinance of the passover: There shall nopassover, who passed over the houses of the children stranger eat thereof:of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and 44 But every man’s servant that is bought for money,delivered our houses. And the people bowed the when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eathead and worshipped. thereof.28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as 45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eatthe LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did thereof.they. 46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry29 ¶ And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house;smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the neither shall ye break a bone thereof.firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and 48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, andall the firstborn of cattle. will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his be circumcised, and then let him come near andservants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in thecry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.was not one dead. 49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and31 ¶ And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my 50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORDpeople, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.serve the LORD, as ye have said. 51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the landsaid, and be gone; and bless me also. of Egypt by their armies.33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people,that they might send them out of the land in haste; CHAPTER 13for they said, We be all dead men.34 And the people took their dough before it was A ND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoeverleavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in openeth the womb among the children of Israel,their clothes upon their shoulders. both of man and of beast: it is mine.35 And the children of Israel did according to the 3 ¶ And Moses said unto the people, Remember thisword of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of thejewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight brought you out from this place: there shall noof the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such leavened bread be eaten.things as they required. And they spoiled the 4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.Egyptians. 5 ¶ And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee37 ¶ And the children of Israel journeyed from into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, andRameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites,foot that were men, beside children. which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keepand flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. this service in this month.39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough 6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and inwhich they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD.leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and 7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, 52
  • 70. EXODUSneither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy CHAPTER 14quarters.8 ¶ And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, A ND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that theyThis is done because of that which the LORD did unto turn and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, betweenme when I came forth out of Egypt. Migdol and the sea, over against Baal-zephon: before9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine it shall ye encamp by the sea.hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that 3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, Theythe LORD’s law may be in thy mouth: for with a are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shutstrong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of them in.Egypt. 4 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his follow after them; and I will be honoured uponseason from year to year. Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians11 ¶ And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto 5 ¶ And it was told the king of Egypt that the peoplethee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that was turned against the people, and they said, Whyopeneth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh have we done this, that we have let Israel go fromof a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the serving us?LORD’s. 6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem people with him:with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then 7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and allthou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one ofman among thy children shalt thou redeem. them.14 ¶ And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time 8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh kingto come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel:unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us and the children of Israel went out with an highout from Egypt, from the house of bondage: hand.15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly 9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, all thelet us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen,land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the and his army, and overtook them encamping by thefirstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-zephon.all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the 10 ¶ And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children offirstborn of my children I redeem. Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and marched after them; and they were sore afraid: andfor frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD.hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt. 11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no17 ¶ And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in thepeople go, that God led them not through the way of wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us,the land of the Philistines, although that was near; to carry us forth out of Egypt?for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent 12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt,when they see war, and they return to Egypt: saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the18 But God led the people about, through the way of Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve thethe wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt. 13 ¶ And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not,19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, whichfor he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whomsaying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no moreup my bones away hence with you. for ever.20 ¶ And they took their journey from Succoth, and 14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall holdencamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. your peace.21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar 15 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Whereforeof a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a criest thou unto me? speak unto the children ofpillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and Israel, that they go forward:night: 16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children ofnor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people. Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get 53
  • 71. EXODUSme honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphedupon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, into the sea.when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon 2 The LORD is my strength and song, and he ishis chariots, and upon his horsemen. become my salvation: he is my God, and I will19 ¶ And the angel of God, which went before the prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and Icamp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and will exalt him.the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, 3 The LORD is a man of war: the LORD is his name.and stood behind them: 4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his host hath he cast into20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in theand the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and Red sea.darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: 5 The depths have covered them: they sank into theso that the one came not near the other all the night. bottom as a stone.21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; 6 Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious inand the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed ineast wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, pieces the enemy.and the waters were divided. 7 And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of overthrown them that rose up against thee: thouthe sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them aswall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. stubble.23 ¶ And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after 8 And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters werethem to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s gathered together, the floods stood upright as anhorses, his chariots, and his horsemen. heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the sea.the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians 9 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I willthrough the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them;troubled the host of the Egyptians, I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave 10 Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea coveredthem heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for 11 Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods?them against the Egyptians. who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in26 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out praises, doing wonders?thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come 12 Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earthagain upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and swallowed them.upon their horsemen. 13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thyand the sea returned to his strength when the strength unto thy holy habitation.morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; 14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shalland the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.of the sea. 15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the28 And the waters returned, and covered the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take holdchariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall meltPharaoh that came into the sea after them; there away.remained not so much as one of them. 16 Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone;the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people passthem on their right hand, and on their left. over, which thou hast purchased.30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the 17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in thehand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O LORD,dead upon the sea shore. which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD Sanctuary, O Lord, which thy hands havedid upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the established.LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses. 18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever. 19 For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his CHAPTER 15 chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and theT HEN sang Moses and the children of Israel this LORD brought again the waters of the sea upon song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea. 54
  • 72. EXODUS20 ¶ And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmurtook a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went against us?out after her with timbrels and with dances. 8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall21 And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in thefor he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his morning bread to the full; for that the LORD hearethrider hath he thrown into the sea. your murmurings which ye murmur against him:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and and what are we? your murmurings are not againstthey went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they us, but against the LORD.went three days in the wilderness, and found no 9 ¶ And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all thewater. congregation of the children of Israel, Come near23 ¶ And when they came to Marah, they could not before the LORD: for he hath heard yourdrink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: murmurings.therefore the name of it was called Marah. 10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, whole congregation of the children of Israel, thatWhat shall we drink? they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the 11 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made 12 I have heard the murmurings of the children offor them a statute and an ordinance, and there he Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eatproved them, flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD yourvoice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is God.right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his 13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails camecommandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put up, and covered the camp: and in the morning thenone of these diseases upon thee, which I have dew lay round about the host.brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that 14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold,healeth thee. upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small27 ¶ And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells round thing, as small as the hoar frost on theof water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they ground.encamped there by the waters. 15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it CHAPTER 16 was. And Moses said unto them, This is the breadA ND they took their journey from Elim, and all which the LORD hath given you to eat. the congregation of the children of Israel came 16 ¶ This is the thing which the LORD hathunto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim commanded, Gather of it every man according to hisand Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month eating, an omer for every man, according to theafter their departing out of the land of Egypt. number of your persons; take ye every man for them2 And the whole congregation of the children of which are in his tents.Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the 17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered,wilderness: some more, some less.3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would 18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he thatto God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the gathered much had nothing over, and he thatland of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and gathered little had no lack; they gathered every manwhen we did eat bread to the full; for ye have according to his eating.brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this 19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till thewhole assembly with hunger. morning.4 ¶ Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will 20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses;rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall but some of them left of it until the morning, and itgo out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth withprove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. them.5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day 21 And they gathered it every morning, every manthey shall prepare that which they bring in; and it according to his eating: and when the sun waxedshall be twice as much as they gather daily. hot, it melted.6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of 22 ¶ And it came to pass, that on the sixth day theyIsrael, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD gathered twice as much bread, two omers for onehath brought you out from the land of Egypt: man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of told Moses.the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings 23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy 55
  • 73. EXODUSsabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake 5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before theto day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; andremaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take inmorning. thine hand, and go.24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses 6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon thebade: and it did not stink, neither was there any rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, andworm therein. there shall come water out of it, that the people may25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders ofsabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in Israel.the field. 7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, Meribah, because of the chiding of the children ofwhich is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is27 ¶ And it came to pass, that there went out some of the LORD among us, or not?the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they 8 ¶ Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel infound none. Rephidim.28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse 9 And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men,ye to keep my commandments and my laws? and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God intherefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of mine hand.two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man 10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, andgo out of his place on the seventh day. fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur30 So the people rested on the seventh day. went up to the top of the hill.31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof 11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up hisManna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down histhe taste of it was like wafers made with honey. hand, Amalek prevailed.32 ¶ And Moses said, This is the thing which the 12 But Moses’ hands were heavy; and they took aLORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; andyour generations; that they may see the bread Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on thewherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I one side, and the other on the other side; and hisbrought you forth from the land of Egypt. hands were steady until the going down of the sun.33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put 13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his peoplean omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before with the edge of the sword.the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears ofup before the Testimony, to be kept. Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty Amalek from under heaven.years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did 15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name ofeat manna, until they came unto the borders of the it Jehovah-nissi:land of Canaan. 16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah. the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation. CHAPTER 17A ND all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after theirjourneys, according to the commandment of the W CHAPTER 18 HEN Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father in law, heard of all that God had doneLORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that thewater for the people to drink. LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and 2 Then Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took Zipporah,said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses Moses’ wife, after he had sent her back,said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore 3 And her two sons; of which the name of the onedo ye tempt the LORD? was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the strange land:people murmured against Moses, and said, 4 And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the GodWherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of of my father, said he, was mine help, and deliveredEgypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with me from the sword of Pharaoh:thirst? 5 And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, came with his4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness,shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to where he encamped at the mount of God:stone me. 56
  • 74. EXODUS6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear theam come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons burden with thee.with her. 23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command7 ¶ And Moses went out to meet his father in law, thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all thisand did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked people shall also go to their place in peace.each other of their welfare; and they came into the 24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father intent. law, and did all that he had said.8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD 25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, andhad done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for made them heads over the people, rulers ofIsrael’s sake, and all the travail that had come upon thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, andthem by the way, and how the LORD delivered them. rulers of tens.9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the 26 And they judged the people at all seasons: theLORD had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out hard causes they brought unto Moses, but everyof the hand of the Egyptians. small matter they judged themselves.10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath 27 ¶ And Moses let his father in law depart; and hedelivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and went his way into his own land.out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered thepeople from under the hand of the Egyptians. CHAPTER 1911 Now I know that the LORD is greater than allgods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly hewas above them. I N the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.12 And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took a burnt 2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and wereoffering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in theall the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses’ wilderness; and there Israel camped before thefather in law before God. mount.13 ¶ And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses 3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORDsat to judge the people: and the people stood by called unto him out of the mountain, saying, ThusMoses from the morning unto the evening. shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the14 And when Moses’ father in law saw all that he did children of Israel;to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou 4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, anddoest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought youand all the people stand by thee from morning unto unto myself.even? 5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed,15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiarthe people come unto me to inquire of God: treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is16 When they have a matter, they come unto me; mine:and I judge between one and another, and I do make 6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, andthem know the statutes of God, and his laws. an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt17 And Moses’ father in law said unto him, The speak unto the children of Israel.thing that thou doest is not good. 7 ¶ And Moses came and called for the elders of the18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people, and laid before their faces all these wordspeople that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy which the LORD commanded him.for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone. 8 And all the people answered together, and said, All19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Mosescounsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the returned the words of the people unto the LORD.people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the 9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come untocauses unto God: thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. Andand shalt shew them the way wherein they must Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.walk, and the work that they must do. 10 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow,able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating and let them wash their clothes,covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers 11 And be ready against the third day: for the thirdof thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of day the LORD will come down in the sight of all thefifties, and rulers of tens: people upon mount Sinai.22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: and 12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people roundit shall be, that every great matter they shall bring about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go notunto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so up into the mount, or touch the border of it: 57
  • 75. EXODUSwhosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon thedeath: children unto the third and fourth generation of13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall them that hate me;surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them thator man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth love me, and keep my commandments.long, they shall come up to the mount. 7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God14 ¶ And Moses went down from the mount unto in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless thatthe people, and sanctified the people; and they taketh his name in vain.washed their clothes. 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:third day: come not at your wives. 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD16 ¶ And it came to pass on the third day in the thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, normorning, that there were thunders and lightnings, thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thyand a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that isthe trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people within thy gates:that was in the camp trembled. 11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth,17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the the sea, and all that in them is, and rested thecamp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbathpart of the mount. day, and hallowed it.18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, 12 ¶ Honour thy father and thy mother: that thybecause the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the days may be long upon the land which the LORD thysmoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, God giveth thee.and the whole mount quaked greatly. 13 Thou shalt not kill.19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God 15 Thou shalt not steal.answered him by a voice. 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on neighbour.the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up 17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thouto the top of the mount; and Moses went up. shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor histhe people, lest they break through unto the LORD to ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.gaze, and many of them perish. 18 ¶ And all the people saw the thunderings, and the22 And let the priests also, which come near to the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and theLORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, theyupon them. removed, and stood afar off.23 And Moses said unto the LORD, The people 19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us,cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lestus, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify we 20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for24 And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee God is come to prove you, and that his fear may bedown, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron before your faces, that ye sin not.with thee: but let not the priests and the people 21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drewbreak through to come up unto the LORD, lest he near unto the thick darkness where God was.break forth upon them. 22 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that Iunto them. have talked with you from heaven. 23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither CHAPTER 20 shall ye make unto you gods of gold.A ND God spake all these words, saying, 24 ¶ An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thythee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in allbondage. places where I record my name I will come unto3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. thee, and I will bless thee.4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, 25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thouor any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift upor that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.under the earth: 26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar,5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous 58
  • 76. EXODUS CHAPTER 21 21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, heN OW these are the judgments which thou shalt shall not be punished: for he is his money. set before them. 22 ¶ If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischiefserve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for follow: he shall be surely punished, according as thenothing. woman’s husband will lay upon him; and he shall3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: pay as the judges determine.if he were married, then his wife shall go out with 23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt givehim. life for life,4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, footborn him sons or daughters; the wife and her for foot,children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out by 25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripehimself. for stripe.5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my 26 ¶ And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or themaster, my wife, and my children; I will not go out eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go freefree: for his eye’s sake.6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; 27 And if he smite out his manservant’s tooth, or hishe shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door maidservant’s tooth; he shall let him go free for hispost; and his master shall bore his ear through with tooth’s aul; and he shall serve him for ever. 28 ¶ If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die:7 ¶ And if a man sell his daughter to be a then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shallmaidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be 29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed time past, and it hath been testified to his owner,her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killedsell her unto a strange nation he shall have no a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and hispower, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. owner also shall be put to death.9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall 30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then hedeal with her after the manner of daughters. shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid10 If he take him another wife; her food, her upon him.raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not 31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored adiminish. daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall unto him.she go out free without money. 32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a12 ¶ He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirtysurely put to death. shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him 33 ¶ And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shallinto his hand; then I will appoint thee a place dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fallwhither he shall flee. therein;14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his 34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and giveneighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take money unto the owner of them; and the dead beasthim from mine altar, that he may die. shall be his.15 ¶ And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, 35 ¶ And if one man’s ox hurt another’s, that he die;shall be surely put to death. then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money16 ¶ And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide.if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to 36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push indeath. time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he17 ¶ And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be hisshall surely be put to death. own.18 ¶ And if men strive together, and one smiteanother with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, CHAPTER 22but keepeth his bed:19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, IF a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and fourthen shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall sheep for a for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be 2 ¶ If a thief be found breaking up, and be smittenthoroughly healed. that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.20 ¶ And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, 3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be bloodwith a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be shed for him; for he should make full restitution; ifsurely punished. he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. 59
  • 77. EXODUS4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, 23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at allwhether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore unto me, I will surely hear their cry;double. 24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you5 ¶ If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, andeaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in your children fatherless.another man’s field; of the best of his own field, and 25 ¶ If thou lend money to any of my people that isof the best of his own vineyard, shall he make poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer,restitution. neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.6 ¶ If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the 26 If thou at all take thy neighbour’s raiment tostacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sunconsumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall goeth down:surely make restitution. 27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for7 ¶ If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come toor stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man’s pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for Ihouse; if the thief be found, let him pay double. am gracious.8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the 28 ¶ Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse thehouse shall be brought unto the judges, to see ruler of thy people.whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour’s 29 ¶ Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripegoods. fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for shalt thou give unto me.ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost 30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and withthing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on theof both parties shall come before the judges; and eighth day thou shalt give it me.whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double 31 ¶ And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shallunto his neighbour. ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an shall cast it to the dogs.ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or behurt, or driven away, no man seeing it: CHAPTER 2311 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between themboth, that he hath not put his hand unto his T HOU shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteousneighbour’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept witness.thereof, and he shall not make it good. 2 ¶ Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil;12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline afterrestitution unto the owner thereof. many to wrest judgment:13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for 3 ¶ Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man inwitness, and he shall not make good that which was his cause.torn. 4 ¶ If thou meet thine enemy’s ox or his ass going14 ¶ And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not 5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lyingwith it, he shall surely make it good. under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him,15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not thou shalt surely help with him.make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his 6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor inhire. his cause.16 ¶ And if a man entice a maid that is not 7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocentbetrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify theher to be his wife. wicked.17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, 8 ¶ And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindethhe shall pay money according to the dowry of the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.virgins. 9 ¶ Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye18 ¶ Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were19 ¶ Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put strangers in the land of death. 10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt20 ¶ He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the gather in the fruits thereof:LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed. 11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie21 ¶ Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and whathim: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like22 ¶ Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and withchild. thy oliveyard. 60
  • 78. EXODUS12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the 30 By little and little I will drive them out fromseventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit theass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the land.stranger, may be refreshed. 31 And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even13 And in all things that I have said unto you be unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desertcircumspect: and make no mention of the name of unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of theother gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth. land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out14 ¶ Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in before thee.the year. 32 Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: with their gods.(thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I 33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they makecommanded thee, in the time appointed of the thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, itmonth Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: will surely be a snare unto thee.and none shall appear before me empty:)16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy CHAPTER 24labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and thefeast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, A ND he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, andwhen thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afarfield. off.17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear 2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: butbefore the Lord GOD. they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice up with him.with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my 3 ¶ And Moses came and told the people all thesacrifice remain until the morning. words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt the people answered with one voice, and said, All thebring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou words which the LORD hath said will we do.shalt not seethe a kid in his mother’s milk. 4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and20 ¶ Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep rose up early in the morning, and builded an altarthee in the way, and to bring thee into the place under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to thewhich I have prepared. twelve tribes of Israel.21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him 5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel,not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peacemy name is in him. offerings of oxen unto the LORD.22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all 6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it inthat I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on theenemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries. altar.23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring 7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read inthee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the the audience of the people: and they said, All that thePerizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hivites, and LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.the Jebusites: and I will cut them off. 8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant,them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly which the LORD hath made with you concerning alloverthrow them, and quite break down their images. these words.25 And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he 9 ¶ Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, andshall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:sickness away from the midst of thee. 10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was26 ¶ There shall nothing cast their young, nor be under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphirebarren, in thy land: the number of thy days I will stone, and as it were the body of heaven in hisfulfil. clearness.27 I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy 11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel heall the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat andmake all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee. drink.28 And I will send hornets before thee, which shall 12 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to medrive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, into the mount, and be there: and I will give theefrom before thee. tables of stone, and a law, and commandments29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of 13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: andthe field multiply against thee. Moses went up into the mount of God. 61
  • 79. EXODUS14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, 17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold:until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, andand Hur are with you: if any man have any matters a cubit and a half the breadth do, let him come unto them. 18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two endscovered the mount. of the mercy seat.16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount 19 And make one cherub on the one end, and theSinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercyseventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two endsthe cloud. thereof.17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like 20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wingsdevouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings,the children of Israel. and their faces shall look one to another; toward the18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the 21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon themount forty days and forty nights. ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. CHAPTER 25 22 And there I will meet with thee, and I willA ND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, commune with thee from above the mercy seat, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they from between the two cherubims which are uponbring me an offering: of every man that giveth it the ark of the testimony, of all things which I willwillingly with his heart ye shall take my offering. give thee in commandment unto the children of3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them;, and silver, and brass, 23 ¶ Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit theand goats’ hair, breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height5 And rams’ skins dyed red, and badgers’ skins, and thereof.shittim wood, 24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for make thereto a crown of gold round about.sweet incense, 25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and breadth round about, and thou shalt make a goldenin the breastplate. crown to the border thereof round about.8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may 26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, anddwell among them. put the rings in the four corners that are on the four9 According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern feet thereof.of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the 27 Over against the border shall the rings be forinstruments thereof, even so shall ye make it. places of the staves to bear the table.10 ¶ And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: 28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood,two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and and overlay them with gold, that the table may bea cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit borne with them.and a half the height thereof. 29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowlsand without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou makeupon it a crown of gold round about. them.12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and 30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewbreadput them in the four corners thereof; and two rings before me alway.shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the 31 ¶ And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold:other side of it. of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and hisoverlay them with gold. flowers, shall be of the same.14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the 32 And six branches shall come out of the sides of it;sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with three branches of the candlestick out of the one side,them. and three branches of the candlestick out of the15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they other side:shall not be taken from it. 33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowlswhich I shall give thee. made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick. 62
  • 80. EXODUS34 And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made 12 And the remnant that remaineth of the curtainslike unto almonds, with their knops and their of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shallflowers. hang over the backside of the tabernacle.35 And there shall be a knop under two branches of 13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on thethe same, and a knop under two branches of the other side of that which remaineth in the length ofsame, and a knop under two branches of the same, the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides ofaccording to the six branches that proceed out of the the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to covercandlestick. it.36 Their knops and their branches shall be of the 14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent ofsame: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold. rams’ skins dyed red, and a covering above of37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and badgers’ skins.they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give 15 ¶ And thou shalt make boards for the tabernaclelight over against it. of shittim wood standing up.38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes 16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and athereof, shall be of pure gold. cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board.39 Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all 17 Two tenons shall there be in one board, set inthese vessels. order one against another: thus shalt thou make for40 And look that thou make them after their pattern, all the boards of the tabernacle.which was shewed thee in the mount. 18 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side CHAPTER 26 southward.M OREOVER thou shalt make the tabernacle 19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and the twenty boards; two sockets under one board forblue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of his two tenons, and two sockets under anothercunning work shalt thou make them. board for his two tenons.2 The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty 20 And for the second side of the tabernacle on thecubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: north side there shall be twenty boards:and every one of the curtains shall have one 21 And their forty sockets of silver; two socketsmeasure. under one board, and two sockets under another3 The five curtains shall be coupled together one to board.another; and other five curtains shall be coupled one 22 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thouto another. shalt make six boards.4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge 23 And two boards shalt thou make for the cornersof the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; of the tabernacle in the two sides.and likewise shalt thou make in the uttermost edge 24 And they shall be coupled together beneath, andof another curtain, in the coupling of the second. they shall be coupled together above the head of it5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; theyfifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain shall be for the two corners.that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops 25 And they shall be eight boards, and their socketsmay take hold one of another. of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one6 And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and board, and two sockets under another board.couple the curtains together with the taches: and it 26 ¶ And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; fiveshall be one tabernacle. for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle,7 ¶ And thou shalt make curtains of goats’ hair to be 27 And five bars for the boards of the other side ofa covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of thethou make. side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and 28 And the middle bar in the midst of the boardsthe breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the shall reach from end to end.eleven curtains shall be all of one measure. 29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, make their rings of gold for places for the bars: andand six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle. 30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in theone curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty mount.loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the 31 ¶ And thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple,second. and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work:11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put with cherubims shall it be made:the taches into the loops, and couple the tenttogether, that it may be one. 63
  • 81. EXODUS32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of 12 ¶ And for the breadth of the court on the westshittim wood overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten,of gold, upon the four sockets of silver. and their sockets ten.33 ¶ And thou shalt hang up the vail under the 13 And the breadth of the court on the east sidetaches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the eastward shall be fifty cubits.vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide 14 The hangings of one side of the gate shall beunto you between the holy place and the most holy. fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets34 And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of three.the testimony in the most holy place. 15 And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen35 And thou shalt set the table without the vail, and cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.the candlestick over against the table on the side of 16 ¶ And for the gate of the court shall be an hangingthe tabernacle toward the south: and thou shalt put of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, andthe table on the north side. fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and36 And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine 17 All the pillars round about the court shall betwined linen, wrought with needlework. filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and37 And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars their sockets of brass.of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, and 18 ¶ The length of the court shall be an hundredtheir hooks shall be of gold: and thou shalt cast five cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and thesockets of brass for them. height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass. CHAPTER 27 19 All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the serviceA ND thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar the court, shall be of brass.shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be 20 ¶ And thou shalt command the children of Israel,three cubits. that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four light, to cause the lamp to burn always.corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and 21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without thethou shalt overlay it with brass. vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his3 And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, sons shall order it from evening to morning beforeand his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto theirand his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.make of brass.4 And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of CHAPTER 28brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasenrings in the four corners thereof. A ND take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of5 And thou shalt put it under the compass of the Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest’saltar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar andof the altar. Ithamar, Aaron’s sons.6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of 2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thyshittim wood, and overlay them with brass. brother for glory and for beauty.7 And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the 3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted,staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, thatit. they may make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him,8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office.shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it. 4 And these are the garments which they shall make;9 ¶ And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and afor the south side southward there shall be hangings broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shallfor the court of fine twined linen of an hundred make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and hiscubits long for one side: sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty office.sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and 5 And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, andtheir fillets shall be of silver. scarlet, and fine linen.11 And likewise for the north side in length there 6 ¶ And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue,shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, withtwenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the cunning work.hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver. 7 It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together. 64
  • 82. EXODUS8 And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon 27 And two other rings of gold thou shalt make, andit, shall be of the same, according to the work shalt put them on the two sides of the ephodthereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, underneath, toward the forepart thereof, overand fine twined linen. against the other coupling thereof, above the curious9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on girdle of the ephod.them the names of the children of Israel: 28 And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings10 Six of their names on one stone, and the other six thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace ofnames of the rest on the other stone, according to blue, that it may be above the curious girdle of thetheir birth. ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the the ephod.engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two 29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children ofstones with the names of the children of Israel: thou Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart,shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the before the LORD continually.shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto 30 ¶ And thou shalt put in the breastplate ofthe children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and theynames before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a shall be upon Aaron’s heart, when he goeth in beforememorial. the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the13 ¶ And thou shalt make ouches of gold; children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD14 And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of continually.wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the 31 ¶ And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod allwreathen chains to the ouches. of blue.15 ¶ And thou shalt make the breastplate of 32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in thejudgment with cunning work; after the work of the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven workephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of anpurple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt habergeon, that it be not rent.thou make it. 33 ¶ And beneath upon the hem of it thou shalt16 Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and ofbe the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells ofthereof. gold between them round about:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even 34 A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bellfour rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe roundtopaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. about.18 And the second row shall be an emerald, a 35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and hissapphire, and a diamond. sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy19 And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, thatamethyst. he die not.20 And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a 36 ¶ And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, andjasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet,21 And the stones shall be with the names of the HOLINESS TO THE LORD.children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, 37 And thou shalt put it on a blue lace, that it maylike the engravings of a signet; every one with his be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre itname shall they be according to the twelve tribes. shall be.22 ¶ And thou shalt make upon the breastplate 38 And it shall be upon Aaron’s forehead, thatchains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold. Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things,23 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate two which the children of Israel shall hallow in all theirrings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead,ends of the breastplate. that they may be accepted before the LORD.24 And thou shalt put the two wreathen chains of 39 ¶ And thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen,gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the and thou shalt make the mitre of fine linen, and thoubreastplate. shalt make the girdle of needlework.25 And the other two ends of the two wreathen 40 ¶ And for Aaron’s sons thou shalt make coats,chains thou shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnetsthem on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before it. shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty.26 ¶ And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and 41 And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thythou shalt put them upon the two ends of the brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anointbreastplate in the border thereof, which is in the side them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, thatof the ephod inward. they may minister unto me in the priest’s office. 65
  • 83. EXODUS42 And thou shalt make them linen breeches to 16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt takecover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon thethighs they shall reach: altar.43 And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, 17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and washwhen they come in unto the tabernacle of the the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them untocongregation, or when they come near unto the altar his pieces, and unto his minister in the holy place; that they bear not 18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon theiniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is ahim and his seed after him. sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD. CHAPTER 29 19 ¶ And thou shalt take the other ram; and AaronA ND this is the thing that thou shalt do unto and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the the ram.priest’s office: Take one young bullock, and two 20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of hisrams without blemish, blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons,tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed and upon the thumb of their right hand, and uponwith oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them. the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the3 And thou shalt put them into one basket, and blood upon the altar round about.bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the 21 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon thetwo rams. altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons,door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt and upon the garments of his sons with him: and hewash them with water. shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons,5 And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon and his sons’ garments with him.Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the 22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and theephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and thecurious girdle of the ephod: caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat6 And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is aput the holy crown upon the mitre. ram of consecration:7 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it 23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiledupon his head, and anoint him. bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the8 And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon unleavened bread that is before the LORD:them. 24 And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for ahis sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the wave offering before the LORD.priest’s office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: 25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, andand thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons. burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a10 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought swee