Definition of Work schedule
An employee's work schedule may be a set
number of days and hours.
For example, a schedule could be Monday - Friday,
from 9 am or 5 pm or Wednesday - Sunday, from 4 pm
to Midnight. Other work schedules are flexible and may
vary from week to week or day to day. Both the hours
worked each day and the days worked each week can
• Employers provide employees a specific time when they
must work and it cannot be changed unless there is a
personal emergency for the employees.
• Set schedules are usually given out in advance to allow
employees to make arrangements around their work times.
• When an employee doesn't have a set weekly schedule,
most companies will provide notification in advance of
what their work schedule will be for the upcoming week or
weeks. In some cases, when you are hired the company will
ask if you have schedule preferences and if there are days
that you aren't available to work.
Types of work schedules
1. Standard Schedule
• The standard schedule is the customary schedule that an employee is required to perform his work
duties for his employer.
• The type of schedule and the number of hours for work depends on the occupation of the
2. Annual Schedule
• The annual schedule for an employee is equivalent to the total hours worked during the course of a
calendar year. It can be calculated by multiplying the number of hours worked during a week by 52
weeks in a year.
• The annual schedule includes the standard schedule, overtime hours, holidays, sick days, vacation
and personal days.
3. Overtime Hours
• Overtime hours within a work schedule include the additional hours worked by an employee
of a company for a period of time, such as weekly or monthly. For instance, if an employee is
scheduled to work 40 hours a week, but she actually works 50 hours a week, the extra 10
hours are usually considered overtime hours. Moreover, the earnings for overtime hours
worked can differ from the income an employee receives for the standard hours of work.
• For example, if an hourly employee earns RM:20.OO an hour for 40 hours a week, the
company may provide its employees an incentive for working overtime hours by offering a
higher hourly rate for each overtime hour worked.
Definition of Employee welfare
Employee welfare means “the efforts to
worth living for workmen.
According to Todd
“employee welfare means anything done for
the comfort and improvement, intellectual or
social, of the employees over and above the
which is not a necessity of the industry.
• Employee welfare can be described as the ways or
processes that are put in place to ensure that the
employees well being is met. this can be take different
forms such as funds, safety ,security among others.
• Employee welfare refers to anything that is done
towards the comfort and well-being of employees. It is
provided over and above their salaries or wages.
However, the welfare need not be in form of money, it
could also take the form of insurance, better facilities
and even team building trips and exercises.
I see ..
Types of Employee Welfare
• Intramural: These are provided within the organization like
2. Rest rooms,
4. Uniform etc.
• Extramural: These are provided outside the organization, like
3. Child welfare,
4. Leave travel facilities,
5. Interest free loans,
6. Workers cooperative stores,
7. Vocational guidance
Benefit of Work schedule
and Employee welfare
Benefits of Employee Welfare
• They provide better physical and mental health to workers
and thus promote a healthy work environment.
• Facilities like housing schemes, medical benefits, and
education and recreation facilities for worker's families help in
raising their standards of living. This makes workers to pay
more attention towards work and thus increases their
• Employers get stable labor force by providing welfare
facilities. Workers take active interest in their jobs and work
with a feeling of involvement and participation.
• Employee welfare measures increase the productivity of
organization and promote healthy industrial relations thereby
maintaining industrial peace.
• The social evils prevalent among the labors such as substance
abuse, etc are reduced to a greater extent by the welfare
Benefits of Work schedule
• Motivates employees
• Employee Retention
• Better Job satisfaction
• Worker Morale
The work schedule and other compressed
work week schedules increase employee
morale, which has a positive effect on