FOUR WORLD KINGDOMS
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FOUR WORLD KINGDOMS

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A help to study the four world kingdoms from the book of Daniel.

A help to study the four world kingdoms from the book of Daniel.

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  • 1. FOUR KINGDOMS PRESENTED BY JOY JOSEPH MUNDUKOTTACKAL KONKANI CHRISTIAN (BRETHREN) ASSEMBLY
  • 2. FOUR KINGDOMS (Assyrian- empire existed earlier)
  • 3. FOUR KINGDOMS (Assurbanipal-or Asnapper)
    • ASSYRIAN KINGS
    • Tukulti-adar (BC.1300)
    • Tiglath-pileser 1 (1120-1100) 2.Ki.15:29
    • (Was not so strong during the
    • times of David and Solomon)
    • Pul (Tiglath) BC.745-727- 1.Chr.5: 26
    • Shalmaneser BC.727-722 - 2.Ki.17: 3
    • Sargon BC.722-705 - Is.20: 1
    • Sennacherib BC.705-681 - 2.Ki.18: 13
    • Esar-Haddon BC.680-668 - 2.Ki.19: 37
    • Ashurbanipal BC.668-629 – Ez.4: 10
  • 4. The name given first to the small area around the town of Assur on the Tigris in Upper Mesopotamia, and then much later to the vast empire that the rulers of Assur acquired through conquering their neighbours on all sides. At its height in the 9th-c and 8th-c BC, the Assyrian Empire stretched from the E Mediterranean to Iran, and from the Persian Gulf as far N as the mountains of E Turkey. The empire was destroyed in an uprising of Medes and Babylonians in 612 BC. One of the most important cities of ancient Assyria, located E of the Tigris, and the site of royal residences from c.11th-c BC. It was founded in pre-historic times, although some Biblical legends associate its origin with Nimrod, and the temple of Ishtar is noted there in the Code of Hammurabi. It was at its height of importance in the 8th-7th-c BC under Sennacherib, but fell in 612 BC to the Medes and Persians. Its royal libraries, containing thousands of clay tablets, are one of the best surviving sources for ancient Mesopotamian history.
    • HISTORY OF ASSYRIAN KINGDOM
      • Founded at the pre-historic times came to the zenith considering
      • the power and territories in the 9 th and 8 th century BC.
      • The name given first to the small area around the town of Assur
      • on the Tigris in Upper Mesopotamia, and then much later to the
      • vast empire, that the rulers of Assur acquired through conquering
      • their neighbours on all sides.
      • Assyrian Empire stretched from E Mediterranean to Iran, and from
      • the Persian Gulf as far N as the mountains of E Turkey. The empire
      • was destroyed in an uprising of Medes and Babylonians in 612 BC.
      • Nineve the most important city of ancient Assyria, located E of the
      • Tigris, was the site of royal residences from BC.11 th Century, until
      • itsfall in 612 BC to the Medes and Persians.
      • Its royal libraries,containing thousands of clay tablets, are some of
      • the best surviving sources for ancient history.
  • 5. FOUR KINGDOMS ( Replica of The walls of Babylon)
  • 6. FOUR KINGDOMS (City of Babylon)
    • Ancient city of Babylon
      • It was one of the glorious cities, according to the writings of
      • Herodotus
      • The city was fourteen miles square, river Euphrates running
      • from north to south thru the city.
      • The walls were made 350 feet high and 87 feet wide, with 250
      • watch towers 100 feet high over the walls. The city surrounded
      • by deep water moats which made any attack difficult.
      • City was having self-sufficient provisions for 20 years in case
      • of any siege. It was even for the Mede- Persians informidable
      • for many months.
  • 7. FOUR KINGDOMS (Replica of The city of Babylon)
  • 8. FOUR KINGDOMS
  • 9. FOUR KINGDOMS (Replica of the hanging gardens of Babylon)
  • 10. FOUR KINGDOMS (Nebuchadnezzar in his dream)
    • The manner God revealed
    • Daniel 2:1 And in (BC.605)
    • the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams,
    • Wherewith his spirit was troubled,
    • and his sleep brake from him.
    • (As lifeless Idol only)
  • 11. FOUR KINGDOMS (To Daniel revealed the dream)
    • The mixed metal Image
    • Daniel 2:31-34 Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible.
    • This image's head was of fine gold , his breast and his arms of silver , his belly and his thighs of brass , His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.
    • The destruction of it
    • Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.
  • 12. FOUR KINGDOMS (Interpretation of the dream)
    • Daniel 2:37-40 Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom , power, and strength, and glory. And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art this head of gold.
    • And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee , and another third kingdom of brass , which shall bear rule over all the earth.
    • And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise.
  • 13. FOUR KINGDOMS (Dream and effect)
    • Daniel 2:29 As for thee, O king, thy thoughts came into thy mind upon thy bed, what should come to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth secrets maketh known to thee what shall come to pass .
    • (The thoughts of the future troubles the mind; revelation of the future
    • takes away the sleep of the rulers of world)
    • Amos 3:7 Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.
    • (Future of the world is revealed to us thru His Word;
    • understanding of the fulfilled prophecies increase hope)
    • Psalms 127:2 He giveth his beloved sleep.
    • ( What Dreams are? Ecc.5: 3; 7; Visions? Dan.2:19; 7: 1)
  • 14. FOUR KINGDOMS (Daniel in his night visions)
    • In night vision to Daniel
    • Daniel 7:2-3 Daniel spake and said,
    • I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea . And four great beasts came up from the sea , diverse one from another.
    • Dan.7:4 Lion with wings
    • Dan.7:5 Bear with 3 ribs..
    • Dan.7:6 Leopard with..
    • Dan.7:7 Dreadful beast
    • (To Daniel as beasts in the vision)
  • 15. FOUR KINGDOMS (Out of the great sea)
    • Daniel 7:3 And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.
    • Great Sea (Mediterranean) beside promise land form the part to the four world kingdoms.
    • Rev.17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest,… are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
    • (The kingdoms came out from the agitations of the nations. The four great empires all ruled over Jerusalem. Assyrians took only the Northern kingdom, Judah was spared.
    • Any other kingdoms ruled were only part of the forth kingdom)
  • 16. FOUR KINGDOMS (Comparison of dream and vision)
  • 17. FOUR KINGDOMS (Comparison- Dan.Ch.2 & 7)
    • Same but different manner
    • To Nebuchadnezzar given as Idol glittering, but life- less, declining in values, cannot mix,
    • Finally to be destroyed fully, and taken away to the winds.
    • But to Daniel given as wild beasts, that devour each other.
    • (fierce, having no kindness, subdue, devour each other and live as in general, the end death and decay)
  • 18. FOUR KINGDOMS (Babylonian empire in night vision)
  • 19. FOUR KINGDOMS (1. Babylonian empire- BC.606- 536)
    • Daniel 2:37 Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.
    • His power and decree was unquestionable (Dan.2:2-6)
    • (Lion the king of the forest, in power, and strength; the wings the added speed in attack and conquers- was the sign of empire)
    • (Babylonian ruled 70 Years)
                                                       
  • 20. FOUR KINGDOMS (Rulers of Babylon)
    • The rulers of Babylonian empire
      • Nebuchadnezzer- BC.606-562
      • Amel Mardouk BC.562-560 (assassinated)
      • Neriglissar BC.560-556
      • Nabonidus BC.556 (Usurped the throne gave to son)
      • Belshazzar BC.556-536 (Ruled simultaneously)
    • Jeremiah 27: 6-7 And now have I given all these lands into the hand
    • of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of
    • the field have I given him also to serve him. And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
  • 21. FOUR KINGDOMS (Belshazzar in the feast)
    • The writing on the wall
    • Daniel 5:4-5 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
    • In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace:
    • and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.
    • (Sudden judgment-End)
  • 22. FOUR KINGDOMS (End of Babylonian empire)
    • Prophecy fulfilled about Babylon
      • Jeremiah 25:12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years
      • are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and
      • that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity .
      • Isaiah 45:1-2 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus,
      • to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings,
      • to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not
      • be shut;
      • Daniel 5: 30-31 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the
      • Chaldeans slain. And Darius the Median took the kingdom,
      • being about threescore and two years old.
    • (Prophet Isaiah prophesied 230 years before by name-Is. 45: 1)
  • 23. FOUR KINGDOMS (Origin of Mede Persians)
    • The origin of Mede Persians
      • The decline of Assyria paved the way for the power of Mede- Persians. They
      • came to power when Medes captured Asshur, the capital city of Assyria in
      • BC.612 two years later in BC.610 with the help of Chaldeans captured Nineve
      • the major city of the Assyrian Empire.
      • When Babylonian Empire got weakened, Persians become more powerful and
      • at the time of Cyrus II, conquered Media In BC.549 and combined the two
      • countries in to Mede-Persian Empire. Mede-Persians grew stronger and
      • conquered the Babylonia.
      • Except the city of Babylon and finally (as fulfillment city fall in BC.538- Isaiah prophesied 175 years before (Isa.13: 17-19) and specially about Medes-
      • (Isa.21: 1) Further Jeremiah also prophesied of the destruction of Babylon
      • by Medes and Persian (Jere.51: 11; 28) fallen to the hands of Cyrus II.
      • They held the power over the whole of Middle East till BC.330; until Alexander
      • the great (It was a twin nation empire- like the chest and hands)
  • 24. FOUR KINGDOMS (Mede Persian empire in night vision)
  • 25. FOUR KINGDOMS (Mede-Persian empire- BC.536 - 330)
  • 26. FOUR KINGDOMS (2. Mede Persian empire)
    • Mede- Persian empire
      • After Babylon came Mede Persian- Ruled 208 years .
      • They were generous to the Jewish to return (2.Chr.36:22-23; Ezra.1: 1-4) and to rebuild temple
      • Like the bear slow but subtle, not in vigor but attacked with the large army and subdued.
      • The three ribs in the mouth seen are the Babylon, Egypt, and Asia minor -the three kingdoms- subdued)
    • (Again to Daniel in vision was given as the Ram (8: 2-4)
    • Probably Ahasuerus was the king who lead armies against the Greek - Dan.11:2)
  • 27. FOUR KINGDOMS (2. The Mede Persian empire)
    • THE RAM
    • Daniel 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
  • 28. FOUR KINGDOMS (Rulers of Mede Persian empire)
    • Rulers of Mede Persia
      • Darius and Cyrus (BC.550-530)
      • Cambyses II (BC.529-522) no reference in Bible
      • Smerdis (Eight months only killed)
      • Darius II BC.522-486
      • Xerxes BC.486-465 (Ahasuerus married Esther)
      • Artaxerxes BC.465-425 (allowed Ezra to return with…)
      • (allowed Nehemiah to rebuild ..)
      • Xerxes II BC.425 ; Darius Nothus BC.424;
      • Artaxerxes Mnemon BC . 424-404 ; Artaxerxes
      • Ochus BC . 404-359 ; Arses BC.338-336 ;
      • Darius Codomannus BC.336-330
      • (Alexander the great defeated the Mede Persians- BC.330)
  • 29. FOUR KINGDOMS (Greek empire-He goat from the west- Dan.8: 5)
  • 30. FOUR KINGDOMS (Origin of Greek empire )
    • Origin of Greek Empire
      • Macedonia was a small country of Greece, had little promise of
      • becoming a world empire. But was succeeded over Mede-Persian
      • Empire (BC.536- 330) as a world power. (We read not much about
      • this empire in the Bible as existed at a period between Malachi
      • and Matthew; but much is prophesied in Daniel Ch. 11)
      • Dan.8:20-21 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the
      • kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia:
      • and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
      • ( Alexander the great, son of Philip BC.330-323; conquered the
      • known world up to India; died at age of 33 with a fever
      • After him the kingdom was divided among his four generals- Dan.8: 22 )
  • 31. FOUR KINGDOMS (End of Mede Persian empire-BC 330)
    • The fall of Mede Persia in the vision
      • Daniel 8: 5-7. And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came
      • from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes .
      • And he came to the ram that had two horns , which I had seen
      • standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.
      • And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with
      • choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns :
      • and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground , and stamped upon him : and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
  • 32. FOUR KINGDOMS (End of Mede Persian- BC.330)
  • 33. FOUR KINGDOMS (3. Greek empire-)
  • 34. FOUR KINGDOMS (Greek empire)
  • 35. FOUR KINGDOMS (Greek empire in the night vision)
    The Greek empire      Dan.7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard , which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl ; the beast had also four heads ; and dominion was given to it.  (Leopard is the fastest of all. The wings added the speed of attack. The spots shows the nations and languages it included) Less in power compared to Lion or bear- or of less value as Brass, compared to Gold or silver
  • 36. FOUR KINGDOMS (3. GREEK EMPIRE)
    • BATTLE OF ISSUS 333 B.C. Greek Army V Persian Army Ancient History Giclee Art Prints Alexander the Great and Greek Companion cavalry ride into battle to defeat Persian king Darius at the battle of Issus, 333B.C. Alexander established a huge empire across much of the known world before his early death in 323B.C.
  • 37. FOUR KINGDOMS (Rulers of Greek empire)
    • ALEXANDER THE GREAT (BC.330-323)
    • After his death the kingdom was divided among his
    • four generals (Dan.8: 22; 11: 4)
    • 1. Asia minor – Lesimachus
    • 2. Macedonia- Cassander
    • 3. Egypt (South)- Ptolemy
    • 4. Syria (North)- Seluccus
    • Rest of the history of Egypt and Syria we read in Daniel Ch.11 (Reads as south and north kingdom)
    • Dan. Ch.11- Inevitable to study the prophecy compared to the history- shows the accuracy of the Bible
  • 38. FOUR KINGDOMS (Origin of Roman empire)
    • The Roman empire
    • The fourth kingdom (BC168 - till…end of this time)
      • By name Rome is not mentioned in the Scripture as an empire,
      • yet from history it is of much our concern as the forth empire.
      • Its political power began around BC.250 continued some way
      • till the final ruler was killed in AD.1453 by Turks, so had the
      • longest span of almost 1700 years. Same manner it was greatest
      • for its territorial and political power.
      • Though by BC 30 had reached zenith of its power, considered as
      • a world power from BC.168. Unlike the other empires we are not
      • reading the end of it; but on the other hand we reads about a
      • revived empire of “Ten federation nation and a wicked dictator-
      • the world leader- to come” (Dan.7: 7; 24) at the end times.
      • The final destruction can only happen with the return of the
      • Lord Jesus Christ.
  • 39. FOUR KINGDOMS (Roman empire in night vision)
    • Daniel 7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.
  • 40. FOUR KINGDOMS (Roman empire)
  • 41. FOUR KINGDOMS (Roman empire )
  • 42. FOUR KINGDOMS (4 – Roman empire)
    • The history of Roman empire
      • Origin of Rome goes to Romulus who become the first king (BC.753)
      • (From the state of a small country began its growth)
      • Rome’s contact to Asia was by the conquest over Antiochus the great-the battle of Magnesia BC.190 (invited by Jews against Antiochus)
      • Judea became subject to Rome. Pompey reduced the Selucian kingdom to a province. BC.63
      • Caesar was murdered by his enemies- BC.44
      • Octavion (Augustus- as title) become the first emperor- BC.44
      • During Augustus- Christ was born (Luke 2: 1-4)
  • 43. FOUR KINGDOMS (Forth empire- The Roman empire)
    • The history of Roman empire (Conti..)
      • During Tiberius- Christ was crucified (Lk.3:1-30)
      • James was martyred during Claudius (Acts.12:1-2)
      • To Nero Paul made appeal (Acts.25:11)
      • Titus (later emperor) destroyed Jerusalem –AD.70
      • Was divided as eastern and Western - AD.395
      • West fall to Goth Odoacer in Ad.476 (Merged to the European nations)
      • Eastern continued till AD.1453 (Last king was killed by Turks and took Constantinople)
    • End of the times Rome will be revived once again;
    • from where Anti-christ the final world ruler comes
    • (We will have a separate study- Anti-Christ)
  • 44. FOUR KINGDOMS (Stone that came hit the feet)
    • Daniel 2:34 thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.
    • Daniel 2:35 and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
  • 45. FOUR KINGDOMS (Promise of the kingdom to come)
    • THE KINGDOM OF THE SON OF MAN ON EARTH
    • Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven
    • set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom
    • shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and
    • consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
    • Daniel 2:45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of
    • the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron,
    • the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream
    • is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
    • (THE MILLENNIAL KINGDOM ON EARTH TO COME)
  • 46. FOUR KINGDOMS
    • Beloved brethren
    • Hope this study on the four world kingdoms has been edifying.
    • Any questions, suggestions, comments, please write to my Email.
    • Joy Joseph.M