Scenario based contextual learning design

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Re-purposed slides from Unfortunately some of the links are no longer working. For a (Flash-based) version with working hyperlinks see …

Re-purposed slides from Unfortunately some of the links are no longer working. For a (Flash-based) version with working hyperlinks see

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  • 1. Op Rem en ixe Le a d fo by Stu rnin r Jo s dio gD hua : wee esig Un k 2 n der wo odScenario-Based DesignHans Põldoja Original version
  • 2.
  • 3. “Scenarios are stories.They are stories about people and their activities.” (John M. Carroll) (Carroll, 1999)
  • 4. Five reasons for scenario-based design• Vivid descriptions of experiences evoke reflection about design issues• Scenarios concretely fix and interpretation and a solution but are open-ended and easily revised• Scenarios can be written at multiple levels, from many perspectives and for many purposes• Scenarios can be abstracted and categorized• Scenarios anchor design discussion in activity and support participation among stakeholders and appropriate design outcomes. (Carroll, 1999)
  • 5. An examp le…
  • 6. You might write your story, make a video, use a cartoon, ...You can work individually or collaboratively...Ground your scenarios in: observed activity in related settings; by asking peopleinvolved to contribute; your own experiences...
  • 7. Some elements to include in scenarios• Setting — description of the starting state of the episode and objects that are involved• Actors• Goals• Actions — things that actors do• Events — things that happen to actors• Objects (Carroll, 1999)
  • 8. (Carroll, 1999)
  • 9. AlsoThink about what is missing in the example scenariosWhat else would you want to know if you weredesigning for the kinds of learning described?
  • 10. Develop your own scenariosBrainstorm components of your scenarios ( you may want to usethis template ) : (who is involved?), Goals (why?), Settings (where & when?), Objects (whatthings are involved?), Actions (what happens to actors?), Events (what do actors do?),Results (what learning is achieved?)Develop a scenario/s (in whatever form you prefer).Invite others to comment on your scenarios, do they make sense?What else do they want to know?Comment on others’ scenarios(You can post and comment on scenarios here)
  • 11. References & Resources• Carroll, J.M. (1999). Five Reasons for Scenario-Based Design. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.• Palotta,V. (2007). Scenario-Based Design. more example scenarios see:• links below Scenario-based design Poldoja, H• mobile learning for development example scenarios• LocalLearn scenarios more about using scenarios in learning design see:• The Learning Design Grid, Design Scenarios
  • 12. Photos• Teemu Leinonen,