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King James Bible - Pure Cambridge Edition


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  • 3. TO THE MOST HIGH AND MIGHTY PRINCE JAMES BY THE GRACE OF GOD KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND IRELAND DEFENDER OF THE FAITH, &c. The Translators of the Bible wish Grace, Mercy, and Peace, through JESUS CHRIST our LordG REAT and manifold were the blessings, most dread Sovereign, which Almighty God, the Father of all mercies, bestowed upon us the people of England, when first he sent Your Majesty’s Royal Person torule and reign over us. For whereas it was the expectation of many, who wished not well unto our Sion, thatupon the setting of that bright Occidental Star, Queen Elizabeth of most happy memory, some thick andpalpable clouds of darkness would so have overshadowed this Land, that men should have been in doubtwhich way they were to walk; and that it should hardly be known, who was to direct the unsettled State; theappearance of Your Majesty, as of the Sun in his strength, instantly dispelled those supposed and surmisedmists, and gave unto all that were well affected exceeding cause of comfort; especially when we beheld theGovernment established in Your Highness, and Your hopeful Seed, by an undoubted Title, and this alsoaccompanied with peace and tranquillity at home and abroad.But among all our joys, there was no one that more filled our hearts, than the blessed continuance of thepreaching of God’s sacred Word among us; which is that inestimable treasure, which excelleth all the richesof the earth; because the fruit thereof extendeth itself, not only to the time spent in this transitory world, butdirecteth and disposeth men unto that eternal happiness which is above in heaven.Then not to suffer this to fall to the ground, but rather to take it up, and to continue it in that state, whereinthe famous Predecessor of Your Highness did leave it: nay, to go forward with the confidence and resolutionof a Man in maintaining the truth of Christ, and propagating it far and near, is that which hath so boundand firmly knit the hearts of all Your Majesty’s loyal and religious people unto You, that Your very name isprecious among them: their eye doth behold You with comfort, and they bless You in their hearts, as thatsanctified Person, who, under God, is the immediate Author of their true happiness. And this theircontentment doth not diminish or decay, but every day increaseth and taketh strength, when they observe,that the zeal of Your Majesty toward the house of God doth not slack or go backward, but is more and morekindled, manifesting itself abroad in the farthest parts of Christendom, by writing in defence of the Truth,(which hath given such a blow unto that man of sin, as will not be healed,) and every day at home, byreligious and learned discourse, by frequenting the house of God, by hearing the Word preached, bycherishing the Teachers thereof, by caring for the Church, as a most tender and loving nursing Father.There are infinite arguments of this right Christian and religious affection in Your Majesty; but none ismore forcible to declare it to others than the vehement and perpetuated desire of accomplishing andpublishing of this work, which now with all humility we present unto Your Majesty. For when YourHighness had once out of deep judgment apprehended how convenient it was, that out of the OriginalSacred Tongues, together with comparing of the labours, both in our own, and other foreign Languages, ofmany worthy men who went before us, there should be one more exact Translation of the holy Scripturesinto the English Tongue; Your Majesty did never desist to urge and to excite those to whom it wascommended, that the work might be hastened, and that the business might be expedited in so decent amanner, as a matter of such importance might justly require.And now at last, by the mercy of God, and the continuance of our labours, it being brought unto such aconclusion, as that we have great hopes that the Church of England shall reap good fruit thereby; we hold itour duty to offer it to Your Majesty, not only as to our King and Sovereign, but as to the principal Moverand Author of the work: humbly craving of Your most Sacred Majesty, that since things of this quality have iii
  • 4. THE EPISTLE DEDICATORYever been subject to the censures of illmeaning and discontented persons, it may receive approbation andpatronage from so learned and judicious a Prince as Your Highness is, whose allowance and acceptance ofour labours shall more honour and encourage us, than all the calumniations and hard interpretations ofother men shall dismay us. So that if, on the one side, we shall be traduced by Popish Persons at home orabroad, who therefore will malign us, because we are poor instruments to make God’s holy Truth to be yetmore and more known unto the people, whom they desire still to keep in ignorance and darkness; or if, onthe other side, we shall be maligned by selfconceited Brethren, who run their own ways, and give liking untonothing, but what is framed by themselves, and hammered on their anvil; we may rest secure, supportedwithin by the truth and innocency of a good conscience, having walked the ways of simplicity and integrity,as before the Lord; and sustained without by the powerful protection of Your Majesty’s grace and favour,which will ever give countenance to honest and Christian endeavours against bitter censures anduncharitable imputations. The Lord of heaven and earth bless Your Majesty with many and happy days, that, as his heavenly hand hath enriched Your Highness with many singular and extraordinary graces, so You may be the wonder of the world in this latter age for happiness and true felicity, to the honour of that great GOD, and the good of his Church, through Jesus Christ our Lord and only Saviour. iv
  • 5. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The best things have been calumniatedZ EAL to promote the common good, whether it be by devising any thing ourselves, or revising that which hath been laboured by others, deserveth certainly much respect and esteem, but yet findeth butcold entertainment in the world. It is welcomed with suspicion instead of love, and with emulation insteadof thanks: and if there be any hole left for cavil to enter, (and cavil, if it do not find an hole, will make one) itis sure to be misconstrued, and in danger to be condemned. This will easily be granted by as many as knowstory, or have any experience. For was there ever any thing projected, that savoured any way of newness orrenewing, but the same endured many a storm of gainsaying or opposition? A man would think that civility,wholesome laws, learning and eloquence, synods, and Church-maintenance, (that we speak of no morethings of this kind) should be as safe as a sanctuary, and out of shot, as they say, that no man would lift upthe heel, no, nor dog move his tongue against the motioners of them. For by the first we are distinguishedfrom brute beasts led with sensuality: by the second we are bridled and restrained from outrageousbehaviour, and from doing of injuries, whether by fraud or by violence: by the third we are enabled toinform and reform others by the light and feeling that we have attained unto ourselves: briefly, by thefourth, being brought together to a parley face to face, we sooner compose our differences, than by writings,which are endless: and lastly, that the Church be sufficiently provided for is so agreeable to good reason andconscience, that those mothers are holden to be less cruel, that kill their children as soon as they are born,than those nursing fathers and mothers (wheresoever they be) that withdraw from them who hang upontheir breasts (and upon whose breasts again themselves do hang to receive the spiritual and sincere milk ofthe word) livelihood and support fit for their estates. Thus it is apparent, that these things which we speakof are of most necessary use, and therefore that none, either without absurdity can speak against them, orwithout note of wickedness can spurn against them.Yet for all that, the learned know that certain worthy men have been brought to untimely death for noneother fault, but for seeking to reduce their countrymen to good order and discipline: And that in someCommonweals it was made a capital crime, once to motion the making of a new law for the abrogating ofan old, though the same were most pernicious: And that certain, which would be counted pillars of theState, and patterns of virtue and prudence, could not be brought for a long time to give way to good lettersand refined speech; but bare themselves as averse from them, as from rocks or boxes of poison: Andfourthly, that he was no babe, but a great Clerk, that gave forth, (and in writing to remain to posterity) inpassion peradventure, but yet he gave forth, That he had not seen any profit to come by any synod ormeeting of the Clergy, but rather the contrary: And lastly, against Church-maintenance and allowance, insuch sort as the ambassadors and messengers of the great King of kings should be furnished, it is notunknown what a fiction or fable (so it is esteemed, and for no better by the reporter himself, thoughsuperstitious) was devised: namely, That at such time as the professors and teachers of Christianity in theChurch of Rome, then a true Church, were liberally endowed, a voice forsooth was heard from heaven,saying, Now is poison poured down into the Church, &c. Thus not only as oft as we speak, as one saith, butalso as oft as we do any thing of note or consequence, we subject ourselves to every one’s censure, andhappy is he that is least tossed upon tongues; for utterly to escape the snatch of them it is impossible. If anyman conceit that this is the lot and portion of the meaner sort only, and that princes are privileged by theirhigh estate, he is deceived. As, The sword devoureth as well one as another, as it is in Samuel; nay, as thegreat commander charged his soldiers in a certain battle to strike at no part of the enemy, but at the face;and as the king of Syria commanded his chief captains, To fight neither with small nor great, save onlyagainst the king of Israel: so it is too true, that envy striketh most spitefully at the fairest, and at the chiefest.David was a worthy prince, and no man to be compared to him for his first deeds; and yet for as worthy anact as ever he did, even for bringing back the ark of God in solemnity, he was scorned and scoffed at by hisown wife. Solomon was greater than David, though not in virtue, yet in power; and by his power andwisdom he built a temple to the Lord, such an one as was the glory of the land of Israel, and the wonder ofthe whole world. But was that his magnificence liked by all? We doubt of it. Otherwise why do they lay it inhis son’s dish, and call unto him for easing of the burden? Make, say they, the grievous servitude of thyfather, and his sore yoke, lighter. Belike he had charged them with some levies, and troubled them withsome carriages; hereupon they raise up a tragedy, and wish in their heart the temple had never been built. Sohard a thing it is to please all, even when we please God best, and do seek to approve ourselves to every one’sconscience. v
  • 6. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The highest personages have been calumniatedIf we will descend to later times, we shall find many the like examples of such kind, or rather unkind,acceptance. The first Roman Emperor did never do a more pleasing deed to the learned, nor more profitableto posterity, for conserving the record of times in true supputation, than when he corrected the Calendar,and ordered the year according to the course of the sun: and yet this was imputed to him for novelty andarrogancy, and procured to him great obloquy. So the first Christened Emperor, (at the leastwise, thatopenly professed the faith himself, and allowed others to do the like) for strengthening the empire at hisgreat charges, and providing for the Church, as he did, got for his labour the name Pupillus, as who wouldsay, a wasteful Prince, that had need of a guardian or overseer. So the best Christened Emperor, for the lovethat he bare unto peace, thereby to enrich both himself and his subjects, and because he did not seek war,but find it, was judged to be no man at arms, (though in deed he excelled in feats of chivalry, and shewed somuch when he was provoked) and condemned for giving himself to his ease, and to his pleasure. To beshort, the most learned Emperor of former times, (at the least, the greatest politician) what thanks had hefor cutting off the superfluities of the laws, and digesting them into some order and method? This, that hehath been blotted by some to be an Epitomist, that is, one that extinguished worthy whole volumes, to bringhis abridgments into request. This is the measure that hath been rendered to excellent Princes in formertimes, even, Cum bene facerent, male audire, For their good deeds to be evil spoken of. Neither is there anylikelihood that envy and malignity died and were buried with the ancient. No, no, the reproof of Mosestaketh hold of most ages, Ye are risen up in your fathers’ stead, an increase of sinful men. What is that thathath been done? that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun, saith the wise man. AndSt Stephen, As your fathers did, so do ye.¶ His Majesty’s constancy, notwithstanding calumniation, for the survey of the English translationsThis, and more to this purpose, his Majesty that now reigneth (and long and long may he reign, and hisoffspring for ever, Himself and children and children’s children always!) knew full well, according to thesingular wisdom given unto him by God, and the rare learning and experience that he hath attained unto;namely, That whosoever attempteth any thing for the publick, (especially if it appertain to religion, and tothe opening and clearing of the word of God) the same setteth himself upon a stage to be glouted upon byevery evil eye; yea, he casteth himself headlong upon pikes, to be gored by every sharp tongue. For he thatmeddleth with men’s religion in any part meddleth with their custom, nay, with their freehold; and thoughthey find no content in that which they have, yet they cannot abide to hear of altering. Notwithstanding hisroyal heart was not daunted or discouraged for this or that colour, but stood resolute, As a statueimmoveable, and an anvil not easy to be beaten into plates, as one saith; he knew who had chosen him to bea soldier, or rather a captain; and being assured that the course which he intended made much for the gloryof God, and the building up of his Church, he would not suffer it to be broken off for whatsoever speechesor practices. It doth certainly belong unto kings, yea, it doth specially belong unto them, to have care ofreligion, yea, to know it aright, yea, to profess it zealously, yea, to promote it to the uttermost of theirpower. This is their glory before all nations which mean well, and this will bring unto them a far mostexcellent weight of glory in the day of the Lord Jesus. For the Scripture saith not in vain, Them that honourme I will honour: neither was it a vain word that Eusebius delivered long ago, That piety towards God wasthe weapon, and the only weapon, that both preserved Constantine’s person, and avenged him of hisenemies.¶ The praise of the Holy ScripturesBut now what piety without truth? What truth, what saving truth, without the word of God? What word ofGod, whereof we may be sure, without the Scripture? The Scriptures we are commanded to search. John v.39. Isaiah viii. 20. They are commended that searched and studied them. Acts xvii. 11 and viii. 28, 29. Theyare reproved that were unskilful in them, or slow to believe them. Matth. xxii. 29. Luke xxiv. 25. They canmake us wise unto salvation. 2 Tim. iii. 15. If we be ignorant, they will instruct us; if out of the way, they willbring us home; if out of order, they will reform us; if in heaviness, comfort us; if dull, quicken us; if cold,inflame us. Tolle, lege; tolle, lege; Take up and read, take up and read the Scriptures, (for unto them was thedirection) it was said unto St Augustine by a supernatural voice. Whatsoever is in the Scriptures, believe me,saith the same St Augustine, is high and divine; there is verily truth, and a doctrine most fit for therefreshing and renewing of men’s minds, and truly so tempered, that every one may draw from thence thatwhich is sufficient for him, if he come to draw with a devout and pious mind, as true religion requireth.Thus St Augustine. And St Hierome, Ama Scripturas, et amabit te sapientia, &c. Love the Scriptures, andwisdom will love thee. And St Cyrill against Julian, Even boys that are bred up in the Scriptures, becomemost religious, &c. But what mention we three or four uses of the Scripture, whereas whatsoever is to bebelieved, or practised, or hoped for, is contained in them? or three or four sentences of the Fathers, since vi
  • 7. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERwhosoever is worthy the name of a Father, from Christ’s time downward, hath likewise written not only ofthe riches, but also of the perfection of the Scripture? I adore the fulness of the Scripture, saith Tertullianagainst Hermogenes. And again, to Apelles an heretick of the like stamp he saith, I do not admit that whichthou bringest in (or concludest) of thine own (head or store, de tuo) without Scripture. So St Justin Martyrbefore him; We must know by all means (saith he) that it is not lawful (or possible) to learn (any thing) ofGod or of right piety, save only out of the Prophets, who teach us by divine inspiration. So St Basil afterTertullian, It is a manifest falling away from the faith, and a fault of presumption, either to reject any ofthose things that are written, or to bring in (upon the head of them, ἐπεισάγειν) any of those things that are notwritten. We omit to cite to the same effect St Cyrill, Bishop of Jerusalem in his 4. Cateches. St Hieromeagainst Helvidius, St Augustine in his third book against the letters of Petilian, and in very many otherplaces of his works. Also we forbear to descend to latter Fathers, because we will not weary the reader. TheScriptures then being acknowledged to be so full and so perfect, how can we excuse ourselves of negligence,if we do not study them? of curiosity, if we be not content with them? Men talk much of εἰρεσιώνη, how manysweet and goodly things it had hanging on it; of the Philosopher’s stone, that it turneth copper into gold; ofCornucopia, that it had all things necessary for food in it; of Panaces the herb, that it was good for alldiseases; of Catholicon the drug, that it is instead of all purges; of Vulcan’s armour, that it was an armour ofproof against all thrusts and all blows, &c. Well, that which they falsely or vainly attributed to these forbodily good, we may justly and with full measure ascribe unto the Scripture for spiritual. It is not only anarmour, but also a whole armoury of weapons, both offensive and defensive; whereby we may saveourselves, and put the enemy to flight. It is not an herb, but a tree, or rather a whole paradise of trees of life,which bring forth fruit every month, and the fruit thereof is for meat, and the leaves for medicine. It is not apot of Manna or a cruse of oil, which were for memory only, or for a meal’s meat or two; but as it were ashower of heavenly bread sufficient for a whole host, be it never so great, and as it were a whole cellar full ofoil vessels; whereby all our necessities may be provided for, and our debts discharged. In a word, it is apanary of wholesome food against fenowed traditions; a physician’s shop (St Basil calleth it) of preservativesagainst poisoned heresies; a pandect of profitable laws against rebellious spirits; a treasury of most costlyjewels against beggarly rudiments; finally, a fountain of most pure water springing up unto everlasting life.And what marvel? the original thereof being from heaven, not from earth; the author being God, not man;the inditer, the Holy Spirit, not the wit of the Apostles or Prophets; the penmen, such as were sanctifiedfrom the womb, and endued with a principal portion of God’s Spirit; the matter, verity, piety, purity,uprightness; the form, God’s word, God’s testimony, God’s oracles, the word of truth, the word ofSalvation, &c.; the effects, light of understanding, stableness of persuasion, repentance from dead works,newness of life, holiness, peace, joy in the Holy Ghost; lastly, the end and reward of the study thereof,fellowship with the saints, participation of the heavenly nature, fruition of an inheritance immortal,undefiled, and that never shall fade away: Happy is the man that delighteth in the Scripture, and thricehappy that meditateth in it day and night.¶ Translation necessaryBut how shall men meditate in that which they cannot understand? How shall they understand that which iskept close in an unknown tongue? as it is written, Except I know the power of the voice, I shall be to himthat speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian to me. The Apostle excepteth no tongue;not Hebrew the ancientest, not Greek the most copious, not Latin the finest. Nature taught a natural man toconfess, that all of us in those tongues which we do not understand are plainly deaf; we may turn the deafear unto them. The Scythian counted the Athenian, whom he did not understand, barbarous: so the Romandid the Syrian and the Jew: (even St Hierome himself calleth the Hebrew tongue barbarous; belike, becauseit was strange to so many:) so the Emperor of Constantinople calleth the Latin tongue barbarous, thoughPope Nicolas do storm at it: so the Jews long before Christ called all other nations Lognasim, which is littlebetter than barbarous. Therefore as one complaineth that always in the Senate of Rome there was one orother that called for an interpreter; so, lest the Church be driven to the like exigent, it is necessary to havetranslations in a readiness. Translation it is that openeth the window, to let in the light; that breaketh theshell, that we may eat the kernel; that putteth aside the curtain, that we may look into the most holy place;that removeth the cover of the well, that we may come by the water; even as Jacob rolled away the stonefrom the mouth of the well, by which means the flocks of Laban were watered. Indeed without translationinto the vulgar tongue, the unlearned are but like children at Jacob’s well (which was deep) without a bucketor something to draw with: or as that person mentioned by Esay, to whom when a sealed book wasdelivered with this motion, Read this, I pray thee, he was fain to make this answer, I cannot, for it is sealed. vii
  • 8. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The translation of the Old Testament out of the Hebrew into GreekWhile God would be known only in Jacob, and have his name great in Israel, and in none other place; whilethe dew lay on Gideon’s fleece only, and all the earth besides was dry; then for one and the same people,which spake all of them the language of Canaan, that is, Hebrew, one and the same original in Hebrew wassufficient. But when the fulness of time drew near, that the Sun of righteousness, the Son of God, shouldcome into the world, whom God ordained to be a reconciliation through faith in his blood, not of the Jewonly, but also of the Greek, yea, of all them that were scattered abroad; then, lo, it pleased the Lord to stir upthe spirit of a Greek prince, (Greek for descent and language) even of Ptolemy Philadelph king of Egypt, toprocure the translating of the book of God out of Hebrew into Greek. This is the translation of the Seventyinterpreters, commonly so called, which prepared the way for our Saviour among the Gentiles by writtenpreaching, as St John Baptist did among the Jews by vocal. For the Grecians, being desirous of learning,were not wont to suffer books of worth to lie moulding in kings’ libraries, but had many of their servants,ready scribes, to copy them out, and so they were dispersed and made common. Again the Greek tonguewas well known and made familiar to most inhabitants in Asia by reason of the conquests that there theGrecians had made, as also by the colonies which thither they had sent. For the same causes also it was wellunderstood in many places of Europe, yea, and of Africk too. Therefore the word of God being set forth inGreek, becometh hereby like a candle set upon a candlestick, which giveth light to all that are in the house;or like a proclamation sounded forth in the market-place, which most men presently take knowledge of;and therefore that language was fittest to contain the Scriptures, both for the first preachers of the Gospel toappeal unto for witness, and for the learners also of those times to make search and trial by. It is certain, thatthat translation was not so sound and so perfect, but that it needed in many places correction; and who hadbeen so sufficient for this work as the Apostles or apostolick men? Yet it seemed good to the Holy Ghost andto them to take that which they found, (the same being for the greatest part true and sufficient) rather thanby making a new, in that new world and green age of the Church, to expose themselves to many exceptionsand cavillations, as though they made a translation to serve their own turn, and therefore bearing witness tothemselves, their witness not to be regarded. This may be supposed to be some cause, why the translation ofthe Seventy was allowed to pass for current. Notwithstanding, though it was commended generally, yet itdid not fully content the learned, no not of the Jews. For not long after Christ, Aquila fell in hand with anew translation, and after him Theodotion, and after him Symmachus: yea, there was a fifth and a sixthedition, the authors whereof were not known. These with the Seventy made up the Hexapla, and wereworthily and to great purpose compiled together by Origen. Howbeit the edition of the Seventy went awaywith the credit, and therefore not only was placed in the midst by Origen, (for the worth and excellencythereof above the rest, as Epiphanius gathereth) but also was used by the Greek Fathers for the ground andfoundation of their commentaries. Yea, Epiphanius abovenamed doth attribute so much unto it, that heholdeth the authors thereof not only for interpreters, but also for prophets in some respect: and Justinianthe Emperor, injoining the Jews his subjects to use especially the translation of the Seventy, rendereth thisreason thereof, Because they were, as it were, enlightened with prophetical grace. Yet for all that, as theEgyptians are said of the Prophet to be men and not God, and their horses flesh and not spirit: so it isevident, (and St Hierome affirmeth as much) that the Seventy were interpreters, they were not prophets.They did many things well, as learned men; but yet as men they stumbled and fell, one while throughoversight, another while through ignorance; yea, sometimes they may be noted to add to the original, andsometimes to take from it: which made the Apostles to leave them many times, when they left the Hebrew,and to deliver the sense thereof according to the truth of the word, as the Spirit gave them utterance. Thismay suffice touching the Greek translations of the Old Testament.¶ Translation out of Hebrew and Greek into LatinThere were also within a few hundred years after Christ translations many into the Latin tongue: for thistongue also was very fit to convey the law and the Gospel by, because in those times very many countries ofthe West, yea of the South, East, and North, spake or understood Latin, being made provinces to theRomans. But now the Latin translations were too many to be all good, for they were infinite; (Latiniinterpretes nullo modo numerari possunt, saith St Augustine.) Again, they were not out of the Hebrewfountain, (we speak of the Latin translations of the Old Testament) but out of the Greek stream; thereforethe Greek being not altogether clear, the Latin derived from it must needs be muddy. This moved StHierome, a most learned Father, and the best linguist without controversy of his age, or of any other thatwent before him, to undertake the translating of the Old Testament out of the very fountains themselves;which he performed with that evidence of great learning, judgment, industry, and faithfulness, that he hathfor ever bound the Church unto him in a debt of special remembrance and thankfulness. viii
  • 9. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER¶ The translating of the Scripture into the vulgar tonguesNow though the Church were thus furnished with Greek and Latin translations, even before the faith ofChrist was generally embraced in the Empire: (for the learned know that even in St Hierome’s time theConsul of Rome and his wife were both Ethnicks, and about the same time the greatest part of the Senatealso) yet for all that the godly learned were not content to have the Scriptures in the language whichthemselves understood, Greek and Latin, (as the good lepers were not content to fare well themselves, butacquainted their neighbours with the store that God had sent, that they also might provide for themselves)but also for the behoof and edifying of the unlearned which hungered and thirsted after righteousness, andhad souls to be saved as well as they, they provided translations into the vulgar for their countrymen,insomuch that most nations under heaven did shortly after their conversion hear Christ speaking unto themin their mother tongue, not by the voice of their minister only, but also by the written word translated. Ifany doubt hereof, he may be satisfied by examples enough, if enough will serve the turn. First, St Hieromesaith, Multarum gentium linguis Scriptura ante translata docet falsa esse quæ addita sunt, &c. i.e. TheScripture being translated before in the language of many nations doth shew that those things that wereadded (by Lucian or Hesychius) are false. So St Hierome in that place. The same Hierome elsewhereaffirmeth that he, the time was, had set forth the translation of the Seventy, Suæ linguæ hominibus; i.e. forhis countrymen of Dalmatia. Which words not only Erasmus doth understand to purport, that St Hierometranslated the Scripture into the Dalmatian tongue; but also Sixtus Senensis, and Alphonsus a Castro, (thatwe speak of no more) men not to be excepted against by them of Rome, do ingenuously confess as much. SoSt Chrysostome, that lived in St Hierome’s time, giveth evidence with him: The doctrine of St John (saithhe) did not in such sort (as the Philosophers’ did) vanish away: but the Syrians, Egyptians, Indians, Persians,Ethiopians, and infinite other nations, being barbarous people, translated it into their (mother) tongue andhave learned to be (true) Philosophers (he meaneth Christians). To this may be added Theodoret, as nextunto him both for antiquity, and for learning. His words be these, Every country that is under the sun is fullof these words, (of the Apostles and Prophets) and the Hebrew tongue (he meaneth the Scriptures in theHebrew tongue) is turned not only into the language of the Grecians, but also of the Romans, andEgyptians, and Persians, and Indians, and Armenians, and Scythians, and Sauromatians, and, briefly, intoall the languages that any nation useth. So he. In like manner Ulpilas is reported by Paulus Diaconus andIsidore, and before them by Sozomen, to have translated the Scriptures into the Gothick tongue: JohnBishop of Sevil by Vasseus, to have turned them into Arabick about the Year of our Lord 717: Beda byCistertiensis, to have turned a great part of them into Saxon: Efnard by Trithemius, to have abridged theFrench Psalter (as Beda had done the Hebrew) about the year 800; King Alured by the said Cistertiensis, tohave turned the Psalter into Saxon: Methodius by Aventinus (printed at Ingolstad) to have turned theScriptures into Sclavonian: Valdo Bishop of Frising by Beatus Rhenanus, to have caused about that time theGospels to be translated into Dutch rhyme, yet extant in the library of Corbinian: Valdus by divers, to haveturned them himself, or to have gotten them turned, into French about the year 1160: Charles the fifth ofthat name, surnamed The wise, to have caused them to be turned into French, about 200 years after Valdushis time; of which translation there be many copies yet extant, as witnesseth Beroaldus. Much about thattime, even in our King Richard the second’s days, John Trevisa translated them into English, and manyEnglish Bibles in written hand are yet to be seen with divers; translated, as it is very probable, in that age. Sothe Syrian translation of the New Testament is in most learned men’s libraries, of Widminstadius his settingforth; and the Psalter in Arabick is with many, of Augustinus Nebiensis’ setting forth. So Postel affirmeth,that in his travel he saw the Gospels in the Ethiopian tongue: And Ambrose Thesius allegeth the Psalter ofthe Indians, which he testifieth to have been set forth by Potken in Syrian characters. So that to have theScriptures in the mother tongue is not a quaint conceit lately taken up, either by the Lord Cromwell inEngland, or by the Lord Radevile in Polony, or by the Lord Ungnadius in the Emperor’s dominion, but hathbeen thought upon, and put in practice of old, even from the first times of the conversion of any nation; nodoubt, because it was esteemed most profitable to cause faith to grow in men’s hearts the sooner, and tomake them to be able to say with the words of the Psalm, As we have heard, so we have seen.¶ The unwillingness of our chief adversaries that the Scriptures should be divulged in the mother tongue, &c.Now the Church of Rome would seem at the length to bear a motherly affection towards her children, andto allow them the Scriptures in their mother tongue: but indeed it is a gift, not deserving to be called a gift,an unprofitable gift: they must first get a licence in writing before they may use them; and to get that, theymust approve themselves to their Confessor, that is, to be such as are, if not frozen in the dregs, yet souredwith the leaven of their superstition. Howbeit it seemed too much to Clement the eighth that there shouldbe any licence granted to have them in the vulgar tongue, and therefore he overruleth and frustrateth thegrant of Pius the fourth. So much are they afraid of the light of the Scripture, (Lucifugæ Scripturarum, asTertullian speaketh) that they will not trust the people with it, no not as it is set forth by their own sworn ix
  • 10. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERmen, no not with the licence of their own Bishops and Inquisitors. Yea, so unwilling they are tocommunicate the Scriptures to the people’s understanding in any sort, that they are not ashamed to confessthat we forced them to translate it into English against their wills. This seemeth to argue a bad cause, or abad conscience, or both. Sure we are, that it is not he that hath good gold, that is afraid to bring it to thetouchstone, but he that hath the counterfeit; neither is it the true man that shunneth the light, but themalefactor, lest his deeds should be reproved; neither is it the plaindealing merchant that is unwilling tohave the weights, or the meteyard, brought in place, but he that useth deceit. But we will let them alone forthis fault, and return to translation.¶ The speeches and reasons, both of our brethren, and of our adversaries, against this workMany men’s mouths have been opened a good while (and yet are not stopped) with speeches about thetranslation so long in hand, or rather perusals of translations made before: and ask what may be the reason,what the necessity, of the employment. Hath the Church been deceived, say they, all this while? Hath hersweet bread been mingled with leaven, her silver with dross, her wine with water, her milk with lime? (Lactegypsum male miscetur, saith St Irenee.) We hoped that we had been in the right way, that we had had theoracles of God delivered unto us, and that though all the world had cause to be offended, and to complain,yet that we had none. Hath the nurse holden out the breast, and nothing but wind in it? Hath the breadbeen delivered by the Fathers of the Church, and the same proved to be lapidosus, as Seneca speaketh? Whatis it to handle the word of God deceitfully, if this be not? Thus certain brethren. Also the adversaries ofJudah and Hierusalem, like Sanballat in Nehemiah, mock, as we hear, both at the work and workmen,saying, What do these weak Jews, &c. will they make the stones whole again out of the heaps of dust whichare burnt? Although they build, yet if a fox go up, he shall even break down their stony wall. Was theirtranslation good before? Why do they now mend it? Was it not good? Why then was it obtruded to thepeople? Yea, why did the Catholicks (meaning Popish Romanists) always go in jeopardy for refusing to goto hear it? Nay, if it must be translated into English, Catholicks are fittest to do it. They have learning, andthey know when a thing is well, they can manum de tabula. We will answer them both briefly: and theformer, being brethren, thus with St Hierome, Damnamus veteres? Minime, sed post priorum studia indomo Domini quod possumus laboramus. That is, Do we condemn the ancient? In no case: but after theendeavours of them that were before us, we take the best pains we can in the house of God. As if he said,Being provoked by the example of the learned that lived before my time, I have thought it my duty to assaywhether my talent in the knowledge of the tongues may be profitable in any measure to God’s Church, lest Ishould seem to have laboured in them in vain, and lest I should be thought to glory in men (althoughancient) above that which was in them. Thus St Hierome may be thought to speak.¶ A satisfaction to our brethrenAnd to the same effect say we, that we are so far off from condemning any of their labours that travelledbefore us in this kind, either in this land, or beyond sea, either in King Henry’s time, or King Edward’s, (ifthere were any translation, or correction of a translation, in his time) or Queen Elizabeth’s of ever renownedmemory, that we acknowledge them to have been raised up of God for the building and furnishing of hisChurch, and that they deserve to be had of us and of posterity in everlasting remembrance. The judgment ofAristotle is worthy and well known: If Timotheus had not been, we had not had much sweet musick: But ifPhrynis (Timotheus his master) had not been, we had not had Timotheus. Therefore blessed be they, andmost honoured be their name, that break the ice, and give the onset upon that which helpeth forward to thesaving of souls. Now what can be more available thereto, than to deliver God’s book unto God’s people in atongue which they understand? Since of an hidden treasure, and of a fountain that is sealed, there is noprofit, as Ptolemy Philadelph wrote to the Rabbins or masters of the Jews, as witnesseth Epiphanius: and asSt Augustine saith, A man had rather be with his dog than with a stranger (whose tongue is strange untohim.) Yet for all that, as nothing is begun and perfected at the same time, and the latter thoughts arethought to be the wiser: so, if we building upon their foundation that went before us, and being holpen bytheir labours, do endeavour to make that better which they left so good; no man, we are sure, hath cause tomislike us; they, we persuade ourselves, if they were alive, would thank us. The vintage of Abiezer, thatstrake the stroke: yet the gleaning of grapes of Ephraim was not to be despised. See Judges viii. 2. Joash theking of Israel did not satisfy himself till he had smitten the ground three times; and yet he offended theProphet for giving over then. Aquila, of whom we spake before, translated the Bible as carefully and asskilfully as he could; and yet he thought good to go over it again, and then it got the credit with the Jews tobe called κατ᾽ ἀκρίβειαν, that is, accurately done, as St Hierome witnesseth. How many books of profanelearning have been gone over again and again, by the same translators, by others? Of one and the same bookof Aristotle’s Ethics there are extant not so few as six or seven several translations. Now if this cost may bebestowed upon the gourd, which affordeth us a little shade, and which to day flourisheth, but to morrow is x
  • 11. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERcut down; what may we bestow, nay, what ought we not to bestow, upon the vine, the fruit whereof makethglad the conscience of man, and the stem whereof abideth for ever? And this is the word of God, which wetranslate. What is the chaff to the wheat? saith the Lord. Tanti vitreum, quanti verum margaritum! (saithTertullian,) if a toy of glass be of that reckoning with us, how ought we to value the true pearl? Therefore letno man’s eye be evil, because his Majesty’s is good; neither let any be grieved, that we have a Prince thatseeketh the increase of the spiritual wealth of Israel; (let Sanballats and Tobiahs do so, which therefore dobear their just reproof) but let us rather bless God from the ground of our heart for working this religiouscare in him to have the translations of the Bible maturely considered of and examined. For by this means itcometh to pass, that whatsoever is sound already, (and all is sound for substance in one or other of oureditions, and the worst of ours far better than their authentick Vulgar) the same will shine as gold morebrightly, being rubbed and polished; also, if any thing be halting, or superfluous, or not so agreeable to theoriginal, the same may be corrected, and the truth set in place. And what can the King command to bedone, that will bring him more true honour than this? And wherein could they that have been set at workapprove their duty to the King, yea, their obedience to God, and love to his Saints, more, than by yieldingtheir service, and all that is within them, for the furnishing of the work? But besides all this, they were theprincipal motives of it, and therefore ought least to quarrel it. For the very historical truth is, that upon theimportunate petitions of the Puritans at his Majesty’s coming to this crown, the conference at HamptonCourt having been appointed for hearing their complaints, when by force of reason they were put from allother grounds, they had recourse at the last to this shift, that they could not with good conscience subscribeto the Communion book, since it maintained the Bible as it was there translated, which was, as they said, amost corrupted translation. And although this was judged to be but a very poor and empty shift, yet evenhereupon did his Majesty begin to bethink himself of the good that might ensue by a new translation, andpresently after gave order for this translation which is now presented unto thee. Thus much to satisfy ourscrupulous brethren.¶ An answer to the imputations of our adversariesNow to the latter we answer, That we do not deny, nay, we affirm and avow, that the very meanesttranslation of the Bible in English set forth by men of our profession (for we have seen none of theirs of thewhole Bible as yet) containeth the word of God, nay, is the word of God: as the King’s speech which heuttered in Parliament, being translated into French, Dutch, Italian, and Latin, is still the King’s speech,though it be not interpreted by every translator with the like grace, nor peradventure so fitly for phrase, norso expressly for sense, every where. For it is confessed, that things are to take their denomination of thegreater part; and a natural man could say, Verum ubi multa nitent in carmine, non ego paucis offendormaculis, &c. A man may be counted a virtuous man, though he have made many slips in his life, (else therewere none virtuous, for, In many things we offend all,) also a comely man and lovely, though he have somewarts upon his hand; yea, not only freckles upon his face, but also scars. No cause therefore why the wordtranslated should be denied to be the word, or forbidden to be current, notwithstanding that someimperfections and blemishes may be noted in the setting forth of it. For whatever was perfect under the sun,where Apostles or apostolick men, that is, men endued with an extraordinary measure of God’s Spirit, andprivileged with the privilege of infallibility, had not their hand? The Romanists therefore in refusing to hear,and daring to burn the word translated, did no less than despite the Spirit of grace, from whom originally itproceeded, and whose sense and meaning, as well as man’s weakness would enable, it did express. Judge byan example or two.Plutarch writeth, that after that Rome had been burnt by the Gauls, they fell soon to build it again: butdoing it in haste, they did not cast the streets, nor proportion the houses, in such comely fashion, as hadbeen most sightly and convenient. Was Catiline therefore an honest man, or a good patriot, that sought tobring it to a combustion? or Nero a good Prince, that did indeed set it on fire? So by the story of Ezra andthe prophecy of Haggai it may be gathered, that the temple built by Zerubbabel after the return fromBabylon was by no means to be compared to the former built by Solomon: (for they that remembered theformer wept when they considered the latter) notwithstanding might this latter either have been abhorredand forsaken by the Jews, or profaned by the Greeks? The like we are to think of translations. Thetranslation of the Seventy dissenteth from the Original in many places, neither doth it come near it forperspicuity, gravity, majesty; yet which of the Apostles did condemn it? Condemn it? Nay, they used it, (as itis apparent, and as St Hierome and most learned men do confess) which they would not have done, nor bytheir example of using of it so grace and commend it to the Church, if it had been unworthy the appellationand name of the word of God. And whereas they urge for their second defence of their vilifying and abusingof the English Bibles, or some pieces thereof, which they meet with, for that Hereticks forsooth were theauthors of the translations: (Hereticks they call us by the same right that they call themselves Catholicks, xi
  • 12. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERboth being wrong) we marvel what divinity taught them so. We are sure Tertullian was of another mind: Expersonis probamus fidem, an ex fide personas? Do we try men’s faith by their persons? We should try theirpersons by their faith. Also St Augustine was of another mind: for he, lighting upon certain rules made byTychonius a Donatist for the better understanding of the Word, was not ashamed to make use of them, yea,to insert them into his own book, with giving commendation to them so far forth as they were worthy to becommended, as is to be seen in St Augustine’s third book De Doctrina Christiana. To be short, Origen, andthe whole Church of God for certain hundred years, were of another mind: for they were so far fromtreading under foot (much more from burning) the translation of Aquila a proselyte, that is, one that hadturned Jew, of Symmachus, and Theodotion, both Ebionites, that is, most vile hereticks, that they joinedthem together with the Hebrew original, and the translation of the Seventy, (as hath been before signifiedout of Epiphanius) and set them forth openly to be considered of and perused by all. But we weary theunlearned, who need not know so much; and trouble the learned, who know it already.Yet before we end, we must answer a third cavil and objection of theirs against us, for altering andamending our translation so oft; wherein truly they deal hardly and strangely with us. For to whom ever wasit imputed for a fault (by such as were wise) to go over that which he had done, and to amend it where hesaw cause? St Augustine was not afraid to exhort St Hierome to a Palinodia or recantation. The same StAugustine was not ashamed to retractate, we might say, revoke, many things that had passed him, and dotheven glory that he seeth his infirmities. If we will be sons of the truth, we must consider what it speaketh,and trample upon our own credit, yea, and upon other men’s too, if either be any way an hinderance to it.This to the cause. Then to the persons we say, that of all men they ought to be most silent in this case. Forwhat varieties have they, and what alterations have they made, not only of their service books, portesses, andbreviaries, but also of their Latin translation? The service book supposed to be made by St Ambrose(Officium Ambrosianum) was a great while in special use and request: but Pope Adrian, calling a councilwith the aid of Charles the Emperor, abolished it, yea, burnt it, and commanded the service book of StGregory universally to be used. Well, Officium Gregorianum gets by this means to be in credit; but doth itcontinue without change or altering? No, the very Roman service was of two fashions; the new fashion, andthe old, the one used in one Church, and the other in another; as is to be seen in Pamelius a Romanist hispreface before Micrologus. The same Pamelius reporteth out of Radulphus de Rivo, that about the year ofour Lord 1277 Pope Nicolas the third removed out of the churches of Rome the more ancient books (ofservice) and brought into use the missals of the Friers Minorites, and commanded them to be observedthere; insomuch that about an hundred years after, when the above named Radulphus happened to be atRome, he found all the books to be new, of the new stamp. Neither was there this chopping and changing inthe more ancient times only, but also of late. Pius Quintus himself confesseth, that every bishoprick almosthad a peculiar kind of service, most unlike to that which others had; which moved him to abolish all otherbreviaries, though never so ancient, and privileged and published by Bishops in their Dioceses, and toestablish and ratify that only which was of his own setting forth in the year 1568. Now when the Father oftheir Church, who gladly would heal the sore of the daughter of his people softly and slightly, and make thebest of it, findeth so great fault with them for their odds and jarring; we hope the children have no greatcause to vaunt of their uniformity. But the difference that appeareth between our translations, and our oftencorrecting of them, is the thing that we are specially charged with; let us see therefore whether theythemselves be without fault this way, (if it be to be counted a fault to correct) and whether they be fit mento throw stones at us: O tandem major parcas insane minori: They that are less sound themselves ought notto object infirmities to others. If we should tell them that Valla, Stapulensis, Erasmus, and Vives, found faultwith their vulgar translation, and consequently wished the same to be mended, or a new one to be made;they would answer peradventure, that we produced their enemies for witnesses against them; albeit theywere in no other sort enemies, than as St Paul was to the Galatians, for telling them the truth: and it were tobe wished, that they had dared to tell it them plainlier and oftener. But what will they say to this, That PopeLeo the tenth allowed Erasmus’s translation of the New Testament, so much different from the Vulgar, byhis apostolick letter and bull? That the same Leo exhorted Pagnine to translate the whole Bible, and barewhatsoever charges was necessary for the work? Surely, as the Apostle reasoneth to the Hebrews, That if theformer Law and Testament had been sufficient, there had been no need of the latter: so we may say, that ifthe old Vulgar had been at all points allowable, to small purpose had labour and charges been undergoneabout framing of a new. If they say, it was one Pope’s private opinion, and that he consulted only himself;then we are able to go further with them, and to aver, that more of their chief men of all sorts, even theirown Trent champions, Paiva and Vega, and their own inquisitor Hieronymus ab Oleastro, and their ownBishop Isidorus Clarius, and their own Cardinal Thomas a Vio Cajetan, do either make new translationsthemselves, or follow new ones of other men’s making, or note the Vulgar interpreter for halting, none ofthem fear to dissent from him, nor yet to except against him. And call they this an uniform tenor of text and xii
  • 13. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERjudgment about the text, so many of their worthies disclaiming the now received conceit? Nay, we will yetcome nearer the quick. Doth not their Paris edition differ from the Louvain, and Hentenius’s from themboth, and yet all of them allowed by authority? Nay, doth not Sixtus Quintus confess, that certain Catholicks(he meaneth certain of his own side) were in such an humour of translating the Scriptures into Latin, thatSatan taking occasion by them, though they thought of no such matter, did strive what he could, out of souncertain and manifold a variety of translations, so to mingle all things, that nothing might seem to be leftcertain and firm in them? &c. Nay further, did not the same Sixtus ordain by an inviolable decree, and thatwith the counsel and consent of his Cardinals, that the Latin edition of the Old and New Testament, whichthe Council of Trent would have to be authentick, is the same without controversy which he then set forth,being diligently corrected and printed in the printinghouse of Vatican? Thus Sixtus in his preface before hisBible. And yet Clement the eighth, his immediate successor, published another edition of the Bible,containing in it infinite differences from that of Sixtus, and many of them weighty and material; and yet thismust be authentick by all means. What is to have the faith of our glorious Lord Jesus Christ with yea andnay, if this be not? Again, what is sweet harmony and consent, if this be? Therefore, as Demaratus ofCorinth advised a great King, before he talked of the dissensions among the Grecians, to compose hisdomestick broils; (for at that time his queen and his son and heir were at deadly feud with him) so all thewhile that our adversaries do make so many and so various editions themselves, and do jar so much aboutthe worth and authority of them, they can with no show of equity challenge us for changing and correcting.¶ The purpose of the Translators, with their number, furniture, care, &c.But it is high time to leave them, and to shew in brief what we proposed to ourselves, and what course weheld, in this our perusal and survey of the Bible. Truly, good Christian Reader, we never thought from thebeginning that we should need to make a new translation, nor yet to make of a bad one a good one; (forthen the imputation of Sixtus had been true in some sort, that our people had been fed with gall of dragonsinstead of wine, with whey instead of milk;) but to make a good one better, or out of many good ones oneprincipal good one, not justly to be excepted against; that hath been our endeavour, that our mark. To thatpurpose there were many chosen, that were greater in other men’s eyes than in their own, and that soughtthe truth rather than their own praise. Again, they came, or were thought to come, to the work, notexercendi causa, (as one saith) but exercitati, that is, learned, not to learn; for the chief overseer andἐργοδιώκτης under his Majesty, to whom not only we, but also our whole Church was much bound, knew by hiswisdom, which thing also Nazianzen taught so long ago, that it is a preposterous order to teach first, and tolearn after, yea that τὸ ἐν πίθῳ κεραμίαν μανθάνειν, to learn and practise together, is neither commendable for theworkman, nor safe for the work. Therefore such were thought upon, as could say modestly with StHierome, Et Hebræum sermonem ex parte didicimus, et in Latino pene ab ipsis incunabulis, &c. detritisumus; Both we have learned the Hebrew tongue in part, and in the Latin we have been exercised almostfrom our very cradle. St Hierome maketh no mention of the Greek tongue, wherein yet he did excel;because he translated not the Old Testament out of Greek, but out of Hebrew. And in what sort did theseassemble? In the trust of their own knowledge, or of their sharpness of wit, or deepness of judgment, as itwere in an arm of flesh? At no hand. They trusted in him that hath the key of David, opening, and no manshutting; they prayed to the Lord, the Father of our Lord, to the effect that St Augustine did; O let thyScriptures be my pure delight; let me not be deceived in them, neither let me deceive by them. In thisconfidence, and with this devotion, did they assemble together; not too many, lest one should troubleanother; and yet many, lest many things haply might escape them. If you ask what they had before them,truly it was the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, the Greek of the New. These are the two golden pipes, orrather conduits, wherethrough the olive branches empty themselves into the gold. St Augustine calleth themprecedent, or original, tongues; St Hierome, fountains. The same St Hierome affirmeth, and Gratian hathnot spared to put it into his decree, That as the credit of the old books (he meaneth of the Old Testament) isto be tried by the Hebrew volumes; so of the New by the Greek tongue, he meaneth by the original Greek. Iftruth be to be tried by these tongues, then whence should a translation be made, but out of them? Thesetongues therefore (the Scriptures, we say, in those tongues) we set before us to translate, being the tongueswherein God was pleased to speak to his Church by his Prophets and Apostles. Neither did we run over thework with that posting haste that the Septuagint did, if that be true which is reported of them, that theyfinished it in seventy two days; neither were we barred or hindered from going over it again, having oncedone it, like St Hierome, if that be true which himself reporteth, that he could no sooner write any thing,but presently it was caught from him, and published, and he could not have leave to mend it: neither, to beshort, were we the first that fell in hand with translating the Scripture into English, and consequentlydestitute of former helps, as it is written of Origen, that he was the first in a manner, that put his hand towrite commentaries upon the Scriptures, and therefore no marvel if he overshot himself many times. Noneof these things: The work hath not been huddled up in seventy two days, but hath cost the workmen, as xiii
  • 14. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERlight as it seemeth, the pains of twice seven times seventy two days, and more. Matters of such weight andconsequence are to be speeded with maturity: for in a business of moment a man feareth not the blame ofconvenient slackness. Neither did we think much to consult the translators or commentators, Chaldee,Hebrew, Syrian, Greek, or Latin; no, nor the Spanish, French, Italian, or Dutch; neither did we disdain torevise that which we had done, and to bring back to the anvil that which we had hammered: but having andusing as great helps as were needful, and fearing no reproach for slowness, nor coveting praise forexpedition, we have at the length, through the good hand of the Lord upon us, brought the work to thatpass that you see.¶ Reasons moving us to set diversity of senses in the margin, where there is great probability for eachSome peradventure would have no variety of senses to be set in the margin, lest the authority of theScriptures for deciding of controversies by that show of uncertainty should somewhat be shaken. But wehold their judgment not to be so sound in this point. For though, Whatsoever things are necessary aremanifest, as St Chrysostome saith; and, as St Augustine, In those things that are plainly set down in theScriptures all such matters are found that concern faith, hope, and charity: yet for all that it cannot bedissembled, that partly to exercise and whet our wits, partly to wean the curious from loathing of them fortheir every where plainness, partly also to stir up our devotion to crave the assistance of God’s Spirit byprayer, and lastly, that we might be forward to seek aid of our brethren by conference, and never scornthose that be not in all respects so complete as they should be, being to seek in many things ourselves, ithath pleased God in his Divine Providence here and there to scatter words and sentences of that difficultyand doubtfulness, not in doctrinal points that concern salvation, (for in such it hath been vouched that theScriptures are plain) but in matters of less moment, that fearfulness would better beseem us thanconfidence, and if we will resolve, to resolve upon modesty with St Augustine, (though not in this same casealtogether, yet upon the same ground) Melius est dubitare de occultis, quam litigare de incertis: It is betterto make doubt of those things which are secret, than to strive about those things that are uncertain. Therebe many words in the Scriptures which be never found there but once, (having neither brother norneighbour, as the Hebrews speak) so that we cannot be holpen by conference of places. Again, there bemany rare names of certain birds, beasts, and precious stones, &c. concerning which the Hebrewsthemselves are so divided among themselves for judgment, that they may seem to have defined this or that,rather because they would say something, than because they were sure of that which they said, as StHierome somewhere saith of the Septuagint. Now in such a case doth not a margin do well to admonish theReader to seek further, and not to conclude or dogmatize upon this or that peremptorily? For as it is a faultof incredulity, to doubt of those things that are evident; so to determine of such things as the Spirit of Godhath left (even in the judgment of the judicious) questionable, can be no less than presumption. Thereforeas St Augustine saith, that variety of translations is profitable for the finding out of the sense of theScriptures: so diversity of signification and sense in the margin, where the text is not so clear, must needs dogood; yea, is necessary, as we are persuaded. We know that Sixtus Quintus expressly forbiddeth that anyvariety of readings of their Vulgar edition should be put in the margin; (which though it be not altogetherthe same thing to that we have in hand, yet it looketh that way;) but we think he hath not all of his own sidehis favourers for this conceit. They that are wise had rather have their judgments at liberty in differences ofreadings, than to be captivated to one, when it may be the other. If they were sure that their high priest hadall laws shut up in his breast, as Paul the second bragged, and that he were as free from error by specialprivilege, as the dictators of Rome were made by law inviolable, it were another matter; then his word werean oracle, his opinion a decision. But the eyes of the world are now open, God be thanked, and have been agreat while; they find that he is subject to the same affections and infirmities that others be, that his skin ispenetrable, and therefore so much as he proveth, not as much as he claimeth, they grant and embrace.¶ Reasons inducing us not to stand curiously upon an identity of phrasingAnother thing we think good to admonish thee of, gentle Reader, that we have not tied ourselves to anuniformity of phrasing, or to an identity of words, as some peradventure would wish that we had done,because they observe, that some learned men somewhere have been as exact as they could that way. Truly,that we might not vary from the sense of that which we had translated before, if the word signified the samething in both places, (for there be some words that be not of the same sense every where) we were especiallycareful, and made a conscience, according to our duty. But that we should express the same notion in thesame particular word; as for example, if we translate the Hebrew or Greek word once by ‘purpose’, never tocall it ‘intent’; if one where ‘journeying’, never ‘travelling’; if one where ‘think’, never ‘suppose’; if one where‘pain’, never ‘ache’; if one where ‘joy’, never ‘gladness’, &c. thus to mince the matter, we thought to savourmore of curiosity than wisdom, and that rather it would breed scorn in the atheist, than bring profit to thegodly reader. For is the kingdom of God become words or syllables? Why should we be in bondage to them, xiv
  • 15. THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READERif we may be free? use one precisely, when we may use another no less fit as commodiously? A godly Fatherin the primitive time shewed himself greatly moved, that one of newfangledness called κράββατον, σκίμπους,though the difference be little or none; and another reporteth, that he was much abused for turning‘cucurbita’ (to which reading the people had been used) into ‘hedera’. Now if this happen in better times,and upon so small occasions, we might justly fear hard censure, if generally we should make verbal andunnecessary changings. We might also be charged (by scoffers) with some unequal dealing towards a greatnumber of good English words. For as it is written of a certain great Philosopher, that he should say, thatthose logs were happy that were made images to be worshipped; for their fellows, as good as they, lay forblocks behind the fire: so if we should say, as it were, unto certain words, Stand up higher, have a place inthe Bible always; and to others of like quality, Get ye hence, be banished for ever; we might be taxedperadventure with St James his words, namely, To be partial in ourselves, and judges of evil thoughts. Addhereunto, that niceness in words was always counted the next step to trifling; and so was to be curious aboutnames too: also that we cannot follow a better pattern for elocution than God himself; therefore he usingdivers words in his holy writ, and indifferently for one thing in nature; we, if we will not be superstitious,may use the same liberty in our English versions out of Hebrew and Greek, for that copy or store that hehath given us. Lastly, we have on the one side avoided the scrupulosity of the Puritans, who leave the oldEcclesiastical words, and betake them to other, as when they put ‘washing’ for ‘baptism’, and ‘congregation’instead of ‘church’: as also on the other side we have shunned the obscurity of the Papists, in their ‘azymes’,‘tunik’, ‘rational’, ‘holocausts’, ‘prepuce’, ‘pasche’, and a number of such like, whereof their late translationis full, and that of purpose to darken the sense, that since they must needs translate the Bible, yet by thelanguage thereof it may be kept from being understood. But we desire that the Scripture may speak likeitself, as in the language of Canaan, that it may be understood even of the very vulgar.Many other things we might give thee warning of, gentle Reader, if we had not exceeded the measure of apreface already. It remaineth that we commend thee to God, and to the Spirit of his grace, which is able tobuild further than we can ask or think. He removeth the scales from our eyes, the vail from our hearts,opening our wits that we may understand his word, enlarging our hearts, yea, correcting our affections, thatwe may love it above gold and silver, yea, that we may love it to the end. Ye are brought unto fountains ofliving water which ye digged not; do not cast earth into them, with the Philistines, neither prefer broken pitsbefore them, with the wicked Jews. Others have laboured, and you may enter into their labours. O receivenot so great things in vain: O despise not so great salvation. Be not like swine to tread under foot so preciousthings, neither yet like dogs to tear and abuse holy things. Say not to our Saviour with the Gergesites, Departout of our coasts; neither yet with Esau sell your birthright for a mess of pottage. If light be come into theworld, love not darkness more than light: if food, if clothing, be offered, go not naked, starve not yourselves.Remember the advice of Nazianzene, It is a grievous thing (or dangerous) to neglect a great fair, and to seekto make markets afterwards: also the encouragement of St Chrysostome, It is altogether impossible, that hethat is sober (and watchful) should at any time be neglected: lastly, the admonition and menacing of StAugustine, They that despise God’s will inviting them shall feel God’s will taking vengeance of them. It is afearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God; but a blessed thing it is, and will bring us to everlastingblessedness in the end, when God speaketh unto us, to hearken; when he setteth his word before us, to readit; when he stretcheth out his hand and calleth, to answer, Here am I, here we are to do thy will, O God. TheLord work a care and conscience in us to know him and serve him, that we may be acknowledged of him atthe appearing of our Lord JESUS CHRIST, to whom with the Holy Ghost be all praise and thanksgiving.Amen. xv
  • 16. HOW TO KNOW THE PURE CAMBRIDGE EDITION OF THE KING JAMES BIBLEIt is important to have the correct, perfect and final text of the King James Bible, since there are correctors(e.g. publishers) who have changed some aspects of King James Bible texts. The final form of the King JamesBible is the Pure Cambridge Edition (circa 1900), which conforms to the following:1. “or Sheba” not “and Sheba” in Joshua 19:22. “sin” not “sins” in 2 Chronicles 33:193. “Spirit of God” not “spirit of God” in Job 33:44. “whom ye” not “whom he” in Jeremiah 34:165. “Spirit of God” not “spirit of God” in Ezekiel 11:246. “flieth” not “fleeth” in Nahum 3:167. “Spirit” not “spirit” in Matthew 4:18. “further” not “farther” in Matthew 26:399. “bewrayeth” not “betrayeth” in Matthew 26:7310. “Spirit” not “spirit” in Mark 1:1211. “spirit” not “Spirit” in Acts 11:2812. “spirit” not “Spirit” in 1 John 5:8 THE GUARDIANS OF THE PURE CAMBRIDGE EDITION xvi
  • 17. THE NAMES AND ORDER OF ALL THE BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT, WITH THE NUMBER OF THEIR CHAPTERS. ——————— The Books of the Old Testament. Page Chaps Page ChapsGENESIS 1 50 Ecclesiastes 482 12Exodus 43 40 Song of Solomon 488 8Leviticus 78 27 Isaiah 491 66Numbers 104 36 Jeremiah 530 52Deuteronomy 140 34 Lamentations 575 5Joshua 170 24 Ezekiel 579 48Judges 190 21 Daniel 620 12Ruth 210 4 Hosea 633 141 Samuel 213 31 Joel 639 32 Samuel 239 24 Amos 642 91 Kings 261 22 Obadiah 647 12 Kings 287 25 Jonah 648 41 Chronicles 311 29 Micah 650 72 Chronicles 335 36 Nahum 654 3Ezra 363 10 Habakkuk 656 3Nehemiah 372 13 Zephaniah 658 3Esther 384 10 Haggai 660 2Job 391 42 Zechariah 662 14Psalms 412 150 Malachi 669 4Proverbs 464 31 ——————— The Books of the New Testament. Page Chaps Page ChapsMATTHEW 674 28 1 Timothy 843 6Mark 701 16 2 Timothy 846 4Luke 718 24 Titus 849 3John 747 21 Philemon 851 1The Acts 768 28 Hebrews 852 13Romans 795 16 James 860 51 Corinthians 806 16 1 Peter 863 52 Corinthians 817 13 2 Peter 866 3Galatians 824 6 1 John 868 5Ephesians 828 6 2 John 871 1Philippians 832 4 3 John 872 1Colossians 835 4 Jude 873 11 Thessalonians 838 5 Revelation 874 222 Thessalonians 841 3 xvii
  • 18. THE FIRST BOOK OF MOSES CALLED GENESIS CHAPTER 1 20 And God said, Let the waters bring forthI N the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.2 And the earth was without form, and void; and abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the 21 And God created great whales, and every livingSpirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. creature that moveth, which the waters brought3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was forth abundantly, after their kind, and every wingedlight. fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God 22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, anddivided the light from the darkness. multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he multiply in the earth.called Night. And the evening and the morning were 23 And the evening and the morning were the fifththe first day. day.6 ¶ And God said, Let there be a firmament in the 24 ¶ And God said, Let the earth bring forth themidst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from living creature after his kind, cattle, and creepingthe waters. thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was7 And God made the firmament, and divided the so.waters which were under the firmament from the 25 And God made the beast of the earth after hiswaters which were above the firmament: and it was kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing thatso. creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the that it was good.evening and the morning were the second day. 26 ¶ And God said, Let us make man in our image,9 ¶ And God said, Let the waters under the heaven after our likeness: and let them have dominion overbe gathered together unto one place, and let the dry the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, andland appear: and it was so. over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and 27 So God created man in his own image, in theGod saw that it was good. image of God created he him; male and female11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the created he them.herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit 28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them,after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth,and it was so. and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over everyyielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding living thing that moveth upon the earth.fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and 29 ¶ And God said, Behold, I have given you everyGod saw that it was good. herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the13 And the evening and the morning were the third earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of aday. tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.14 ¶ And God said, Let there be lights in the 30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowlfirmament of the heaven to divide the day from the of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon thenight; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and earth, wherein there is life, I have given every greenfor days, and years: herb for meat: and it was so.15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the 31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and,heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. behold, it was very good. And the evening and the16 And God made two great lights; the greater light morning were the sixth rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night:he made the stars also. CHAPTER 217 And God set them in the firmament of the heavento give light upon the earth, T HUS the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which18 And to rule over the day and over the night, andto divide the light from the darkness: and God saw he had made; and he rested on the seventh day fromthat it was good. all his work which he had made.19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it:day. because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. 1
  • 19. GENESIS4 ¶ These are the generations of the heavens and of 23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones,the earth when they were created, in the day that the and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman,LORD God made the earth and the heavens, because she was taken out of Man.5 And every plant of the field before it was in the 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and hisearth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shallthe LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the be one, and there was not a man to till the ground. 25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife,6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and and were not ashamed.watered the whole face of the ground.7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the CHAPTER 3ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath oflife; and man became a living soul. N OW the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made.8 ¶ And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, YeEden; and there he put the man whom he had shall not eat of every tree of the garden?formed. 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to of the fruit of the trees of the garden:grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst ofgood for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it,garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall notand from thence it was parted, and became into four surely die:heads. 5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof,11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be ascompasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gods, knowing good and; 6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good12 And the gold of that land is good: there is for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and abdellium and the onyx stone. tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto hersame is it that compasseth the whole land of husband with her; and he did eat.Ethiopia. 7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leavesis it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the together, and made themselves aprons.fourth river is Euphrates. 8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam andinto the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. his wife hid themselves from the presence of the16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, unto him, Where art thou?thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest 10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and Ithereof thou shalt surely die. was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.18 ¶ And the LORD God said, It is not good that the 11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked?man should be alone; I will make him an help meet Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commandedfor him. thee that thou shouldest not eat?19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed 12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavestevery beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.brought them unto Adam to see what he would call 13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What isthem: and whatsoever Adam called every living this that thou hast done? And the woman said, Thecreature, that was the name thereof. serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the 14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Becausefowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle,Adam there was not found an help meet for him. and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days ofupon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his thy life:ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 15 And I will put enmity between thee and the22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shallman, made he a woman, and brought her unto the bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his 16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt 2
  • 20. GENESISbring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy 11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, whichhusband, and he shall rule over thee. hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast blood from thy hand;hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten 12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall notof the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitiveThou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy 13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment islife; greater than I can bear.18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to 14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day fromthee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid;19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth;thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou and it shall come to pass, that every one that findethtaken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou me shall slay me.return. 15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore20 And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken onshe was the mother of all living. him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain,21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD lest any finding him should kill him.God make coats of skins, and clothed them. 16 ¶ And Cain went out from the presence of the22 ¶ And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east ofbecome as one of us, to know good and evil: and, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the 17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, andtree of life, and eat, and live for ever: bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the name of the city, after the name of his son, of Eden, to till the ground from whence he 18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begatwas taken. Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the Methusael begat Lamech.east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming 19 ¶ And Lamech took unto him two wives: thesword which turned every way, to keep the way of name of the one was Adah, and the name of thethe tree of life. other Zillah. 20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as CHAPTER 4 dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.A ND Adam knew Eve his wife; and she 21 And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have father of all such as handle the harp and organ.gotten a man from the LORD. 22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and thea keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.ground. 23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearkenbrought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto unto my speech: for I have slain a man to mythe LORD. wounding, and a young man to my hurt.4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his 24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamechflock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had seventy and sevenfold.respect unto Abel and to his offering: 25 ¶ And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she,respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel,countenance fell. whom Cain slew.6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou 26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son;wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? and he called his name Enos: then began men to call7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and upon the name of the LORD.if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And untothee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. CHAPTER 58 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it cameto pass, when they were in the field, that Cain roseup against Abel his brother, and slew him. T HIS is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;9 ¶ And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy 2 Male and female created he them; and blessedbrother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s them, and called their name Adam, in the day whenkeeper? they were created.10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice ofthy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground. 3
  • 21. GENESIS3 ¶ And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, 29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This sameand begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of ourand called his name Seth: hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath4 And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth cursed.were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and 30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah fivedaughters: hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine daughters:hundred and thirty years: and he died. 31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred6 And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and seventy and seven years: and he died.begat Enos: 32 And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and CHAPTER 6twelve years: and he died.9 ¶ And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan: A ND it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters10 And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight were born unto them,hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and 2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of mendaughters: that they were fair; and they took them wives of all11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and which they chose.five years: and he died. 3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always12 ¶ And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his daysMahalaleel: shall be an hundred and twenty years.13 And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight 4 There were giants in the earth in those days; andhundred and forty years, and begat sons and also after that, when the sons of God came in untodaughters: the daughters of men, and they bare children to14 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred them, the same became mighty men which were ofand ten years: and he died. old, men of renown.15 ¶ And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and 5 ¶ And GOD saw that the wickedness of man wasbegat Jared: great in the earth, and that every imagination of the16 And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and 6 And it repented the LORD that he had made mandaughters: on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight 7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom Ihundred ninety and five years: and he died. have created from the face of the earth; both man,18 ¶ And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls ofand he begat Enoch: the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight 8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: 9 ¶ These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty just man and perfect in his generations, and Noahand two years: and he died. walked with God.21 ¶ And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat 10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, andMethuselah: Japheth.22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat 11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and theMethuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and earth was filled with violence.daughters: 12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way uponsixty and five years: the earth.24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for 13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh isGod took him. come before me; for the earth is filled with violence25 And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and through them; and, behold, I will destroy them withseven years, and begat Lamech: the earth.26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech 14 ¶ Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shaltseven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within andand daughters: without with pitch.27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine 15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of:hundred sixty and nine years: and he died. The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits,28 ¶ And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of ityears, and begat a son: thirty cubits. 4
  • 22. GENESIS16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a 13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, andcubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’sark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, intosecond, and third stories shalt thou make it. the ark;17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters 14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all theupon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing thatbreath of life, from under heaven; and every thing creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and everythat is in the earth shall die. fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and 15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, twothou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.thy wife, and thy sons’ wives with thee. 16 And they that went in, went in male and female of19 And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORDsort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive shut him in.with thee; they shall be male and female. 17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it waskind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his lift up above the earth.kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep 18 And the waters prevailed, and were increasedthem alive. greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the21 And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, face of the waters.and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for 19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon thefood for thee, and for them. earth; and all the high hills, that were under the22 Thus did Noah; according to all that God whole heaven, were covered.commanded him, so did he. 20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. CHAPTER 7 21 And all flesh died that moved upon the earth,A ND the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, andrighteous before me in this generation. every man:2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of allsevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that that was in the dry land, died.are not clean by two, the male and his female. 23 And every living substance was destroyed which3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the was upon the face of the ground, both man, andfemale; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of theearth. heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon Noah only remained alive, and they that were withthe earth forty days and forty nights; and every living him in the ark.substance that I have made will I destroy from off 24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth anthe face of the earth. hundred and fifty days.5 And Noah did according unto all that the LORDcommanded him. CHAPTER 86 And Noah was six hundred years old when theflood of waters was upon the earth. A ND God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the7 ¶ And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth,and his sons’ wives with him, into the ark, because of and the waters asswaged;the waters of the flood. 2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven wasand of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon restrained;the earth, 3 And the waters returned from off the earth9 There went in two and two unto Noah into the continually: and after the end of the hundred andark, the male and the female, as God had fifty days the waters were abated.commanded Noah. 4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountainswaters of the flood were upon the earth. of Ararat.11 ¶ In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the 5 And the waters decreased continually until thesecond month, the seventeenth day of the month, tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day ofthe same day were all the fountains of the great deep the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 6 ¶ And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and Noah opened the window of the ark which he hadforty nights. made: 5
  • 23. GENESIS7 And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are theyfro, until the waters were dried up from off the 3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the you; even as the green herb have I given you allwaters were abated from off the face of the ground; things.9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, 4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is the bloodand she returned unto him into the ark, for the thereof, shall ye not eat.waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he 5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require;put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at theunto him into the ark. hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he I require the life of man.sent forth the dove out of the ark; 6 Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his11 And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, blood be shed: for in the image of God made helo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah man.knew that the waters were abated from off the earth. 7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth12 And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.the dove; which returned not again unto him any 8 ¶ And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons withmore. him, saying,13 ¶ And it came to pass in the six hundredth and 9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you,first year, in the first month, the first day of the and with your seed after you;month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: 10 And with every living creature that is with you, ofand Noah removed the covering of the ark, and the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earthlooked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry. with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every14 And in the second month, on the seven and beast of the earth.twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried. 11 And I will establish my covenant with you;15 ¶ And God spake unto Noah, saying, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be asons, and thy sons’ wives with thee. flood to destroy the earth.17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is 12 And God said, This is the token of the covenantwith thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and which I make between me and you and every livingof every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be 13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for afruitful, and multiply upon the earth. token of a covenant between me and the earth.18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, 14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloudand his sons’ wives with him: over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, cloud:and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their 15 And I will remember my covenant, which iskinds, went forth out of the ark. between me and you and every living creature of all20 ¶ And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and flesh; and the waters shall no more become a floodtook of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, to destroy all flesh.and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the upon it, that I may remember the everlastingLORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the covenant between God and every living creature ofground any more for man’s sake; for the all flesh that is upon the earth.imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; 17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token of theneither will I again smite any more every thing covenant, which I have established between me andliving, as I have done. all flesh that is upon the earth.22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, 18 ¶ And the sons of Noah, that went forth of theand cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham isand night shall not cease. the father of Canaan. 19 These are the three sons of Noah: and of them CHAPTER 9 was the whole earth overspread.A ND God blessed Noah and his sons, and said 20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and planted a vineyard:replenish the earth. 21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and2 And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be he was uncovered within his tent.upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw theof the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. 6
  • 24. GENESIS23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid 18 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and theit upon both their shoulders, and went backward, Hamathite: and afterward were the families of theand covered the nakedness of their father; and their Canaanites spread abroad.faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s 19 And the border of the Canaanites was fromnakedness. Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, andhis younger son had done unto him. Zeboim, even unto Lasha.25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of 20 These are the sons of Ham, after their families,servants shall he be unto his brethren. after their tongues, in their countries, and in their26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; nations.and Canaan shall be his servant. 21 ¶ Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of27 God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to himthe tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. were children born.28 ¶ And Noah lived after the flood three hundred 22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, andand fifty years. Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.29 And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and 23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, andfifty years: and he died. Gether, and Mash. 24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber. CHAPTER 10 25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name ofN OW these are the generations of the sons of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto and his brother’s name was Joktan.them were sons born after the flood. 26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and 27 And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,Tiras. 28 And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, 29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these wereand Togarmah. the sons of Joktan.4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, 30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goestKittim, and Dodanim. unto Sephar a mount of the east.5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in 31 These are the sons of Shem, after their families,their lands; every one after his tongue, after their after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.families, in their nations. 32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, after6 ¶ And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and their generations, in their nations: and by these werePhut, and Canaan. the nations divided in the earth after the flood.7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, andSabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of CHAPTER 11Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mightyone in the earth. A ND the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. 2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar;wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty and they dwelt there.hunter before the LORD. 3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brickErech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. for stone, and slime had they for morter.11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded 4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and aNineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad uponis a great city. the face of the whole earth.13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and 5 And the LORD came down to see the city and theLehabim, and Naphtuhim, tower, which the children of men builded.14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom 6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, andcame Philistim,) and Caphtorim. they have all one language; and this they begin to do:15 ¶ And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and and now nothing will be restrained from them,Heth, which they have imagined to do.16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the 7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound theirGirgasite, language, that they may not understand one17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, another’s speech. 7
  • 25. GENESIS8 So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence CHAPTER 12upon the face of all the earth: and they left off tobuild the city. N OW the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shewthe LORD did there confound the language of all the thee:earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them 2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I willabroad upon the face of all the earth. bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt10 ¶ These are the generations of Shem: Shem was be a blessing:an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years 3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse himafter the flood: that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the11 And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five earth be blessed.hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. 4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto12 And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventybegat Salah: and five years old when he departed out of Haran.13 And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four 5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot hishundred and three years, and begat sons and brother’s son, and all their substance that they haddaughters. gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in14 And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber: Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of15 And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.and three years, and begat sons and daughters. 6 ¶ And Abram passed through the land unto the16 And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And thePeleg: Canaanite was then in the land.17 And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred 7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said,and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters. Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu: he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.19 And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred 8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain onand nine years, and begat sons and daughters. the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent, having Beth-20 And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat el on the west, and Hai on the east: and there heSerug: builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the21 And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred name of the LORD.and seven years, and begat sons and daughters. 9 And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the22 And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor: south.23 And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two 10 ¶ And there was a famine in the land: and Abramhundred years, and begat sons and daughters. went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the24 And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat famine was grievous in the land.Terah: 11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to25 And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife,and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters. Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, look upon:Nahor, and Haran. 12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the27 ¶ Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This isbegat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save theeLot. alive.28 And Haran died before his father Terah in the 13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may beland of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees. well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live29 And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the because of of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of 14 ¶ And it came to pass, that, when Abram wasNahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the womanfather of Milcah, and the father of Iscah. that she was very fair.30 But Sarai was barren; she had no child. 15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son commended her before Pharaoh: and the womanof Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, was taken into Pharaoh’s house.his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them 16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and hefrom Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants,Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there. and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five 17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his houseyears: and Terah died in Haran. with great plagues because of Sarai Abram’s wife. 8
  • 26. GENESIS18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this 16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth:that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell so that if a man can number the dust of the earth,me that she was thy wife? then shall thy seed also be numbered.19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have 17 Arise, walk through the land in the length of ittaken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee.wife, take her, and go thy way. 18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron,him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all and built there an altar unto the LORD.that he had. CHAPTER 14A CHAPTER 13 ND Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his A ND it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;the south. 2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king ofgold. Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the3 And he went on his journeys from the south even king of Bela, which is Beth-el, unto the place where his tent had been at 3 All these were joined together in the vale ofthe beginning, between Beth-el and Hai; Siddim, which is the salt sea.4 Unto the place of the altar, which he had made 4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in thethere at the first: and there Abram called on the thirteenth year they of the LORD. 5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer,5 ¶ And Lot also, which went with Abram, had and the kings that were with him, and smote theflocks, and herds, and tents. Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in6 And the land was not able to bear them, that they Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,might dwell together: for their substance was great, 6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto El-so that they could not dwell together. paran, which is by the wilderness.7 And there was a strife between the herdmen of 7 And they returned, and came to En-mishpat,Abram’s cattle and the herdmen of Lot’s cattle: and which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of thethe Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt inland. Hazezon-tamar.8 And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, I 8 And there went out the king of Sodom, and thepray thee, between me and thee, and between my king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and theherdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren. king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is9 Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale ofI pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, Siddim;then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the 9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and withright hand, then I will go to the left. Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar,10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, 10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; andbefore the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and felleven as the garden of the LORD, like the land of there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar. 11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.Lot journeyed east: and they separated themselves 12 And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, whothe one from the other. dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.12 Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot 13 ¶ And there came one that had escaped, and tolddwelled in the cities of the plain, and pitched his tent Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain oftoward Sodom. Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.before the LORD exceedingly. 14 And when Abram heard that his brother was14 ¶ And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born inwas separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and his own house, three hundred and eighteen, andlook from the place where thou art northward, and pursued them unto Dan.southward, and eastward, and westward: 15 And he divided himself against them, he and his15 For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I servants, by night, and smote them, and pursuedgive it, and to thy seed for ever. them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 9
  • 27. GENESIS16 And he brought back all the goods, and also 10 And he took unto him all these, and divided thembrought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and in the midst, and laid each piece one against another:the women also, and the people. but the birds divided he not.17 ¶ And the king of Sodom went out to meet him 11 And when the fowls came down upon theafter his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, carcases, Abram drove them away.and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of 12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleepShaveh, which is the king’s dale. fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth fell upon him.bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety thathigh God. thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflictof the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: them four hundred years;20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath 14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will Idelivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave judge: and afterward shall they come out with greathim tithes of all. substance.21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give 15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thoume the persons, and take the goods to thyself. shalt be buried in a good old age.22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift 16 But in the fourth generation they shall comeup mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is notthe possessor of heaven and earth, yet full.23 That I will not take from a thread even to a 17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun wentshoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace,thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram and a burning lamp that passed between thoserich: pieces.24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, 18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant withand the portion of the men which went with me, Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land,Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the riverportion. Euphrates: 19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the CHAPTER 15 Kadmonites,A FTER these things the word of the LORD came 20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Rephaims,Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great 21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and thereward. Girgashites, and the Jebusites.2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou giveme, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my CHAPTER 16house is this Eliezer of Damascus?3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given noseed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. N OW Sarai Abram’s wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, 2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORDsaying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go income forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain childrenheir. by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look 3 And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid thenow toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in theto number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abramseed be. to be his wife.6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to 4 ¶ And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived:him for righteousness. and when she saw that she had conceived, her7 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought mistress was despised in her eyes.thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land 5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be uponto inherit it. thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that when she saw that she had conceived, I was despisedI shall inherit it? in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.9 And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three 6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is inyears old, and a she goat of three years old, and a thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And whenram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.pigeon. 10
  • 28. GENESIS7 ¶ And the angel of the LORD found her by a 10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, betweenfountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man childin the way to Shur. among you shall be circumcised.8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai’s maid, whence camest 11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin;thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt mefrom the face of my mistress Sarai. and you.9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to 12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcisedthy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands. among you, every man child in your generations, he10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will that is born in the house, or bought with money ofmultiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be any stranger, which is not of thy seed.numbered for multitude. 13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised:thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt and my covenant shall be in your flesh for ancall his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard everlasting covenant.thy affliction. 14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cutagainst every man, and every man’s hand against off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his 15 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thybrethren. wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake shall her name be.unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I 16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also ofalso here looked after him that seeth me? her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of14 Wherefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi; nations; kings of people shall be of her.behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. 17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed,15 ¶ And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto himhis son’s name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when ninety years old, bear?Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram. 18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee! CHAPTER 17 19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a sonA ND when Abram was ninety years old and nine, indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto establish my covenant with him for an everlastinghim, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be covenant, and with his seed after him.thou perfect. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I2 And I will make my covenant between me and have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, andthee, and will multiply thee exceedingly. will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with he beget, and I will make him a great nation.him, saying, 21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the nextthou shalt be a father of many nations. year.5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, 22 And he left off talking with him, and God wentbut thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many up from Abraham.nations have I made thee. 23 ¶ And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will were born in his house, and all that were boughtmake nations of thee, and kings shall come out of with his money, every male among the men ofthee. Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their7 And I will establish my covenant between me and foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said untothee and thy seed after thee in their generations for everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and 24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine,to thy seed after thee. when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, whenthee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the he was circumcised in the flesh of his of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I 26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised,will be their God. and Ishmael his son.9 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep 27 And all the men of his house, born in the house,my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee and bought with money of the stranger, werein their generations. circumcised with him. 11
  • 29. GENESIS CHAPTER 18 20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom andA ND the LORD appeared unto him in the plains Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the grievous;heat of the day; 21 I will go down now, and see whether they have2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three done altogether according to the cry of it, which ismen stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to come unto me; and if not, I will them from the tent door, and bowed himself 22 And the men turned their faces from thence, andtoward the ground, went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in the LORD.thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy 23 ¶ And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thouservant: also destroy the righteous with the wicked?4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash 24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within theyour feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye for the fifty righteous that are therein?your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore 25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, toare ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as slay the righteous with the wicked: and that thethou hast said. righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine 26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fiftymeal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth. righteous within the city, then I will spare all the7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf place for their sakes.tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and 27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, Ihe hasted to dress it. have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which am but dust and ashes:he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood 28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fiftyby them under the tree, and they did eat. righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of9 ¶ And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I willAnd he said, Behold, in the tent. not destroy it.10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee 29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said,according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife Peradventure there shall be forty found there. Andshall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, he said, I will not do it for forty’s sake.which was behind him. 30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shallstricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, ifthe manner of women. I find thirty there.12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, 31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon meAfter I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall bebeing old also? twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did for twenty’s sake.Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, 32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and Iwhich am old? will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it forappointed I will return unto thee, according to the ten’s sake.time of life, and Sarah shall have a son. 33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she communing with Abraham: and Abraham returnedwas afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh. unto his place.16 ¶ And the men rose up from thence, and lookedtoward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to CHAPTER 19bring them on the way.17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abrahamthat thing which I do; A ND there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great with his face toward the ground;and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth 2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I prayshall be blessed in him? you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night,19 For I know him, that he will command his and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and gochildren and his household after him, and they shall on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abidekeep the way of the LORD, to do justice and in the street all night.judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham 3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and theythat which he hath spoken of him. turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and 12
  • 30. GENESIShe made them a feast, and did bake unleavened 20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it isbread, and they did eat. a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little4 ¶ But before they lay down, the men of the city, one?) and my soul shall live.even the men of Sodom, compassed the house 21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted theeround, both old and young, all the people from concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrowevery quarter: this city, for the which thou hast spoken.5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, 22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do anyWhere are the men which came in to thee this night? thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the namebring them out unto us, that we may know them. of the city was called Zoar.6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut 23 ¶ The sun was risen upon the earth when Lotthe door after him, entered into Zoar.7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. 24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out ofknown man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto heaven;you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only 25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain,unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that whichunder the shadow of my roof. grew upon the ground.9 And they said, Stand back. And they said again, 26 ¶ But his wife looked back from behind him, andThis one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs she became a pillar of a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than 27 ¶ And Abraham gat up early in the morning towith them. And they pressed sore upon the man, the place where he stood before the LORD:even Lot, and came near to break the door. 28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah,10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and,into the house to them, and shut to the door. lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of11 And they smote the men that were at the door of a furnace.the house with blindness, both small and great: so 29 ¶ And it came to pass, when God destroyed thethat they wearied themselves to find the door. cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham,12 ¶ And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, whenbesides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out 30 ¶ And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in theof this place: mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, hethem is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and and his two daughters.the LORD hath sent us to destroy it. 31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, father is old, and there is not a man in the earth towhich married his daughters, and said, Up, get you come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. 32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and weBut he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of ourlaw. father.15 ¶ And when the morning arose, then the angels 33 And they made their father drink wine that night:hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father;two daughters, which are here; lest thou be and he perceived not when she lay down, nor whenconsumed in the iniquity of the city. she arose.16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon 34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that thehis hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I laythe hand of his two daughters; the LORD being yesternight with my father: let us make him drinkmerciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie withset him without the city. him, that we may preserve seed of our father.17 ¶ And it came to pass, when they had brought 35 And they made their father drink wine that nightthem forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; andlook not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the he perceived not when she lay down, nor when sheplain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be arose.consumed. 36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord: their father.19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy 37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his namesight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites untothou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I this day.cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil takeme, and I die: 13
  • 31. GENESIS38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called 17 ¶ So Abraham prayed unto God: and God healedhis name Ben-ammi: the same is the father of the Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; andchildren of Ammon unto this day. they bare children. 18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of CHAPTER 20 the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham’sA ND Abraham journeyed from thence toward the wife. south country, and dwelled between Kadesh andShur, and sojourned in Gerar. CHAPTER 212 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is mysister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and tookSarah. A ND the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, his old age, at the set time of which God had spokenand said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, to him.for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a 3 And Abraham called the name of his son that wasman’s wife. born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.4 But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, 4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac beingLord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation? eight days old, as God had commanded him.5 Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, 5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when hiseven she herself said, He is my brother: in the son Isaac was born unto him.integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands 6 ¶ And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, sohave I done this. that all that hear will laugh with me.6 And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know 7 And she said, Who would have said untothat thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I Abraham, that Sarah should have given childrenalso withheld thee from sinning against me: suck? for I have born him a son in his old age.therefore suffered I thee not to touch her. 8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and7 Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaacprophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt was and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou 9 ¶ And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian,shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine. which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.8 Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, 10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out thisand called all his servants, and told all these things in bondwoman and her son: for the son of thistheir ears: and the men were sore afraid. bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto Isaac.him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I 11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’soffended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on sight because of his kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto 12 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, Let it not beme that ought not to be done. grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because10 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What sawest of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said untothou, that thou hast done this thing? thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the seed be called.fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me 13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will Ifor my wife’s sake. make a nation, because he is thy seed.12 And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the 14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, anddaughter of my father, but not the daughter of my took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it untomother; and she became my wife. Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and13 And it came to pass, when God caused me to sent her away: and she departed, and wandered inwander from my father’s house, that I said unto her, the wilderness of Beer-sheba.This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; 15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and sheat every place whither we shall come, say of me, He cast the child under one of the my brother. 16 And she went, and sat her down over against him14 And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Letmenservants, and womenservants, and gave them me not see the death of the child. And she sat overunto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife. against him, and lift up her voice, and wept.15 And Abimelech said, Behold, my land is before 17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angelthee: dwell where it pleaseth thee. of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hathbrother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to heard the voice of the lad where he is.thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that are with 18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand;thee, and with all other: thus she was reproved. for I will make him a great nation. 14
  • 32. GENESIS19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of 4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes,water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and saw the place afar off.and gave the lad drink. 5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonderdwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. and worship, and come again to you.21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his 6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering,mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt. and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in22 ¶ And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech his hand, and a knife; and they went both of themand Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto together.Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou 7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, anddoest: said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where isthou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, the lamb for a burnt offering?nor with my son’s son: but according to the kindness 8 And Abraham said, My son, God will providethat I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they wentand to the land wherein thou hast sojourned. both of them together.24 And Abraham said, I will swear. 9 And they came to the place which God had told25 And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laidwell of water, which Abimelech’s servants had the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laidviolently taken away. him on the altar upon the wood.26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who hath done 10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and tookthis thing: neither didst thou tell me, neither yet the knife to slay his son.heard I of it, but to day. 11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of27 And Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said,them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a Here am I.covenant. 12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad,28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I knowthemselves. that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld29 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What mean thy son, thine only son from me.these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set by 13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, andthemselves? behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his30 And he said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt thou horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, andtake of my hand, that they may be a witness unto offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead ofme, that I have digged this well. his son.31 Wherefore he called that place Beer-sheba; 14 And Abraham called the name of that placebecause there they sware both of them. Jehovah-jireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount32 Thus they made a covenant at Beer-sheba: then of the LORD it shall be seen.Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of 15 ¶ And the angel of the LORD called unto Abrahamhis host, and they returned into the land of the out of heaven the second time,Philistines. 16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD,33 ¶ And Abraham planted a grove in Beer-sheba, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast notand called there on the name of the LORD, the withheld thy son, thine only son:everlasting God. 17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in34 And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines’ land multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of themany days. heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; CHAPTER 22 18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earthA ND it came to pass after these things, that God be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, 19 So Abraham returned unto his young men, andAbraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. they rose up and went together to Beer-sheba; and2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Abraham dwelt at Beer-sheba.Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land 20 ¶ And it came to pass after these things, that itof Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering was told Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she hathupon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. also born children unto thy brother Nahor;3 ¶ And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and 21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, andsaddled his ass, and took two of his young men with Kemuel the father of Aram,him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the 22 And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph,burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place and Bethuel.of which God had told him. 15
  • 33. GENESIS23 And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight Milcah the cave which was therein, and all the trees thatdid bear to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. were in the field, that were in all the borders round24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, about, were made sureshe bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and 18 Unto Abraham for a possession in the presence ofMaachah. the children of Heth, before all that went in at the gate of his city. CHAPTER 23 19 And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife inA ND Sarah was an hundred and seven and twenty the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the years old: these were the years of the life of same is Hebron in the land of Canaan.Sarah. 20 And the field, and the cave that is therein, were2 And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba; the same is made sure unto Abraham for a possession of aHebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came buryingplace by the sons of mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.3 ¶ And Abraham stood up from before his dead, CHAPTER 24and spake unto the sons of Heth, saying,4 I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a Apossession of a buryingplace with you, that I may things. ND Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in allbury my dead out of my sight. 2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his5 And the children of Heth answered Abraham, house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I praysaying unto him, thee, thy hand under my thigh:6 Hear us, my lord: thou art a mighty prince among 3 And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the Godus: in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead; of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shaltnone of us shall withhold from thee his sepulchre, not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of thebut that thou mayest bury thy dead. Canaanites, among whom I dwell:7 And Abraham stood up, and bowed himself to the 4 But thou shalt go unto my country, and to mypeople of the land, even to the children of Heth. kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.8 And he communed with them, saying, If it be your 5 And the servant said unto him, Peradventure themind that I should bury my dead out of my sight; woman will not be willing to follow me unto thishear me, and intreat for me to Ephron the son of land: must I needs bring thy son again unto the landZohar, from whence thou camest?9 That he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which 6 And Abraham said unto him, Beware thou thathe hath, which is in the end of his field; for as much thou bring not my son thither as it is worth he shall give it me for a 7 ¶ The LORD God of heaven, which took me frompossession of a buryingplace amongst you. my father’s house, and from the land of my kindred,10 And Ephron dwelt among the children of Heth: and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me,and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shallaudience of the children of Heth, even of all that send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wifewent in at the gate of his city, saying, unto my son from thence.11 Nay, my lord, hear me: the field give I thee, and 8 And if the woman will not be willing to followthe cave that is therein, I give it thee; in the presence thee, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath:of the sons of my people give I it thee: bury thy dead. only bring not my son thither again.12 And Abraham bowed down himself before the 9 And the servant put his hand under the thigh ofpeople of the land. Abraham his master, and sware to him concerning13 And he spake unto Ephron in the audience of the that matter.people of the land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I 10 ¶ And the servant took ten camels of the camelspray thee, hear me: I will give thee money for the of his master, and departed; for all the goods of hisfield; take it of me, and I will bury my dead there. master were in his hand: and he arose, and went to14 And Ephron answered Abraham, saying unto Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.him, 11 And he made his camels to kneel down without15 My lord, hearken unto me: the land is worth four the city by a well of water at the time of the evening,hundred shekels of silver; what is that betwixt me even the time that women go out to draw water.and thee? bury therefore thy dead. 12 And he said, O LORD God of my master16 And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham, I pray thee, send me good speed this day,Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he and shew kindness unto my master Abraham.had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four 13 Behold, I stand here by the well of water; and thehundred shekels of silver, current money with the daughters of the men of the city come out to drawmerchant. water:17 ¶ And the field of Ephron, which was in 14 And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whomMachpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I 16
  • 34. GENESISmay drink; and she shall say, Drink, and I will give 31 And he said, Come in, thou blessed of the LORD;thy camels drink also: let the same be she that thou wherefore standest thou without? for I havehast appointed for thy servant Isaac; and thereby prepared the house, and room for the camels.shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto 32 ¶ And the man came into the house: and hemy master. ungirded his camels, and gave straw and provender15 ¶ And it came to pass, before he had done for the camels, and water to wash his feet, and thespeaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out, who was men’s feet that were with him.born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, 33 And there was set meat before him to eat: but heAbraham’s brother, with her pitcher upon her said, I will not eat, until I have told mine errand.shoulder. And he said, Speak on.16 And the damsel was very fair to look upon, a 34 And he said, I am Abraham’s, neither had any man known her: and she 35 And the LORD hath blessed my master greatly;went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and and he is become great: and he hath given himcame up. flocks, and herds, and silver, and gold, and17 And the servant ran to meet her, and said, Let me, menservants, and maidservants, and camels, andI pray thee, drink a little water of thy pitcher. asses.18 And she said, Drink, my lord: and she hasted, and 36 And Sarah my master’s wife bare a son to mylet down her pitcher upon her hand, and gave him master when she was old: and unto him hath hedrink. given all that he hath.19 And when she had done giving him drink, she 37 And my master made me swear, saying, Thousaid, I will draw water for thy camels also, until they shalt not take a wife to my son of the daughters ofhave done drinking. the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell:20 And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the 38 But thou shalt go unto my father’s house, and totrough, and ran again unto the well to draw water, my kindred, and take a wife unto my son.and drew for all his camels. 39 And I said unto my master, Peradventure the21 And the man wondering at her held his peace, to woman will not follow me.wit whether the LORD had made his journey 40 And he said unto me, The LORD, before whom Iprosperous or not. walk, will send his angel with thee, and prosper thy22 And it came to pass, as the camels had done way; and thou shalt take a wife for my son of mydrinking, that the man took a golden earring of half kindred, and of my father’s house:a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of 41 Then shalt thou be clear from this my oath, whenten shekels weight of gold; thou comest to my kindred; and if they give not thee23 And said, Whose daughter art thou? tell me, I one, thou shalt be clear from my oath.pray thee: is there room in thy father’s house for us 42 And I came this day unto the well, and said, Oto lodge in? LORD God of my master Abraham, if now thou do24 And she said unto him, I am the daughter of prosper my way which I go:Bethuel the son of Milcah, which she bare unto 43 Behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shallNahor. come to pass, that when the virgin cometh forth to25 She said moreover unto him, We have both straw draw water, and I say to her, Give me, I pray thee, aand provender enough, and room to lodge in. little water of thy pitcher to drink;26 And the man bowed down his head, and 44 And she say to me, Both drink thou, and I willworshipped the LORD. also draw for thy camels: let the same be the woman27 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of my whom the LORD hath appointed out for my master’smaster Abraham, who hath not left destitute my son.master of his mercy and his truth: I being in the way, 45 And before I had done speaking in mine heart,the LORD led me to the house of my master’s behold, Rebekah came forth with her pitcher on herbrethren. shoulder; and she went down unto the well, and28 And the damsel ran, and told them of her drew water: and I said unto her, Let me drink, I praymother’s house these things. thee.29 ¶ And Rebekah had a brother, and his name was 46 And she made haste, and let down her pitcherLaban: and Laban ran out unto the man, unto the from her shoulder, and said, Drink, and I will givewell. thy camels drink also: so I drank, and she made the30 And it came to pass, when he saw the earring and camels drink also.bracelets upon his sister’s hands, and when he heard 47 And I asked her, and said, Whose daughter artthe words of Rebekah his sister, saying, Thus spake thou? And she said, The daughter of Bethuel,the man unto me; that he came unto the man; and, Nahor’s son, whom Milcah bare unto him: and I putbehold, he stood by the camels at the well. the earring upon her face, and the bracelets upon her hands. 17
  • 35. GENESIS48 And I bowed down my head, and worshipped the and he loved her: and Isaac was comforted after hisLORD, and blessed the LORD God of my master mother’s death.Abraham, which had led me in the right way to takemy master’s brother’s daughter unto his son. CHAPTER 2549 And now if ye will deal kindly and truly with my Tmaster, tell me: and if not, tell me; that I may turn to HEN again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah. 2 And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, andthe right hand, or to the left.50 Then Laban and Bethuel answered and said, The Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.thing proceedeth from the LORD: we cannot speak 3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And theunto thee bad or good. sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and51 Behold, Rebekah is before thee, take her, and go, Leummim.and let her be thy master’s son’s wife, as the LORD 4 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, andhath spoken. Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the52 And it came to pass, that, when Abraham’s children of Keturah.servant heard their words, he worshipped the LORD, 5 ¶ And Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac.bowing himself to the earth. 6 But unto the sons of the concubines, which53 And the servant brought forth jewels of silver, Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent themand jewels of gold, and raiment, and gave them to away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward,Rebekah: he gave also to her brother and to her unto the east country.mother precious things. 7 And these are the days of the years of Abraham’s54 And they did eat and drink, he and the men that life which he lived, an hundred threescore andwere with him, and tarried all night; and they rose up fifteen the morning, and he said, Send me away unto my 8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in amaster. good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was55 And her brother and her mother said, Let the gathered to his people.damsel abide with us a few days, at the least ten; after 9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in thethat she shall go. cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of56 And he said unto them, Hinder me not, seeing Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre;the LORD hath prospered my way; send me away that 10 The field which Abraham purchased of the sonsI may go to my master. of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his57 And they said, We will call the damsel, and wife.inquire at her mouth. 11 ¶ And it came to pass after the death of Abraham,58 And they called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac dwelt by thethou go with this man? And she said, I will go. well Lahai-roi.59 And they sent away Rebekah their sister, and her 12 ¶ Now these are the generations of Ishmael,nurse, and Abraham’s servant, and his men. Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s60 And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her, handmaid, bare unto Abraham:Thou art our sister, be thou the mother of thousands 13 And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael,of millions, and let thy seed possess the gate of those by their names, according to their generations: thewhich hate them. firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and61 ¶ And Rebekah arose, and her damsels, and they Adbeel, and Mibsam,rode upon the camels, and followed the man: and 14 And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa,the servant took Rebekah, and went his way. 15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:62 And Isaac came from the way of the well Lahai- 16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are theirroi; for he dwelt in the south country. names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve63 And Isaac went out to meditate in the field at the princes according to their nations.eventide: and he lifted up his eyes, and saw, and, 17 And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, anbehold, the camels were coming. hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up64 And Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she the ghost and died; and was gathered unto hissaw Isaac, she lighted off the camel. people.65 For she had said unto the servant, What man is 18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that isthis that walketh in the field to meet us? And the before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and heservant had said, It is my master: therefore she took a died in the presence of all his brethren.vail, and covered herself. 19 ¶ And these are the generations of Isaac,66 And the servant told Isaac all things that he had Abraham’s son: Abraham begat Isaac:done. 20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took67 And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah’s Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syriantent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; of Padan-aram, the sister to Laban the Syrian. 18
  • 36. GENESIS21 And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because 7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife;she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, Sheand Rebekah his wife conceived. is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should22 And the children struggled together within her; kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to lookand she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went inquire of the LORD. 8 And it came to pass, when he had been there a long23 And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines lookedthy womb, and two manner of people shall be out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac wasseparated from thy bowels; and the one people shall sporting with Rebekah his stronger than the other people; and the elder shall 9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said, Behold, of aserve the younger. surety she is thy wife: and how saidst thou, She is my24 ¶ And when her days to be delivered were sister? And Isaac said unto him, Because I said, Lest Ifulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. die for her.25 And the first came out red, all over like an hairy 10 And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast donegarment; and they called his name Esau. unto us? one of the people might lightly have lien26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand with thy wife, and thou shouldest have broughttook hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called guiltiness upon us.Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she 11 And Abimelech charged all his people, saying, Hebare them. that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning to death.hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain 12 Then Isaac sowed in that land, and received in theman, dwelling in tents. same year an hundredfold: and the LORD blessed28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his him.venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob. 13 And the man waxed great, and went forward, and29 ¶ And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the grew until he became very great:field, and he was faint: 14 For he had possession of flocks, and possession of30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistinesthat same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was envied him.his name called Edom. 15 For all the wells which his father’s servants had31 And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright. digged in the days of Abraham his father, the32 And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: Philistines had stopped them, and filled them withand what profit shall this birthright do to me? earth.33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he 16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go from us; forsware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto thou art much mightier than we.Jacob. 17 ¶ And Isaac departed thence, and pitched his tent34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and 18 And Isaac digged again the wells of water, whichwent his way: thus Esau despised his birthright. they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death CHAPTER 26 of Abraham: and he called their names after theA ND there was a famine in the land, beside the names by which his father had called them. first famine that was in the days of Abraham. 19 And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, andAnd Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the found there a well of springing water.Philistines unto Gerar. 20 And the herdmen of Gerar did strive with Isaac’s2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, Go herdmen, saying, The water is ours: and he called thenot down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall name of the well Esek; because they strove with him.tell thee of: 21 And they digged another well, and strove for that3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and also: and he called the name of it Sitnah.will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I 22 And he removed from thence, and diggedwill give all these countries, and I will perform the another well; and for that they strove not: and heoath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said, For now4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall beheaven, and will give unto thy seed all these fruitful in the land.countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the 23 And he went up from thence to be blessed; 24 And the LORD appeared unto him the same night,5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fearmy charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, andlaws. multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham’s sake.6 ¶ And Isaac dwelt in Gerar: 19
  • 37. GENESIS25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon 9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence twothe name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there: good kids of the goats; and I will make them savouryand there Isaac’s servants digged a well. meat for thy father, such as he loveth:26 ¶ Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and 10 And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he mayAhuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chief eat, and that he may bless thee before his death.captain of his army. 11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold,27 And Isaac said unto them, Wherefore come ye to Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smoothme, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from man:you? 12 My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall28 And they said, We saw certainly that the LORD seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a cursewas with thee: and we said, Let there be now an oath upon me, and not a blessing.betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make 13 And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thya covenant with thee; curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me29 That thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not them.touched thee, and as we have done unto thee 14 And he went, and fetched, and brought them tonothing but good, and have sent thee away in peace: his mother: and his mother made savoury meat,thou art now the blessed of the LORD. such as his father loved.30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and 15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldestdrink. son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put31 And they rose up betimes in the morning, and them upon Jacob her younger son:sware one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and 16 And she put the skins of the kids of the goatsthey departed from him in peace. upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck:32 And it came to pass the same day, that Isaac’s 17 And she gave the savoury meat and the bread,servants came, and told him concerning the well which she had prepared, into the hand of her sonwhich they had digged, and said unto him, We have Jacob.found water. 18 ¶ And he came unto his father, and said, My33 And he called it Shebah: therefore the name of father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, mythe city is Beer-sheba unto this day. son?34 ¶ And Esau was forty years old when he took to 19 And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thywife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me:Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy35 Which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and to soul may bless me.Rebekah. 20 And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, CHAPTER 27 Because the LORD thy God brought it to me.A ND it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, 21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou behe called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My my very son Esau or not.son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I. 22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob’s voice, but theday of my death: hands are the hands of Esau.3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy 23 And he discerned him not, because his handsquiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take were hairy, as his brother Esau’s hands: so he blessedme some venison; him.4 And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and 24 And he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And hebring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless said, I am.thee before I die. 25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. Andson. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and heand to bring it. brought him wine, and he drank.6 ¶ And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, 26 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come nearBehold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy now, and kiss me, my, saying, 27 And he came near, and kissed him: and he7 Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him,that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before and said, See, the smell of my son is as the smell of amy death. field which the LORD hath blessed:8 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according 28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven,to that which I command thee. and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine: 20
  • 38. GENESIS29 Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should Ithee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s be deprived also of you both in one day?sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that 46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my lifecurseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee. because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife30 ¶ And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are ofan end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce the daughters of the land, what good shall my life dogone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that me?Esau his brother came in from his hunting.31 And he also had made savoury meat, and brought CHAPTER 28it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let myfather arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thysoul may bless me. A ND Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.32 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art 2 Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuelthou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau. thy mother’s father; and take thee a wife from thence33 And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, of the daughters of Laban thy mother’s brother.Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and 3 And God Almighty bless thee, and make theebrought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be acamest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be multitude of people;blessed. 4 And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee,34 And when Esau heard the words of his father, he and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inheritcried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said the land wherein thou art a stranger, which Godunto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. gave unto Abraham.35 And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and 5 And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padan-hath taken away thy blessing. aram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he brother of Rebekah, Jacob’s and Esau’s mother.hath supplanted me these two times: he took away 6 ¶ When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, andmy birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away sent him away to Padan-aram, to take him a wifemy blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave himblessing for me? a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the37 And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I daughters of Canaan;have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I 7 And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother,given to him for servants; and with corn and wine and was gone to Padan-aram;have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto 8 And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaanthee, my son? pleased not Isaac his father;38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one 9 Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto theblessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my wives which he had Mahalath the daughter offather. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept. Ishmael Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, his wife.Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, 10 ¶ And Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and wentand of the dew of heaven from above; toward Haran.40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve 11 And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarriedthy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou there all night, because the sun was set; and he tookshalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his of the stones of that place, and put them for hisyoke from off thy neck. pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.41 ¶ And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing 12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up onwherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: andhis heart, The days of mourning for my father are at behold the angels of God ascending and descendinghand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. on it.42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told 13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, Ito Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and theyounger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to theeEsau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, will I give it, and to thy seed;purposing to kill thee. 14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east,flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran; and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and44 And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother’s in thy seed shall all the families of the earth befury turn away; blessed.45 Until thy brother’s anger turn away from thee, 15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee inand he forget that which thou hast done to him: then all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee 21
  • 39. GENESISagain into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I him, and embraced him, and kissed him, andhave done that which I have spoken to thee of. brought him to his house. And he told Laban all16 ¶ And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, these things.Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not. 14 And Laban said to him, Surely thou art my bone17 And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this and my flesh. And he abode with him the space of aplace! this is none other but the house of God, and month.this is the gate of heaven. 15 ¶ And Laban said unto Jacob, Because thou art18 And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took my brother, shouldest thou therefore serve me forthe stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up nought? tell me, what shall thy wages be?for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. 16 And Laban had two daughters: the name of the19 And he called the name of that place Beth-el: but elder was Leah, and the name of the younger wasthe name of that city was called Luz at the first. Rachel.20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be 17 Leah was tender eyed; but Rachel was beautifulwith me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and and well favoured.will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, 18 And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee21 So that I come again to my father’s house in seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.peace; then shall the LORD be my God: 19 And Laban said, It is better that I give her to thee,22 And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall than that I should give her to another man: abidebe God’s house: and of all that thou shalt give me I with me.will surely give the tenth unto thee. 20 And Jacob served seven years for Rachel; and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had CHAPTER 29 to her.T HEN Jacob went on his journey, and came into 21 ¶ And Jacob said unto Laban, Give me my wife, the land of the people of the east. for my days are fulfilled, that I may go in unto her.2 And he looked, and behold a well in the field, and, 22 And Laban gathered together all the men of thelo, there were three flocks of sheep lying by it; for out place, and made a feast.of that well they watered the flocks: and a great stone 23 And it came to pass in the evening, that he tookwas upon the well’s mouth. Leah his daughter, and brought her to him; and he3 And thither were all the flocks gathered: and they went in unto her.rolled the stone from the well’s mouth, and watered 24 And Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpahthe sheep, and put the stone again upon the well’s his maid for an handmaid.mouth in his place. 25 And it came to pass, that in the morning, behold,4 And Jacob said unto them, My brethren, whence it was Leah: and he said to Laban, What is this thoube ye? And they said, Of Haran are we. hast done unto me? did not I serve with thee for5 And he said unto them, Know ye Laban the son of Rachel? wherefore then hast thou beguiled me?Nahor? And they said, We know him. 26 And Laban said, It must not be so done in our6 And he said unto them, Is he well? And they said, country, to give the younger before the firstborn.He is well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh 27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also forwith the sheep. the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven7 And he said, Lo, it is yet high day, neither is it time other years.that the cattle should be gathered together: water ye 28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week: and hethe sheep, and go and feed them. gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.8 And they said, We cannot, until all the flocks be 29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah hisgathered together, and till they roll the stone from handmaid to be her maid.the well’s mouth; then we water the sheep. 30 And he went in also unto Rachel, and he loved9 ¶ And while he yet spake with them, Rachel came also Rachel more than Leah, and served with him yetwith her father’s sheep: for she kept them. seven other years.10 And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the 31 ¶ And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated,daughter of Laban his mother’s brother, and the he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.sheep of Laban his mother’s brother, that Jacob went 32 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and shenear, and rolled the stone from the well’s mouth, called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely theand watered the flock of Laban his mother’s brother. LORD hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore11 And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up his voice, my husband will love me.and wept. 33 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and12 And Jacob told Rachel that he was her father’s said, Because the LORD hath heard that I was hated,brother, and that he was Rebekah’s son: and she ran he hath therefore given me this son also: and sheand told her father. called his name Simeon.13 And it came to pass, when Laban heard the 34 And she conceived again, and bare a son; andtidings of Jacob his sister’s son, that he ran to meet said, Now this time will my husband be joined unto 22
  • 40. GENESISme, because I have born him three sons: therefore I have born him six sons: and she called his namewas his name called Levi. Zebulun.35 And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she 21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and calledsaid, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called her name Dinah.his name Judah; and left bearing. 22 ¶ And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb. CHAPTER 30 23 And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, GodA ND when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no hath taken away my reproach: children, Rachel envied her sister; and said unto 24 And she called his name Joseph; and said, TheJacob, Give me children, or else I die. LORD shall add to me another son.2 And Jacob’s anger was kindled against Rachel: and 25 ¶ And it came to pass, when Rachel had bornhe said, Am I in God’s stead, who hath withheld Joseph, that Jacob said unto Laban, Send me away,from thee the fruit of the womb? that I may go unto mine own place, and to my3 And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto country.her; and she shall bear upon my knees, that I may 26 Give me my wives and my children, for whom Ialso have children by her. have served thee, and let me go: for thou knowest4 And she gave him Bilhah her handmaid to wife: my service which I have done thee.and Jacob went in unto her. 27 And Laban said unto him, I pray thee, if I have5 And Bilhah conceived, and bare Jacob a son. found favour in thine eyes, tarry: for I have learned6 And Rachel said, God hath judged me, and hath by experience that the LORD hath blessed me for thyalso heard my voice, and hath given me a son: sake.therefore called she his name Dan. 28 And he said, Appoint me thy wages, and I will7 And Bilhah Rachel’s maid conceived again, and give it.bare Jacob a second son. 29 And he said unto him, Thou knowest how I have8 And Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I served thee, and how thy cattle was with me.wrestled with my sister, and I have prevailed: and 30 For it was little which thou hadst before I came,she called his name Naphtali. and it is now increased unto a multitude; and the9 When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and nowZilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. when shall I provide for mine own house also?10 And Zilpah Leah’s maid bare Jacob a son. 31 And he said, What shall I give thee? And Jacob11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his said, Thou shalt not give me any thing: if thou wiltname Gad. do this thing for me, I will again feed and keep thy12 And Zilpah Leah’s maid bare Jacob a second son. flock:13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will 32 I will pass through all thy flock to day, removingcall me blessed: and she called his name Asher. from thence all the speckled and spotted cattle, and14 ¶ And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, all the brown cattle among the sheep, and theand found mandrakes in the field, and brought them spotted and speckled among the goats: and of suchunto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, shall be my hire.Give me, I pray thee, of thy son’s mandrakes. 33 So shall my righteousness answer for me in time15 And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that to come, when it shall come for my hire before thythou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou face: every one that is not speckled and spottedtake away my son’s mandrakes also? And Rachel among the goats, and brown among the sheep, thatsaid, Therefore he shall lie with thee to night for thy shall be counted stolen with me.son’s mandrakes. 34 And Laban said, Behold, I would it might be16 And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, according to thy word.and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou 35 And he removed that day the he goats that weremust come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee ringstraked and spotted, and all the she goats thatwith my son’s mandrakes. And he lay with her that were speckled and spotted, and every one that hadnight. some white in it, and all the brown among the sheep,17 And God hearkened unto Leah, and she and gave them into the hand of his sons.conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son. 36 And he set three days’ journey betwixt himself18 And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, and Jacob: and Jacob fed the rest of Laban’s flocks.because I have given my maiden to my husband: and 37 ¶ And Jacob took him rods of green poplar, andshe called his name Issachar. of the hazel and chesnut tree; and pilled white19 And Leah conceived again, and bare Jacob the strakes in them, and made the white appear whichsixth son. was in the rods.20 And Leah said, God hath endued me with a good 38 And he set the rods which he had pilled beforedowry; now will my husband dwell with me, because the flocks in the gutters in the watering troughs 23
  • 41. GENESISwhen the flocks came to drink, that they should now arise, get thee out from this land, and returnconceive when they came to drink. unto the land of thy kindred.39 And the flocks conceived before the rods, and 14 And Rachel and Leah answered and said untobrought forth cattle ringstraked, speckled, and him, Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us inspotted. our father’s house?40 And Jacob did separate the lambs, and set the 15 Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hathfaces of the flocks toward the ringstraked, and all the sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money.brown in the flock of Laban; and he put his own 16 For all the riches which God hath taken from ourflocks by themselves, and put them not unto Laban’s father, that is ours, and our children’s: now then,cattle. whatsoever God hath said unto thee, do.41 And it came to pass, whensoever the stronger 17 ¶ Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and hiscattle did conceive, that Jacob laid the rods before wives upon camels;the eyes of the cattle in the gutters, that they might 18 And he carried away all his cattle, and all hisconceive among the rods. goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting,42 But when the cattle were feeble, he put them not which he had gotten in Padan-aram, for to go toin: so the feebler were Laban’s, and the stronger Isaac his father in the land of Canaan.Jacob’s. 19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel43 And the man increased exceedingly, and had had stolen the images that were her father’s.much cattle, and maidservants, and menservants, 20 And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban theand camels, and asses. Syrian, in that he told him not that he fled. 21 So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, CHAPTER 31 and passed over the river, and set his face toward theA ND he heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, mount Gilead. Jacob hath taken away all that was our father’s; 22 And it was told Laban on the third day that Jacoband of that which was our father’s hath he gotten all was fled.this glory. 23 And he took his brethren with him, and pursued2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, after him seven days’ journey; and they overtookbehold, it was not toward him as before. him in the mount Gilead.3 And the LORD said unto Jacob, Return unto the 24 And God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream byland of thy fathers, and to thy kindred; and I will be night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speakwith thee. not to Jacob either good or bad.4 And Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the 25 ¶ Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob hadfield unto his flock, pitched his tent in the mount: and Laban with his5 And said unto them, I see your father’s brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead.countenance, that it is not toward me as before; but 26 And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done,the God of my father hath been with me. that thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and6 And ye know that with all my power I have served carried away my daughters, as captives taken withyour father. the sword?7 And your father hath deceived me, and changed 27 Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and stealmy wages ten times; but God suffered him not to away from me; and didst not tell me, that I mighthurt me. have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with8 If he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; tabret, and with harp?then all the cattle bare speckled: and if he said thus, 28 And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and myThe ringstraked shall be thy hire; then bare all the daughters? thou hast now done foolishly in so doing.cattle ringstraked. 29 It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but9 Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your the God of your father spake unto me yesternight,father, and given them to me. saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob10 And it came to pass at the time that the cattle either good or bad.conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a 30 And now, though thou wouldest needs be gone,dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the because thou sore longedst after thy father’s house,cattle were ringstraked, speckled, and grisled. yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?11 And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream, 31 And Jacob answered and said to Laban, Because Isaying, Jacob: And I said, Here am I. was afraid: for I said, Peradventure thou wouldest12 And he said, Lift up now thine eyes, and see, all take by force thy daughters from me.the rams which leap upon the cattle are ringstraked, 32 With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let himspeckled, and grisled: for I have seen all that Laban not live: before our brethren discern thou what isdoeth unto thee. thine with me, and take it to thee. For Jacob knew13 I am the God of Beth-el, where thou anointedst not that Rachel had stolen them.the pillar, and where thou vowedst a vow unto me: 24
  • 42. GENESIS33 And Laban went into Jacob’s tent, and into Leah’s 50 If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalttent, and into the two maidservants’ tents; but he take other wives beside my daughters, no man is withfound them not. Then went he out of Leah’s tent, us; see, God is witness betwixt me and thee.and entered into Rachel’s tent. 51 And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and34 Now Rachel had taken the images, and put them behold this pillar, which I have cast betwixt me andin the camel’s furniture, and sat upon them. And thee;Laban searched all the tent, but found them not. 52 This heap be witness, and this pillar be witness,35 And she said to her father, Let it not displease my that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and thatlord that I cannot rise up before thee; for the custom thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillarof women is upon me. And he searched, but found unto me, for harm.not the images. 53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the36 ¶ And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban: God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacoband Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my sware by the fear of his father Isaac.trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly 54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, andpursued after me? called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat37 Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what bread, and tarried all night in the mount.hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set it here 55 And early in the morning Laban rose up, andbefore my brethren and thy brethren, that they may kissed his sons and his daughters, and blessed them:judge betwixt us both. and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.38 This twenty years have I been with thee; thy ewesand thy she goats have not cast their young, and the CHAPTER 32rams of thy flock have I not eaten.39 That which was torn of beasts I brought not unto A ND Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him.thee; I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou 2 And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God’srequire it, whether stolen by day, or stolen by night. host: and he called the name of that place40 Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, Mahanaim.and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from 3 And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau hismine eyes. brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.41 Thus have I been twenty years in thy house; I 4 And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall yeserved thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saithsix years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed therewages ten times. until now:42 Except the God of my father, the God of 5 And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, andAbraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent tosurely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.hath seen mine affliction and the labour of my 6 ¶ And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying,hands, and rebuked thee yesternight. We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to43 ¶ And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These meet thee, and four hundred men with him.daughters are my daughters, and these children are 7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: andmy children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all he divided the people that was with him, and thethat thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands;unto these my daughters, or unto their children 8 And said, If Esau come to the one company, andwhich they have born? smite it, then the other company which is left shall44 Now therefore come thou, let us make a escape.covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness 9 ¶ And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham,between me and thee. and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which saidst45 And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar. unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy46 And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; kindred, and I will deal well with thee:and they took stones, and made an heap: and they 10 I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies,did eat there upon the heap. and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto47 And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha: but Jacob thy servant; for with my staff I passed over thiscalled it Galeed. Jordan; and now I am become two bands.48 And Laban said, This heap is a witness between 11 Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of myme and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lestcalled Galeed; he will come and smite me, and the mother with the49 And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch children.between me and thee, when we are absent one from 12 And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, andanother. make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude. 25
  • 43. GENESIS13 ¶ And he lodged there that same night; and took CHAPTER 33of that which came to his hand a present for Esau hisbrother; A ND Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundred14 Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two men. And he divided the children unto Leah, andhundred ewes, and twenty rams, unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids.15 Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, 2 And he put the handmaids and their childrenand ten bulls, twenty she asses, and ten foals. foremost, and Leah and her children after, and16 And he delivered them into the hand of his Rachel and Joseph hindermost.servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto 3 And he passed over before them, and bowedhis servants, Pass over before me, and put a space himself to the ground seven times, until he camebetwixt drove and drove. near to his brother.17 And he commanded the foremost, saying, When 4 And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him,Esau my brother meeteth thee, and asketh thee, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept.saying, Whose art thou? and whither goest thou? and 5 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women andwhose are these before thee? the children; and said, Who are those with thee? And18 Then thou shalt say, They be thy servant Jacob’s; he said, The children which God hath graciouslyit is a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, given thy servant.also he is behind us. 6 Then the handmaidens came near, they and their19 And so commanded he the second, and the third, children, and they bowed themselves.and all that followed the droves, saying, On this 7 And Leah also with her children came near, andmanner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him. bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and20 And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is Rachel, and they bowed themselves.behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the 8 And he said, What meanest thou by all this drovepresent that goeth before me, and afterward I will which I met? And he said, These are to find grace insee his face; peradventure he will accept of me. the sight of my lord.21 So went the present over before him: and himself 9 And Esau said, I have enough, my brother; keeplodged that night in the company. that thou hast unto thyself.22 And he rose up that night, and took his two 10 And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I havewives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven found grace in thy sight, then receive my present atsons, and passed over the ford Jabbok. my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, though I had seen the face of God, and thou wastand sent over that he had. pleased with me.24 ¶ And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a 11 Take, I pray thee, my blessing that is brought toman with him until the breaking of the day. thee; because God hath dealt graciously with me,25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against and because I have enough. And he urged him, andhim, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the he took it.hollow of Jacob’s thigh was out of joint, as he 12 And he said, Let us take our journey, and let uswrestled with him. go, and I will go before thee.26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And 13 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that thehe said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. children are tender, and the flocks and herds with27 And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he young are with me: and if men should overdrivesaid, Jacob. them one day, all the flock will die.28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more 14 Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before hisJacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power servant: and I will lead on softly, according as thewith God and with men, and hast prevailed. cattle that goeth before me and the children be able29 And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir.thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that 15 And Esau said, Let me now leave with thee somethou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him of the folk that are with me. And he said, Whatthere. needeth it? let me find grace in the sight of my lord.30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for 16 ¶ So Esau returned that day on his way unto Seir.I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. 17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon an house, and made booths for his cattle: thereforehim, and he halted upon his thigh. the name of the place is called Succoth.32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the 18 ¶ And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem,sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the which is in the land of Canaan, when he came fromthigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow Padan-aram; and pitched his tent before the city.of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew that shrank. 19 And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of 26
  • 44. GENESISHamor, Shechem’s father, for an hundred pieces of was more honourable than all the house of hismoney. father.20 And he erected there an altar, and called it El- 20 ¶ And Hamor and Shechem his son came untoelohe-Israel. the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city, saying, CHAPTER 34 21 These men are peaceable with us; therefore letAland. ND Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land, behold, it is large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, our daughters.prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay 22 Only herein will the men consent unto us for towith her, and defiled her. dwell with us, to be one people, if every male among3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of us be circumcised, as they are circumcised.Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly 23 Shall not their cattle and their substance andunto the damsel. every beast of theirs be ours? only let us consent unto4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, them, and they will dwell with us.saying, Get me this damsel to wife. 24 And unto Hamor and unto Shechem his son5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his hearkened all that went out of the gate of his city;daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the and every male was circumcised, all that went out offield: and Jacob held his peace until they were come. the gate of his city.6 ¶ And Hamor the father of Shechem went out 25 ¶ And it came to pass on the third day, when theyunto Jacob to commune with him. were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and7 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when Levi, Dinah’s brethren, took each man his sword,they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they and came upon the city boldly, and slew all thewere very wroth, because he had wrought folly in males.Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter; which thing 26 And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son withought not to be done. the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of8 And Hamor communed with them, saying, The Shechem’s house, and went out.soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I 27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, andpray you give her him to wife. spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister.9 And make ye marriages with us, and give your 28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and theirdaughters unto us, and take our daughters unto you. asses, and that which was in the city, and that which10 And ye shall dwell with us: and the land shall be was in the field,before you; dwell and trade ye therein, and get you 29 And all their wealth, and all their little ones, andpossessions therein. their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all11 And Shechem said unto her father and unto her that was in the house.brethren, Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye 30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye haveshall say unto me I will give. troubled me to make me to stink among the12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites andgive according as ye shall say unto me: but give me the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shallthe damsel to wife. gather themselves together against me, and slay me;13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he 31 And they said, Should he deal with our sister ashad defiled Dinah their sister: with an harlot?14 And they said unto them, We cannot do thisthing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; CHAPTER 35for that were a reproach unto us:15 But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will beas we be, that every male of you be circumcised; A ND God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Beth- el, and dwell there: and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest16 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we from the face of Esau thy brother.will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with 2 Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all thatyou, and we will become one people. were with him, Put away the strange gods that are17 But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be among you, and be clean, and change yourcircumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we garments:will be gone. 3 And let us arise, and go up to Beth-el; and I will18 And their words pleased Hamor, and Shechem make there an altar unto God, who answered me inHamor’s son. the day of my distress, and was with me in the way19 And the young man deferred not to do the thing, which I went.because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter: and he 27
  • 45. GENESIS4 And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods 25 And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s handmaid; Dan,which were in their hand, and all their earrings and Naphtali:which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under 26 And the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s handmaid; Gad,the oak which was by Shechem. and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were5 And they journeyed: and the terror of God was born to him in Padan-aram.upon the cities that were round about them, and 27 ¶ And Jacob came unto Isaac his father untothey did not pursue after the sons of Jacob. Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron,6 ¶ So Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.Canaan, that is, Beth-el, he and all the people that 28 And the days of Isaac were an hundred andwere with him. fourscore years.7 And he built there an altar, and called the place El- 29 And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and wasbeth-el: because there God appeared unto him, gathered unto his people, being old and full of days:when he fled from the face of his brother. and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.8 But Deborah Rebekah’s nurse died, and she wasburied beneath Beth-el under an oak: and the name CHAPTER 36of it was called Allon-bachuth.9 ¶ And God appeared unto Jacob again, when he N OW these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. 2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan;came out of Padan-aram, and blessed him.10 And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, andname shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter ofshall be thy name: and he called his name Israel. Zibeon the Hivite;11 And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be 3 And Bashemath Ishmael’s daughter, sister offruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of Nebajoth.nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of 4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemaththy loins; bare Reuel;12 And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to 5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, andthee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were bornthe land. unto him in the land of Canaan.13 And God went up from him in the place where he 6 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and histalked with him. daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his14 And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, whichtalked with him, even a pillar of stone: and he he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into thepoured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil country from the face of his brother Jacob.thereon. 7 For their riches were more than that they might15 And Jacob called the name of the place where dwell together; and the land wherein they wereGod spake with him, Beth-el. strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.16 ¶ And they journeyed from Beth-el; and there was 8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel 9 ¶ And these are the generations of Esau the fathertravailed, and she had hard labour. of the Edomites in mount Seir:17 And it came to pass, when she was in hard labour, 10 These are the names of Esau’s sons; Eliphaz thethat the midwife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son ofhave this son also. Bashemath the wife of Esau.18 And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, 11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar,(for she died) that she called his name Ben-oni: but Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz.his father called him Benjamin. 12 And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau’s son;19 And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sonsEphrath, which is Beth-lehem. of Adah Esau’s wife.20 And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the 13 And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath, andpillar of Rachel’s grave unto this day. Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons21 ¶ And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent of Bashemath Esau’s wife.beyond the tower of Edar. 14 ¶ And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the22 And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’sland, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, andfather’s concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons Korah.of Jacob were twelve: 15 ¶ These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, and of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman,Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,Zebulun:24 The sons of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin: 28
  • 46. GENESIS16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: 39 And Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, andthese are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his cityof Edom; these were the sons of Adah. was Pau; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the17 ¶ And these are the sons of Reuel Esau’s son; daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke 40 And these are the names of the dukes that came ofMizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the Esau, according to their families, after their places,land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, dukeEsau’s wife. Jetheth,18 ¶ And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau’s 41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these 42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the 43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes ofdaughter of Anah, Esau’s wife. Edom, according to their habitations in the land of19 These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and their possession: he is Esau the father of thethese are their dukes. Edomites.20 ¶ These are the sons of Seir the Horite, whoinhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, CHAPTER 37and Anah,21 And Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the A ND Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land 2 These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, beingof Edom. seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his22 And the children of Lotan were Hori and brethren; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah,Hemam; and Lotan’s sister was Timna. and with the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives: and23 And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. 3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children,24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, because he was the son of his old age: and he madeand Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules him a coat of many the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his 4 And when his brethren saw that their father lovedfather. him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and25 And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and could not speak peaceably unto him.Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. 5 ¶ And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his26 And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, brethren: and they hated him yet the more.and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. 6 And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and dream which I have dreamed:Zaavan, and Akan. 7 For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field,28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran. and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and,29 These are the dukes that came of the Horites; behold, your sheaves stood round about, and madeduke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah, obeisance to my sheaf.30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are 8 And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeedthe dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominionthe land of Seir. over us? And they hated him yet the more for his31 ¶ And these are the kings that reigned in the land dreams, and for his words.of Edom, before there reigned any king over the 9 ¶ And he dreamed yet another dream, and told itchildren of Israel. his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a32 And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom: and dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon andthe name of his city was Dinhabah. the eleven stars made obeisance to me.33 And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of 10 And he told it to his father, and to his brethren:Bozrah reigned in his stead. and his father rebuked him, and said unto him,34 And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall ITemani reigned in his stead. and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to35 And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in 11 And his brethren envied him; but his fatherhis stead: and the name of his city was Avith. observed the saying.36 And Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah 12 ¶ And his brethren went to feed their father’sreigned in his stead. flock in Shechem.37 And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the 13 And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethrenriver reigned in his stead. feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee38 And Saul died, and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor unto them. And he said to him, Here am I.reigned in his stead. 14 And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; 29
  • 47. GENESISand bring me word again. So he sent him out of the 35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up tovale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he15 ¶ And a certain man found him, and, behold, he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my sonwas wandering in the field: and the man asked him, mourning. Thus his father wept for him.saying, What seekest thou? 36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto16 And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, I pray Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh’s, and captain of thethee, where they feed their flocks. guard.17 And the man said, They are departed hence; for Iheard them say, Let us go to Dothan. And Joseph CHAPTER 38went after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.18 And when they saw him afar off, even before he A ND it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to acame near unto them, they conspired against him to certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.slay him. 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain19 And they said one to another, Behold, this Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her,dreamer cometh. and went in unto her.20 Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast 3 And she conceived, and bare a son; and he calledhim into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast his name Er.hath devoured him: and we shall see what will 4 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and shebecome of his dreams. called his name Onan.21 And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of 5 And she yet again conceived, and bare a son; andtheir hands; and said, Let us not kill him. called his name Shelah: and he was at Chezib, when22 And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but she bare him.cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and 6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whoselay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of name was Tamar.their hands, to deliver him to his father again. 7 And Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight23 ¶ And it came to pass, when Joseph was come of the LORD; and the LORD slew him.unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his 8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thycoat, his coat of many colours that was on him; brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to24 And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and thy brother.the pit was empty, there was no water in it. 9 And Onan knew that the seed should