Collective Behavior and Social Movements

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A Report by Jose Radin L. Garduque
in MAT Soc. Sci. class of Prof. Josan Dela Cruz Borres in Filamer Christian University, Roxas City (First Semester, A.Y. 2013-2014)

Published in: Education, Technology, Spiritual
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Collective Behavior and Social Movements

  1. 1. Collective Behavior and Social Movements
  2. 2. Collective Behavior and Social Movements • • • • • • • • • • • Definition Characteristics Conditions Factors Theories Crowds Types of Crowds Mass Types of Mass Behavior Social Movements Types of Social Movements
  3. 3. Collective Behavior: Definition • Voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people
  4. 4. Collective Behavior: Characteristics • Represent the actions of groups of people, not individuals • Exhibit patterned behavior that are usually highly emotional • Often associated with effort to achieve social change
  5. 5. Collective Behavior: Conditions • Precipitating incidents • Generalized belief of what is wrong • Mobilization
  6. 6. Collective Behavior: Factors • Feeling of normlessness • Breakdown of social control • Timing
  7. 7. Collective Behavior: Theories • Emergent Norm Theory – postulates that people faced with an unusual situation can direct a movement • Value Added Theory • – agents of social control conducive to collective actions must be present for collective behavior to occur
  8. 8. Collective Behavior: Crowd • A relatively large number of people who are in one another’s immediate vicinity
  9. 9. Collective Behavior: Types of Crowd • Casual Crowd – people who happen to be in the same place at the same time who share a momentary interest
  10. 10. Collective Behavior: Types of Crowd • Conventional Crowd – people who come together for a scheduled event sharing a common focus
  11. 11. Collective Behavior: Types of Crowd • Expressive Crowd – people releasing similar emotions
  12. 12. Collective Behavior: Types of Crowd • Acting Crowd– people who are emotionally focused erupting into violent behavior
  13. 13. Collective Behavior: Types of Crowd • Protest Crowd – people who engage in activities intended to achieve political goals, generally non-violent
  14. 14. Collective Behavior: Mass • A number of people who share a common interest in a specific idea or issue, but not in one another’s vicinity
  15. 15. Collective Behavior: Types of Mass Behavior • Rumors/Gossips – unverified information that thrive in times of uncertainty
  16. 16. Collective Behavior: Types of Mass Behavior • Public Opinion – attitudes/beliefs communicated by ordinary citizens to decision-makers
  17. 17. Collective Behavior: Types of Mass Behavior • Mass Hysteria – intense, fearful reaction to a perceived threat
  18. 18. Collective Behavior: Types of Mass Behavior • Fads/Fashions – periodic popularity of styles
  19. 19. Social Movements: Definition • Most organized form of collective behavior that acts to promote or resist change
  20. 20. Social Movements: Theories • Resource Mobilization – people organize movements by using knowledge, skills & money • Political Process – movements exploit social structural opportunities • New Social Movement – new forces of identity are created as people participate in movements
  21. 21. Social Movements: Elements • Precipitating incident • Pre-existing grievance • Pre-existing communication network • Ability to mobilize
  22. 22. Social Movements: Stages • Preliminary Stage – people become aware of a threatening problem • Coalescence Stage – people begin to organize and start making the threat known to the public • Institutionalization Stage – organizational structure develops
  23. 23. Social Movements: Types • Social Movements – seek limited change in some aspects of people’s behavior
  24. 24. Social Movements: Types • Reform Movements – seek to improve society by changing an aspect of the social structure
  25. 25. Social Movements: Types • Resistance Movements – seek to prevent or undo change that has already occurred
  26. 26. Social Movements: Types • Revolutionary Movements – seek to bring about a total change in society
  27. 27. Social Movements: Types • Religious Movements – seek to produce radical change in individuals by establishing a spiritual/religious system
  28. 28. Collective Behavior & Social Movements A Report by Jose Radin L. Garduque in MAT Soc. Sci. class of Prof. Josan Dela Cruz Borres in Filamer Christian University, Roxas City (First Semester, A.Y. 20132014)

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