FARC or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia created as military for the communist party of Colombia in 1964. Fight to support Marxist views. FARC tactics include bombing, murder, mortar attack, kidnapping, extortion, and hijacking, as well as guerrilla and conventional military action against Colombian political, military, and economic targets. The FARC has well-documented ties to a range of drug trafficking activities including cultivation, and distribution. In recent years FARC has been greatly weakened, when a few of there leaders were killed. Paramilitary groups were for farmers against guerilla groups but these people often turned to crime and became gang like.
The Medellin cartel led by Pablo Escobar for years lived in a lenient prison where he could do basically anything he wished. Fearing more prosecution he escaped his imprisonment and declared a full on war against the government where he kill many civilians and officials using similar tactics to those used on Israel by Palestine. Eventually Escobar was killed and the cartel went with him. All large cartels disappeared soon after and were replaced by small ones that are harder to be tracked
Example of corruption: The 1998 political race for president was between Conservative Party candidate Andrés Pastrana and the Liberal Party candidate Ernesto Samper, Samper being the victor. Pastrana released cassettes revealing that Samper's campaign had received financing from the Cali drug cartel. Example of kidnapping: luis cuellar was kidnapped in 2009 and later found dead
Groups are able to get weapons using drug money Colombia has 46% of its population living under the poverty line
This has led to a drastic drop in the tips received from citizens on the whereabouts of crime Murder rate 60 people for ever 100,000 people
This has been successful up to this point the coca production has reduced 58%. This past April the plan entered the nationalization part of the plan. This is where Colombia will begin to take full financial responsibility of the issue. The US has already given 8 billion in aid. With less money FARC has been losing support and is being pushed back into less territory. But this is not helping with the poverty problem which is still very prevalent.
Every day; 800 children are orphaned by violence 2 are kidnapped 6 commit suicide 50 Become involved in Guerilla warfare over 3000 are assaulted
Transcript of "Colombia’s political turmoil"
Colombia’s Political Turmoil
Background <ul><li>Colombia’s history has been filled with violence from guerilla groups like FARC, also known as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, and from paramilitary groups </li></ul>
Background <ul><li>The drug problem has tested the Colombian government, the worst from the Medellin Cartel and Pablo Escobar </li></ul>
Political Causes <ul><li>The large drug problem has created temptation for corruption </li></ul><ul><li>FARC often kidnaps or kills officials </li></ul><ul><li>The judicial system is overwhelmed with crimes </li></ul>
Economic causes <ul><li>The drug trade is 6% of all Colombia’s economy, coming in at around 5 billion dollars </li></ul><ul><li>13% unemployment rate </li></ul>
Social causes <ul><li>Violence is wide spread in Colombia creating fear throughout the citizens </li></ul><ul><li>The cartels and guerilla groups are always in search of new land for coca plants </li></ul>
Political effects <ul><li>There is estimated to be 48 thousand corrupt officials and due to the poor judicial system are most are not prosecuted </li></ul><ul><li>The government must pay ransom or give into kidnappers with to get officials back or they are killed </li></ul>
Economic effects <ul><li>Drug money is able to supply cartels, guerilla groups, and paramilitary groups </li></ul><ul><li>Mass poverty throughout the country </li></ul>
Social effects <ul><li>The mass corruption has led to a mistrust in the police force and government </li></ul><ul><li>One of the highest murder rates and crime rates </li></ul><ul><li>Many people have been displaced by violence from cartels and guerilla groups </li></ul>
Summary <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>The large drug problem </li></ul><ul><li>Violence from FARC </li></ul><ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread corruption </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of trust in the government by the citizens </li></ul>
Solution <ul><li>The US implemented plan Colombia in 1999 where plant killed is sprayed on coca fields </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in substantially less coca production and a result of that less money for FARC but more kidnappings </li></ul>
How you can help <ul><li>You can donate to Colombia Child care a charity helping the poorest of the poor children in Colombia. This is done by feeding them, educating them, and giving them a place to stay </li></ul>