From commonwealth literature to postcolonial studies

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From commonwealth literature to postcolonial studies

  1. 1. FROM COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE TO POSTCOLONIAL STUDIES Postcolonial Literatures Prof. José Santiago Fdez. Vázquez
  2. 2. EVOLUTION OF THE “ENGLISH STUDIES” CURRICULUM  Humanistic studies centred on classical literatures (Greek and Latin).  English literature becomes an object of study in itself during the 19th century.  American literature is incorporated into the “English Studies” curriculum.
  3. 3. EVOLUTION OF THE “ENGLISH STUDIES” CURRICULUM  Humanistic studies centred on classical literatures (Greek and Latin).  English literature becomes an object of study in itself during the 19th century.  American literature is incorporated into the “English Studies” curriculum.  Emergence of Commonwealth Literature during the 1960s.
  4. 4. COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE  Commonwealth literature highlights the similarities that exist among different literatures in English.
  5. 5. PROBLEMS OF THE TERM COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE  Inclusion of national literatures of those countries which do not belong to the Commonwealth.
  6. 6. PROBLEMS OF THE TERM COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE  Inclusion of national literatures of those countries which do not belong to the Commonwealth.  Exclusion of British literature ⇒ Reproduction of a Eurocentric view of English studies, based on the distinction between the centre and the periphery.
  7. 7. PROBLEMS OF THE TERM COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE  It does not take into account the affinity that exists among different non-Western literatures, regardless of linguistic differences.
  8. 8. PROBLEMS OF THE TERM COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE  It does not take into account the affinity that exists among different non-Western literatures, regardless of linguistic differences.  It lacks a specific critical apparatus.
  9. 9. ALTERNATIVE TERMS  Third World Literature
  10. 10. ALTERNATIVE TERMS  Third World Literature  World Literature Written in English
  11. 11. ALTERNATIVE TERMS  Third World Literature  World Literature Written in English  New Literatures in English
  12. 12. ALTERNATIVE TERMS  Third World Literature  World Literature Written in English  New Literatures in English  Postcolonial literature
  13. 13. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE AND POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE  Postcolonial literature relates non-Western literatures on the basis of a common historical experience: colonialism. It does nor privilege language as the link that joins the different literatures together.
  14. 14. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE AND POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE  Postcolonial literature relates non-Western literatures on the basis of a common historical experience: colonialism. It does nor privilege language as the link that joins the different literatures together.  Presence of a substantive body of criticism.
  15. 15. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COMMONWEALTH LITERATURE AND POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE  Postcolonial literature relates non-Western literatures on the basis of a common historical experience: colonialism. It does nor privilege language as the link that joins the different literatures together.  Presence of a substantive body of criticism.  Postcolonial literature is concerned both with Western and non-Western texts.
  16. 16. POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURE  Intersection of Commonwealth literature and critical theory.  The agenda for this course:  We will study some basic notions of postcolonial theory.  We will analyse intertextual relationships between British master texts and postcolonial texts, but not British canonical works on their own.

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