is a prepositional phrase that modifies
a Noun or a Pronoun .
EX: The room with many doors was
(The phrase with many doors modifies
the noun room)
is a Prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an
Adjective or another Adverb. It usually tells where ,
when , how, why , how many , how much or how far.
EX: I stepped into a huge hall .
( the phrase in to a huge hall modifies the verb stepped).
Modifying a Verb.
It was awesome in its beauty.
( the phrase in its beauty modifies the adjective
Modifying an adjective.
is a subordinate clause an Adjective to
modify a Noun or a Pronoun.
1. Someone, who speaks Japanese will
Diet drinks are for people who wants to cut
Words that begin Adjective
Clause are who, whom, that,
These are called Relative
1. They introduce adjective clause.
2. They relate the adjective clause to a word
in the main clause.
3. Within the adjective Clause, they act as a
subject, object, or predicate Noun of the
•They may also be the object of the
preposition in the clause.
Is a subordinate clause used an adverb.
1. The gymnast smiled as she finished her
2. Pat sat where she would be comfortable.
Here are some subordinating
conjunction that introduce an adverb
• To show time
• To show manner
• To show reason
• To signal condition
• To show comparison
• To show purpose or result
after, as, as long as, whenever, as
soon as, before, since, while
As, as if, as though
Although, as long as, even if, even
though, if, provided that,
though, unless, while
In order that, so that
The three verbal's- gerunds,
infinitives, and participles-are
formed from verbs, but are never
used alone as action words in
sentences. Instead, verbal's function
as nouns, adjective, or adverb.
THESE VERBALS ARE
IMPORTANT IN PHRASE
EX: Jumping is fun.
He like skiing.
He had a unique way of whistling .
Is the base form of a verb with to . Usually it functions as a noun ,
although it can also function as an adjective or adverb.
To jump is fun. ( noun; subject of the verb is )
I like to ski. ( noun ; direct object of the of the verb like )
She had a suggestion to offer . ( adjective modifying suggestion )
He called to warn her. ( adverb modifying the verb called )
Is a verb that ends in- ing ( present participle ) or –ed –d –t en –n (
past participle ). Participles may function as adjectives, describing or
EX: The dancing parrots entertained the crowd.
The wrecked sailboat washed up on shore.
But participle have another fun
action when used with helping verbs such as to be and to have , they
are action verbs and form several verb tenses.
EX: she is thinking of the children
The conference room had been cleaned before they arrived.
A single word modifier is one word that modifies the meaning
of another word phrase or clause.
Single word modifier may refer to:
Grammatical modifier, a word which modifies another element
of the phrase or clause.
1) The dog shredded the section of the paper.
2) Is this the coat that you want?
3) Suddenly a little man with a long beard called my name.
4) The man disappeared before my eyes.
5) Greg ran as fast as he could.
6) To forgive is sometimes difficult.
7) Don’t make decision without seeking.
8) This is the power plant where the accident occurred.
9) The door knob turned easily for its age.
10)The talking doll speaks when you pull the string