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Learning StylesDefining Strengths and Weaknesses
What is a learning style?•Gathering of information in differentways•Processes and organizes theinformation and making connections tothings we already know•It is basically how a person learns inaccordance to where he is confident at
Knowing Strengths & WeaknessesKnow only my weaknessesKnow only my strengthsSUCCESSAdapt StrategyResentfulFrustratedAngryBoredMinimize ImpactInsecureLostUnfulfilledDiscouraged
Level General Theory Students’ PerceptionAbsolute All knowledge iscertain.Authorities have Truth and the responsibility tocommunicate it. Student’s must memorize and repeatTruth.Transitional Some knowledge arecertain and someknowledge are not.Authorities have the responsibility to communicate thecertainties. The students are responsible for makingtheir own judgments regarding the uncertainties.Independent Most knowledge areuncertain.Students take responsibility for their own learningrather than relying on authorities or personal feelings.They collect and use evidence to support judgments,but often superficially, and believe that whenknowledge is uncertain all conclusions regarding it areequally good if the right procedure is used to reachthem.Contextual All truths arecontextual.Students take responsibility for making judgments,acknowledging the need to do so in the face ofuncertainty. They use all possible sources of evidencein the process – and they remain open to changingtheir decisions if new evidence is forthcoming.Levels of Knowing
Index of Learning StylesThe BasicsLearning styles are• Characteristic: cognitive, affective and psychological behaviors• Indicators of how learners• perceive,• interact with, and• respond to the environment.The Index of Learning Styles is a• learning style model• designed to capture the most important learning styledifferences
Index of Learning StylesWhat are it’s uses and misuses?Learning style profiles …• are CONTINUOUS• They are NOT either/or categories.• suggest behavioral TENDENCIES.• They are NOT infallible predictors of behavior.• suggest that you have MORE strengths associated with onelearning style THAN the other.• They are NOT an accurate measure of your skill at tasks associatedwith your profiles• You may be weak at both acting and reflecting, but you might beless weak at acting!• are NOT 100% accurate.• If your learning style preference differs from the instrument, DONOT discount your judgment.• can be affected by your educational experiences.
Index of Learning StylesActive or Reflective Learner – ProcessingActive Learner Reflective LearnerStrengths•Work well in groups•Experimentalists•Evaluate ideas•Design and carry outexperiments•Find solutions that work•Work well alone•Theoreticians•Observers•Define problems•Propose possible solutionsPotentialWeaknesses•Do not learn much in passivesituations (most lectures)•Do not learn much insituations where they don’thave time to reflect (mostlectures)
Index of Learning StylesSensing or Intuitive Learner – PerceptionSensing Learner Intuitive LearnerStrengths•Like facts and data•Solving problems by standardmethods•Patient with detail•Memorizing facts•Practical and careful•Concrete experimentation•Like principles and theories•Innovative•Welcome complications•Grasping new concepts•Work faster•Comfortable with symbols•Abstract conceptualizationPotentialWeaknesses•Problem solving purposes•Dealing with complications•Work slower•Repetition•Bored with detail•Careless
Index of Learning StylesVisual or Verbal Learner – InputVisual Learner Verbal LearnerStrengths•Reading•Writing•Understanding charts, graphs•Good sense of direction•Interpreting & manipulatingimages•Creating visual metaphors andanalogies•Constructing practical objects•Listening•Speaking•Story-telling, explaining,teaching•Using humor•Remembering information•Arguing their point of view•Analyzing language usagePotentialWeaknesses•Listening•Speaking•Reading•Writing
Index of Learning StylesSequential or Global Learner – UnderstandingSequential Learner Global LearnerStrengths•Can work with material whenthey understand it partially orsuperficially•Convergent thinking andanalysis•Organization•Focus•Consistency•Objectivity•Divergent thinking andsynthesis•Seeing the big picture•Cooperating in group efforts•Paraphrasing•Multitasking•Reading body language•Seeing relationships•Sense of fairnessPotentialWeaknesses•Generalities•Multitasking•Sometimes misses the mainidea•May skip steps and details•Having to explain themselvesanalytically
Minimizing WeaknessesWhere/what do you need to adapt in the current engineeringclassroom to be more successful?In small groups (3 to 4), discuss the following and write down yourindividual answers on the 3x5 index card.1. What are the weaknessesof your learning style?2. Where are yourweaknesses apparent in theeenglish classroom?3. Pick one weakness. Whatcompensation strategy are yougoing to use to minimize thatweakness?SUCCESS Minimize Impact