1. ==== ====For great wine tips, check this out:Odin88888==== ====I must admit, that for many of us, walking into a store to buy a bottle of wine can be a little likevisiting a foreign country and not knowing the language. If youre buying wine for yourself thatsprobably not a big deal, although it might be nice to be somewhat knowledgeable so that youremore likely to buy something you will enjoy. However, if you are buying a bottle of wine as a gift,then being able to interpret information on the label becomes a bit more important. But, firstthings, first.Your first consideration should probably be where you will be shopping. If you live in a statewhere alcohol sales are controlled or restricted, your options may be limited. I happen to live inPennsylvania where consumers are only permitted to purchase packaged wine and alcohol fromstate-operated Wine and Spirits Stores or a privately owned Pennsylvania Winery. You may, ofcourse, travel out of state to purchase a limited amount of alcoholic beverages, but thesepurchases are subject to an 18% state tax. (However, I cant say that I know anyone who hastraveled out of state to buy wine and actually fessed-up, claimed their booty, and paid thatoutrageous tax.) To find the best selection of wine in a state where alcohol sales are controlled,check on the internet for information and locations of any retail outlets. For example, PA haspremium wine stores and you can get a listing of their locations by checking out the PA LiquorControl Board web site.If you live in a state with more liberal alcoholic beverage laws, you probably have more optionsavailable for buying wine: Large retail chains like Wal-Mart and Target, large drug store chains,supermarkets, independently owned liquor stores, specialty wine shops and wine warehouses.You can buy excellent wines at all these venues, but the independently owned stores have thepotential to vary in the quality and quantity of their inventory. One of the best avenues forselection and price is a wine warehouse and if youre really lucky, you live in a state where youcan order wines online from a wine distributor.Not all wine shops are created equal so there are some issues you should be concerned withwhen choosing where to purchase wine. One consideration is how the wine is stored. Exposureto excessive heat, wide temperature fluctuations, and bright spotlights may cause deterioration, sotake note of any wine that may be stored next to radiators or heating vents. You should alsoobserve the general aesthetics of the store. Are things well-organized, and neat or is themerchandise dusty and in disarray? A sign of a quality wine shop is when a store carries morethan one vintage of a particular wine. This would indicate the shop owner is interested in thedepth of their offerings as well as the breadth.Every retail store has organization and a wine store is no exception. Even though all those bottlesmay look deceptively similar, a closer look will probably reveal some system of how the wine isdisplayed. They may be broken out in such wide categories as the type of wine i.e. red, white, or
2. sparkling. They may also be categorized by region: Napa Valley, Sonoma, Loire, Finger Lakes,Italian, South African, etc. or by varietals: Chardonnay, Riesling, Cabernet Franc, Merlot,Zinfandel, Chenin Blanc, etc. Getting an idea of the layout of the store will at least help you find aparticular section you may be interested in.Now on to the label...There are laws that mandate what information must be included on a wine label. These laws varyfrom country to country and are based on where the wine is marketed rather than where it isproduced. Much to the dismay of the producer, this may mean that one wine will have severaldifferent labels. After the label is designed it must be approved by various governmentalagencies.Most wines bottles will have two labels affixed to it. In addition to these labels providing the legallymandated information, they are intended to help market the product. The front label is designed toattract the consumers attention by the use of marketing tactics such as logos, interestinggraphics, color and lettering. The back label will often try to entice your senses. A Pinot Noir that Ihave in my inventory but have not yet tried states "...Rich in texture with a lingering finish andversatile enough to compliment just about any cuisine." It caught my attention! These optionalendorsements are not governed by law.Labeling requirements for the United States are established by the Treasury Bureau of Alcohol,Tobacco, and Firearms. These requirements include:Identifying brand name or brand identification- This may be the owners name, trademark name,winery name, growing area, appellation or grape variety. The brand name must not be misleadingas to the quality, origin, age, or grape varietal. In the U.S., a wine cannot be labeled a particularvarietal unless it contains at least 75% of that varietal. For example a wine may not be calledzinfandel if it only contains 74% zinfandel grapes.Class of wine, type or designation- The wine is labeled with the class number or with a descriptionsimilar to those described here:Class 1 - May be labeled "Light Wine", "Light White Wine", "Table Wine", "Sweet Table Wine""Red Table Wine", or something similar. A Class 1 wine must have an alcohol content between7% and 14% by volume.Class 2 - May be labeled "Sparkling Wine" or something similar. A Class 2 wine has been madesparkling by a natural method only.Class 3 - May be labeled "Carbonated Wine" or something similar. Class 3 wine has carbondioxide injected into it.Class 4 - May be labeled "Citrus Wine" or something similar. A Class 4 is wine that was producedprimarily with citrus fruit.Class 5 - May be labeled "Fruit Wine" or something similar. A Class 5 wine was produced primarilyfrom fruits other than grapes or citrus.
3. Class 6 - Wine that has been made from agricultural products such as vegetables.Class 7 - May be labeled "Aperitif Wine" or something similar. A Class 7 wine has an alcoholcontent of not less than 15% by volume; the grape wine has been compounded with addedbrandy, alcohol, and flavored with herbs and natural aromatic flavoring.Class 8 - May be labeled "Imitation Wine" or something similar. A Class 8 wine contains man-made materials.Class 9 - May be labeled "Retsina Wine" or something similar. A Class 9 wine is a grape tablewine that has been fermented or flavored with resin.Alcohol content by volume- The alcohol content must be listed on the label only if it contains morethan 14% by volume. Wines that contain more than 14% alcohol are taxed at a rate four timeshigher than those containing less alcohol. These are considered "fortified wines" even if the highalcohol volume is attained by natural fermentation. For wines with an alcohol content of 14% orgreater, a 1% variation is allowed. Wines that have less than 14% alcohol by volume arepermitted a 1.5% variation. Wines containing less than 14% alcohol must state it on the label orbe labeled by the appropriate class or description such as "light table wine".Net volume of contents- In 1977, the U.S. government mandated that metric measurements beused as the wine industry standard. The most common bottle volume is 750ml. If the volume doesnot appear on the label look for it molded into the glass bottle.Name and address of the bottler, producer and country of origin- This information is required on allAmerican wines and the words "bottled by" must immediately precede the name and address ofthe bottler. The term "produced and bottled by" may be used if the bottler also made no less than75% of the wine by fermenting the must (juice) and clarifying the wine. "Made and bottled by" maybe used if the named winery fermented and clarified at least 10% of the wine or if the winerychanged the class of the wine by fortifying it, adding carbonization or making it a sparkling wine byadding a secondary fermentation process. When the words "cellared", "vinted" or "prepared" areused it means that the named winery cellared, clarified or barrel aged the wine at that location."Blended and bottled" indicates that the named winery mixed the wine with other wine of the sametype and class at that location. The country of origin indicates where the wine was produced andnot necessarily where the grapes were grown.- This designation tells the country or region where the grapes were grown. The informationprovided may be broad and indicate the country or it may be very specific and name the particularvineyard. Some labels include both. In the U.S. it is mandatory to include the appellation of originif any of the following apply:1.A generic term is used2.A varietal term is used3.The name is qualified with the word "brand"
4. 4.The vintage (year the grapes were harvested) is included on the labelIn addition, for American wines to be labeled as California appellation, CA state law mandates that100% of the grapes used must be grown in CA. Most other states have a 75% requirement. For awine to be labeled a specific viticultural area (Sonoma), 85% of the grapes must be from thenamed area.Declaration of sulfites or "Organic" wine-Winemakers will sometimes add small amounts of sulfurdioxide to the wine to preserve the fruity flavor and retard oxidation. Other winemakers will spraytheir grapes with sulfites to prevent disease and reduce pests. Because sulfites may causeallergic reactions or severe headaches in some individuals, when the sulfite content is higher than10ppm, the label must say "sulfites added". If a wine is labeled simply "organic" it means itcontains only naturally occurring sulfites. "Made with organically grown grapes" simply means thatthe grapes were organically grown (not sprayed with sulfites) but the sulfite content might behigher than wine labeled "organic".Health warning- In 1989, the United States mandated that any alcoholic beverage bottled orimported for sale or distribution in the U.S. must include a health warning statement on the label.These warnings many include any of the following specific messages:1."According to the surgeon general, women should not drink alcoholic beverages duringpregnancy because of the risk of birth defects"2."Consumption of alcoholic beverages impairs your ability to drive a car or operate machinery"3."May cause health problems"In addition to all the information listed above, many wine producers may include optionalinformation...but Ill leave that for another time.Now that you know how to read a wine label run, dont walk, to the nearest wine store and try yournew skills!Nicole Adams is a successful freelance author who specializes in several topics including wine.You will find additional wine-related articles written by Ms. Adams at http://www.wine-reviewer.comArticle Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Nicole_Adams