History of Maltese Music. eTwinning Project Music Through Regions and Ages Malta - Sicily
<ul><li>The first Maltese people didn’t have any elaborate musical instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>They built their first instruments from rudimentary and basic resources such as reeds (plant with wooden stalks that grows very abundantly in valleys). </li></ul><ul><li>The first musical instruments in Malta were: (see next slide) </li></ul>The History of Music in Malta
Reed Plant Arundo donax , more commonly known as the cane, il-qasba . Profusely used for door screening curtains, agricultural windcheaters and fishing rods, it is the main component of the reed pipe, i-ummara , and the whistle flute, il-flejguta .
<ul><li>Maltese Name - English Name. </li></ul><ul><li>|aqq - bagpipe |ummara - reed pipe Flejguta - whistle flute |afafa - friction drum Tanbur - drum </li></ul>The First Maltese Musical Instruments
The reed pipe "i-ummara", and the whistle flute "il-flejguta". The First Maltese Musical Instruments Made from reed
<ul><li>The reed pipe, i-ummara , is derived from the aqq 's chanter. </li></ul><ul><li>The aqq has two pipes, each fitted with a single reed. </li></ul><ul><li>The ummara has only one pipe and one single reed. It is mouth-played and may be embellished by attaching a small cow's horn at one end. </li></ul>I-|ummara
An Old Maltese expression: <ul><li>In Maltese we have an expression: </li></ul><ul><li>" X’i-ummara trid? " (What the heck do you want?), </li></ul><ul><li>This is back street lingo! </li></ul><ul><li>This is a very old expression referring to the Maltese mouth instrument ummara. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Il-flejguta is also made from reed. </li></ul>Il-Flejguta It resembles a flaut
<ul><li>The farmers made their “flejguta” in their fields and played it during their break time. </li></ul><ul><li>Later on, they started experimenting with goat’s skin and reeds to build up a “aqq”. </li></ul>Where did the first musicians play?
Building a Maltese bagpipe is a complex affair. The playing part of the aqq , the chanter, referred to in Maltese as is-saqqafa , is made entirely from pieces of cane of various sizes. There are seven pieces, all with their own Maltese name. A bull's horn fitted to one end serves as a bell to amplify the sound. Maltese Bagpipe.
To build a bagpipe you need goat skin. “I-|aqq”
I-|afafa <ul><li>The afafa is known for its mocking, gyrating sound and is still heard at the Nadur and G]axaq carnivals, known for their makeshift unorthodox floats and costumes. Nadur is a village in Gozo, and G ] axaq is a village in Malta. </li></ul>
<ul><li>It-Tanbur (hand drum) is also one of the first Maltese instruments. It is made from a round circle made of wood covered with animal skin. </li></ul>It-Tanbur
Making a Tanbur Preparing the wooden circumference Attaching the animal skin
Ruben Zahra, Steve Borg, Guzi Gatt and Andrew Alamango Etnika
<ul><li>Musicians that played aqq, flejguta, ummara, afafa used to play in the village square, during weddings, during funerals, during baptisms, during the village feast, during carnival celebrations, during the Good Friday ceremonies etc. </li></ul>When did Musicians Play Their Instruments