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Assistive Technology. Josey Cameron

Assistive Technology. Josey Cameron

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Assistive Technology Presentation Assistive Technology Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Assistive TechnologyBy: Josey Cameron
  • What is Assistive Technology? Any item, piece of equipment, or product system used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. 1
  • Who Needs Assistive Technology? The law, commonly referred to as IDEA, (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990) requires that states “ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for employment and independent 1 living.” (151)
  • Individual Educational Plan (IEP) Individual Education Plans are required for all students who qualify for special education. 1 Each IEP is developed through careful collaboration of parental, classroom teacher, and school officials to ensure the best type of instruction, often including assistive technology.
  • Types of Assistive Technology Mobility and Positioning Aids (ex. Wheelchair, walker, stander) Sensory Tools (ex. Hearing aids, auditory trainers, reading devices) Daily Living Tools (ex. Adapted eating utensils, reading magnifiers) Environmental Tools (ex. Electronic systems which control access to lights, television, appliances)
  • Types of Assistive Technology(Continued) Instructional Tools (ex. Internet technology, audiotape players) Computer Access (ex. Adapted keyboard) Alternative/Augmentative Tools (ex. Speech synthesizers, text-to-speech technology) Motivational Tools (ex. Adapted sports equipment, large print, Braille)
  • Assistive Technology In Use You are a teacher who has a few students that require you to differentiate your instruction. Three have been diagnosed with ADHD, while one has an auditory disability, and requires a special device in order to hear. In addition, you have a number of students that have mild learning disabilities that impact all areas, especially reading and writing. As you prepare for the school year, you ask yourself, "What resources do I have in order to help me meet my students needs?"
  • Assistive Technology In Use (cont.) “What resources do I have in order to meet my students’ needs?” ◦ For ADHD students, instructional tools such as overhead transparencies and projectors could be used for teaching to keep them engaged as opposed to lecturing. ◦ WordQ is a great software for ADHD students in aiding in typing and proofreading by providing such features as word predictions and highlighting. 2
  • Assistive Technology In Use (cont.) “What resources do I have in order to meet my students’ needs?” ◦ Devices such as FM system or closed captioning could be used in helping a student with auditory disabilities succeed. ◦ Simple modifications such as seating the student towards the front of the class or assigning the student a “buddy” to assist in note taking can help students with auditory disabilities. 3
  • Non-technology Assistance Teachers can meet the needs of students with mild disabilities by using no-tech techniques. ◦ Giving students an outline of the lecture in order for them to take better notes. 4 ◦ Sending class notes to students via email. 4 ◦ Translating print-based notes to voice by using optical character recognition (OCR) 4 software with a voice synthesizer.
  • References Cennamo, Ross, Ertmer (2010). Technology Integration for Meaningful Classroom Use: A Standards-Based Approach. CA: Cengage Learning.e Duffy, Francesca (2012) The Write Tools for ADHD Students. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from URL http://www.additudemag.com/adhd/article/9365.htmlt ATSTAR: Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from URL http://www.atstar.org/atinfo/info_disabilities_auditory.htmr Berhmann, Michael & Jerome, Marci Kinas(2002) Assistive Technology for Students with Mild Disabilities: Update 2002. ERIC Digest. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from URL http://www.cec.sped.org/Content/NavigationMenu/AboutCEC/International/StepbyStep/As sistive%20Technology%20for%20Students%20with%20Mild%20Disabilities.pdf