Today in history


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Here is a list of interesting events in History for our English lessons. So far I could just finished up to June.... I promise I will go on to December as soon as possible.
Hope you like it!

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Today in history

  1. 1. TODAY IN HISTORY José A. Alcalde Some years ago I found an interesting book, “3sixty5” by VickyAnderson and Robert Campbell (published in Barcelona by ITs magazine in1995). It was a compilation of historical facts for the whole year, along with theirdidactic exploitation in the classroom. I kept it for a long time until very recentlyI found “another” way to make some use of it (we teachers are masters ofcreating new and different uses of old stuff, arent we?). What I do is really simple: I pick some of the funniest, most shocking or amazing events to tell mystudents and later, they have to tell it to the rest of the group in Spanish. It is kind of a listeningcomprehension exercise but with some interesting and different, unusual content. It is great to practicedates, past tenses, place-names, questions forms, etc. Now it is a routine at the beginning of my lessonsand my students LOVE it! If I forget to do it for any reason, they immediately ask for it with the statement“Didnt anything important happen today in History, Sir?”. Over the years I have added more updated facts with a teenage audience in mind. Feel free tobrowse the events and add any other of relevance for you or your students (sport, music, cinema,literature, art, science, local events, international events...). Even ask your students to add more eventsalong the year to keep it updated. In time, if you go on using this document like me, you will realize thatsome events (usually related to celebrities) become quickly outdated! When possible or interesting I have also added website links to make this document moreinteractive and informative in this multimedia world where we teach today. The events mentioned couldalso be a hint to be expanded, explained, etc., through project work. I am quite confident some teacherswill expand even more the possibilities of this idea. Dont miss the opportunity of taking the World into your English lesson! You wont regret!!NOTE: Below are some useful websites I found when preparing this document. Check out the ones thatsuit you most. • Historical events at • Celebrities birthdays at
  2. 2. 1st January 16th January 1927 BBC formed 1547 Ivan the Terrible crowned first Tsar of Russia 1958 The EC (current EU) came into being 1957 The Cavern Club, the birthplace of The Beatles, opened2nd January 17th January th 1788 Georgia became the 4 state of the USA Feast of St Anthony of Egypt, patron saint of domestic animals 1900 First electric omnibus service in NYC 1994 Earthquake (6.6 on Ritcher scale) hits Los Angeles 1920 Isaac Asimov, US biochemist and science fiction writer, born 18th January 1904 Cary Grant, real name Archibald Alexander Leach, born3rd January 1955, Kevin Costner, US actor, born 1875 Pierre Larousse, French encyclopaedist, died 1888 JRR Tolkien, British author of “Lord of the Rings”, 19th January born 1809 Edgar Allan Poe, US writer, born 1959 Alaska became the 49th and largest state of the 1839 Paul Cezanne, French artist, born USA (bought to the Russians) 1903 First Tour de France announced in Paris4th January 20th January Sri Lanka National Day Feast of St Sebastian, patron saint of athletes 1885 First successful appendix operation performed 1892 Basketball first played in Massachusetts 1896 Utah became the 45th state of the USA 21st January5th January 1930 BBC made its first word broadcast from London 1855 King Camp Gillette, US inventor of safety razor, 1941 Plácido Domingo, Spanish-born opera singer, born born 1896 Roentgen gave first demonstration of X-rays 22nd January 1940 FM radio demonstrated for first time in US 1775 André Ampére, French physicist who gave us the term “amp”, born6th January 1902 Marconis first successful radio transmission New Zealand National Day 1838 Samuel Morse first demonstrate his new code 23rd January 1912 New Mexico became the 47th state of the USA 1556 An earthquake in China killed 830,000 people 1832 Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter, born7th January 1941 Nylon was first produced 1610 Galileo discovered the four satellites of Jupiter 1927 First transatlantic phone service began between 24th January London and NYC 1848 James Marshall discovered gold in California (USA) starting the Gold Rush8th January 1935 Beer for the first time sold in cans 1935 Elvis Presley, US singer, born 1942 Stephen Hawking, English physicist, born 25th January Kuwait National Day9th January 1759 Robert Burns, Scottish poet, born 1788 Connecticut became 5th state of the USA 1917 US bought Virgin islands for $25 million 1969 First trial of Concorde, the supersonic airliner 1924 First Winter Olyimpics in France10th January 26th January Australia National Day 1863 The first section of the London Underground 1839 Michigan became 26th state of the USA opened11th January 27th January 1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer, born 1569 The first state lottery was held in England 1880 Thomas Alba Edison patented the electric light bulb 1963 Worlds first disco,”Whisky-a-go-go”, opened in 1926 First public demonstration of television by John Logie Baird Los Angeles12th January 28th January 1896 First speeding fine given in UK 1948 First supermarket opened in Britain 1935 Iceland became the first country to legalise abortion 1976 Agatha Christie, detective story writer, died13th January 29th January 1861 Kansas became the 34th state of the USA 1978 NASA selected first women astronauts 15 years 1886 First petrol driven car patented by Karl-Friedrich Benz after USSR 30th January14th January World Peace Day 1937 First Gallup opinion poll published in Britain 1790 First lifeboat launched15th January 31st January Martin Luther King Jr. Day in the USA 1867 Nelsons column in London completed 1880 First telephone directory in the UK published 1876 All US native American Indians had to move into 1929 Martin Luther King Jr., civil right leader, born reservations 1983 Wearing seat belts became compulsory in UK
  3. 3. 15th February Parinirvana, Mahayana Buddhist Festival1st February International Childhood Cancer Day 1851 Mary Shelley, English author of Frankenstein, 1564 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, born died 1884 First edition of Oxford English dictionary published 15th February 1968 Lisa Marie Presley, Elvis daughter, born Parinirvana, Mahayana Buddhist Festival International Childhood Cancer Day 1564 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, born2nd February Groundhog Day 1852 First public flushing toilet opened in London 16th February 1882 James Joyce, Irish writer, born 1659 First British cheque written 1977 Pompidou Centre opened in Paris 1937 Nylon (named after New York and London) patented in the USA 1959 John McEnroe, US tennis player, born3rd February 1983 Tragic forest fires in South Africa left 8,500 homeless 1966 First controlled moon landing made by USSR Luna IX 17th February 1909 Geronimo, North American Indian, died4th February 1976 An earthquake killed over 23,000 people in 18th February Guatemala 1898 Enzo Ferrari, Italian car builder and racer, born 1930 Pluto discovered at the Lowell Observatory in the US5th February 1945 Bob Marley, Jamaican reggae singer, born 19th February 1985 Cristiano Ronaldo, famous footballer, born in 1878 TA Edison patented the phonograph Madeira (Portugal) 20th February6th February 1962 John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth 1788 Massachusetts became the 6th state of the USA 1911 Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the USA and 21st February previously an actor, born 1858 First electric burglar alarm installed in the US 1919 Lufthansa, German airline, established 1947 First ever TV soap opera started in the US7th February 22nd February 1812 Charles Dickens, the English novelist, born 1732 George Washington, US president, born 1989 It rained sardines in Ipswich, Australia 1819 USA bought Florida from Spain 1976 Joan Bazely became first woman football referee 23rd February8th February 1685 George Frederick Handel, German composer, born 1828 Jules Verne, French novelist, born 1931 James Dean, US film actor, born 24th February 1965 Cigarrette commercials banned from British 1786 Wilhelm Grimm, German storyteller, born television 1887 Paris and Brussels became the first two cities to be linked by telephone9th February 1988 First baby born from an embryo frozen after fertilization of Feast of Apollonia, patron saint of dentists donated egg10th February 25th February 1950 Mark Spitz, US Olympic swimmer, born 1935 Lumiere screened experimental 3D movie11th February 26th February 1847 TA Edison, American inventor, born 1531 Earthquakes killed 200,000 people in Lisbon 1899 First motor cyclist killed in Britain 1936 Hitler launched the Volkswagen, the peoples car 1928 First traffic lights in Britain tested in Wolverhampton 27th February 1902 John Steinbeck, US novelist, born12th February 1804 Immanuel Kant, German pholosopher, died 28th February 1954 First established link between cigarettes and 1912 Albert Berry made the first parachute jump cancer 29th February13th February Leap Year Day 1903 Georges Simenon, Belgium-born crime novelist, born 1950 Peter Gabriel, English pop musician, born
  4. 4. 1st March 16th March St. Davids Day, patron saint of Wales 1888 First recorded sale of a car in Paris 1803 Ohio became the 37th state of the USA 1810 Frédéric Chopin, composer and pianist, born 17th March 1867 Nebraska became the 38th state of the USA St. Patricks Day, patron saint of Ireland 1880 Pennsylvania became first US state to abolish slavery 18th March 1584 Ivan The Terrible, died2nd March 1662 First public buses ran in Paris 1933 King Kong, the film, opened 1859 American Express Company set up in Buffalo, New York 1949 First round-the-world non-stop fight ever 1940 NATO set up 1960 Earthquake in Morocco killed 20,000 1962 Jon Bon Jovi, US singer, born 19th March Feast of St. Joseph, patron saint of fathers3rd March 721BC First eclipse ever recorded 1845 Florida became the 27th state of the USA 1955 Bruce Willis,US film actor, born 1847 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish inventor, born 20th March Tunicia National Day4th March 1727 Sir Isaac Newton, English scientist, died 1678 Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer, born 1852 Uncle Toms Cabin, anti-slavery novel, published 1791 Vermont became the 14th state of the USA 1980 The first British pirate radio station, Radio Caroline, first 1924 “Happy Birthday to You” was published broadcasting5th March 21st March 1974 Eva Mendez, Cuban American actress, born Earth Day Against Racial Discrimination International Day6th March The spring equinox, officially the first day of spring 1475 Michelangelo, Italian artist, born 1685 Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer, born 1896 First British cinema opened7th March 1876 Alexander Graham Bell patented first telephone 22nd March 1897 Corn Flakes served for first time at Battle Creek World Water Day Sanatorium 1895 First celluloid film presented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere8th March 23rd March International Womens Day World Meteorological Day 1952 An artificial heart used for the first time 1891 Goal nets used for first time9th March 24th March 1562 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by 1911 Denmark abolished capital punishment death) 25th March National Day of Greece10th March 1807 The British parliament abolished the slave trade 1886 First dog show held in London 1948 London Heathrow Airport opened11th March 26th March 1702 First successful English newspaper, Daily 1885 First person officially cremated in Britain Courant, published 1904 Salvador Dalí, Spanish painter, born 27th March th 1914 First successful blodd transfusion in a Brussels hospital12 March 1913 Canberra became federal capital of Australia 1918 Moscow became capital of Russia 28th March 1935 30 mph limit introduced 1977 Morning TV started as experiment 1945 Anne Frank, Jewish Dutch diarist, died 29th March th 1886 Coca Cola invented by Dr John Pemberton of Atlanta13 March 1781 Uranus discoverd by Sir William Herschel 1981 First London Marathon 1930 Discovery of Pluto announced 1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris opened 30th March 1746 Goya, Spanish painter, born14th March 1853 Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter, born 1879 Albert Einstein, German-born Swiss physicist and 1867 Alaska bought from the Russians by US for $7.2m mathematician, born 1883 Karl Marx, German philosopher, died 31st March 1889 Eiffel Tower officially opened15th March 1896 First zipper patented World Consumer Rights Day 1820 Maine became the 23rd state of the USA
  5. 5. 1st April 15th April April Fools Day or All Fools Day 1852 First scre-top bottles patented 1939 Spanish Civil War ends 1912 The Titanic ocean liner hit an iceberg and sank 1960 US launched first weather satellite 1955 McDonalds, the worlds largest hamburger chain, founded by 1966 Jean Claude Van Damme, Belgian actor, born Ray Kroc 1970 First pocket electronic calculator announced in Japan2nd April 16th April International Childrens Book Day 1867 Wilbur Wright, US aviation pioneer, born 1805 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of fairy 1889 Charlie Chaplin, British film comedian, born tales, born3rd April 17th April Syria National Day 1860 The Pony Express began 1421 An estimated 100,000 people drowned in floods in Holland 1991 Graham Green, British novelist, born 18th April4th April 1881 Natural History Museum opened in London 1581 Francis Drake returned to England after 1950 Earthequake in San Francisco killed more than 500 people circumnavigating the world 1934 First launderette openen in Fort Worth, Texas 1934 Cats Eyes first used on Britains roads 1949 NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was 19th April created 1951 First Miss World contest took place in London 1968 Martin Luther King Jr., US civil rights leader, murdered 20th April 1893 Joan Miró, Spanish artist, born5th April 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is 21st April set (121m) 753BC Romulus founded Rome6th April 22nd April 1789 George Washington became first president of the 1500 Brazil was discovered by Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvarez USA de Cabral 1974 Harry Houdini, American escapologist, born 1992, Isaac Asimov, US science fiction writer, died 23rd April Book international Day7th April 1564 William Shakespeare, English playwright, born and died on World Health Day the same day in 1616 1827 First box of matches sold in England 1860 William Kellog, inventor of the breakfast cereal, 24th April born 1981 IBM-PC computer introduced 1948 The WHO (World Health Organization) was formed 25th April th 1792 The guillotine first used in Paris8 April 1792 La Marseillaise, the French national anthem, written 1973 Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter, died 1874 Marconi, Italian pioneer of radio, born9th April 26th April 1838 Official opening of the National Gallery in London 1452 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian artist and inventor, born 1986 The nuclear reactor at Chernobyl exploded th10 April 1633 Bananas sold for the first time in Britain 27th April 1791 Samuel Morse, US inventor of the Morse Code, born11th April 1828 The London Zoo opened in Regents Park 1775 Last execution of witches in Germany 28th April12th April 1919 The UN (United Nations) was created 1606 The Union Jack was adopted as the official flag of 1770 Australia discovered by Captain Cook the UK 1788 Maryland became the 7th state of the USA 1919 First parachute jump made in the USA13th April 1970 Explosion in Apollo 13s Service Module on flight 29th April to the Moon National Day of Japan 1930 Inauguration of the UK-Australia telephone service14th April 1527 Ortelius, Dutch cartographer who produced the 30th April first atlas, born National Day of the Netherlands 1828 Websters American Dictionary of the English 1803 USA bought Lousiana and New Orleans from France Language first published 1812 Lousiana became the 18th state of the USA 1931 The Highway Code first published in Britain 1900 Hawaii ceded itself to the USA
  6. 6. 15th May st Feast Day of Dympna, patron saint of the insane1 May May Day or Labour Day celebrated in many countries 1927 First hot meals served on an aeroplane 16th May 1931 The Empire State Building was opened in NYC 1929 The first Oscar film awards ceremony held in Hollywood (USA)2nd May 1923 First non-stop flight across the USA 17th May World Telecommunication and Information Society Day rd Norway National Day3 May 1620 First merry-go-round appeared in Turkey World Press Freedom Day 1861 First package holiday organized by Thomson Holidays 1494 Christopher Columbus discovered Jamaica 18th May4th May 1897 Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker is published Feast of Florian patron saint of firefighters 1655 Bartholomme Cristofori, Italian craftsman who 19th May developed the first piano, died 1926 Malcolm X, US Black Muslim leader, born 1973 Sears Tower in Chicago, the tallest building in the world for 20 years, completed 1976 “Waltzing Matilda” became Australias national 20th May anthem Cameron National Day 1939 First regular commercial flights between US and Europe 1959 First person arrested through use of an identikit picture5th May Europe Day 21st May 1818 Karl Marx, social philosopher and founder of 1884 Statue of Liberty finished Communism, born 1904 FIFA, Football Federations international body was 1821 Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France, died established 1949 The Council of Europe established 1916 Clocks in Britain went forward one hour for first daylight- savind day6th May 1626 Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island (NY), from 22nd May the Indians 1813 Richard Wagner, German composer, born 1851 Sigmund Freud, pioneer of psychoanalysis, born 1859 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish-born novelist, born7th May 23rd May 1833 Johannes Brahms, German composer, born 1988 First underwater marriage took place in Mauritius8th May 24th May Cezch Republich National Day 1686 Gabriel Fahrenheit, German physicist, born World Red Cross Day 1844 First morse code message sent on US telegraph line 1828 Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red 1941 Bob Dylan, US singer-songwriter, born Cross, born9th May 25th May 1927 Camberra inaugurated as the new capital of 1850 First hippotpotamus arrives in Londons Regent Park Zoo Australia replacing Melbourne 1889 Igor Ivanoch Sikorsky, US inventor of the helicopter, born 1944 First eye bank opened in NYC 1962 The Beatles sign their first record contract 26th May 1994 Michael Jackson married Lisa Marie Presley10th May 1937 Britains first frozen food (asparagus) went on sale 27th May 1818 Amelia Bloomer, US womans rights campaigner, born11th May 1937 The Golden Gate bridge in San Francisco opened 868 First printed book published in China 1858 Minnesota became the 32nd state of the USA 28th May 1904 Salvador Dalí, Spanish surrealist artist, born 1908 Ian Fleming, English novelist, born 1981 Bob Marley, reggae musician, born 29th May12th May 1848 Wisconsin became the 38th state of the USA 1935 AA, Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Ohio (USA) 1917 John F Kennedy, 35th US President, born13th May 30th May 1950 Steve Wonder, US singer born 1672 Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, born14th May 31st May 1984 Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook, born National Day of South Africa World No Tobacco Day 1859 Big Ben started operating 1930 Clint Eastwood, US actor and director, born
  7. 7. 1st June Samoa National Day 1792 Kentucky became 15th state of the USA 16th June 1796 Tennessee became 16th state of the USA 1963 Valentina Tereshkova became first woman in space 1880 First telephone box for public use installed 1926 Marilyn Monroe, US actress, born 17th June World Day to Combat Desertification2nd June 1944 Iceland became an independent republic 1962 Britains first legal casino opened in Brighton 18th June rd3 June 1583 First life insurance policy sold in London 1946 First bikini presented in Paris 1942 Paul McCartney, English musician, born 1899 Johan Strauss died 19th June th 1623 Blaise Pascal, French inventor of calculating machine, born4 June 1937 First supermarket trolleys in Oklahoma (USA) 20th June th 1863 West Virginia became 35th state of the USA5 June 1963 The White House and the Kremlin agreed to set up the hot World Environment Day line for emergencies in the Cold War6th June 21st June Sweden National Day The Summer Solstice 1599 Velázquez, Spanish painter, born 1788 New Hampshire became the 9th state of the USA 1933 First drive-in cinema opened in New Jersey 1876 First gorilla arrived in Britain 1936 Britains Gatwick airport opened 22nd June7th June 1949 Meryl Streep, US actress, born 1848 Paul Gaugin, French painter, born 1929 Vatican City established in Rome 23rd June Luxemborg National Day8th June 1848 Adolphe Sax patented saxophone 1912 Universal Pictures founded 1988 Nippon Airways painted eyes on planes to scare 24th June birds Midsummer Day th9 June 25th June 1870 Charles Dickens, English novelist, died 1788 Virginia became the 10th state of the USA 1963 Johnny Deep, US actor, born 26th June10th June 1945 United Nations Charter signed 1793 First public zoo opened in Paris 1943 Ball point pens patented by Lazlo Biró 27th June 1693 First magazine for women, “Ladies Mercury” published11th June 1967 First cash dispenser in UK started operating 1975 First oil pumped from North Sea oilfield 28th June12th June 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish artist, born 1929 Anne Frank, German diarist, born 1992 Earth Summit held in Rio (Brazil) 29th June Feast Day of St. Peter, patron saint of fishermen13th June 1829 First policeman was murdered in Britain 1956 First European Cup won by Real Madrid 1900 Antoine de SaintExupery, French writer, born 1966 The Barclaycard, Britains first credit card, introduced14th June 1777 Stars and Stripes adopted as official US flag 30th June 1928 Che Guevara, Cuban revolutionary, born 1966 First pop-up toasters went on sale in the US 1964 Nelson Mandela, South African activist, sentenced 1966 Mike Tyson, US boxing champion, born to life imprisonment 1985 Michael Phelps, US Olympic swimmer, born15th June 1836 Arkansas became 25th state of the USA 1869 Celluloid patented
  8. 8. 1st July Canada National Day 1916 Coca Cola created its distinctive bottle 16th July 1929 Popeye, the cartoon character, is born 1661 First banknotes in Europe issued by the Bank of Stockholm 1941 First TV commercial shown in the US 1872 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer, born 17th July2nd July 1995 Bill Gates is the richest man in world, worth$12.9 billion 1566 Nostradamus, French astrologer and physician, dollars died 18th July3rd July 1877 Edison carried out first successful recording of voice 1890 Idaho became 43rd state of the US 1892 Thomas Cook, English travel agent, died 1962 Tom Cruise, US actor, born 1918 Nelson Mandela, South African leader, born4th July 19th July US Independence Day 1903 Maurice Garin became first winner of the Tour de France 1848 The Communist Manifesto published 1961 First ever in-flight movies 1884 Statue of Liberty presented 1946 US gave Phillipine islands their independence 20th July Colombia National Day 1837 First railway station in London (Euston) opened5th July Venezuela National Day 1865 First speed limit (2 mph) imposed in Britain 21st July 1946 Bikini fist modelled Belgium National Day 1899 Ernest Hemingway, US novelist, born 1984 James F Fixx, the man who popularized jogging, died while6th July jogging 1946 Sylvester Stallone, US actor, born 22nd July7th July Poland National Day 1860 Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer, born 1988 Eleven-year-old boy became youngest person to 23rd July fly the Atlantic Ethiopia and United Arab Republic National Day th8 July 24th July 1839 John D Rockefelelr, US multimillionaire, born 1775 Eugéne Francois Vidoq, founder of first detective agency, 1892 First person convicted on evidence of fingerprints born9th July 25th July Argentina National Day 1917 Mata Hari, famous spy, sentenced to death 1877 First Wimbledon Lawn Tennis championship 1978 Lousie Brown, first test tube baby, born staged 1956 Tom Hanks, US actor, born 26th July Liberia National Day10th July 1788 New York became 11th state of the USA 1099 El Cid, Castillian knight, died 1908 FBI established in Washington DC 1890 Wyoming became 40th state of the US 1900 Paris metro opened 27th July 1958 Parking meters came into operation in the UK 1949 Worlds first jet airliner made its maiden flight th11 July 28th July 1974 World Football League plays 1st games Peru National Day th 1586 First potatoes arrived in Britain from Columbia12 July 1858 Fingerprints first used for identification 1884 Amadeo Modigliani, Italian painter, born 1959 Post codes introduced in Britain13th July 29th July 1930 World Cup football competition instituted Feast Day of Martha, patron saint of housewives 1942 Harrison Ford, US actor, born 1890 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter, died14th July 30th July Bastille Day, National Day of France 1818 Emily Bronte, English novelist, born Iraq National Day 1947 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born actor, born 1867 Alfred Nobel demonstrated dynamite 31st July15th July 1950 Britains first self-service store, Sainsburys, opened 1606 Rembrandt, Dutch painter, born 1881 Billy the Kid, US outlaw, killed 1948 British branch of Alcoholic Anonymous founded 1965 First close-up pictures of Mars
  9. 9. 1st August Switzerland National Day 16th August 1774 Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen 1958 Madonna (Louise Veronica Ciccone), US singer, born 1778 First savings bank opened in Hamburg (Germany) 1977 Elvis Presley, US rock star, died 1876 Colorado became 38th state of the Union 17th August Indonesia National Day2nd August 1896 First pedestrian killed by motor vehicle in Britain 1865 Alices Adventures in Wonderland first published 1943 Robert de Niro, US actor, born3rd August 18th August 1778 La Scala Opera House opened in Milan 1743 First rules of boxing introduced in Britain 1811 Elisha Graves Otis, US safety lift inventor, born 1924 Joseph Conrad, British novelist, died 19th August 1883 Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, born4th August 1870 Red Cross founded in Britain 20th August 1875 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish writer, died 1956 First nuclear power generated5th August 21st August 1962 Marylin Monroe, US actress, died 1911 Leonardos Mona Lisa stolen from Louvre Museum 1959 Hawain became the 50th state of the USA 1976 Mary Langdon became Britains first woman firefighter6th August Bolivia National Day 22nd August 1908 Henri Cartier, French photojournalist, born7th August 1876 Mata Hari, Dutch spy, born 23rd August 1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason8th August by Edward I of England 1900 The Davis Cup played for first time 1937 Dustin Hoffman, US actor, born 24th August 79 Vesubius volcano erupted and buried Pompeii9th August Aborigin tribes International Day 25th August 1979 First British nudist beach established in Brighton Uruguay National Day 1530 Ivan the Terrible, Tsar of Russia, born10th August 1970 Claudia Schiffer, German model, born 1675 Foundation stone of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, laid 26th August 1821 Missouri became 24th sate of the USA 580 Chinese invented toilet paper 1498 Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà11th August 1897 Enyd Blyton, English writer, born 27th August 1910 Mother Theresa, Yugoslavian-born missionary, born12th August 1925 Norris and Ross McWhirter, creators fo Guinnes 28th August Book of Records, born 476 West Roman Empire formally disbands/emperor Romulus August ousted th13 August 1963 Martin Luther King Jrs "I have a dream speech" at Lincoln 1899 Alfred Hitchcok, English film director, born Memorial 1961 Berlin Wall began to go up 29th August14th August 1958 Michael Jackson, US rock star, born 1893 First car registration plates introduced in France 1918 British policemen went on strike for the first time 1908 First International Beauty Contest staged in Britain 30th August th 1797 Mary Shelley, English novelist, born15 August 1769 Napoleon Bonaparte, French leader, born 1881 First stereo system patented in Germany 31st August 1900 Coca Cola first went on sale in UK
  10. 10. 1st September Lybia National Day 1951 Britains first supermarket opened in London 17th September 1787 US Constitution was approved2nd September 1666 The Great Fire of London started 18th September 1964 Keanu Reeves, US actor, born Chile National Day 1987 Phillips launched the CD-video 1851 New York Times published for first time 1970 Jimi Hendrix, US rock guitarist, died3rd September 1981 France abolished the guillotine 1967 Sweden switched to driving on the right 19th September th 1783 First manned hot air ballon ascent4 September 1839 George Cadbury, English chocolate manufacturer, born 1981 Beyoncé, American singer, born 1888 First ever beauty contest held (in Belgium) 1927 John McCarthy coined the term “artificial intelligence” 20th September th Yom Kippur Jewish celebration5 September 1863 Jakob Grimm, German collector of folk tales, died 1946 Freddie Mercury, rock singer, born 1946 First Cannes Film Festival6th September 21st September 1852 First free lending library in Britain opened in International Day of Peace Manchester Alzheimer International Day Malta National Day7th September Brazil National Day 22nd September 1791 Michael Faraday, British scientist, born8th September International Literacy Day 23rd September 1157 Richard the Lion Heart, King of England, born Saudi Arabia National Day 1846 Johan Galle discovered Neptune th9 September 1848 Chewing gum first commercially produced 1087 William the Conqueror died after his horse fell 1949 Bruce Springteen, US singer-songwriter, born 1850 California became 31st state of the USA 24th September th 1896 F S Fiztgerald, US novelist, born10 September 1894 First person ever charged with drunk driving in UK 25th September th 1690 First newspaper in the US published in Boston11 September 2001 Terrorist attack on Twin Towers in NYC (USA) 1818 First blood transfusion using human blood 1965 Moby, talented American electronic muscian, born 1897 First motor bus service in Britain 1992 12-year-old boy won divorce from biological parents12th September 1910 Los Angeles appointed first ever policewoman 26th September 1970 Concorde landed at Heathrow airport for first time 1769 First recorded cremation in Britain 1887 Emile Berliners gramophone granted a patent13th September 490BC Greeks defeated Persians at Battle of Marathon 27th September 1902 First conviction on fingerpirnt evidence in UK 1984 Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer, born 1916 Roald Dahl, British author, born 1972 Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress, born14th September 28th September 1987 Hillary Duff, American singer, born 1759 First recorded English board game sold 1968 Naomi Watts, American actress, born15th September 29th September 1891 Agatha Christie, English crime novelist, born 1916 John Rockefeller became worls first billionaire th 1950 First automatic telephone answering machine tested in US16 September Mexico National Day 30th September Ozone Layer International Day Botswana National Day 1620 The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth with the Pilgrim Fathers 1953 Cinemascope demonstrated by 20th Century Fox
  11. 11. 1st October International Day of Older People Music International Day 17th October National Day of China and Nigeria Against Poverty International Day 1974 First McDonalds opened in London 1860 First professional golf championship in Scotland2nd October 18th October 1608 First telescope demonstrated Feast Day of Luke, patron saint of doctors and painters 1925 First double-decker buses ran in London 1887 Russia transferred Alaska to the USA 1922 The BBC was formed3rd October 1906 SOS became first international distress signal 19th October 1922 First facsimile picture transmitted over phone 1862 Auguste Lumiere, French photographic pioneer, born 1931 John le Carré, English novelist, born4th October 1976 First fast trains in Britain 20th October 1973 Sydney Opera House opened by Queen Elizabeth II th5 October 1880 First ball pen patented 21st October 1833 Alfred Nobel, Swedish industrialist and founder of the Nobel th Prizes, born6 October 1879 Thomas Alba Edison invented the electric light bulb 1883 First Orient Express journey 1911 First UK fan magazine published7th October 22nd October 1919 KLM, the oldest airline, was established 1797 First successful parachute jump made from ballon over Paris 1959 Russian stellite transmitted first photograph of the 1811 Franz Liszt, Hungarian-born composer, born far side of the moon 23rd October8th October 1940 Pelé, Brazilian footballer, born 1967 First breathalyser test on a driver in UK 1946 First meeting of General Assembly of the UN9th October 24th October World Post Day United Nations Day 1940 John Lennon, English singer-song-writer, born 1857 First football club formed in Sheffield,UK 1947 First phone call made between car and plane 25th October10th October 1881 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist, born 1813 Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer, born 26th October th11 October Austria National Day 1854 Bill White became the first bespectacled baseball 1863 English Football Association formed in London player 27th October12th October 1901 First “gateway” car used when thieves robbed as shop in 1935 Pavarotti, Italian opera star, born Paris 1901 US President Theodore Roosevelt gave The White House its name 28th October 1492 Columbus discovered Cuba13th October 1929 First baby born on a plane (above Florida) 1884 Greenwich adopted as universal time meridian 1965 Death Penalty for murder abolished in Britain 1904 Freuds “The Interpretation of Dreams” published 29th October th 1863 The Red Corss was founded14 October 1979 Usher, American rap singer, born 1929 The Wall Street Crash 1939 Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, born 30th October th 1925 Logie Baird achieved first TV picturs15 October 1962 Amnesty International formed in London 1960 Maradona,Argentinian footballer, born 1993 Nelson Mandela and President de Klerk awarded Nobel Peace Prize 31st October Halloween16th October 1864 Nevada became 36th state of the USA World Food Day 1926 Houdini, escapist and magician, dies after drowning 1951 First zebra crossing introduced in UK
  12. 12. 1st November 1848 WH Smith opened first railway bookstall in London 16th November Tolerance International Day2nd November 1907 Oklahoma became the 46th state of the USA 1755 Marie Antoinette born 1889 North Dakota became the 39th state of the USA 17th November 1889 South Dakota became the 40th state of the USA Feast Day of Hilda, patron saint of business and professsional 1953 Samaritans phone counselling service founded women 1869 The worlds first cycle Road Race from Paris to Rouen3rd November 1718 Lord Sandwich, inventor of sandwiches, born 18th November 1957 Sputnik II orbits the earth with dog Laika, the first 1477 First book published in Britain by William Claxton living creature in space 19th November th 1893 First colour supplement published with Sunday paper4 November 1914 First fashion show held in NYC 1942 Calvin Klein, US fashion designer, born 1946 UNESCO established 20th November th Universal Childrens Day5 November Guy Fawkes Night in Britain 1963 The oldest dog in the world died aged 27 years and 3 months 1927 Britains first automatic traffic lights installed 1959 Bryam Adams, US musician, born 21st November World TV Day th 1789 North Carolina became 12th state of the USA6 November 1898 René Magritte, Belgian painter, born 1861 James A. Naismith, inventor of basketball, born 1988 Virus crippled 6,000 US Defence Department computers 22nd November Feast of St Cecilia, patron saint of music, singers and poets th 1906 SOS was adopted as the international distress signal7 November 1963 J F Kennedy, US president, assassinated in Dallas 1783 Last public hanging in UK 1876 Marie Curie, scientist and discoverer of radium, born 23rd November 1859 Billy the Kid, US outlaw, born th 1889 First jukebox installed in San Francisco (USA)8 November 1656 Edmund Halley, astronomber who discovered Halleys Comet, born 24th November 1847 Bram Stoker, Draculas author, born 1859 Charles Darwin published Origin of the Species 1889 Montana became the 41st of the USA 1942 Craig Thomas, Welsh singer, born 1896 Willima Roentgen, German scientist, discovered X-rays 25th November 1844 Karl Benz, German inventor of the motor car, born9th November 1985 Sales of cassettes exceded for first time vynil 26th November records 1789 First Thanksgiving Day in the USA 1989 Berlin Wall falls 1987 Court case began to decide if drawings of English bank notes were art or forgery10th November 1483 Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, born 27th November 1701 Anders Celcius, Swedish inventor of centigrade thermometer, th born11 November 1914 First two policewomen in UK Feast Day of Saint Menas who had power to find lost 1942 Jimi Hendrix, US guitarist, born objects 1889 Washington became the 42nd state of the USA 1952 First video recorder demonstrated 28th November 1948 First Polaroid cameras went on sale 1968 Enid Blyton, childrens author, died12th November 1859 Flying trapeze act first performed by Jules Leotard at a circus in Paris 29th November 1864 Massacre of Indians in the USA 1898 C S Lewis, Chronicles of Narnias author, born13th November 1850 Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Islands author, born 30th November 1914 The bra was patented St Andrews Day, patron saint of Scotland 1835 Mark Twain, US writer, born 1965 Ben Stiller, US actor, born14th November 1942 Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, born15th November 1901 First electrical hearing aid patented 1969 First colour TV commercial (fro frozen peas) shown in Britain
  13. 13. 1st December AIDS Day 15th December 1887 Sherlock Holmes made his first appearance 1832 Gustave Eiffel, French engineer, born 1990 Completion of the Channel Tunnes linking France 1979 Two Canadians created the game Trivial Pursuit and England 16th December nd2 December 1985 Londons Heathrow airport became the busiest in the world Against slavery International Day 1697 St Paul´s Cathedral opened 17th December 1901 King Camp Gillete marketed a safety razor Aviation Day 1942 First nuclear chain reaction at University of 1770 Beethoven, German composer, born Chicago 1903 The Wright Brothers made first successful aeroplane flight in North Carolina (USA)3rd December 1818 Illimois became 21st state of the USA 18th December 1894 R L Stevenson, author of Treasure Island, died 1787 New Jersey became the 3rd state of the USA 1926 Agatha Christie disappeared and wasnt found 1865 USA officially abolished slavery until the 14th 1982 First heart transplant performed in South Africa 19th December4th December 1791 The Observer, Britains oldest Sunday newspaper, 20th December first published 1879 Edison demonstrated electric light at his home 1935 Monopoly, the board game, launched 21st December5th December Winter Solstice (or 22 or 23 December) 1766 James Christie held his first auction Feast Day of St Thomas the Apostle, patron saint of architects 1901 Walt Disney, US pioneer of cartoons, bonr 22nd December6th December 1858 Giacomo Puccini, Italian opera composer, born Feast of St Nicholas, the original Father Christmas 1774 Austria became the first nation to introduce a state 23rd December education system 1888 Vincent Van Gogh cut off his ear 1877 Edison made the first recording of voice 24th December7th December Christmas Eve 1787 Delaware became the first state of the USA 25th December8th December Christmas Day 11934 London to Australia airmail service inaugurated 1800 First Christmas tree in UK 1980 John Lennon shot and killed by Mark Chapman 26th December9th December Boxing Day in Britain Feast Day of Saint Stephen 1898 Pierre and Marie Curie discovered radium10th December Human Rights Day (First Declaration in 1848) 27th December Nobel Prize Day (First awarded in 1901) 1822 Louis Pasteur, French scientist, born 1817 Mississippi became the 20th state of the USA 1945 International Monetary Fund formed 1845 Pneumatic tyres patented by Robert Thomson 28th December11th December Feast of the Holy Innocents 1816 Indiana became the 19th state of the USA 1846 Iowa became the 29th state of the USA 1894 First motor show opened in Paris 1895 First cinema opened in Paris 1908 Earthquake in Sicily killed over 75,00012th December 1787 Pennsylvania became the 2nd state of the USA 29th December 1925 First motel opened in California (USA) 1845 Texas became the 28th state of the USA13th December 30th December 1884 Jehovahs witnesses, religions sect, founded 1913 Paramount Studios opened in Hollywood (USA) 1989 Deaf choir gave the first ever sign language concert 31st December New Years Eve14th December 1869 Henri Matisse, French painter, born 1503 Nostradamus, French astrologer and physician, born 1819 Alabama became the 22nd state of the USA