Alfonso de Albuquerque was born at Allandra , near Lisbon in Portugal in 1453. He was the second son of Gonzallo de Albuquerque, the Lord of Villa Verde. he served for about 10 years in North Africa gaining valuable experience fighting the Muslims under King Afonso V. He was soon made "Master of the Horse" by King John II.
CAPTURE OF GOA
In 1510 under the command of Alfonso de Albuquerque they laid siege upon Goa, then under Sultan Adil Shah. On February 17th he entered the city of Goa for the first time and met little resistance as the Sultan was engaged with his forces elsewhere. Sultan Adil Shah soon came after him and on May 23rd 1510 Alfonso de Albuquerque had to flee the city of Goa. Determined to win it for good,
With the help of an Indian sea with 23 ships, he attacked Goa in March 1510. He had to abandon it two months later after being pushed out by Adil Shah's forces. He returned again and on November 25th (St. Catherine's Day ) he took the place again, and it thereafter remained under the Portuguese until 1961. His conquest of Goa saw wanton death and destruction of its muslim institutions and people.
IMPACTS OF PORTUGUESE CULTURE ON GOA
The Portuguese culture has left its impress on the attitude and general life style of the Goans. The impact of the Portuguese culture was felt in different fields and more prominently in architecture, arts, and crafts, education, music, religion and cuisine.
Some of the impacts of Portuguese Culture on Goa are as follows:
The Portuguese bought European architecture to Goa. They built grand churches and convents specially the churches in Old Goa which represent a fusion of Indo-European elements.
Today, we have about 200 grand houses from the Portuguese period depicting various aspects of the architecture brought by the rulers.
Western education introduced by the colonial rulers helped the Goans in course of time to master several Europeans languages. Learning of Latin made the Goans better prepared to think in latin based scientific terms.
The use of Roman script to write Konkani created bigger interaction between languages of the East and the West .
The Portuguese language had its impact on Konkani- the mother tongue of the Goans.The Konkani spoken both by Christians and non-Christians has many Portuguese words.
The Portuguese established in Goa , the first Medical School of Western medicine in Asia.
The first printing press in India was brought by the Portuguese in Goa.
Goans learnt to learn to play various western instruments which helped them to find employment as musicians in different parts of the world.
One of the lasting Portuguese influences was on Goa cuisine. Several Portuguese dishes became a part of Goan Cuisine
LIBERATION-FINALLY AFTER 450 YEARS Within three days Goa was integrated into India in a near bloodless operation-“Operation Vijay” on December 19 th 1961. the other Portuguese territories of Daman and Diu were also taken over at around the same time and thus was formed the “Union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu”. On December 17 1964 India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru ordered the military invasion and liberation of Goa. A Portuguese army of 3000 Ill-equipped troops was out numbered by 30,000 Indian troops, supported by the Indian air force and Navy. The Portuguese Governor general Vassalo da Silva surrendered GENARAL VASSALO DA SILVA December 19th is celebrated as Goa Liberation Day .