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Rwu Intro To Mixed Media 2010

Rwu Intro To Mixed Media 2010






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  • One of the inventors of photography, William Fox Talbot, experimented with contact printing of flowers, ferns and leaves directly on to photographic plates. The history of photography is full of such innovation. In the 1920s a new wave of artists such as Man Ray and Lazlo Moholy-Nagy rediscovered such techniques and took them onto another artistic level.
  • From 1843, Anna Atkins produced British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions in installments, the first book illustrated with photographs. The images were exclusively photograms of botanical specimens. Atkins used Sir John Herschel's cyanotype process, which yields blue images
  • Oscar G. Rejlander   The Two Ways of Life   1857  Even with an art form as young as photography, there were the purists who regarded composite works as illegitimate: the French Photographic Society banned them from their exhibitions. Despite this opposition, many good examples of complex combination printing have survived, often with "high art" themes. Tableaux vivants , designed to resemble classical painting, could be made form multiple photographs of the participants, ensuring the required quality, which would have been otherwise impossible.
  •   H. P. Robinson   Nor' Easter   1890 The making of composite photographs in Victorian times also resulted from the technical deficiencies of the materials available. Landscape photographers would find that it was possible to have the land or the sky properly exposed, but not both, so the practice of taking two exposures and combining them in the darkroom became common. These days we have developed graduated filters to overcome the problem, but out of these early combination prints, photomontage, as we now know it, emerged.
  • John P. Morrissey   Composite Photograph   1896
  • German Postcard   Anon   1902
  • Man With the Rubber Head   Film Still   1902
  • John Heartfield (19 June 1891, Berlin – 26 April 1968, East Berlin) is the anglicized name of the German photomontage artist Helmut Herzfeld. He chose to call himself Heartfield in 1916, to criticize the rabid nationalism and anti-British sentiment prevalent in Germany during World War I. In 1918 Heartfield began at the Berlin Dada scene; His photomontages satirizing Adolf Hitler and the Nazis often subverted Nazi symbols such as the swastika in order to undermine their propaganda message. Dada or Dadaism is a cultural movement that began in Zürich, Switzerland, during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1922.[1] The movement primarily involved visual arts, literature—poetry, art manifestoes, art theory—theatre, and graphic design, and concentrated its anti-war politics through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works. Its purpose was to ridicule what its participants considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world. In addition to being anti-war, dada was also anti-bourgeois and anarchistic in nature.
  • Schwitters worked in several genres and media, including Dada , Constructivism , Surrealism , poetry , sound, painting , sculpture , graphic design , typography and what came to be known as installation art . He is most famous for his collages , called Merz Pictures .
  • Alongside his collages, Schwitters also dramatically altered the interiors of a number of spaces throughout his life. The most famous was The Merzbau, the transformation of six (or possibly more) rooms of the family house in Hannover, Waldhausenstrasse 5. This took place very gradually; work started in about 1923, the first room was finished in 1933, and Schwitters subsequently extended the Merzbau to other areas of the house until he fled to Norway in early 1937.
  • Kurt Schwitters   Kots   1930
  • year: 1922 Theme: Rayographies rayography extract from the album Champs Délicieux (Delicious Fields) - Gun, magnet, key with door-number 37. was an American artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France . Perhaps best described simply as a modernist , he was a significant contributor to both the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. Best known in the art world for his avant-garde photography , Man Ray produced major works in a variety of media and considered himself a painter above all. He was also a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. He is noted for his photograms , which he renamed "rayographs" after himself. [1]
  • year: 1924 Theme: Nudes Kiki de Montparnasse nude woman from behind turban around the head sound-holes on the back
  • Joseph Cornell (December 24, 1903 – December 29, 1972) was an American artist and sculptor, one of the pioneers and most celebrated exponents of assemblage . Influenced by the Surrealists , he was also an avant-garde experimental filmmaker . He had no formal training in art and his most characteristic works are his highly distinctive `boxes'. These are simple boxes, usually glass-fronted, in which he arranged surprising collections of photographs or Victorian bric-à-brac in a way that has been said to combine the formal austerity of Constructivism with the lively fantasy of Surrealism . Like Kurt Schwitters he could create poetry from the commonplace. Unlike Schwitters, however, he was fascinated not by refuse, garbage, and the discarded, but by fragments of once beautiful and precious objects, relying on the Surrealist technique of irrational juxtaposition and on the evocation of nostalgia for his appeal (he befriended several members of the Surrealist movement who settled in the USA during the Second World War).
  • The Cadavre Exquis (Exquisite Corpse) was a favourite surrealist game from the mid-1920s onwards. It usually involved three or four participants who added to a drawing, collage or sentence, without seeing what the others had already done. This work is one of several made by Breton, his second wife Jacqueline Lamba, and Yves Tanguy, while on a weekend holiday together in February 1938. However, this piece might have been made collaboratively rather than by folding the paper to hide the previous contribution, since there are no fold lines on the paper. Nat’l Gallery of Scotland.
  • Picasso, Dora Maar & Olivier Larronde, April 1945
  • Bran Dougherty-Johnson , Cary Janks , Jon Saunders 2008
  • Head: Acrylic on paper Torso: Photoshop Legs: Ink and Photoshop on text

Rwu Intro To Mixed Media 2010 Rwu Intro To Mixed Media 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • MIXED MEDIA Introduction .
  • Pre-21 st Century Mixed Media
  • Wrack: From the "Bertoloni Album," 1839 William Henry Fox Talbot (British, 1800–1877) Photogenic drawing 8 11/16 x 6 7/8 in. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
  • Anna Atkins (1799 –1871) cyanotypes from 1842…
  • Anna Atkins (1799 –1871) cyanotypes from 1842…
  • Oscar G. Rejlander   The Two Ways of Life   1857
  • Henry Peach Robinson   Nor' Easter   1890
  • John P. Morrissey   Composite Photograph   1896
  • German Postcard   Anon   1902
  • Man With the Rubber Head   Film Still   1902
  • Picasso + Collage
  • Pablo Ruiz y Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar and Newspaper, 1913 Collage and pen and ink on blue paper, 46.7 x 62.5 cm Tate Gallery, London
  • Contemporary Mixed Media Glass and Bottle of Suze (1912) is one of the Picasso 's first collages
  • Georges Braque (1882 -1963) Fruitdish and Glass , papier collé and charcoal on paper, 1912 .
  • Georges Braque Violin and Candlestick , Paris, spring 1910, at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
    • John Heartfield
    • (1891–1968)
    • Blood and Iron (1934)
    • Photomontage
    • John Heartfield
    • Adolph, the Superman: Swallows Gold and Spouts Junk , Photomontage
    • 1932
  • Kurt Schwitters (20 June 1887 - 8 January 1948) , The Proposal , 1942 Collage on paper, 31.9 x 39.5 cm Tate Gallery, London
  • Alongside his collages, Schwitters also dramatically altered the interiors of a number of spaces throughout his life. The most famous was The Merzbau… < The Merzbau, 1933
  • Kurt Schwitters   Kots   1930
  • Man Ray (1890 –1976) Rayograph &quot;Champs délicieux&quot; n°06 Rayograph (1922)
  • Man Ray Le Violon d'Ingres (1924)
  • Joseph Cornell (December 24, 1903 – December 29, 1972) , Untitled (Medici Boy) , 1942-52 Mixed media sculpture
  • Untitled (Cockatoo with Watch Faces), about 1949, Joseph Cornell
  • Object (Abeilles) 1940 (190 Kb); Construction, 9 1/8 x 14 1/8 x 3 7/16 in; Collection Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Wiseman, Beverly Hills, CA
  • Untitled (Apollinaris) c. 1954 (170 Kb); Construction, 15 15/16 x 9 3/4 x 4 3/8 in; Collection Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Bergman, Chicago
  • The Exquisite Corpse Le cadavre exquis
  • André Breton , Jacqueline Lamba , Yves Tanguy Cadavre exquis [Exquisite Corpse] 9 February 1938
  • Picasso, Dora Maar & Olivier Larronde, April 1945
  • Cadavre Exquis. (French), Man Ray. (American, 1890-1976), Joan Miró. (Spanish, 1893-1983), Max Morise. (French, 1900-1973) and Yves Tanguy. (American, born France. 1900-1955). Nude. (1926-27). Composite drawing of ink, pencil, and crayon on paper.
  • An example of The Exquisite Corpse…. (via Museum of Modern Art) André Breton. (French, 1896-1966), Cadavre Exquis. (French), Max Morise. (French, 1900-1973), Pierre Naville. (French, 1900-1993), Benjamin Péret. (French, 1899-1959), Jacques Prévert. (French, 1900-1977), Jeannette Tanguy and Yves Tanguy. (American, born France. 1900-1955). Figure. (1928). Composite collage of cut-and-pasted printed paper on paper.
  • An Exquisite Corpse drawing created by Diarmuid, Alan and Molly. Wikipedia entry: Exquisite corpse (also known as &quot;exquisite cadaver&quot; or &quot;rotating corpse&quot;) is a method by which a collection of words or images is collectively assembled, the result being known as the exquisite corpse or cadavre exquis in French . Each collaborator adds to a composition in sequence, either by following a rule (e.g. &quot;The adjective noun adverb verb the adjective noun&quot;) or by being allowed to see the end of what the previous person contributed.
  • The Drawing Center, New York, 1993
  • Jim Shaw, Sue Williams, and Nicole Eisemann
  • A. di Fabio, A. Twobly, D. Baechler
  • Chuck Close, Alexis Rockman, Mark Greenwald, and Dennis Kardon
  • a piece of paper is folded in three and passed 'round the room. One person draws a head, the next person draws a torso (without seeing the head, the paper still folded) and the final person draws the legs and feet (w/out seeing head or body). The paper unfolds to reveal an often hilarious, surreal, frightening figure, an 'exquisite corpse'
  • A printer's exquisite corpse. Madison, WI: Silver Buckle Press, 1992.
  • Jake & Dinos Chapman
  • Jake & Dinos Chapman
  • Head: Acrylic on paper Torso: Photoshop Legs: Ink and Photoshop on text
  • (to be continued)