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Bw training 2 admin wb

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Transcript

  • 1. Adminstration Workbench 
  • 2. Administrator Workbench
    • Central point of BW administration and control
      • Monitoring data load
      • Monitoring update process
      • Scheduling data load
      • Executing data load
      • BW Design
      • Maintenance
      • Administration
    Admin Workbench
  • 3. Administrator Workbench Features
    • Design/Maintenance of Data Warehouse
      • Logical source systems
      • InfoObjects with master data, hierarchies, etc.
      • InfoSources
      • ODS
      • InfoCubes and Aggregates
      • Assignment of InfoSources to InfoCubes
    • Scheduler
      • Scheduling of extract jobs
      • Grouping of extract jobs
    • Monitor
      • Monitoring of transfer and update
      • Status display and load statistics
  • 4. Administrator Workbench Other Functions
    • Activate BW Business Content
    • Monitor Data Staging activities
    • Maintain Master Data (texts, attributes, hierarchies)
    • Define and Maintain Data Providers (InfoCubes, ODS)
      • Check, Delete or Recreate Indices
      • Rebuild InfoCube
      • Compress InfoCube
      • Analyze InfoCube Status
    • Reporting Agent (off-line reporting, exceptions etc.)
  • 5. Source System
    • All systems which provide data for extraction into Business Information Warehouse
    • Types of Source Systems
      • SAP Components
      • External Source Systems (Non-SAP Systems, Flat Files, Data Provider)
      • Other BW systems
    • Data is extracted from the Source System and transferred using the DataSource into the InfoSource
  • 6. InfoSource: Features
    • Supplies BW with Source System data that logically belongs together from a business point of view.
    • Types of InfoSources:
      • Transaction Data
      • Master Data: Attributes, Texts, Hierarchies
    • Communication structures are generated from the InfoSource.
    • Transfer structures and transfer rules are generated from the combination of InfoSource, Source System and DataSource.
  • 7. DataSource and InfoSource Transfer Rules Update Rules ODS and/or InfoCubes Communication structure BW Server Transfer Structure Transfer Structure InfoSource Transfer Rules ( Replicated ) Transfer Structure Extract Structure DataSource OLTP System Flat File Source System
  • 8. Creating Transfer Structure and Rules Transfer Structure Transfer Rules InfoObject Tp Rule Communication Str/Transfer Rules 0CO_ AREA COSTCTR00 0OBJ_CURR 0RESP_PERS 0BUS_AREA 0CO_ AREA COSTCTR00 0OBJ_CURR 0RESP_PERS 0BUS_AREA Assign InfoObject - Field InfoObject Field 0BUS_AREA 0RESP_PERS 0OBJ_CURR COSTCTR00 CO_ AREA OBJ_CURR RESP_PERS BUS_AREA COSTCENTER 0CO_ AREA Source System PC_File - PC- File DataSource COSTCTR00_ATTR Transfer Method PSA IDOC InfoSource COSTCTR00_ATTR GR00 Cost Center 13 Char Communication Structure InfoObject Description Status Type Length … .. 0CO_ AREA COSTCTR00 0OBJ_CURR 0RESP_PERS CHAR CHAR CHAR CUKY 13 4 5 20 Controlling Area GR00 Cost Center 13 Ch. Object Currency Person Responsible
  • 9. Start Routine – Available for Transfer and Update Rules Start Routine Steps of the Update Process (routines, moves, reading of master data, ...) Start End Write to buffer Global variables - buffer of the Update Program Read from and Write to buffer
    • When updating, the Start Routine is called at first
    • The Start Routine is a user exit where you can write ABAP code
    • Within the routine you have access to the whole data package
    • You create your initializations here - to fill the global variables and the buffer of the update program
  • 10. Characteristic Constant or Initialization Source char. Constant Routine Master data attrib. of Init. value Source 001/400020 Cost element Char._______ Cost element
    • For characteristic update rules, it is easy to specify that the characteristic value should take on either a constant value or be initialized.