Defining the terms

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Defining the terms

  1. 1. DEFINING THE TERMS Postcolonial Literatures Prof. José Santiago Fdez. Vázquez
  2. 2. COLONIALISM “[A colony]is a settlement in a new country … a body of people who settle in a new locality, forming a community subject to or connected with their parent state; the community so formed, consisting of the original settlers and their descenant and successors, as long as the connection wuith the parent state is kept up”
  3. 3. Traditional definition of Colonialism  This definition ignores the existence of pre-colonial peoples.  Colonialism involves the conquest and control of other people´s lands and goods.
  4. 4. Colonialism and Imperialism  Colonialism ⇒ Implantment of settlements on distant territories.
  5. 5. Colonialism and Imperialism  Colonialism ⇒ Implantment of settlements on distant territories.  Imperialism ⇒ “Practice, theory and attitudes of a dominating metropolitan centre ruling a distant territory.
  6. 6. Colonialism and Imperialism  Colonialism ⇒ Implantment of settlements on distant territories.  Imperialism ⇒ “Practice, theory and attitudes of a dominating metropolitan centre ruling a distant territory.  Neo-imperialism ⇒ Economic control.
  7. 7. Main stages in the development of Western imperialism  Age of discovery (15th and 16th centuries).  Age of mercantilism (17th and 18th centuries).  Age of imperialism (19th and 20th centuries).
  8. 8. Differences between Wstern imperialism and other forms of imperial conquest  Western imperialism is intertwined with the development of a capitalist economy.
  9. 9. Differences between Wstern imperialism and other forms of imperial conquest  Western imperialism is intertwined with the development of a capitalist economy.  Development of a highly elaborate ideological discourse.
  10. 10. Two senses of the word “postcolonial”  Temporal meaning
  11. 11. Two senses of the word “postcolonial”  Temporal meaning  Ideological meaning
  12. 12. Critique of postcolonialism  The term reproduces a linear and progressive view of history.
  13. 13. Critique of postcolonialism  The term reproduces a linear and progressive view of history.  Colonialism is not over yet.
  14. 14. Critique of postcolonialism  The term reproduces a linear and progressive view of history.  Colonialism is not over yet.  Differences between “settler colonies” and “colonies of occupation”. Ambivalent role position of settlers.
  15. 15. Critique of postcolonialism  The term is too monolithic:  Differences between “settler colonies” and “colonies of occupation”. Ambivalent role position of settlers.
  16. 16. Critique of postcolonialism  The term is too monolithic:  Differences between “settler colonies” and “colonies of occupation”. Ambivalent role position of settlers.  Social and racial differences in the colonies.
  17. 17. Critique of postcolonialism The scope of the postcolonial:  Status of ethnic “minorities” and immigrants ⇒ Diaspora as a consequence of colonialism.
  18. 18. Critique of postcolonialism  Excessive importance given to colonial history.
  19. 19. Critique of postcolonialism  Excessive importance given to colonial history.  Postcolonialism as neo-colonialism:  Institutional position of postcolonial critics and theorists.  Reproduction of geographic-economic structure of colonialism.
  20. 20. Sources of postcolonial theory  Intellectual and political activism against colonialism.  Influence of postructuralism in colonial discourse theory.

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