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Writing better essay

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  • 1. HOW TO EXPAND AND EXPLAIN YOUR IDEAS EFFECTIVELY. COMPILED BY MADIOPE J.M
  • 2. • What is an Essay? • The Structure of an Essay • Types of essays
  • 3. • In essay writing, we want to expand our ideas as much as possible, while STILL following paragraph structure. • The only difference is that the THREE REASONS in your original paragraph get their OWN paragraph • Additionally, you introduce and conclude your writing into separate paragraphs • THIS MEANS YOU ARE WRITING FIVE PARAGRAPHS
  • 4. Did you say FIVE paragraphs?
  • 5. • The main purpose of any essay is to discuss, persuade, describe, explain, interpret or analyse a particular topic.
  • 6. • The Introduction: Explains the topic with general ideas. It also has the thesis statement and comes at or near the end of the paragraph. • The Main body: Explain and support the thesis statement. • The conclusion: Summarises or restates the thesis and the supporting ideas of the essay. Taken from: Academic Writing from Paragraph to Essay, Zemach, D. & Rumisek, L. Macmillan 2005
  • 7. • • • • An essay has three main parts: An introduction (introductory paragraph) A body (at least one, but usually more paragraphs) A conclusion (concluding paragraph)
  • 8.  An introductory paragraph has 2 parts: • General statement Introduce the general topic of the essay. Capture the reader’s interest. • Thesis statement States the specific topic. May list subtopics or subdivisions. May indicate the pattern of organization. Is normally the last sentence in the introductory paragraph.
  • 9.  The body paragraphs are used to: • Develop your topic. • Prove your points.  The body paragraph should have: • Some sort of pattern (chronological order or comparison/contrast, or a combination of both) • A logical division of ideas (division into subtopics and discussion of these subtopics in separate paragraphs)
  • 10. • The conclusion is the final paragraph in an essay. It has three purposes: • It signals the end of the essay. • It reminds the reader of your main points. You can do this in two ways: • Summarize your subtopics. • Paraphrase your thesis. • It leaves the reader with your final thoughts on the topic.
  • 11. Types of Essay •Descriptive •Narrative •Cause and Effect •Compare and Contrast •Process •Expository •Persuasive/Argumentative
  • 12. Descriptive Essay o provides details about how something looks, feels, tastes, smells, makes one feel, or sounds o describe what something is, or how something happened o could be a list-like description that provides point by point details
  • 13. Narrative Essay o tells a story o conversational in style, and tells of a personal experience o commonly written in the first person (uses I) o tell of a single, life-shaping event, or simply a mundane daily experience
  • 14. Cause and Effect Essay o explains why or how some event happened, and what resulted from the event o a study of the relationship between two or more events or experiences o discuss both causes and effects, or it could simply address one or the other o discuss the reasons why something happened o discuss what happens after a specific event or circumstance
  • 15. Compare and Contrast Essay o discusses the similarities and differences between two things, people, concepts, places, etc o be written simply to entertain the reader, or to arrive at an insight into human nature o could discuss both similarities and differences, or it could just focus on one or the other o A comparison essay usually discusses the similarities between two things, while the contrast essay discusses the differences
  • 16. Process Essay • describes how something is done • explains actions that should be performed in a series • explain in detail how to accomplish a specific task • could be in instructions, the form of step-by-step
  • 17. Expository Essay • explanation of a short theme, idea or issue • try to pin down the meaning of a specific word, or define an abstract concept • to present, completely and fairly, other people's views or to report about an event or a situation • presents a subject in detail, apart criticism, argument, or development from
  • 18. • http://www.slideshare.net/legendofsheena/essay-writing29651899?qid=48f2266a-d77e-4b25-812139177edaae27&v=qf1&b=&from_search=2 • http://www.slideshare.net/mumarialuisa/essay-writing23430869?qid=a9169190-6efb-44f9-b3367529d189fa24&v=default&b=&from_search=4 • http://www.slideshare.net/edibrata/essay-writing-5th-types-ofessay?qid=48f2266a-d77e-4b25-812139177edaae27&v=qf1&b=&from_search=3 • http://www.slideshare.net/pietvanderlaan/essay-writingstructure?qid=48f2266a-d77e-4b25-812139177edaae27&v=qf1&b=&from_search=18

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