The  Parables
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  • 1. THE PARABLES PARABLES OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN PRESENTED BY JOY JOSEPH MUNDUKOTTACKAL KONKANI CHRISTIAN (BRETHREN) ASSEMBLY
  • 2. PARABLES
    • What the parables are?
    • Parables are a method of speech, in which moral or religious truths are illustrated from the analogy of common experience
    • The parables of Jesus recorded in the gospels are unique and remains ever fresh to the readers
    • Old Testament rarely have parables (Jud.9: 8-15)
    • Jesus taught mainly through parables (Mk.5: 34)
    • Example- The parable of the kingdom of heaven (Mat. 13)
  • 3. THE PARABLES
    • THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PARABLES, THE SIMILE AND
    • THE METAPHOR
    • Mainly in the length of it
    • Parables are longer comparatively
    • Simile and Metaphors are short and so difficult to define
    • clearly
    • “ Like a sheep dumb before the sheerer” (Is.53: 7) Is a simile
    • “ Ye are the salt of the earth” (Mat.5: 13) is a metaphor
  • 4. THE PARABLES (ADVANTAGES)
    • Could easily adhere to the memory of the Hearer than long statements
    • Preacher could use against any person, who will not listen
    • or admit in a normal way
    • (Ex. Nathan to David; of the Eve lamb - 2.Sam.12: 1- 12)
    • Will listen patiently, condemn soon, but realize later only,
    • he was condemning himself
    • Good parables are of Common and familiar things to the
    • hearer, so that he can easily understand.
  • 5. THE PARABLES
    • Jesus mainly taught through parables
    • Mark 4:33-34 And with many such parables spake he the
    • word unto them, as they were able to hear it. But without
    • a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone,
    • he expounded all things to his disciples.
    • Jesus said;
    • Mark 4:11 Unto you it is given to know the mystery of
    • the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all
    • these things are done in parables:
  • 6. THE PARABLES
    • THE REASON WHY JESUS SPOKE THRU PARABLES
    • It was fulfillment of himself (Ps.78: 2; Mat.13: 35)
    • Fulfillment of the prophecies (Is.6: 9; Mat.13: 14)
    • They were messages of judgment to Israel (Mk.4: 11)
    • Spoken in mercy lest they should have greater condemnation (Acts.3: 17)
    • Mystery for them; but for us given to know (Mk.4: 11)
  • 7. THE PARABLES
    • No parables in the Gospel of John
    • Parables in Mark and Luke are of the Kingdom of God
    • Parables in Matthew are of the Kingdom of Heaven
    • Seven Parables in Matthew Ch.13 are of the nature of the
    • kingdom of Heaven
    • Rest of the Five parables shows the manner how to conduct
    • in the Kingdom of Heaven
    • (Some may disagree the Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven are not different-for the similarities seen in some of the parables)
    • Argument: Matthew being a Jew avoided the word “God” -is not relevant- in Matthew itself we read “Kingdom of God” (21: 43)
  • 8. THE PARABLES (Differences)
    • THE KINGDOM OF GOD AND KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
    • The Kingdom of God covers the divine authority over the
    • entire universe of all times, all inclusive of those who are
    • willing to be controlled by God’s will, either angels (holy)
    • or of the saints of the New or the Old Testament.
    • But the Kingdom of Heaven has as its ultimate purpose of the
    • setting up of the Kingdom on earth. (1.Cor.15: 24- 25)
    • The coming of the king was announced and the way prepared
    • by John the Baptist as forerunner
    • Jesus himself preached the approach of the kingdom the repentance was the sign of acceptance for some.
    • Since they rejected the king, the kingdom postponed
  • 9. THE PARABLES (Differences – Conti..)
    • THE NATURE OF THE KINGDOM
    • (JEWS EXPECTED AND REASON FOR REJECTION)
    • As Son of David on the throne (Jer.23: 5-6)
    • World wide worship of the Lord (Mal.1: 11)
    • Re-establishment of world peace (Is. 2: 2-4)
    • Even nature regaining glory (Is. 35: 1-2)
    • (Since they rejected the king, kingdom postponed, from
    • rejection till His coming again to establish the earthly
    • kingdom, is the period of the Kingdom of heaven )
  • 10. THE PARABLES (Differences) Conti…
    • What the Kingdom of Heaven is?
    • Not the Church - For the Lord add such as should be saved
    • unto the Church (Acts.2: 47)
    • Not the kingdom of God - For the entry is through new birth
    • (Born again) Jn. 3: 3; 5
    • So the kingdom of Heaven is the present so called
    • “ Visible Christendom”
    • In the kingdom of Heaven , there is “ wheat and tares ”, the “ good and evil ”, the “ good and bad fishes ”, the “wise and foolish virgins”, but not in the Kingdom of God.
  • 11. THE PARABLES (Differences) Conti…
    • Entry to Kingdom of God by New birth (Jn.3: 3; 5)
    • Man with out the robe seen in K. o. Heaven (Mat.22: 12)
    • Kingdom of God; they presseth unto (Lk.16: 16)
    • Kingdom of heaven take thru violence (Mat.11: 12)
    • Kingdom of God not visible (Rom.14: 7)
    • Kingdom of heaven is visible (Rom.14: 7)
    • Kingdom of God covers of all the time
    • Kingdom of heaven only this present period
  • 12. THE PARABLES (Differences) Contin …
    • Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink;
    • but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
    • Luke 16:16 The law and the prophets were until John: since
    • that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man
    • presseth into it. ( But not read as entered)
    • Luke 18:17 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive
    • the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein. (None can enter by violence)
    • Matthew 11:12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence , and the violent take it by force.
  • 13. THE PARABLES (HOW TO INTERPRET)
    • The correct method to interpret
    • Read and observe the parables, and how the Lord gave the interpretations, do the word study.
    • Follow the same guideline; interpret with the Bible than
    • putting in own ideas (Inductive study)
    • Observe the similarities and differences of similar Parables
    • Let interpretations be EXIGETIC and not EISIGESIS
  • 14. THE PARABLES (PARABLE OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • THE PARABLE OF THE SOWER (Mat.13:1-9)
    • (Mk.4: 3-9;14-20; Lk.8: 4-8; 11-15 Applicable to both )
    • LORD’S Interpretations (Mat.13: 18-23)
    • Seed that sow – The word of the Kingdom (v.19)
    • The way side- (Fowls v.4 ; Wicked v.19 ) catcheth
    • away – No growth, no fruit
    • Stony places- - receives but offended (v.20;21)
    • Among thorns - hear but choked, not fruitful (v.22)
    • Good ground - beareth fruit (v.23)
    • (V.8; 23 Proportion than character of fruit bearing)
  • 15. THE PARABLES (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • 2.THE WHEAT AND TARES (Mat.13: 24-30)
    • LORD’S Interpretations (Mat.13: 36-43)
    • No similar parables in Mark and Luke
    • The man soweth – Son of Man (v.37)
    • Good seed- The children of the kingdom (v.38)
    • Tares- The children of the wicked one (v.38)
    • Enemy soweth tares- Devil (v.39)
    • Reapers- Angels (v.41) tares put to fire (42)
    • Harvest time- End of the world (v.40) Not at Rapture
    • ( Devil cannot destroy so he sow tares - now grows together )
  • 16. THE PARABLES (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • 3. THE MUSTARD SEED (Mat.13: 31-32)
    • Similar in Mark 4: 30-32 (Kingdom of God)
    • (Small beginning but great growth cannot be denied)
    • Least of all seeds- Just for familiar reason
    • Grown great among the herbs- Spurious growth
    • (Reason rooted to earth ; Church to Christ. Col.2: 7)
    • Fowls speak of evil (Mat.13: 19; Dan.4: 12)
    • (Growth of Christendom is with un-regenerated ones; so
    • seems the spurious growth and evil therewith)
  • 17. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • 4. PARABLE OF THE LEAVEN (Mat.13: 33)
    • Similar Lk.13: 20; For Leaven shows evil
    • Paul exhorts us to be away of “ malice and wickedness ”
    • The Lord warned us to be careful of:
    • L. of Pharisees (Mat.16: 6) Hypocrisy
    • L. of Sadducees (Mat.16: 6) Unbelief (Acts.23: 8)
    • L. of Herod (Mk.8: 15) Religion of Worldliness
    • (Gospel is pure cannot spread by itself; Leaven makes
    • dough; 1.Cor.5: 7; Gal.5: 9 shows only so bigger)
  • 18. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • 5. TREASURE HID IN THE FIELD (Mat.13: 44)
    • No similar Parable
    • Field is the world (Mat.13: 37)
    • Israel is the Hidden treasure (Ex.19: 5; Ps.135: 4)
    • Man findeth is Christ (Jn.1: 11)
    • Now Israel is like treasure hid in the field, Christ’s death of atonement covers redemption of Israel also; but as a nation
    • after the church period only (Rom.11: 1; 26)
    • ( Ps note:- By giving all one cannot attain salvation; for salvation
    • is the free gift, cannot be bought also)
  • 19. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • 6. MERCHANTMAN SEEKING GOODLY PEARL
    • (Mat.13: 45-46)
    • No similar parable
    • Merchantman is Christ
    • Pearl of great price is the Church
    • (Pearl is formed by the suffering of the oyster; Church formed
    • as the fruit of Christ’s sufferings. Eph.5: 25)
    • (Similar arguments like previous: un-relevant as Salvation can
    • not be bought or earned)
  • 20. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • 7. THE DRAGNET CAST IN TO THE SEA (Mat.13: 47-50) Dragnet is not the Gospel
    • No similar Parable
    • How relevant, parable fits to the kingdom of Heaven- ( having
    • all kinds of fishes )
    • Bad fishes cannot be in the Kingdom of God
    • Time at the end of the world; angels will separate; wicked from among the just and cast bad away in to the hell (v.49-50)
  • 21. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • PARABLE OF THE UNMERCIFUL SERVANT
    • (Mat.18: 23-35)
    • THE NEED OF UNLIMITED FORGIVENESS
    • The servant own 10,000 talents (Received forgiveness)
    • His fellow servant own 100 Pence (Not forgiven)
    • ( 100,000 time more - but was unwilling to forgive his fellow
    • servant who own only 100 pence )
    • LESSON : Forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s
    • sake hath forgiven you (Eph.4: 32)
  • 22. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • THE VINEYARD LABOURERS (Mat.20: 1-16)
    • Early morning, Third hour, Sixth hour, Ninth hour,
    • Eleventh hour; shows the age a person when called
    • A penny a day was promised to the first (v.2)
    • “ whatsoever” was promised to the rest all (v.4)
    • Good master begins to pay from last to the first (v.8)
    • Found paid one penny, others murmured (v.11)
    • LESSON: With what motive or attitude one serves ?
    • ( Serve with gladness - Phil.2: 14; Due.27: 47)
  • 23. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • THE MARRIAGE FEAST (Mat.22: 1- 14)
    • (The parable covers events from Moses till supper of the lamb)
    • Moses till John the Baptist prophesied (v.3) Not listened
    • When Christ was offered (v.4) - Feast was ready
    • Call given by Apostles (v.5) - They took it light
    • Stephen and James was send (v.6) They killed
    • King killed murderers and burned city (v.7) in AD. 70
    • Gospel call now given (v.9) soon will be wedding (v.10)
    • MAN WITHOUT GARMENT CAST OUT (V.11-13)
    • LESSON:( Garments freely offered now –Is.61:10; Rev.21:32; 22: 14)
    • (Parable in Lk.14: 16-24 is the call of the Gospel-none cast out)
  • 24. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • TEN VIRGINS WITH THE LAMP (Mat.25:1-13)
    • Not the church (2.Cor.11: 2) But remnant of Israel
    • (Ps.45: 14) Church will be caught up at rapture.
    • Oil is not Holy Spirit ; and cannot be anyone with out
    • H. Spirit ( Nor can be bought for a price -Acts.8: 18)
    • This parables not about church; for none can be part of
    • church with out Holy Spirit (Rom.8: 9) Speaks of those
    • remnant of Israel ready to follow bridegroom)
    • LESSON : Warning for remnant to be ready
  • 25. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN)
    • THE PARABLE OF TALENTS (Mat.25: 14-30)
    • Five, Two and one respectively given (V.15)
    • Parable teaches of the faithfulness in stewardship (v.21)
    • Unprofitable servant was cast into outer darkness (v.30)
    • Parable in Luke 19: 11-27 is different, Ten servants
    • and one pounds each.
    • The rest of the story goes in giving authority for the remnants
    • to rule over (v.17)
    • The one that kept in napkin was taken back but not
    • cast in to the outer darkness (v.24)
  • 26. THE PARABLES THE END
  • 27. THE PARABLES
    • Beloved in the Lord
    • Greetings to you all .
    • Any questions, doubts, or comments, please write
    • to my email below