Black History Celebration “ Yesterday is History, Tomorrow is a Mystery, and Today is a Gift, that’s why it’s called the Present ”
We celebrate Black History to honor African American World Leaders, Inventors, Scientists, Scholars, Educators, Entrepreneurs, Military, Religious & Civil Rights Leaders, Researchers, Artists, Astronauts, Athletes, Entertainers, and numerous others.
Innovations & Inventions Andrew Jackson Beard - patented the railroad car coupler and a rotary engine . Jack Johnson - heavyweight champion patented a wrench April the 18th, 1922. Bessie Blount - invented a device to help disabled persons eat. Sarah Boone - An improvement to the ironing board .
<ul><li>Black History month is celebrated </li></ul><ul><li>during February each year. </li></ul><ul><li>This celebration was first recognized in </li></ul><ul><li>1926 by Carter G. Woodson . </li></ul>
<ul><li>Annual holiday of festivities and celebrations to recognize, honor and promote the </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions African Americans have made in the history of the United States and the world . </li></ul>
Innovations & Inventions Dr. Daniel Hale Williams – Performed the first successful open-heart Surgery Dr. Charles R. Drew- Inventor of the Blood Plasma Bank
Innovations & Inventions John Albert Burr invented Rotary Blade Lawn mower Dr. Patricia Bath (ophthalmologist- Eye Surgeon) Invented method for removing cataracts, and transformed eye surgery, using a laser.
Innovations & Inventions Otis Boykin - invented an improved 'Electrical Resistor' used in computers, radios, television sets and a variety of electronic devices. Charles Brooks -invented a street sweeper truck for which he was issued a patent on March 17, 1896. Phil Brooks - invented the patented a disposable syringe . Marie Brown Invented a video home surveilance security system. Louis Roberts - microwave and optical techniques and components, plasma research , solid state component and circuit development.
Civil Rights Freedom Fighters Dr. Martin Luther King & Coretta Scott King
Innovations & Inventions George Carruthers - inventor of the far- ultraviolet camera and the spectrograph . Benjamin S. Carson - pioneer in surgery technology Emmett W. Chappelle -biochemist, photobiologist, astrochemist and inventor. John Christian -invented and patented new lubricants used in high flying aircraft and NASA space missions. Donald Cotton -invented propellants for nuclear reactors.
Dr. Carter G. Woodson ( 1875-1950) Graduated from Harvard University The Originator of African American History Celebrations
Notable African American Leaders Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Elijah Muhammad, Rosa Parks, Langston Hughes, Frederick Douglas, Harriet Tubman, Hank Aaron, Benjamin Banneker, Malcolm X, Mary McCloud Bethune, Phyllis Wheatley, Sojourner Truth, Jessie Owens, Booker T. Washington, Reverend Jesse Jackson
Innovations & Inventions David Crosthwait - holds 39 patents for heating systems and temperature regulating devices. Created the heating system for New York City's famous Radio City Music Hall. Mark Dean - co-invented improvements in computer architecture that allowed IBM compatible PCs to use the same peripheral devices. Ronald Demon - inventor of the Smart Shoe - an athletic shoe whose cushion support automatically adjusts to suit the shape of the wearer's feet. Clatonia Joaquin Dorticus Invented an improved photographic print wash method. Norbert Rillieux - invented the sugar processing evaporator .
Fraternal Organizations Black Churches & Leaders Leaders in Race Relations
Innovation & Inventions John Standard - patented an improved refrigerator design . Thomas Stewart - invented an improved mop, metal bender , and railroad crossing indicator. Lewis Temple The toggle iron harpoon was designed in 1848, a blacksmith, this was the standard harpoon in American whaling from the mid-19th through the early 20th centuries. Valerie Thomas Received a patent in 1980 for inventing an illusion transmitter .
Tom Bradley - First African American Mayor-Served 16 years as City’s highest official. Dr.Condoleezza Rice Current Secretary of State , also served as National Security Advisor (2001–2005)
Artisans & Entertainers Eubie's Blake's "Shuffle Along" Orchestra William Grant Still- Composer
Educators, Artisans & Entertainers Dr. Allen Leroy Locke - Educator, Philosopher, political activist and community leader. First African American Rhodes Scholar from Harvard in 1907. Edmonia Lewis (1845-c.1909), Sculpture, Artist. Member of the colony of women sculptors in Rome. George Bridgetower – Violin Virtuoso, child prodigy
General Colin L. Powell chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff, highest military post Protectors of Freedom
GARRETT AUGUSTUS MORGAN Inventor of Gas-mask & Traffic Light-
Philip Emeagwali - “ Father of the Internet ”… CNN “ One of the Great Minds of the Information Age” … Bill Clinton Physicist, Scientist, and Inventor of the Supercomputer with 65,536 processors
Elijah McCoy Engineer, Inventor 1843-1929 Invented and patented the Steam-engine Lubricator <ul><li>300 products from peanuts, soybeans and pecans </li></ul><ul><li>115 products from sweet potatoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Crop Rotation Method </li></ul>George Washington Carver- Chemist, Researcher, & Inventor,
Andrew Young - Civil rights activist, former mayor Georgia, former United States's ambassador to the United Nations Kofi Annan - United Nations Secretary General, Diplomat and Nobel Peace Prize Winner Thurgood Marshall - First African American Supreme Court Justice Landmark Cases
Madame C.J. Walker Millionaire, Philanthropist. Black Hair Care Products Robert L. Johnson- Billionaire- Black Entertainment Television (BET) Financial Geniuses Oprah Winfrey - Multi-Billionaire, Philanthropist- Television Hostess
Jackie Robinson - Broke the Color Barrier in sports Major League Baseball- Brooklyn Dodgers, 1947
<ul><li>Heavyweight boxing champion: Jack Johnson , 1908. </li></ul><ul><li>Golf champion: Tiger Woods , 1997, won the Masters golf tournament. </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis champion: Althea Gibson -the first black person to play in and win Wimbledon and the United States national tennis championship. Won 56 tournaments: five Grand Slam events. </li></ul><ul><li>The first black male champion Arthur Ashe who won the 1968 U.S. Open, the 1970 Australian Open, and the 1975 Wimbledon championship. </li></ul>(Sisters) Venus & Serena Williams- 26 Grand Slam titles and (3) three Olympic Gold Medals
Innovations & Inventions Lyda Newman - patented a new and improved brush . Alice Parker - invented a new and improved gas heating furnace . Willam Purvis - invented fountain pen . Lloyd P Ray - patented a new and useful improvement in dust pans . John Henry Thompson Invented lingo programming used in Macromedia Director and Shockwave.
Program Presented by: West County GAIN Special Programs Committee Stacey Boykins, M.A. Lula Bible LaMonica Chatman Joyce M. Holland, M.A Dedrick Heather Felicia --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Research & PowerPoint Slide Presentation by: Joyce M. Holland, M.A. February 28, 2006