Contingency Diagraming Checklist


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Contingency Diagraming Checklist

  1. 1. Contingency-Diagramming ChecklistA. Whose behavior are you analyzing? _________________________1. BEHAVER TESTIs the person or animal listed in all three cells of the diagram the person or animal whose behavior youare analyzing? If not, redo the example. Before Behavior After A. ______________ A. ______________ A. ______________ D. ______________ B. ______________ C. ______________D. What is the condition B. What is the behavior C. What is the outcome thatbefore the response? being analyzed or follows the response? diagrammed?10. RELATED OUTCOMES TEST 6. STIMULUS TESTIs the before condition related to 2. DEAD MAN TEST Is the before & after a stimulus,the after condition? (Often the Can a dead man do it? If he can, then event or condition and not arelationship is one of opposites) If not, you haven’t properly specified the behavior of the behaver? If it’s not achange one or both of the conditions. behavior. So roll over the dead man. stimulus then change your condition. (Hint: If the before or after is another 3. ACTION TEST behavior of the behaver, you probably Use this checklist for every Does the behavior involve an don’t have a correct condition.contingency diagram you do and action? (Hint: Learning, receiving, Exceptions: self-reinforcement, seeing,you’ll save yourself some headaches being, hearing, seeing, and feeling are hearing, or the opportunity for activity.and impress your TA during not behavior). If not, then change the 7. CAUSALITY TESTtransparency time. behavior. Is the outcome caused by the Simply place the answer to each of 4. SPECIFIC-BEHAVIOR TEST response? If not, change the outcome.the 10 questions for thecorresponding blank in the Is it perfectly clear exactly what action is involved in the behavior? 8. 60” TESTcontingency diagram above it. Turn the checklist over to If not, then reword the behavior. Does the outcome follow thedetermine which type of contingency response by more than 60 seconds? 5. REINFORCEABLE RESPONSE- If so, find an immediate have. UNIT TEST In learning these criteria for a Are there any interruptions of 9. RECEIVER TESTtest, you need only know each nameand sentence that’s bold. greater than 60 seconds during the Is the behaver the receiver of the response? If there are, then the outcome (after condition)? If not, behavior is not a response-unit. Rewrite rework the example. Hint: Make sure the behavior. the diagram passes the behaver test first
  2. 2. What type of contingency is it?Now that you have diagrammed the contingency according to the previouscriteria, it is time to determine what type of contingency you have. Use thefollowing table to ensure correct identification of your contingency diagram. Contingency Table Basic Contingencies Prevention Contingencies Present Remove Prevent Prevent Presentation Removal Reinforcer Reinforcement Punishment by Punishment by Reinforcement by the the removal of the prevention by the presentation of a reinforcer of a reinforcer prevention of a reinforcer (Penalty) the removal of (reinforcement) a reinforcer (Avoidance) Aversive Punishment by Reinforcement Reinforcement Punishment by Condition the presentation by the removal by the the prevention of an aversive of an aversive prevention of of the removal condition condition the presentation of an aversive (Punishment) (Escape) of an aversive condition condition (Avoidance)If the before and after conditions are the same (i.e., no stimulus is presentedor removed) then your diagram is extinction. Note that although extinction isnot technically a contingency, this Contingency-Diagramming Checklist canalso be used to determine extinction diagrams.