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Sevilla Brochure

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  • 1. Discover Seville! October 21-22, 2008 Real Alcázar By Christopher Minster The Alcázar of Seville was oldest royal residence still Be sure to check out the once a Moorish palace not in use in Spain: the Casa de la Contratación, unlike the Alhambra in Spanish royal family uses it “house of trade.” The nearby Granada, but its when they visit the city. Alcázar was the history is significantly headquarters for trade The Alcázar is divided into with the Americas during different. It was a palace- several parts. The most the Spanish colonial era. It fortress under the Moors, impressive section is the included regulatory specifically the Almohades. Patio de las Doncellas, or agencies and a school for In 1248, the city fell to the Courtyard of the Maidens. navigation, the first Christian reconquest, and This was one of the director of which was much of the fort was sections that King Peter Amerigo Vespucci, who II al-Mu’tadid, who ruled damaged, subsequently had re-done, and it’s very gave his name to America. there before the Christian falling into ruin. During striking. Much of the fine The chapel features images reconquest supposedly the reign of Peter the work on the walls is and scenes of ships and used the skulls of his Cruel in the late reminiscent of the seas. enemies as flowerpots, and fourteenth century, the Alhambra, but the colors Peter the Cruel had one of palace was rebuilt over the In addition to the have survived better over his half-brothers murdered ruins. Peter kept what attractions mentioned time and it is easier to deep inside the palace could be saved and had above, there are some imagine how it must somewhere! mudéjar (Moors living extensive, well-kept originally have been. If under Christian rule) gardens that you can see the courtyard looks after the tour. Don’t let the artisans rebuild the rest, so familiar, it may be because gardens and beautiful the fortress still has a director Ridley Scott used courtyards fool you: the distinctly Moorish flavor. it in his Crusades movie Alcázar has a dark side. The Alcázar of Seville has Kingdom of Heaven. The Moorish sultan Abbad the distinction of being the Cathedral By www.sol.com “Let us build a church so in front of Saint Paul's in majestic entrance of the big that those who see it London and Saint Peter's old mosque. will think us mad.” That in Rome as the largest The tomb with alleged is what the cathedral church in the world. remains of Christopher chapter decided in 1401 The exterior shows off Columbus is always of when the former mosque particularly well the great interest to scholars of Seville had to be artistry of the unknown and tourists alike. knocked down. It is one architect in playing with of the last Spanish volumes and spaces. You Gothic cathedrals, and enter by the Pardoner's the Renaissance style is door, formerly the already evident there. New calculations have now pushed the cathedral
  • 2. 2 The Giralda By www.sol.com The Giralda is the most emblematic The current appearance of a belfry monument of Seville. This Minaret, was designed in the 16C by the 76m in height, was constructed by the Cordovan architect Hernán Ruiz, who Moors between 1184 and 1197. After added the bell chamber and four the reconquest in 1568 the Christians upper rooms each with their own fitted the minaret with the bell tower. balconies. A statue symbolising faith As an emblem of Seville the Giralda stands at the top of the tower and forms an elegant and tall silhouette acts as a weathervane, whose next to the cathedral. Built in the 12C, nickname Giraldillo also gives its the minaret (96 m) of the former name to the tower. If you go to the mosque was crowned with three top, you'll see there are no steps golden orbs which disappeared in the because they used horses to reach the 14C during an earthquake. top and call for prayers. Casa de Pilatos By Josephine Quintero The first Marquis of Tarifa departed on a Subsequent owners have contributed to Grand Tour of Europe and the Holy Land the building over time and it is currently in 1518. Two years later he returned, the residence of the Dukes of Medinaceli enraptured by the architectural and and still one of the finest palaces in decorative wonders of High Renaissance Seville. The marble portal was Italy. He spent the rest of his life commissioned by the Marquis in 1529 fashioning a new aesthetic, which was very from Genoan craftsmen, while the influential. His palace in Seville was called courtyard is typically Mudejar in style and the House of Pilato because it was decoration with tiles work and intricate thought to resemble Pontius Pilato's home plasterwork. This is surrounded by in Jerusalem and later became a luxurious irregularly spaced arches capped with showcase for the new style. delicate Gothic balustrades. In the corners are three Roman statues, depicting Minerva, a dancing muse and Ceres, and a Tapas fourth statue, a Greek original of Athena, dating from the 5th century BC. By www.thinkspain.com Tapas are also an important part of The actual translation of tapa is “lid”. the Spaniards’ way of life. Tapas are The story is that in the last century, mini snacks, often displayed on the bar owners used to cover drinks with counter in bars, and include things as a piece of bread to keep flies away. It calamares (squid), callos (tripe), then became practice to put a tidbit gambas (prawns), albóndigas on the bread and this evolved into the (meatballs) and boquerones tapa of today. Each region of Spain (anchovies) marinated in vinegar. has its own specialties. Tapas can be taken as a meal in themselves or as a tasty bite before going on to a restaurant for dinner.
  • 3. 3 Plaza de España By www.wikipedia.org The Plaza de España is one of The plaza is a huge half-circle Seville's most easily recognised with buildings continually buildings and the epitome of the running around the edge Moorish Revival in Spanish accessible over the moat by architecture. In 1929 Seville numerous beautiful bridges. In hosted the Spanish-American the centre is a large fountain. Exhibition and numerous Today the plaza mainly consists buildings were constructed for of Government buildings, but the exhibition in Maria Luisa the beauty remains. By the walls Park, among them the Plaza of the Plaza are many tiled designed by Aníbal González. On alcoves, each representing a the Park's edge was built the different province of Spain. current Plaza de España to showcase Spain's industry and technology exhibits. Parque de María Luisa By Josephine Quintero In the 1920's, the Sevillanos decided Scattered about and round the edge scheme's impetus - a good example to put on an exposition. In a are more buildings from the 1929 fair, is the stylish Guatemala building, tremendous burst of energy, they some of them surprisingly opulent, off the Paseo de la Palmera. turned the entire southern end of the built in the last months before the Towards the end of the park, the city into an expanse of gardens and Wall Street crash undercut the grandest mansions from the fair grand boulevards. The centre of it is have been adapted as museums. Parque de María Luisa, a paradisiacal The farthest contains the city's half mile of palms and orange trees, archaeology collections. The main elms and Mediterranean pines, exhibits are Roman mosaics and covered with flower beds and dotted artifacts from nearby Itálica. with hidden bowers, ponds and pavilions. Now that the trees and shrubs have reached maturity, the genius of the landscapers can be appreciated - this is one of the loveliest parks in Europe. Triana and Calle Betis By www.andalucia.com Being on the other side of the river Trajan, who was born in nearby Guadalquivir from the rest of the city, Itálica. Triana has its own distinct identity, Calle Betis, which follows the river, likened by locals to a village within has indisputably fine views of the city, the city. It too has narrow cobbled especially the Torre del Oro, the streets and winding alleys, but is less bullring and Giralda. Its row of 18th- where the bars are thronged with picture-book pretty than Santa Cruz century townhouse facades, seen and therefore feels more real; it's also party-goers long into the wee hours from the other side of the river, is as in the copa bars. less packed with tourists. Triana is impressive as any in Amsterdam or named after the Roman emperor Dublin. In summer, much of the city`s nightlife migrates to Calle Betis,
  • 4. Did you know…? IES La Arboleda Seville is the primary setting of many operas, the best known of which are Bizet's Carmen, Rossini's The Barber of Seville, Verdi's La Forza del Destino, Beethoven's Fidelio, Mozart's Don Giovanni and The Avenida de la Arboleda, s/n Marriage of Figaro, and Prokofiev's Betrothal in a Monastery. Lepe (Huelva) 21440 http://laarboledabiling.blogspot.com/ The Plaza de España in the Parque de María Luisa appears in George Lucas' Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones as well as in Lawrence of Arabia as the British Army HQ in Cairo, while the courtyard was the King Alfonso XIII Hotel. The motto of Seville is "NO8DO". The "8" is shaped like a skein of wool, or, “madeja” in Spanish. The motto, therefore, is a rebus, reading "NO madeja DO," a play on the sentence, "No me ha dejado," or "she [the city] has not abandoned me [the king]". The motto, according to one legend, refers to the city's support of King Alphonse X in a 13th-century war with his son, Don Sancho. Another places the phrase in the mouth of Ferdinand III while riding into the city after expelling the Moors in 1248. This motto is seen in the city flag and throughout Seville, inscribed on manhole covers, and on some street signs. Itálica By www.andalucia.com The Roman ruins and remarkable stone for Seville, but fortunately excellent coloured floor with mosaics of Itálica are located less the amphitheatre has survived, birds, Neptune and the Seasons. than 9 kilometres to the north of although these days it is crumbling the city, just outside the village of perilously. Beyond this are about The 27km-long Vía Verde of Santiponce. There is also a well twenty mosaics, including an Itálica is a footpath along a preserved Roman theatre in former railway line used for Santiponce which is signposted transporting pyrite from the from the main road. Aznalcóllar mines northwest of Seville to the city's port on the Itálica was the birthplace of three Guadalquivir River. From Itálica, emperors and one of the earliest you can join the Vía Verde 4km Roman settlements in Spain south at Santiponce, via the founded in 206 BC. It rose to N630. From Santiponce, you can considerable military importance either head south to Seville or in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. northwest to Gerena along the Throughout the Middle Ages, the Vía Verde. ruins were used as a source of