1. David J. Bosch, Transforming Mission
Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission
2. J. Andrew Kirk, What is Mission?
Theolog...
Mission
• Sending of Missionaries to a particular place
(Ohm 1962)
• Activities by Missionaries
• The geographical area wh...
Reflecting on Mission
• Mission as ? The word Mission is found in the
New Testament only once in Acts 12:25
• Evangelion –...
Foundation for Mission
• Warnack (1834-1910) Supernatural and A
Natural foundation for Mission
• Supernatural foundations ...
Theological Motives of Mission
• The motive of conversion (decision and
commitment) – saved souls
• Eschatological motive ...
Traditional understanding of
mission as Expansionism
• Mission was seen as colonial
expansion (Kirk, 1999)– Western
missio...
• The conquest of other religions
(Rutti 1972) – Conquistadores
Portuguese and Spanish (Kirk) –
Roman emperor and Pope
int...
Crisis – Danger and Opportunity
• Church in Crisis – as a sign being
spoken against - Kraemer
• Crisis is the combination ...
c. Migration of people of many faiths –
devotees of other faith becomes
missionaries and aggressive mission
d. Subjugation...
Mission in India
• Sword and forced religion (Goa)
• S(X)aviour and liberated Catholics (South)
• Bread and Mass Conversio...
Four Impure Motives of Mission
• Cultural (Transfer of Superior Culture)
• Romantic Motive (Tour to exotic countries)
• Im...
Mission Lunatic??!
• Schultz – In our missionary outreach we
resemble a lunatic who carries the harvest
into his burning b...
Critique of these definitionsCritique of these definitions
 If everything is mission, nothing is missionIf everything is ...
Mission according to BoschMission according to Bosch
 Christian faith is intrinsically Missionary – UniversalChristian fa...
Contd…
• No division between foreign mission and Home
Mission
• Difference between Mission and Missions
• The whole church...
Sugirtharajah
• Conversion to Reorientation
Evangelising the Evangelizer and conversion
within the tradition
• Revival to ...
Mission - signposts
• Incarnation – solidarity with victims
• Cross – Kenosis – self emptying
• Resurrection – message of ...
For me Mission means
Being and Becoming a Christian –
Gandhi: If Christians would really live
according to the teachings o...
1. Reconciling people with God and with each
others
Bishop Tutu In his oration at the funeral of
activist leader Steve Bik...
• Against his background Tutu brings a theology
that "seeks to restore the oppressor's humanity
by releasing and enabling ...
Engaging with people in search (meanings) for God,
for life and for neighbours through Christ
-Vivekananda: You are all So...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

1 david j bosch

455 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
455
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

1 david j bosch

  1. 1. 1. David J. Bosch, Transforming Mission Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission 2. J. Andrew Kirk, What is Mission? Theological Explorations 3. Wendy Robins and Gillian Hawney, The Scandal of the Cross, Evangelism and Mission Today, London USPG, 1992. 4. T V Philip, Edinburgh to Salvador: Twentieth Century Ecumenical Missiology ISPCK,1999.
  2. 2. Mission • Sending of Missionaries to a particular place (Ohm 1962) • Activities by Missionaries • The geographical area where missionaries work • Propagation of the gospel (Muller 1987) • Expansion of the reign of God • Conversion of the heathen • Founding of the New Church
  3. 3. Reflecting on Mission • Mission as ? The word Mission is found in the New Testament only once in Acts 12:25 • Evangelion – to announce the good news (evangelism) • Martyria - to bear witness (IMC 1952) • Oikumene – to become one in/with Christ (ecumenism) – Koinonia (fellowship) (IMC 1947) • Kerygma – to preach (IMC 1947) • Didache – to teach (IMC 1947) • Diakonia – to serve (1967 Hoekendijk)
  4. 4. Foundation for Mission • Warnack (1834-1910) Supernatural and A Natural foundation for Mission • Supernatural foundations – scripture, monotheistic nature of Christian faith • Natural – Absoluteness; Superiority of Christianity over others; the acceptability and adaptability of Christianity to all people and conditions; Christianity is stronger than other religions; superior achievements of Christian missions
  5. 5. Theological Motives of Mission • The motive of conversion (decision and commitment) – saved souls • Eschatological motive (reign of God as a future reality without present realities) • Plantatio ecclesial (church planting) – need for gathering a community • The philanthropic – issues of justice and improved society (Freytage)
  6. 6. Traditional understanding of mission as Expansionism • Mission was seen as colonial expansion (Kirk, 1999)– Western mission as business operation • Occupation of the fields – Cyprian: Salus extra ecclesiass non est (E73:21) – No salvation outside the church (Cardoze 2002) Carlos F Cardoze, Orlandi – Mission an Essential Guide. Nashville: Abington Press 2002
  7. 7. • The conquest of other religions (Rutti 1972) – Conquistadores Portuguese and Spanish (Kirk) – Roman emperor and Pope integration as God’s reign • Authority with the sender (church or sponsoring institutions) – Apostolate (Roman Catholic traditions – Kirk)
  8. 8. Crisis – Danger and Opportunity • Church in Crisis – as a sign being spoken against - Kraemer • Crisis is the combination of danger and opportunity - Koyama • What is this Crisis? What mission has to do with this crisis? - a. The advance of science, technology and secularization b. Dechristianization of the West
  9. 9. c. Migration of people of many faiths – devotees of other faith becomes missionaries and aggressive mission d. Subjugation of people of colour, caste and race e. Divided World –Rich and Poor – Anger and frustration - reluctance f. Western ecclesial ways, theologies and practices were no more predominant and normative.
  10. 10. Mission in India • Sword and forced religion (Goa) • S(X)aviour and liberated Catholics (South) • Bread and Mass Conversion (North and South) • Tribal leaders and masses (North East) • Indigenous missions (North) • New Means and Confusions (Confusion called Conversion – Sunder raj)
  11. 11. Four Impure Motives of Mission • Cultural (Transfer of Superior Culture) • Romantic Motive (Tour to exotic countries) • Imperialist (colonial authorities) • Ecclesiastical Colonialism (to export Churches’ own confession and order to other territories) • Verkuyl (1978)
  12. 12. Mission Lunatic??! • Schultz – In our missionary outreach we resemble a lunatic who carries the harvest into his burning barn (1930) – many do not proclaim the Gospel rather individualism and the values of the West – ‘Intra-muros’ – the outcome of the mission is determined by what happens inside the church not outside in the mission field.
  13. 13. Critique of these definitionsCritique of these definitions  If everything is mission, nothing is missionIf everything is mission, nothing is mission (Neill 1959)(Neill 1959)  The Specture of Panmissionism (FreytagThe Specture of Panmissionism (Freytag 1961)1961)
  14. 14. Mission according to BoschMission according to Bosch  Christian faith is intrinsically Missionary – UniversalChristian faith is intrinsically Missionary – Universal Impact – Ultimate Truth (Stackhouse 1988)Impact – Ultimate Truth (Stackhouse 1988)  Looking at the World from a Christian Perspective –Looking at the World from a Christian Perspective – reforms, analysis and appraisalreforms, analysis and appraisal  Dynamic relationship between God and the World –Dynamic relationship between God and the World – God’s self communication in JesusGod’s self communication in Jesus  Recognition of the tension between Divine providenceRecognition of the tension between Divine providence and human Confusionand human Confusion  Church as Missionary existence – Universal Gospel withChurch as Missionary existence – Universal Gospel with Universal ProclamationUniversal Proclamation  Church as sacrament and sign – mediation and pointerChurch as sacrament and sign – mediation and pointer
  15. 15. Contd… • No division between foreign mission and Home Mission • Difference between Mission and Missions • The whole church bringing the whole gospel to the whole world • Participating in the struggles of people – God’s yes • Evangelism • God’s No to the world –not merely a political religion
  16. 16. Sugirtharajah • Conversion to Reorientation Evangelising the Evangelizer and conversion within the tradition • Revival to Revitalising Recovering some forgotten aspects – compassionate God • Sharing to distribution – of wealth Critical remark on Sugirtharajah – inward looking alone is not holistic mission – witnessing an aspect of mission
  17. 17. Mission - signposts • Incarnation – solidarity with victims • Cross – Kenosis – self emptying • Resurrection – message of joy, hope and victory – Crucified and risen (theosis) • Ascension – inaugurated eschatology – living between ascension and parousia • Pentecost –spiritual community • Parousia – triumph of God in the retun of Christ
  18. 18. For me Mission means Being and Becoming a Christian – Gandhi: If Christians would really live according to the teachings of Christ, as found in the Bible, all of India would be Christian today.
  19. 19. 1. Reconciling people with God and with each others Bishop Tutu In his oration at the funeral of activist leader Steve Biko, who died in 1977 of head injuries suffered while in police detention, Tutu urged the crowd to pray for their oppressors in hopes they would realize that non-whites were also human beings, all children of the same God. He related a similar theme at another funeral: “Do not hate. Let us choose the peaceful way to freedom.”
  20. 20. • Against his background Tutu brings a theology that "seeks to restore the oppressor's humanity by releasing and enabling the oppressed to see their oppressors as peers under God." This is his ubuntu theology, so named after an African idea of community. Tutu shows that human beings are defined not by their race but by their createdness in God's image, which brings value and dignity to all people. That imago Dei thus breaks down racial barriers. Tutu declares "we can be human only in ... community, in koinonia, in peace."
  21. 21. Engaging with people in search (meanings) for God, for life and for neighbours through Christ -Vivekananda: You are all Sons of God, immortal spirit. "Know", he declared, "the Kingdom of Heaven is within you." "I and my Father are one." Dare you stand up and say, not only that "I am the Son of God", but I shall also find in my heart of hearts that "I and my Father are one"? That was what Jesus of Nazareth said. He never talks of this world and of this life.

×