Investigating Urban Health and Linkages between HIV, Migration and Urban Food Security  Innovative Comparative Research ...
World Urbanization Prospects (2005 Revision),  United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs By 2030, 50% or m...
African cities:  specific complexities <ul><li>High rates of   migration ; </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing pressure on approp...
Study Objectives <ul><ul><li>Within  3 African Cities  (Addis Ababa, Johannesburg & Windhoek): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Investigating Urban Health and Linkages between HIV, Migration and Urban Food Security <ul><li>The study approaches migrat...
Conceptual Framework
Recognising  the complexity of African cities:   the importance of diversity <ul><li>Renewal  study  engages  complexity: ...
Methodology <ul><li>The same methodology was used across the research sites to ensure comparability of data and outcomes. ...
Policy engagement <ul><li>RENEWAL in-reach model interpreted in different ways by the 3 study teams. </li></ul><ul><li>Joh...
Acknowledgements <ul><li>Miriam Grant, Jonathan Crush, Bruce Frayne, Gete Zeleke </li></ul><ul><li>Aline Philibert (IDRC/C...
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Investigating Urban Health and Linkages between HIV, Migration and Urban Food Security Innovative Comparative Research in Addis Abba, Johannesburg and Windhoek

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  • Transcript of "Investigating Urban Health and Linkages between HIV, Migration and Urban Food Security Innovative Comparative Research in Addis Abba, Johannesburg and Windhoek "

    1. 1. Investigating Urban Health and Linkages between HIV, Migration and Urban Food Security Innovative Comparative Research in Addis Abba, Johannesburg and Windhoek Scott Drimie, Girma Kassie & Jo Vearey University of the Witwatersrand Forced Migration Studies Programme Health and Migration Initiative
    2. 2. World Urbanization Prospects (2005 Revision), United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs By 2030, 50% or more of the African population will be living in a city
    3. 3. African cities: specific complexities <ul><li>High rates of migration ; </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing pressure on appropriate housing ; </li></ul><ul><li>Urban HIV prevalence rates – highest in urban informal areas; </li></ul><ul><li>Some residents with weak rights to the city; </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on survivalist livelihoods located within the informal sector; </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing urban inequalities that impact ‘urban poor’ groups. </li></ul>It is essential to engage with this complexity when investigating urban health. A range of interlinked challenges. Urban health policy makers and programmers face a range of interlinked challenges when working in African cities.
    4. 4. Study Objectives <ul><ul><li>Within 3 African Cities (Addis Ababa, Johannesburg & Windhoek): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To explore the linkages between HIV, migration and urban food security through a livelihoods lens. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To better understand differences in urban livelihood systems . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers food security and health as key outcomes of diverse livelihood strategies. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Investigating Urban Health and Linkages between HIV, Migration and Urban Food Security <ul><li>The study approaches migration as the process that links together people’s livelihoods within the dynamic context of HIV and AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>In this framework, both urban and rural households share in the livelihood process, with resource flows moving from urban to rural and from rural to urban contexts. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Conceptual Framework
    7. 7. Recognising the complexity of African cities: the importance of diversity <ul><li>Renewal study engages complexity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopts an “ecohealth” approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on diverse settlement types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex linkages; people, food, money, goods (reciprocity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different types of migrants: Internal & external </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixed methodology: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative surveys in Addis Ababa, Johannesburg & Windhoek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative research with different groups including children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaged decision makers as part of process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connections with other related studies – AFSUN </li></ul>
    8. 8. Methodology <ul><li>The same methodology was used across the research sites to ensure comparability of data and outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>The cross-disciplinary approach consisted of policy and existing data analysis; standardized questionnaire survey; and in-depth, semi-structured case study and key informant interviews. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Policy engagement <ul><li>RENEWAL in-reach model interpreted in different ways by the 3 study teams. </li></ul><ul><li>Johannesburg : evidence generated first (through the research), used in various advocacy strategies including joint policy brief development and personal relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Addis Ababa : more formal approach of scientists engaging decision makers on completion of study; presentations, report submission. </li></ul><ul><li>Windhoek : “setting the agenda” through interaction with selected officials, report-backs through process and policy implication workshop on completion. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Miriam Grant, Jonathan Crush, Bruce Frayne, Gete Zeleke </li></ul><ul><li>Aline Philibert (IDRC/CINIBOISE); </li></ul><ul><li>Namibia: Diane Ashton, John Mushaandja, Akiser Pomuti, Andreas Wienecke </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia: Woldie Asfaw, Gete Zeleke </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa: Lorena Nunez, Ingrid Palmary, Farah Pirouz, Technical Advisory Group: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brendon Barnes (Wits) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brigitte Bagnol (Wits/Pop Council) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lesley Bourne (MRC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liz Thomas (MRC/Wits) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Survey teams across the study sites including various postgraduate students </li></ul><ul><li>RENEWAL: Noora Aberman </li></ul><ul><li>IDRC: Renaud DuPlaen, Francois Gasengayire </li></ul>

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