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Dust bowl

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PowerPoint Presentation on the Cause and Effect of the Great Depression

PowerPoint Presentation on the Cause and Effect of the Great Depression

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  • 1. United States in the 1930’s and up to world War II
    The great Depression
  • 2. Causes of the Great Depression
    Unequal distribution of wealth
    Overproduction
    Extensive stock market speculation (Bull Market)
    Calvin Coolidge's administration (1920’s)favored business. The rich got richer and the poor got poorer
    Agricultural problems- exports on decline
    9000 banks fail in 1930- too many loans and no insurance in banking system
    No unemployment insurance or public relief
  • 3. Great Depression in Urban and Rural AMerica
    Urban Areas
    Industrial cities major factory shutdowns
    Increase in unemployment/ evictions
    No relief funds available
    Rural Areas
    Disaster in South- cotton and tobacco prices fall
    African American farmers suffer greatly
    Dust Bowl creates huge droughts
  • 4. Songs of the Great depression
    Radio and entertainment expanded during depression
    Soap operas increased
    Radio news arrived in 1930’s
    Key factor in politics
    Songs about depression, government fallouts, and labor disputes filled the airwaves.
    Example: Peter Seeger“Bacon, Beans, and Gravy”
    Woody Guthrie “This Land is Your Land”
  • 5. Class Discussion
    Listen to the songs
    Follow along with the words
    Let’s Discuss
    Think/ Pair/ Share
    What do you think the singer is talking about?
    Remember elements of Folk tales
  • 6. Hoover vs. roosevelt
    Election of 1932 Hoover vs. Roosevelt
    Hoover (Republican) conservative, nothing he did seemed to help the country-wanted to restore business confidence couldn’t find a successful way to do so. High unemployment rate but Hoover refuses to give direct relief – Growing unrest during end of presidency
    Roosevelt (Democrat) Liberal – from wealthy family, wanted to employ as many people as possible for the government, build up the economy.
    Came from a rich family, educated and became governor of New York in 1928
  • 7. Roosevelt’s New Deal
    Elected for four terms the most of any president
    Alphabet agencies – New Deal
    Passed Emergency Banking Act
    Significant shift in political and domestic policy in the U.S
    Lasting changes = increased gov’t control on economy and money supply
    Relief, Recovery, Reform
  • 8. Agencies of the new deal (1933)
    In Roosevelt's first Hundred Days many acts were introduced which were to form the basis of the New Deal.
    Examples Include:
    Emergency Banking Act 1933
    National Industrial Recovery Act '33
    Agricultural Adjustment Act 1933
    Tennessee Valley Development Act '33
  • 9. FDR’s Second New Deal (1935-1938)
    Huey Long demand redistribution- push FDR to the Left
    WPA- Big public works program – creates thousands of jobs
    Wagner Act- Guarantees labor unions right to organize and bargain
    Social Security – huge development, part of our current political discussions
    FDR reelected in 1936- with support of farmers, industrial workers, immigrants, and African Americans
  • 10. Dear Mrsroosevelt
    Eleanor Roosevelt- Wife of President big component during the 1930’s
    Worked with women and children for better rights and treatment
    Worked with National Youth Association
    Children wrote her daily for clothes , food, and money
  • 11. Final thoughts
    If Eleanor Roosevelt was still around today…
    Write her a letter with your present day concerns about our government, economy, education, etc.
    One paragraph in length
    Please be appropriate
    These will be collected.
  • 12. Dust Bowl
    Movie: Grapes of
    Wrath
    Made shortly after Dust Storm
    Personal testimonies
  • 13. Dust Bowl and Western Famine
    Ecological and economic disaster in southern Great Plains in early 30’s.
    Dust blew away rich topsoil
    Hardest regions hit = Kansas, Colorado, Western Oklahoma, Texas, and Easter New Mexico
    Okies, people who migrated from Middle Western States and into California – seen as “White Trash”
  • 14. Helpful timeline
    1929- Stock Market Crash
    1932-Reconstruction Finance Corp
    Bonus Ary/ FDR Pres
    1933- 13 million unemployed
    “Hundred Days”- New Deal
    1935- Second New Deal
    Social security
    Dust Storm
    1936- Roosevelt wins again
    1937 – “Roosevelt Recession” begins
    1938- Fair Labor Standards Act establishes first federal minimum wage
  • 15. Teacher Options:Projectoptions
    (Option 1) New Deal Jeporardy Game
    Create a board game that utilizes the programs and agencies of the New Deal or anything about FDR- biography and life as President
    Be Creative
    (Option 2) Newspaper
    Create a newspaper that covers the Stock Market crash and interviews several people from the city who are suffering, or not from the crash
    Several articles should be included
    Pictures and advertisements should also be included
    (Option 3) Dust Bowl Board Game
    • Create a board game that shows the hardship, travels, and effects of the Dust Bowl
    • 16. Be Creative
    • 17. Include illustrations/ color on game
  • Teaching options:Grapes of Wrath: Video Presentation
    Movie made in the 1940’s not long after the Dust Bowl
    Describes a families struggles while traveling further west to escape dust bowl
    Write down
    Plot
    Characters
    Summary
    Reflection