THE TABERNACLE PRESENTED BY Joy Joseph Mundukottackal Konkani Christian (Brethren) Assembly
TABERNACLE (In the wilderness)
THE TABERNACLE A TYPE- IN THE OLD TESTAMENT ( TYPE- Divinely purposed illustration of some truth ) SHADOW OF THINGS IN HEAVEN (Heb.8: 2; 5; Heb. 9: 24; Rev.15: 5) Tent of the congregation (Ex.39: 32) Tent of meeting (Ex.29: 42) The Tabernacle (Ex.26: 1)
Tabernacle of witness (Acts.7: 42)
THE CAMP (the night view)
THE TABERNACLE (Ex.25-31; 35-40) THE TENT OF MEETING WAS SHADOW 1. Of things in Heaven (Heb.8: 5; 9: 24) 2. Of Christ incarnated (Jn.1: 14; 1.Tim.3: 16 ) 3. Of the Church of God (Eph.2: 22; 1.Tim.3: 15) Willful offerings (Ex.25: 2-7; 35:4-29; 36:7; 38: 8) THE PURPOSE OF THE TABERNACLE The Lord to dwell among his people (Ex.25: 8)
For the use in the wilderness (Acts.7: 44)
THE TABERNACLE (Materials and Colours) MATERIALS – What it represented ? SHITTIM WOOD (Corruptible humanity) GOLD (Incorruptible deity) BRASS (Survived the judgment) COLOURS- (Shows four profiles of Christ) PURPLE (King- As in the gospel - MATTHEW ) WHITE LINEN (Servant - (Righteous)- MARK ) SCARLET (Human- Bled and died – LUKE )
BLUE (Devine- As in gospel - JOHN )
THE TABERNACLE (Israel – the chosen people) Exodus 19: 5-6 ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nations . Exodus 40: 38 T he cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, through-out all their journeys Deut.4: 7 For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the LORD our God is in all things that we call upon him for?
(Now Church a peculiar people chosen in Christ – 1.Peter 2: 9 )
THE TABERNACLE PILLAR OF FIRE AND PILLAR OF CLOUD Exodus.40: 36-38 And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up. For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day , and fire was on it by night , in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys. Numbers.9: 19 And when the cloud tarried long upon the tabernacle many days, then the children of Israel kept the charge of the LORD, and journeyed not. (V.15-23)
(All movements were on divine guidance only)
Tabernacle at the center, and place of each instruments
THE TABERNACLE How amiable are thy tabernacles, O LORD (Ps.84: 1) (desired by every Israelite- Ps.122: 1 ) Tent was at the center and they longed for it. (See picture - shows the general view of the camp) Heb. 9:1-4 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table , and the shew bread; which is called the sanctuary.
And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold.
THE TABERNACLE Instruments Place in the tent 1. The Ark (Ex. 25: 10-16) In the most holy place 2. The Mercy seat . (Ex. 25: 17-22) Covering above the Ark 3. The Table (Ex. 25: 23-30) In the Holy place 4. The Candle stick (Ex. 25: 31- 40) In the Holy place 5. The Alter of Sacrifices (Ex. 27: 1-8) In the court 6. The Alter of Incense . (Ex. 30: 1-5) In the holy place 7. The Laver . (Ex. 30: 17- 21) In the court The mercy seat and the candlestick fully of Gold, and the Laver with brass The table, Alter of incense, and the Ark made of wood overlaid with gold.
Alter of sacrifice made of wood and overlaid with brass
THE TABERNACLE HOW LONG TABERNACLE WAS IN USE Acts 7: 44-45 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen. Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David (For a period of 350 years) HOW IT WAS FOR A WORSHIPPER
Psalms 84: 3-4 Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God.
Services at the court of the tabernacle
THE TABERNACLE Luke 10: 22 No man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.
Ephesians 3: 10-11 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God, According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:
The arrangement of the camp
THE TABERNACLE ARRANGEMENT OF CAMPING (Num. Ch.2) (Judah- v.3; Reuben v.10; Ephraim 18; Dan v.25) The tabernacle was at the center (v. 17) Colossians 1: 18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. The divine order in the camping (v.34)
1 Cor.12: 27-28 Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular. And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gift s of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
THE TABERNACLE (Order of camping) Tabernacle was at the centre (Num.2:2) Camp of Reuben South (2: 10) Camp of Ephraim West (2: 18)
Every tribe as allotted in their places only allowed to camp)
Four different coverings of the tabernacle
THE TABERNACLE COVERINGS OF THE TABERNACLE Had four coverings (Ex.26: 1-14; 36: 8-19; 40: 19) 1. Curtain made of twined linen, blue, purple, and scarlet (Ex.26: 1-6) Four colours the four profiles 2. Curtains of goat hair (Ex.26: 7- 13) 3. Covering of Rams skin dyed red (Ex.26: 14) 4. Covering above of badger’s skin (Ex. 26: 14)
(Stranger looked from far had nothing of attraction- Is.53: 2; Mk.6: 3)
The court of the tabernacle
THE TABERNACLE THE COURT – (Of the Tabernacle) (Ex.27: 9-19; 38: 9-20; 40: 33) Length 100 cubit, Breadth 50 cubit height 5 cubit (v.18) Hangings separated worshiper from world South 20, North 20, West 10 and East 10 Pillars each Pillars all on sockets of brass, with fillets of silver One Gate (v.16) width 20 cubits, hanging made of Blue, purple, scarlet and fine linen
(Shows profiles of Christ- the only door - Jn.10: 7; 14: 6 )
At the gate (of the court)
THE TABERNACLE (Entering to the tabernacle) ONE DOOR - Christ the only way (Jn.14: 6) a. For Salvation (Acts.4: 12) b. For worship (Eph.2: 18) INSTRUMENTS IN THE COURT (Ps.84: 2) 1. Alter of burnt offerings (Ps.84: 3) Hebrews. 9: 14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who
through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Outline structure of the Tabernacle
THE TABERNACLE (Ex.40: 20- 33) INSTRUMENTS IN THE TABERNACLE ALTER (L 5 x b 5 x h 3 Cubits) Ex.27: 1-8 LAVER (Measure not given-Brass) Ex.30: 17-21 LAMP (One talent of gold) Ex.25: 31-40 TABLE (L 2 x b 1 x h 1 ½ Cubits) Ex.25: 23-30 ALTER OF INCENSE (L 1x b 1x h 2) Ex.30: 1-10 ARK (L 2 ½ x b 1 ½ x h 1 ½ Cubit) Ex.25: 10-17 MERCY SEAT (L 2 ½ x b 1 ½ Cubit) Ex.25: 17-22 (Mercy seat was lid of the ark -made of pure gold with
Cherubim of beaten work as covering)
TABERNACLE (Shittim wood was chosen) Hard to get of required size
(Usually grows in the desert; destined to fall down in the wind, decay or burn off by wild fire.)
TABERNACLE (Boards, rings, bars and base- Ex.26: 15-30; 36: 20-34; 40: 28)
THE TABERNACLE SANCTUARY - (Length 30, Width 10, Height 10 Cubits) With boards of Shittim wood covered with Gold, standing up (Ex.26: 15) Holy and Most Holy Separated by Veil (Ex.26: 33) All boards standing on silver sockets (Ex.26: 19) Five bars passed thru all boards (V.27; Eph.4: 11) Middle bar reached end to end (v.28; Acts.2: 42) (No boards without gold inlaid, nor without bars pass thru; and with out standing on silver sockets
(Boards the shadow of believers and character required)
Priest showing daily incense
THE TABERNACLE PRIEST ENTERED DAILY TO THE HOLY PLACE (Morning and evening daily offerings- Ex.30: 7-8 ) FIRST COURT; THEN THE HOLY PLACE All ministries in the light of the lamp. ( Num.8: 3 ) Shown incense daily at the golden alter.( Ex.30:8 ) VEIL FORBID ENTRY TO THE MOST HOLY PLACE Heb. 9: 11-12 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
Alter with grate of brass
THE TABERNACLE (Alter of burnt offerings- Ex.27: 1-8; 38: 1-7; 40: 29) 1. ALTER OF BURNT OFFERINGS Made of Shittim wood, overlaid with brass (V.1) L 5 x B 5 x H 3 cubits With four horns on it (V.2; Ps.118:27; Ex.21:14) All accessories of brass only (V. 3) Grate of brass placed inside (V. 4-5) Made with rings and stakes to carry (V. 6) Fire shall never go out (Lev.6: 13) Must not use strange fire (Lev.10: 1) No leaven to burn on it (Lev.2: 12)
Source of brass for construction (Num.16: 40)
THE TABERNACLE 1. Priest ministering at the alter
1. Priest ministering at the alter
THE TABERNACLE UNIQUENESS OF CHRIST – As high priest Heb.10: 11-12 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins : But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; (Heb.1: 3) Heb.10: 14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
Heb.10: 18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
Priest washing hands and legs at the laver
THE TABERNACLE (The Laver - EX.30: 17-20; 38: 8; 40: 30) Made of brass only (Measurement not given) Put water within (Ex.30: 18) For washing hands and feet (V. 19-21) (Feet shows walk; And hands the work; need the cleansing - Jn.13: 10 ) Shows the unlimited cleansing power of the word (Jn.17: 17) Washed before entered to holy place (v. 20)
Source of Brass (Ex.38: 8)
THE TABERNACLE (Table of shewbread- EX.37: 10-16; 37: 10-16; 40: 22)
Table and the shewbread in two rows
THE TABERNACLE (Table of shewbread- EX.37: 10-16; 37: 10-16; 40: 22) 3. THE TABLE OF SHEWBREAD MADE OF WOOD OVERLAID WITH GOLD (V.10-12) With crowns, and rings to carry Length 2 ; breadth 1 ; and height 1 ½ cubits (V.10) All accessories of gold only (V.16) Use of the Table –To keep the Shewbread Preparation of Shewbread (Lev.24: 5-9) Bread the food for the Priests (V.9)
Lesson for us (Jn.12: 24; Eph.5: 2; Jn.6: 21- 58)
THE TABERNACLE (Table of shewbread- EX.37: 10-16; 37: 10-16; 40: 22)
Arrangement - a different view in column
THE TABERNACLE (Shewbread-Lev.24: 5-9; 40: 23) ARRANGEMENT OF BREAD (The two different views can be seen in the differences in pictures) TWO ROWS; SIX ON A ROW (V.6) Christ the bread of life for us . (The priest only ate it; we are the priesthood of him; must feed on him. Changed on Sabbath , shows the need of dedication (Rom.12: 1; Lk.6: 3-4; 1.Sam.21: 4)
As fruit of the ministries of 12 Apostles , we to have an open life of dedication before the Lord
THE TABERNACLE (Candlestick-Ex.25: 31- 40; 37: 7-17-24; 40: 24)
THE TABERNACLE (Candlestick-Ex.25: 31- 40; 37: 7-17-24; 40: 24) 4. THE CANDLESTICK (The Lamp) Num.8: 1-4 SHADOW OF CHRIST THE LIGHT (Jn.8: 12) But more it types the “WORD OF GOD” (A comparative study highly be appreciated) Lamp and accessories all of Gold (1 Talent) Made a s whole as beaten work (V. 36) With branches, knobs and flowers (v. 34) The lamp must burn always (Ex.27: 20)
OLIVE OIL (Pure beaten) USED (Ex.27: 20)
THE TABERNACLE (The alter of incense)
THE TABERNACLE (Alter of Incense- Ex.30: 1-10;37: 25; 40: 26) 5. THE GOLDEN ALTER (Ex.30: 1-12) Made of wood inlaid with gold (V. 3) (L 1 x B 1 x H 2 cubits) To burn the daily incense (V. 1; 7-9) With horns (V.2) to apply the blood (V.10) For atonement (Lev.16: 18) With rings and staves to carry (V. 5) Shadow of Christ; Now glorified; Makes intercession
Preparation of incense (Lev.30: 34-38)
THE TABERNACLE Priest inside the Holy place (Daily entered two times)
The Priest inside the Holy place (Daily entered two times)
THE TABERNACLE ( THE HOLY PLACE- Ex.40:3-5; 22-28 ) INSTRUMENTS IN THE HOLY PLACE THE CANDLESTICK – (South ) To provide light All ministries in the light of it (Ex.30: 7-8) THE TABLE OF SHEW BREAD (North) Ex.40: 22) To place new bread on Sabbaths (Ex.40: 23) ALTER OF INCENSE – (Front) To burn Incense; And to apply blood on the horns of it. (Ex.40: 26)
(THE VEIL SEPARATED FROM THE MOST HOLY PLACE)
THE TABERNACLE (Veil - Ex.26: 31-33; 36: 35-36; 40: 21) Hebrews. 9: 6-7 The priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: Heb.9: 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. Heb.9: 24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
Hebrews 10: 19-20 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil,that is to say, his flesh;
THE TABERNACLE (Ark-Ex.25:10-16; 37:1-5; 40: 20)
THE TABERNACLE (Ark-Ex.25:10-16; 37:1-5; 40: 20) 6. THE ARK OF THE COVENANT Made of wood overlaid with gold. (V.10-11) L 2 ½ x B 1 ½ x H 1 ½ With rings and staves to carry (V.13-15) SHADOW OF CHRIST (Humanity & Deity) Heb. 9: 4 Which had the golden censer , and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna , and Aaron's rod that budded , and the tables of the covenant ; Only instrument taken to the temple of Solomon (2.Chro.5: 4-10; 1. King.8: 9) (When temple was destroyed; History says Jeremiah hid it)
None will search for it (Jer.3: 16)
Blood sprinkled over the mercy seat
THE TABERNACLE (Mercy seat-Ex.25: 17-22; 37: 6-9; 40: 20) Of pure gold only- (Cover over the Ark-Ex.25: 21) Shadow of Christ (Mercy is purely divine-Eph.2: 4) “ Covering” As covered things placed in the ark. “ Propitiation” As blood sprinkled on (Lev.16:14-16) With cherubim looking down (v.20) Calls us to receive grace (Heb.4: 16)
Ex.25: 22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony.
THE TABERNACLE Beloved brethren in the Lord Hope this study “Tabernacle” has been a blessing.
Any questions, comments, suggestions
TABERNACLE God who desires to dwell among his people Mt.Sinai- the law (Ex.19: 18-19) x Desire to make a tent ( Ex.25:8) Spake.. from tabernacle (Lev.1:1) x Dwelt among us.. (Jn.1: 14) From midst of cherubim -Ex.25:22 x Word become flesh.. (Jn.1: 14) Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. 2 Cor 6:16 God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. (Lev 26: 12) The church - God’s Dwelling place on earth now Eph 2:22 In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
House of God, which is the church of the living God (1.Tim.3: 15)
TABERNACLE He dwells in us (In every believer) 1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? John 14:23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him . Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you , the hope of glory: Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you , he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
(Now He lives in us and we in him - 1.Jn.3: 24 )
TABERNACLE The TENT compared to the TEMPLE Tent always a temporary structure (Ex.25: 9) Building a permanent structure (1.King 6: 1) Fixed to earth only by pins connected with rope (Job.4: 21) First was the Tabernacle in the wilderness (Acts.7: 44) All structures stood on base of Brass or silver (Ex.26: 19) Jesus Christ he dwelt (tabernacled) among us (Jn.1: 14) First temple built by Solomon in Jerusalem (1.King 6: 1-7) The Temple with foundation (1. King 5:17; Ch.6; Lk.21: 5) Now believers in the body on the earthly tent (2.Pet.1. 13)
Soon will put on the building the heavenly one. (2.Cor.5: 1)
TABERNACLE My soul fainteth for the Courts of the Lord; THE COURT (Of the Tabernacle) Ex.26:9-19 (Was rectangular- Length 100; breadth 50; height 5 cubits) The hanging of the court was of fine linen The hangings separated from the camp around Pillars made of wood, standing on sockets of brass Pillars had fillets on top and hooks of silver Hanging on the gate was of four colours Any one had to enter thru the front gate Which was the meeting place (tent of meeting) The wide gate was welcoming him Could come with an offering Right inside was the alter of burnt offering
(An Israelite could come up to the court only)
TABERNACLE THE SANCTUARY (Ex.Ch. 26) 1. Curtain of FINE LINEN (Sanctuary with cherubim) Ten pieces: Each 28 cubit length and 4 cubits width Each had five five loops on one side - to join with other) Five each coupled together( with golden taches - v.6 ) (Was seen from inside and not visible out side- Ps.84:1) Seen by God and all who serve within the sanctuary) 2. Curtain of GOAT HAIR (covering the sanctuary- v.12) Eleven pieces : Each 30 cubit length and 4 cubit width five together and six together coupled with brass taches (Seen to the back and front and overlapped- v. 12-13 ) Where is the lamb? (Gen.22: 8) Seen only when drawn near 3. RAM’S SKIN DYED RED (size not given- v.14 ) Covered
Redemption work (Thru the sacrifices) but not seen out side
TABERNACLE 4. The BADGER’S SKIN * (Outer covering) * Not known what? Looked from far - Nothing demanded attraction (Is.53:2-3) Place : Nazareth – ( Jn.1: 45-46 ; The land of Cabul- 1.Ki.9: 13 ) Origin : Is not this the carpenters son ( Mat.13: 55 ) Birth : Kept in manger (since no place in the Inn. Luke.2: 7 ) Childhood : lived at Nazareth ( Luke.2: 51 ) Early life :Despised by own country men- ( Mark.6:3-5 ) Occupation : Carpenter ( Mk.6: 3 ) His ministries : Friend of sinners and publicans ( Mat.11: 19 ) Death : Counted with transgressors ( Is.53: 12; Mat.27: 38 ) John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us , (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
No man knoweth the Son, but the father. (Mat.11: 27)
TABERNACLE We have an Alter; whereof ….(Heb.13:10) THE COURT (Of the Tabernacle) The gate ( Only one door to enter- Jn.10: 1-10 ) John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved. (No other name given for salvation: Acts.4: 12 ) The Alter (Largest of all instruments) fire always burning Where he had the atonement (Offering for sin - Lev.4: 20) Where he had the fellowship (Peace offering- Deu:12:18) The covering of the court separated him from world. Where he finds a shelter (Ps.84: 3) IF A MAN IS IN CHRIST (2.Cor.5: 17) IF NOT IN; SURE OUTSIDE . WE HAVE AN ALTER ( Heb.13: 10 ) But no need of an offering for sin ( Heb: 10: 18 )
We have peace and fellowship ; strength to witness or worship
TABERNACLE We have an Alter; whereof …. (Heb.13:10) A brief history of alters Noah built (First time reading) Gen. 8: 20 Abraham build ( Gen.12: 7; 8; 13: 3; 18 - Worshiped) Isaac ( Gen.26: 5 -worshiped) Specific rules given (Ex.20: 24-26) Alter of burnt offering (in the tabernacle- Ex.27: 1-8 ) Was used till the time of Solomon (2.Chr.1:5) “ Ed”- An alter made on the land of Gilead (Jos.22:13-34) Alters of Bethel – Built by Jeroboam (1. Ki.13: 1-4) Placed by Ahas after the pattern from Damascus (2.King.16: 10- 16) (Was not used to offer – only as pattern - v.28 ) Needed ?? Alter build by Solomon - 2. Chr.4: 1 (20 L x 20 b. X 10 cubit h) (Broken down and taken to Babylon - Jer.52: 17 ) Alter build by Elijah on Mt.Carmel (1. King,18: 31) Retuned from exile build (Ez.3: 3)
We have an alter…. (Cross of Calvary) Heb. 13: 10
TABERNACLE Let us draw near …(Heb:10: 22) Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; And having an high priest over the house of God; Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, Having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water .
(Welcomed to draw near to the Mercy seat-Heavenly)
TABERNACLE We have a high priest….. (Heb.4: 14) (Christ - High priest after the order of Melchizedek) A better high priest - Uniqueness of his priesthood – Heb.Ch.5- 8 After the order of Aaron -(7:11) Order of Melchizedek (5: 10) After the law of carnal ..(7:16) After the power of … (7: 16) Old covenant;imperfect (7:18) Of a better covenant (8: 6) On earthly temple (8:4) Heaven and heavenly (8: 5) From among men (Heb.5: 1) Called of God (5: 4) Was with infirmity (Heb.5: 2) Was Perfect (7: 26) Need to offer for himself (5: 3) Not needed (7: 27) Changed by death (7: 23) A high priest forever (5: 10) Had the genealogy (Ex.7: 11 ) Have no genealogy (7: 3) Of changing. (Heb.7: 12) Of good things to come (9: 11) Yearly entered Most holy (9:7) Once for all entered (9: 12) To the earthly temple (9:1) Entered to heaven.. (9: 24)
Was standing only (10:11) Sat at the right …..(10: 12)
TABERNACLE Exodus 28:2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty. Exodus 28:4 And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron. Ephod (Ex.28:6-12) Names on shoulder Breastplate (28:15- 29) Names on heart Robe of the Ephod (Ex.28: 31- 35) Mitre of fine linen (Ex.28: 39) Gold plate for forehead (Ex.28: 36-39) The coat of fine linen (Ex.28: 39) Girdle of needlework (Ex.28: 39)
U-rim and Thum-mim (Ex.28: 30)
TABERNACLE King of Salem, priest of the most high God (Heb.7: 1) (No such a kingship and priesthood seen) (Gen.14: 18) Abraham gave the tenth part of the spoil (Heb.7: 2) (Shows superiority by receiving tithe) (Heb.7: 9) Without father, without mother, with out… (Heb.7: 3) (shows eternal nature- descend not given) Heb.7: 3) The Old testament Theophanies of the Lord (Gen.14: 18-20) Revelation of the priesthood of Melchizedek (Ps.110: 4) Lord Jesus Christ, high priest after the order of Melchizedek. And in him we (believers) are the royal priests. (1. Pet.2: 9) A priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek (Heb: 5:6)
(A new priesthood -that remains forever- revealed)
TABERNACLE The gate and the door (court and sanctuary) The gate of the court (Ex.27:16-18) Length 20, height 5 cubit (v.16) A wide door Hangings with twined linen of four colours…. (v. 16) Four Pillars shittim wood on sockets (of Brass) v.18 Filleted with silver and hooks of silver (v.17) All pins of brass (v.19) All vessels of brass (v.19) The door of the sanctuary (Ex.26: 36-37) Length 10, height 10 cubits (v.16) full width and height Hangings with twined linen of four colours (v. 36) Five pillars overlaid with gold on socket (of brass) v.37 Hooks all of gold only (v.37) All pins of brass (Ex.27:19) all vessels of gold (25:29;39)
(The gate of the court was wider compared to the door)
TABERNACLE Let us draw near by faith … (Heb.10: 22) To receive grace at the right time. Hebrews 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. ( Heb 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities) To render our spiritual worship Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. ( Heb.10:21 And having an high priest over the house of God)
(Christ our high priest entered there before us)
TABERNACLE Washed with the pure water …. (Heb.10: 22) Laver (Pass the alter reaches the Laver) Ex.30: 17-21 (Laver and its foots were of brass- but no measure given) Use of Laver: to wash hands and feet before any service . No measure: Shows the unlimited cleansing power Made of: Polished brass given by woman (Ex. 38: 8) (No ministries allowed without washing at the Laver) What the pure water means (The Spirit- Eze.36: 25 ) Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. (Shadow –consecration of Aaron and sons (Lev.8: 6; 30)
The word of God cleanses us now . (Jn. 17: 17)
TABERNACLE By a new and living way (Heb. 10: 20) The Holy and the Most holies ( Heb:9: 6-7; Ex.26: 33; 40: 21 ) Veil only separated the holy and the most holy ( Ex.26: 31-33 ) High Priest entered to the Most holy only once an year ( Heb.9: 6 ) The veil (Even later in Temple also it was the veil) The veil was shadow of his body to be broken ( Heb.10:19 ) At His death the veil was rented ( Mat.27: 46; 52; Mk.15: 38 ) ( Ninth hour-3PM - At the evening offering - before the priest ) How we can boldly enter to the Most Holy? We have a new and living way opened for us ( Heb.10:20 ) Jesus as high priest entered as a forerunner ( Heb.6: 20 )
Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.
TABERNACLE Offer sacrifices of praises continually (Heb.13: 15) 1. Burnt offering (Lev.1- 17) An offering and a sacrifice to God (Eph.5: 2) Meat (meal) offering (Lev.2: 1-16) Corn of wheat fall into the ground and die (Jn.12: 24) Peace offering (Lev.3: 1-17) Having made peace through the blood of. (Col.1: 20) Sin offering (Lev.4: 1- 5: 14) Who his own self bare our sins in his…... (1.Pet.2: 24) Trespass offering (Lev.5: 15- 6: 7) Through his blood, the forgiveness of sins (Eph.1: 7) Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: (Ps.50: 23)
Heb.13:15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.
TABERNACLE The Sanctuary (Ex.26: 15-30) Ex. 26: 15 And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up. (Board-Pictures the believer) Boards made of shittim wood overlaid with Gold (v. 29) Boards are of the same size (L- 10 x B- 1 ½ Cubit) v.16 Each Boards stood upon 2 silver sockets (v.21) Each boards with 2 Tenons on it (v. 19) Boards had golden rings for the bars to pass (v.29) Bars made of wood overlaid with Gold (v.26-29) The middle bar passed thru end to end (v.28) All boards were set in one against the other (v.16) All boards must be standing up (v.15) Eph. 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
(The bar that reaches end to end – Apostle’s teaching )
TABERNACLE The Believers the keepers of the truth The hangings separated the court from the camp (Ex.26:9-19) The boards separated sanctuary from the court (Ex.28:15-30) The boards kept the instruments in the tabernacle The lam p to burn without turned off (Ex.40: 24) The bread on the table from the dust (Ex.40: 22-23) The show of incense with out ceasing (Ex.40: 26) The keepers of truth are the only true believers Stands upon the redemption work (Silver base- Rom.5: 5) Edified by the Spiritual ministry (Bars passed- Eph.4:11) Not tossed by the winds of doctrine (Stands up- Eph.4: 14) From the pollution of the world, Theft, Violators
(False worship, False doctrines, False imaginations)
TABERNACLE Thus were the journeys of … ( Num. 10 : 28) Brief history of Journey. (Num Ch. 33) Started journey from Rameses. Date begun (Num.33: 3) First place they pitched the tent at Succoth (Num.33: 5) Last pitching of tent in the plains of Moab (Num.33: 48) Within forty years journey 41 times pitched (Num. 33) Exodus 40:36-37 And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up. Must Journey with tabernacle in the midst (Num.2: 17) First from the wilderness of Sinai (Num.10: 11-13 / Acts.14:23 ) The use of trumpets of silver (Num.10: 1-8) Order of Journey (Num. 10: 14; 18; 22; 25 / Heb. 13: 17 )
Words of Assurance- of God’s presence (Num.10:34-36)
TABERNACLE He bare them and carried them.. (Is.63: 9) Exodus 23:20 Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. Exodus 23:22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak. Exodus 23: 23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto … and I will cut them off. Why need the help of Hobab? ( Num.10: 29-32) (Relationship, familiarity of desert, or influential man of a clan?) God’s assurance and constant communion to Moses Visible presence of the Cloud (glory) of God to guide Presence of the angel to lead safely (For local and temporary needs to trust on Hobab ?)
In all their afflictions he was afflicted (Is.63: 9 /Jn.11:35)
TABERNACLE Thus were the journeys of… (Num.10: 28) The Tabernacle was in the wilderness (Acts.7: 44) Exodus 40:36-37 And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: Exo.40:17 In the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up. (Num.33:15) Brought to the promise land was till David time (2.Chr.1:3-6) Order of Journey - When cloud was taken up (Num.10: 11-12) First children of Judah (v.13) Tabernacle taken down (v.17) (Gershon and sons of Merari set bearing the tabernacle (v.17) Then set camp of Reuben (v.18) Kohathites with sanctuary (v.21) Tabernacle set up by.. (v.21) Then set camp of Ephraim (v.22) Lastly set the camp of Dan (v.25) Numbers 10:13 And they first took their journey according to
the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
TABERNACLE Be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the Lord (Is.52:11) Levites and their duties (Age 30- 50 years) Gave unto the Levites according to their service… …. Num.7: 5) (Levites as Gershonites, Merarites, and Kohathites – Num.3: 17 ) 1.Kohathites ( Represents Teachers - James 3: 1 ) Num.4: 4; 15-16; 18-20 The Ark, Table, Lamp, Alter of incense, all instruments, Alter of burnt offerings (Heavier-most holy) But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none – Num.7: 9 ) For their service was to bear upon their shoulders -v.9) 2.Gershonites ( Represents evangelist - Rom.10: 15 ) Numbers 4:25-26 And they shall bear the curtains, covering, hanging, cords etc., (Comparatively light) (Gave two wagons and 4 oxen- Num. 7: 6 ) 3.Merarites ( Represents Elders - 1.Tim.5: 17 ) Numbers 4:31-32 their burden, the boards, the bars,the pillars sockets, pins, and their cords etc (More heavier things)
(Gave 4 Wagons and 8 oxen – Num.7: 8 )
TABERNACLE ( Command -Ex. 25: 10-22; Place to keep - Ex.26: 33; Heb.9: 3-4) Commanded first among all instruments to build- (Ex.25: 10 ) Material used: Of Shittim wood; inlaid with Gold (Ex.25:10-11) Things placed inside: (Heb.9: 3-4) The tablets of Law (Ex.40: 20) The Aaron’s rod (Num.17: 10) The golden jar with Manna (Ex.16: 34) The Ark of the covenant of the Lord (1.Sam.4: 3) The Ark of the Lord God (1.King.2: 26) The Ark of his Strength of the Lord (Ps.132: 8) Strength of his glory (Ps.78: 61)
Size: 2 ½ x 1 ½ x 1 ½ Cubits
TABERNACLE We sought him not after the due order (2.Ch.15: 13) Wanderings of the Ark of God (Ark-shadow of Christ) 1. Ichabod – She named child Ichabod (1. Sam.4: 21) Vain imagination- The glory is departed from ..(I.Sam.4: 21) Be not deceived; God is not mocked (Gal.6: 7) 2. At the temple of Dagon- Dagon fell down.. (1. Sam.5: 1-5) They are vanity.. Perish on day of visitation (Jer.51: 18) But Lord God…everlasting king (Jer.10: 10; 15) 3. Ashdod to Gath; to Ekron; (1.Sam.5:1; 8; 10) Seven months Heavy upon (v.6) Emerods (v.9) death (v.12) Face of the Lord is against them that do evil… (Ps.34: 16) 4. Back at Beth-shemesh (Send on Cart) 1.Sam.6: 19 They looked into the Ark-and perished –50070 (Deu.4: 24)
Serve God acceptably with reverence and Godly fear (Heb.12:28)
TABERNACLE Wanderings of the Ark of God (Continues) 5. Kirjathjearim at the house of Abinadab- 20 years (1.Sam.7: 1-4) People lived in sin (v.6) All the house lamenting (v.2) Repentance to God – “Ebenezer” (1.Sam.7: 12) 6. Effort to take in a new Cart (1.Chr.13: 3-12 or 2.Sam.6: 1-8) Uzza died before the lord (1.Chr.13:10) David Afraid (v.12) Put forth his hand to hold the Ark (v.9) Disrespect of familiarity? David: “ For that we sought him not after due order” (1.Chr.15: 13) 7. At the house of (Gitite) Obededom – 3 Months (2. Sam.6: 10-12) Lord blessed the House of him and all he had (1.Chr.13:14) For them that honour me I will honour (1.Sam.2: 30) Psalms 34:8 O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is
the man that trusteth in him.
TABERNACLE A habitation for the mighty God (Ps.132:3) 1. To the tabernacle that David pitched (2.Sam.6:17) Great desire of David for the house of God (Ps.132:2-8) Began to seek in the due order (1.Chr.15: 1-13) * With great joy was able to bring (1.Chro.15: 28) Order of the service was set (1.Chr.6: 31; 16: 37-43) (Occasions other than *Kohathites bear- At Jordan - Jos.3: 5-7 ) David desired to build; but God forbid (2.Sam.7: 1-13) You leave or arrange- David arranged (1. Chr.22: 4-5) 2. To the Temple King Solomon built Place: On Mt. Moraih (2.Chr.3: 1) Date: (1.Chr.3: 2) Brought from the city of David (2.Chr.5: 2; 4) Priests brought in the Ark to the place ..(2.Chr.5: 7)
Glory filled the house of God (2.Chr.5: 14)
TABERNACLE And they drew out the staves………. they are there unto this day (1. King.8: 8) They drew out the staves (1 King 8: 8- KJV) (Purpose was to carry instruments on shoulders in journeys) The instruments had rings, or they covered and taken on staves ( Ark -Ex.25:12-15; Table - Ex.25:25-28; Golden alter -Ex.30:4-5) ( Lamp-After covering -Num.4:11; All the instrument -Num.4:12) Staves like boards made of wood inlaid with Gold or Brass Staves were representing the believers now carry Him. When the labour is done will be removed (But not thrown out) That they may rest from their labour (Rev.14: 13) Precious in the sight of the death of his saints (Ps.116:15)
They were kept there, but not seen outside. (Mat.22: 32)
TABERNACLE “” ” Through Thy precious body broken” Lamb of God, through Thee we enter, Inside the veil; Cleansed by Thee, we boldly venture, Inside the veil Not a stain; a new creation; Ours is such a full salvation; Low we bow in adoration, Inside the veil. Soon Thy saints shall all be gathered, Inside the veil; All at home, no more be scattered, Inside the veil. Naught from Thee our hearts shall sever; We shall see Thee, grieve Thee never
“ Praise the Lamb!” shall sound for ever, Inside the veil.