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  • 1338-1340 commissioned entirely by a civic group, the Council of Nine (the city council) of Siena
  • Justice weighing decisions, influenced by wisdom
  • Peace when there is a good government in place
  • Siena at peace, people happy.
  • Written on the scroll is the text: “Without fear every many may travel freely and each may till and sow, so long as this commune shall maintain this lady [Justice] sovereign, for she has stripped the wicked of all power.” First depiction of paradise in a well-governed urban setting. Previously, paradise had been the garden of eden.
  • Aristotle gestures to the earth, representing his belief in knowledge through empirical observation and experience, while holding a copy of his Nicomachean Ethics in his hand, whilst Plato gestures to the heavens, representing his belief in “The Forms”.
  • Depicted as he truly was. Piero_della_Francesca_ Portraits_of_Federico_da_Montefeltro_and_His_Wife_Battista_Sforza Lost his right eye and the bridge of his nose in a jousting tournament accident Warts, imperfections shown
  • Sistine Chapel – Michelangelo's depiction of Adam Physically perfect, celebration of the human form.
  • Boticelli's Birth of Venus Nude accepted as a mythological reference
  • Titian “TISHUN” Reclining Venus, or Venus of Urbino Unapologetecally erotic, Venus shows no resemblance to the deity she is supposed to represent Linear perspetive, floor tiles, hanging draperies, window. In his 1880 travelogue A Tramp Abroad , Mark Twain called the Venus of Urbino the foulest, the vilest, the obscenest picture the world possesses". He proposed that "it was painted for a bagnio , and it was probably refused because it was a trifle too strong", adding humorously that "in truth, it is a trifle too strong for any place but a public art gallery".
  • “Portrait of a Man” Titian, 1512 Possibly a self-portrait Blue sleeve is incredibly detailed, amazing use of chiaruscuro
  • Creator: Iktinos and Kallikrates Culture: Greek Title: Acropolis, Parthenon, west façade Work Type: architecture Date: 447-432 BCE Location: Athens, Greece Material: marble Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank) ID Number: canyon_308_010 Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Attributed to the Metope Group Creator: European; Southern European; Apulian Creator: European; Southern European; Greek Title: Red-figure krater Work Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects Date: c. 340-330 B.C. Material: Ceramic, pigment Measurements: 31 1/4 x 19 3/4 x 17 in. (79.38 x 50.17 x 43.18 cm.) Description: The Greek states in south Italy created a rich style of ceramics that was based on techniques of Attic red-figure pottery, but which emphasized complex figural compositions, added colors, and a monumentality of conception and scale. Many vessels were designed for funerary rites and burial with the dead. These two examples [1987.345.FA and 1996.147] are decorated with funerary imagery. Both are from Apulia, the southeastern area of south Italy settled by Greek colonists. They are closely related in date and come from important Apulian workshops.The krater has impressive central scenes on the front and the reverse, In the main scene, a woman is giving a seated man a wreath. The two figures are framed by a naiskos, or funerary shrine. On the reverse the naiskos holds a heroic nude figure of an athlete. Subsidiary figures hold objects associated with Greek funerary rituals-fans, sashes, caskets, and offering bowls. On the neck, the graceful bust of a crowned woman surrounded by tendrils of leaves and flowers may be Persephone, Queen of the Underworld. The vase is highly sculptural, with handsome mask ornaments instead of volutes on the handles, and it has modeled ducks on the shoulder.Dallas Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collection, pages 24-25 Description: Full View Repository: Dallas Museum of Art Repository: Dallas, Texas, USA Repository: Dallas Museum of Art, the Melba Davis Whatley Fund and Cecil and Ida Green Acquisition Fund Repository: 1996.147 Repository: http://www.dallasmuseumofart.org/ Collection: Dallas Museum of Art Collection Collection: Formerly in The AMICO Library ID Number: DMA_.1996.147 Source: Data From: Dallas Museum of Art Rights: This image was provided by Dallas Museum of Art. Contact information: Jacqueline Allen, Director of Libraries and Imaging Services, Dallas Museum of Art, 1717 N. Harwood, Dallas, TX 75201, (214) 922-1276 (ph), (214) 954-0174 (fax), jallen@dallasmuseumofart.org. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Title: Pompeii: Villa of the Mysteries: Cubiculum with the double alcove: det.: architectural decoration Title: Villa of the Mysteries Work Type: fresco Work Type: wall Date: 60-40 B.C Location: Pompeii (Extinct city) Location: Roman Italy Description: The decoration of the cubiculum is based on the second style's illusionistic architectural forms Subject: Pompeii (Extinct city)--Villa of the Mysteries Subject: Dwellings Subject: Mural painting--Roman Italy Subject: Painting--Roman Italy--1st C. B.C Subject: Rites of passage Subject: Ritual Subject: Trompe-l'oeil Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Title: Villa of the Mysteries, detail; rites of initiation of brides to the cult of Dionysos Work Type: wall painting Date: 1st century CE Location: Pompeii Material: fresco Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 03-05-03/42 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Giotto Title: Last Supper Work Type: fresco Date: c. 1305 Location: Cappella degli Scrovegni nell'Arena (Padua, Italy) Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Title: Villa of Publius Fannius Sinistor; Mystic scene with two women Work Type: wall painting Date: c. 50 CE Material: fresco Description: From Boscoreale. Repository: Museo archeologico nazionale di Napoli Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 11-01-02/51 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Giotto, 1266?-1337 Title: Arena Chapel: North Wall: Lamentation over the dead Christ Date: 1305 Location: Cappella degli Scrovegni nell’Arena (Padua, Italy) Material: fresco Subject: Jesus Christ--Lamentation Subject: Painting--Italy--14th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Duccio di Buoninsegna Title: Maestà (Madonna and Child in Majesty) Title: full view, front Date: 1308-1311 Material: tempera and gold on panel Measurements: 2.13 x 4.12 m Repository: Opera della Metropolitana di Siena Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Duccio di Buoninsegna Title: Maestà; panel from the front crowning section showing the Announcement of the Death of the Virgin Date: 1308 - 1311 Material: tempera and gold on panel Measurements: 41.5 x 54 cm Repository: Opera della Metropolitana di Siena Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Pietro Lorenzetti Title: Christ Before Pilate Work Type: painting Date: First half of the 14th century Repository: Pinacoteca vaticana Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Phidias? Culture: Greek Title: Frieze from the Parthenon: detail of Poseidon, Apollo and Artemis Work Type: frieze Date: c. 440 BCE Material: marble Style Period: Classical Repository: Acropolis Museum Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Alberti, Leon Battista, 1404-1472 Title: Perspective Diagram: Distance Point Construction Description: Drawn by Samuel Y. Edgerton Subject: Art Doc. Ref.: Theories: Perspective Subject: Perspective Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Alberti, Leon Battista, 1404-1472 Title: Perspective Construction: as interpreted by Panofsky Description: Drawn by Samuel Y. Edgerton Subject: Art Doc. Ref.: Theories: Perspective Subject: Perspective Subject: Panofsky, Erwin, 1892-1968 Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Ghiberti, Lorenzo, Florentine, 1378-1455 Title: "Gates of Paradise" (East Portals), Baptisty, Florence: Meeting of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba [bottom panel, R. side; replica of original, now installed in situ], orig. 1425-1452 Location: Baptistry (San Giovanni), Florence Material: gilt bronze Related Item: Adams 2: 15.11 Related Item: Adams AAT: 14.17 Collection: Art History Survey Collection Source: Catalogued by: Art Images for College Teaching
  • Creator: Ghiberti, Lorenzo, Florentine, 1378-1455 Title: "Gates of Paradise" (East Portals), Baptisty, Florence: Story of Jacob and Esau, Isaac"s blessing, detail from left side, 3rd panel [replica in situ, original 1425-1452] Location: Baptistry (San Giovanni), Florence Material: gilt bronze Related Item: Hartt 4: 20-31 Related Item: Gardner 10: 21-9 Related Item: Gardner 11: 21-5 Related Item: H&F 4: 10.9 [full] Related Item: H&F 4: 10.9 Related Item: Janson 5R: 539 Related Item: Janson 5 R: 539 Related Item: Stokstad R: 17-39 Related Item: Stokstad: 17-38 Related Item: W&S 3: 5-27 Collection: Art History Survey Collection Source: Catalogued by: Art Images for College Teaching
  • Creator: Donatello, 1386-1466 Title: Feast of Herod: Siena Baptistery Font Date: 1423-7 Material: gilded bronze relief Description: Reconstruction with perspective Description: Drawn by Samuel Y. Edgerton Subject: Sculpture--Italy--15th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Masaccio Title: The Holy Trinity Date: 1427 Location: S. Maria Novella, Florence, Italy Material: fresco Measurements: 667 x 317 cm Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 40-08-18/34 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Masaccio, 1401-1428 Title: Birth of Florentine Citizen birth salver Measurements: 65 cm. diameter Repository: Berlin Museum Subject: Painting--Italy--15th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Masolino da Panicale Title: Saint Catherine Arguing with the Philosophers and the Martyrdom of the Philosophers from Scenes from the Lives of Saints Catherine and Ambrose Title: Saint Catherine Debates the Scholars of Alexandria Work Type: painting Date: 1429-32 Location: San Clemente, Rome Material: fresco Description: Castiglione Chapel (St Catherine Chapel), left wall lower register Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Masolino da Panicale and assistants Title: Scenes from the Life of Saint Ambrose: Death of Saint Ambrose Work Type: fresco Date: c. 1428-1430 Location: San Clemente, Rome, Italy Material: fresco with a secco additions Description: Chapel of St. Catherine, north wall. Commissioned by Cardinal Branda Castiglione. Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Leonardo da Vinci Title: Madonna of the Rocks Date: 1483 Material: oil on canvas Measurements: 199 x 122 cm Repository: Musée du Louvre Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 40-07-02/ 5 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Optical Knowledge Ø Mirrors/lenses were aids in paintings to enlarge or reduce images and figures Ø Knowledge was thin to nonexistent before 16th century Graphic Art Ø Manuscripts Ø Entire paintings crowding pages all around to the borders Ø Played a major role in the spreading of classical learning in Europe Wood or Canvas Panels Ø Paintings made altarpiece art popular Ø Bigger mediums Oil Painting Ø Improvement for art Ø Let the artists construct paintings on wood panel and on canvas Ø Did not dry as fast as tempera; allowed artists to go back and fix things if needed Linear Perspective Ø Subject matter of painting changed Ø Diagraming measurements and positioning images or objects Ø Perspective grid Ø Visual pyramid
  • Creator: Jean Pucelle (French, active in Paris), European; French, French; Made in Paris ca. 1320–1334 Title: Folio from The Hours of Jeanne d'Évreux: Calendar Page for November (Gathering Acorns) Work Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects Date: ca. 1324-1328 Material: Grisaille and tempera on vellum Measurements: 3 1/2 x 2 7/16 in. (8.9 x 6.2 cm) Description: The Hours of Jeanne d'Évreux begins with a calendar naming the fixed holidays to be celebrated through the course of the year. Each opening folio presents a new month with illustrations at the bottom of the page depicting an activity commonly associated with the season. The month of November shows a man thrashing acorns from a tree to feed boars gathered there. Description: Principal view Repository: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Repository: New York, New York Repository: The Cloisters Collection, 1954 Repository: 54.1.2 Repository: http://www.metmuseum.org Collection: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Collection Collection: Formerly in The AMICO Library ID Number: MMA_.54.1.2 Source: Data From: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Rights: This image was provided by The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Contact information: Photograph and Slide Library, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1000 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10028, (212) 396-5050 (fax). Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • PentCreator: Boucicaut Master Title: Boucicaut Hours, Pentecost (Heures du Maréchal Boucicaut; Book of Hours, Use of Paris) Work Type: manuscript Date: 1405-08 Material: miniature on vellum Measurements: 274 x 190 mm Description: Ms. 2, fol. 112v; commissioned by Jean II le Meingre, Maréchal de Boucicaut Repository: Musée Jacquemart-André Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 32-01-04/45 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Title: Book of Hours. Use of Paris. Title: Folio #: fol. 116r Work Type: Manuscript School: French Description: Crucifixion, bones [of Adam] at foot of Cross. Description: Illumination attributed to the Boucicaut Master and the Egerton Master. Average folio size: 185 x 135mm. Repository: Bodleian Library, University of Oxford Repository: http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/ Accession Number: Shelfmark: MS. Canon. Liturg. 75 Collection: Manuscripts and Early Printed Books (Bodleian Library, Oxford University) ID Number: Canon.Liturg.75_roll254.2_frame23 Source: Image and original data provided by the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. Rights: Copyright Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Veneziano, Domenico, d. 1461 Title: St. Lucy Altarpiece Date: c.1445 Measurements: 78 X 83 in Repository: Galleria degli Uffizi Subject: Francis, of Assisi, Saint, 1182-1226 Subject: Jesus Christ--Child Subject: John, the Baptist, Saint Subject: Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint--And Child Subject: Zenobius, Saint, Bishop of Florence, d. 417? Subject: Haloes Subject: Painting--Italy--15th C. A.D Subject: St. Lucy Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Veneziano, Domenico, d. 1461 Title: Santa Croce, Florence: John the Baptist and St. Francis Date: 15th C Material: fresco Repository: Santa Croce (Church : Florence, Italy) Subject: Francis, Of Assisi, Saint, 1182-1226 Subject: John, the Baptist, Saint Subject: Haloes Subject: Painting--Italy--15th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Campin, Robert, d. 1444 Title: Virgin & Child Before a Firescreen Date: 1420 Material: oil on wood Measurements: 25x19.25" Subject: Painting--Flanders (Belgium)--15th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Campin, Robert, d. 1444 Title: Virgin & Child Before a Firescreen: det.: city thru window Date: 1420 Material: oil on wood Measurements: 25x19.25" Subject: Painting--Flanders (Belgium)--15th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Hugo van der Goes Title: Portinari Triptych; closed with Annunciation Work Type: painting Date: c. 1473-1478 Material: oil on panel Measurements: 2.53 x 3.04 m. Repository: Galleria degli Uffizi Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Eyck, Jan van, 1390-1440 Title: Annunciation Diptych Date: c.1434-36 Material: oil on wood Measurements: 39x24cm Subject: Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint--Annunciation Subject: Diptychs Subject: Painting--Flanders (Belgium)--15th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Hans Baldung (Hans Baldung Grien), European; Northern European; German, 1484 - 1545 Title: Sleeping Groom and a Sorceress (Bewitched Groom) Work Type: Prints Date: 1544 Material: Woodcut Measurements: 33.9 x 19.9 cm (image) Repository: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco Repository: San Francisco, California, USA Repository: Bequest of Ruth Haas Lilienthal Repository: 1975.1.80 Repository: http://www.thinker.org/ Collection: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco Collection Collection: Formerly in The AMICO Library ID Number: FASF.60567 Source: Data From: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco Rights: This image was provided by Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. Contact information: Sue Grinols, Director of Photo Services & Imaging, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 50 Hagiwara Tea Garden Drive, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118-4501, (415) 750-3602 (ph), (415) 750-7686 (fax), sgrinols@famsf.org. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Rogier van der Weyden Title: Altar of the Seven Sacraments Work Type: painting Date: before 1450 Description: Center panel: the Eucharist (a priest lifts the host). Left: baptism, confirmation and confession; right: ordination, marriage and extreme unction. Repository: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Belgium) Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 40-06-15/ 1 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Martin Schongauer (German printmaker, ca. 1430-1491) Title: Madonna and Child in a Courtyard Work Type: printmaking Work Type: prints; intaglio prints; engravings Date: ca. 1480 Material: engraving Technique: engraving Measurements: height: 168 mm Measurements: width: 120 mm Style Period: Western: Renaissance to Rococo Style Period: Northern Renaissance Subject: Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint Mother and child Collection: Minneapolis College of Art and Design Collection ID Number: Accession: 18026 Source: Image and catalog data provided by Allan T. Kohl, Minneapolis College of Art and Design Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Martin Schongauer, European; Northern European; German, c.1450 - 1491, (artist) Title: St. James and the Saracens Work Type: Prints Date: 15th Century Material: engraving Measurements: Sheet: 28.9cm x 43.3cm Description: Full View Repository: The Cleveland Museum of Art Repository: Cleveland, Ohio, USA Repository: Gift of Ralph King Repository: 1924.213 Repository: http://www.clemusart.com/ Collection: The Cleveland Museum of Art Collection Collection: Formerly in The AMICO Library ID Number: CMA_.1924.213 Source: Data from: The Cleveland Museum of Art Rights: This image was provided by The Cleveland Museum of Art. Contact information: Kathleen Kornell, Rights and Reproductions Coordinator, The Cleveland Museum of Art, 11150 East Blvd., Cleveland OH 44106, (216) 707-2498 (ph), (216) 421-8815 (fax), Kkornell@clevelandart.org. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Eyck, Jan van, 1390-1440 Title: Madonna of the Church: Ref.: Diptych of the Abbot Christiaan de Hondt: left panel Material: panel Measurements: 21.5x14.6cm ea. panel Repository: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Belgium) Subject: Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint--And Child Subject: Angels Subject: Gothic Subject: Interior views Subject: Painting--Flanders (Belgium)--15th C. A.D Subject: Reference Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Title: St. Sauveur Title: Interior, vault Date: 1197. Porch, 14th century. Location: Andelys, Les (Eure) Subject: 12th century Subject: 14th century Subject: architecture Subject: France Collection: Clarence Ward Archive (National Gallery of Art, Department of Image Collections) Source: Data From: Clarence Ward Archive, National Gallery of Art, Department of Image Collections Rights: This image and data were provided by the Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA. It is available solely for non-commercial educational and scholarly purposes. Your use of this image is restricted to those permitted uses specified in the ARTstor Digital Library Terms and Conditions of Use. To request permission for any other use, please contact us via our website (http://www.nga.gov/resources/dlidesc.shtm). Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Jan van Eyck Title: Madonna of Chancellor Rolin Date: c. 1435 Material: oil on panel Measurements: 66 x 62 cm Repository: Musée du Louvre Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Albrecht Dürer Title: Path in the Alps Work Type: watercolor Date: 1495 Repository: San Lorenzo de El Escorial Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 40-06-15/61 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Albrecht Dürer Title: Roller Bird Work Type: watercolor Date: 1512 Material: watercolor and tempera on paper Measurements: 280 x 200 mm Repository: Graphische Sammlung Albertina Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 40-13-02/35 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Albrecht Dürer Title: Fencing Book Work Type: drawing Date: c. 1490-1520 Material: pen and ink Repository: British Museum Collection: Art, Archaeology and Architecture (Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives) ID Number: 40-13-02/31 Source: Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/TreePfLight.aspx?ID=LES Rights: Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Creator: Floris, Frans, the elder ca. 1519-1570 Title: Fall of the Rebel Angels Date: [n.d.] Material: oil on panel Measurements: 303 x 220cm Repository: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Belgium) Subject: Angels Subject: Fall of the Rebel Angels Subject: Painting--Flanders (Belgium)--17th C. A.D Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Creator: Jan Gossaert Title: Danae Work Type: painting Repository: Alte Pinakothek (Munich, Germany) Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives) Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx Source: http://www.scalarchives.com Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Interior of the Sistine Chapel ca.1473. Painted 1508-1512 and 1531-1536 by Michelangelo Buonarroti.
  • Giotto’s Last Judgment painting filling the wall of the Scrovegni Chapel. Ca.1303-1305. Good first example of art fitting the shape of architecture. Padua, Italy.
  • Originally built in 1296. The dome was added and painted by Filippo Brunelleschi around 1420-1436. Florence, Italy.
  • Ghent Altarpiece in the Saint Bravo Cathedral, Ghent, Belgium, completed 1432 by Hubert and Jan Van Eyck. (Open View)
  • Closed view of the Ghent Altarpiece .
  • Constructed by Filippo Brunelleschi starting 1433. One of the first important Renaissance churches in Florence, Italy. The color schemes of the walls influenced art in architecture.
  • Pazzi Chapel Interior.
  • Crucifixion painting by Fra Angelico in the 1440s. Located in the San Marco Cathedral. Venice, Italy.
  • Cardinal of Portugal’s Chapel, Miniato, Florence. Ca. 1460-1473. Various Artists.
  • Ceiling of the Cardinal of Portugal’s Chapel. Ca. 1461-1462.
  • Mantua, Italy, ca. 1465-1474. Paintings by Andrea Mantegna.
  • Ceiling dome art of the Camera Picta.
  • Painted by Francesco Botticini 1475-1476. Originally in the San Pier Chapel in Florence, now in London.
  • The Church of Santa delle Grazie, in Milan, Italy. Ca. 1490
  • The Church of Santa delle Grazie, in Milan, Italy. Ca. 1490
  • What remains of Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper . Ca. 1495-1498.
  • Images painted in the chapel by Guadenzio Ferrari around 1513.
  • Sacra Conversazione by Giovanni Bellini. Ca. 1505. San Zaccaria Chapel in Venice.
  • Paintings by Raphael in the Chapel of Saint Joseph in Italy. Painted around 1504.
  • Raphael’s Disputation Over the Sacrament in the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City. Ca. 1510-1511.
  • Exterior of the Sistine Chapel. Ca. 1473.
  • Interior of the Sistine Chapel ca.1473. Painted 1508-1512 and 1531-1536 by Michelangelo Buonarroti.
  • Another view.
  • Creation of Adam on the ceiling. Painted 1511-1512.
  • Last Judgment . Michelangelo's last painting in the Sistine Chapel. Ca. 1536-1541.

Art2bseminar Art2bseminar Presentation Transcript

  • The Quest for OpticalPerfection: Italian and Northern Fifteenth Century painting
  • Humanism:Impetus For Change
  • The Allegory of Good Government – Ambrogio Lorenzetti
  • The Effects of Good Government - Lorenzetti
  • The School of Athens - Raphael
  • The Evolution ofPerspective in Painting
  • Evidence of An Understanding of Perspective and Optics in Classical Greece and RomeNo specific books or treatises have been found from the Classical world that indicate aspecific method or formula for creating a painting with linear perspective.However, several written works indicate an understanding of optics and references toobservations relating to the perception of depth within one’s line of vision.Written works with minor references include:Euclid--Greek mathematician (Optics, ca. 300 B.C)Lucretius-- Roman Poet and Philosopher from the 1st century BC. (De Renum Natura--On the Nature of Things)Vitruvius-- Roman architect, engineer, and writer also from the 1 st century B.C. (DeArchitectura) ca. 25-23 B.C.)No Ancient Greek paintings exist (outside of paintings on pottery) to examine for linearperspective.What seems certain is an understanding of optics as it related to architectural design:The Parthenon
  • The Acropolis, Parthenon, 448-438 B.C.Athens, Greece.
  • Red Figure Crater, c. 340-330 B.C. Greek.
  • Roman Examples of PerspectiveWhat is understood of perspective in Roman painting comes from the fresco remains in Pompeian villas. There is evidence of linear perspective in frescoes of the second style at Pompeii with architectural representations aligned to vanishing points.Late Third and Fourth styles of frescoes at Pompeii incorporate obliquely positioned architecture in their composition to create 3 dimensional illusion. The inconsistent and short period of use makes it difficult to conclude that it was widely used or understood.
  • Villa of the Mysteries, 60-40 B.C.Pompeii, Italy, Fresco.
  • Villa of the Mysteries, 1st century A.D.,Pompeii, Italy
  • GiottoInnovative painter and precursor to the Renaissance. Considered by some as the first artist of the Renaissance.His depictions of the human figure emphasize weight and volume. He depicts characters in his composition from the back. Helps to draw the viewer in.He often makes use of obliquely angled architecture in his paintings to created perspective.
  • Last Supper, c. 1305, c. 1305, Giotto. Arena Chapel,Padua Italy.
  • Fresco in Villa of Publius FanniusSinister; Mystic scene with twowomen, c. 50 A.D.
  • Lamentation (Arena Chapel, Padua Italy), 1305,Giotto.
  • Madonna and Child in Majesty (Maesta) c.1308-1311. Duccio.
  • From the Maesta Altar Piece, c. 1308-1311. Duccio
  • Christ Before Pilot, First half 14th century.Pietro Lorenzetti.
  • Marble Frieze from the Parthenon of Poseidon,Apollo, and Artemis, 440 B.C., Athens, Greece.
  • Filippo Brunelleschi: Rediscovering Linear Perspective• Rediscovers/Invents Linear Perspective• Fixation point on an imaginary picture plane as the location for convergence of receding edges.• One point perspective: This perspective is when the picture plane is parallel with two sets of leading edges of a rectilinear object--or flush with the front surface (Curtis 243)• Two Point Perspective: When only one set of leading edges (typically vertical) is parallel to the picture plane (Curtis 243).• Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472, architect, linguist, writer) wrote Della Pittura (1436)--a descriptive treatise on perspective in painting.
  • One Point Perspective fromARTstor
  • Two Point Perspective fromARTstor.
  • East Portal of The Gates ofParadise, Baptistry San Giovanni,Florence Italy, 1378-1455. LorenzoGhiberti.
  • Gates of Paradise, East Portals, 1378-1455,Baptistry of San Giovanni. LorenzoGhiberti. Florence, Italy
  • Feast of Herrod: SienaBaptistry Font, 1423-1427.Donatello. Italy.
  • The Holy Trinity, 1427.Masaccio. S. Maria Novella,Florence, Italy.
  • Birth of Florentine Citizen BirthSalver, ca. Italian 15th c.Masaccio.
  • Saint Catherine Arguing with the Philosophers…….c.1429-32. Masolino da Panicale. San Clemente, Rome inCastaglione Chapel.
  • Death of Saint Ambrose. C. 1428-1430, Chapel of St. Catherine,Rome, Italy. Masolino.
  • Madonna of the Rocks, 1483 by.Leonardo da Vinci.
  • Technology andImplements: The tools of the trade
  • Lucida Calligraphy
  • Brunelleschi’s Linear Perspective Experiment on the Florence Baptistery
  • Perspective diagram of Masaccio’s Trinity
  • Jan van Eyck, Madonna of Canon van der Paele with Saints Donation and George, 1436, oil on panel
  • Northern Artists, the Flemish
  • Jean Pucelle, Arrest of Christ ( c.1325)The Hours of Jeanne d’Evreux
  • Boucicaut Master, Pentecost (1410)Heures du Marechal Boucicaut
  • Boucicaut Master, Crucifixion, bones at foot ofCross
  • Domenico Veneziano, St Lucy Altarpiece
  • Domenico Veneziano, John theBapist and St Francis
  • Robert Campin, Virgin & Child Before a Firescreen (c.1425)
  • detail
  • Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Triptych, Annunciation (1473-1478)
  • Jan van Eyck, Annunciation Diptych (c. 1434-36)
  • Hans Baldung, Bewitched Groom (1544)
  • Rogier van der Weyden, Altar of the Seven Sacraments (c.1450)
  • Martin Schongauer, Madonna and Child in a Courtyard (1490)
  • Martin Schongauer, St. James and the Saracens
  • Jan van Eyck, Madonna of the Church (1440)
  • St Sauveru, interior vaults
  • Jan van Eyck, Madonna of Chancellor Rolin (1435)
  • Albrecht Duer, Path in the Alps(1495)
  • Albrecht Durer, Roller Bird(1512)
  • Albrecht Durer, Fencing Book, c.1490-1520)
  • Frans Floris, Fall of the Rebel Angels (1554)
  • Jan Gossaer,t Danae (1527)
  • The Standout Structures of 15thCentury Painting (Architecture)
  • Florence Cathedral
  • The Pazzi Chapel
  • Interior of the Camera Picta
  • Coronation of the Virgin
  • The Church of Santa delle
  • The Church of Santa delle Grazie
  • • Old exterior sketch of the Sistine Chapel structure before it was remodeled. Date unknown.