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Introduction
toLiterature
withPhilippine

Literature
What is
Literature?

ignatius joseph n estroga
“Litera” – Latin word which
literally means an

ignatius joseph n estroga
What is Literature?

ignatius joseph n estroga
It is a body of work, either
written, oral, or visual, containing
imaginative language that
realistically portrays
thought...
• is a product of particular culture that
concretizes man’s array of
values, emotions, actions and ideas. It is
therefore ...
What is Literature?
• is a product of particular culture that
concretizes man’s array of
values, emotions, actions and
ide...
What is
Literature?

ignatius joseph n estroga
Literature
is
LIFE
ignatius joseph n estroga
ignatius joseph n estroga
Importance of Literature
• Studying literature is like looking
at the mirror of life where man’s
experiences, his innermos...
Importance of Literature
• We understand not only the past life
of a nation but also its present.
• Moreover, we become fa...
LITERARY STANDARDS
Universality
Artistry
Intellectual Value
Permanence
Style
Spiritual Value
Suggestiveness
ignatius josep...
UNIVERSALITY
Great literature is timeless and timely.
Forever relevant, it appeals to one and
all, anytime, anywhere, beca...
Artistry
This is the quality that appeals to our sense of
beauty.
Intellectual Value
A literary works stimulates thought. ...
Permanence
A great work of literature endures.
It can be read again and again as each reading
gives fresh delight and new ...
Style
This is the peculiar way in which writers sees
life, forms his ideas and expresses them.

LITERARY

ignatius joseph ...
Spiritual Value
Literature elevates the spirit by bringing out moral
values which makes a better persons.
The capacity to ...
Suggestiveness
This is associated with the emotional
power of literature.
Great literature moves us deeply and stirs our
f...
Literary Approaches
ignatius joseph n estroga
Literary Approaches

Formalistic or Literary Approach
The study of the selection is more or less
based on the so-called “l...
Literary Approaches
Moral or Humanistic Approach
• Literature is viewed to discuss man and its nature.
• It presents man a...
Literary Approaches
Historical Approach
Literature is seen both as a reflection and product
of the times and circumstances...
Literary Approaches
•Sociological Approach Literature
Viewed as the expression of man within a
given social situation whic...
Literary Approaches
Cultural Approach

Literature is seen as one of the
manifestations and vehicles of a nation’s or
race’...
Literary Approaches
Psychological Approach
Literature is viewed as the expression of “personality,”
of “inner drives” or “...
Literary Approaches
Impressionistic Approach
Literature is viewed to elucidate “reactingresponse” which is considered as s...
Why do we need to study
Philippine Literature?

ignatius joseph n estroga
Why do we need to study Philippine
Literature?

• To trace our rich heritage of ideas and handed
down to us from our foref...
Literature and History
Together

ignatius joseph n estroga
Literature and History
• Literature and history are closely interrelated.
• In discovering history of a race, a country, w...
Literary Compositions that
Influenced the World
1.The Bible or the Sacred Writings – This has become the basis of Christia...
Literary Compositions that
Influenced the World
6. The Divine Comedy – by Dante Alighieri. This shows the religion and cus...
2 General Types of Literature

•Poetry
•Prose

ignatius joseph n estroga
Genres of Literature

•Poetry
•Short Story
•Novel
•Drama
•Essay
ignatius joseph n estroga
ignatius joseph n estroga
• http://www.slideshare.net/rick143/what-is-literature-15475840
• http://www.slideshare.net/midnightphantom26/philippine-l...
ignatius joseph n estroga
ignatius joseph n estroga
ignatius joseph n estroga
ignatius joseph n estroga
ignatius joseph n estroga
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  1. 1. Introduction toLiterature withPhilippine Literature
  2. 2. What is Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga
  3. 3. “Litera” – Latin word which literally means an ignatius joseph n estroga
  4. 4. What is Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga
  5. 5. It is a body of work, either written, oral, or visual, containing imaginative language that realistically portrays thought, emotions, and experiences of the human condition. What is Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga
  6. 6. • is a product of particular culture that concretizes man’s array of values, emotions, actions and ideas. It is therefore a creation of human experiences that tells about people and their world. What is Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga
  7. 7. What is Literature? • is a product of particular culture that concretizes man’s array of values, emotions, actions and ideas. It is therefore a creation of human experiences that tells about people and their world. ignatius joseph n estroga
  8. 8. What is Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga
  9. 9. Literature is LIFE ignatius joseph n estroga
  10. 10. ignatius joseph n estroga
  11. 11. Importance of Literature • Studying literature is like looking at the mirror of life where man’s experiences, his innermost feelings and thoughts are reflected. • Through literature, we learn the culture of people across time and space. ignatius joseph n estroga
  12. 12. Importance of Literature • We understand not only the past life of a nation but also its present. • Moreover, we become familiar not only with the culture of neighboring countries but also with that of others living very far from us. ignatius joseph n estroga
  13. 13. LITERARY STANDARDS Universality Artistry Intellectual Value Permanence Style Spiritual Value Suggestiveness ignatius joseph n estroga
  14. 14. UNIVERSALITY Great literature is timeless and timely. Forever relevant, it appeals to one and all, anytime, anywhere, because it deals with elemental feelings, fundamental truths and universal conditions. LITERARY ignatius joseph n estroga
  15. 15. Artistry This is the quality that appeals to our sense of beauty. Intellectual Value A literary works stimulates thought. It enriches our mental life by making us realize fundamental truths about life and human nature. LITERARY ignatius joseph n estroga
  16. 16. Permanence A great work of literature endures. It can be read again and again as each reading gives fresh delight and new insights and opens a new world of meaning and experience. Its appeal is lasting. LITERARY ignatius joseph n estroga
  17. 17. Style This is the peculiar way in which writers sees life, forms his ideas and expresses them. LITERARY ignatius joseph n estroga
  18. 18. Spiritual Value Literature elevates the spirit by bringing out moral values which makes a better persons. The capacity to inspire is part of the spiritual value of literature. LITERARY ignatius joseph n estroga
  19. 19. Suggestiveness This is associated with the emotional power of literature. Great literature moves us deeply and stirs our feeling and imagination, giving and evoking visions above and beyond the plane of ordinary life and experience. LITERARY ignatius joseph n estroga
  20. 20. Literary Approaches ignatius joseph n estroga
  21. 21. Literary Approaches Formalistic or Literary Approach The study of the selection is more or less based on the so-called “literary elements”. ignatius joseph n estroga
  22. 22. Literary Approaches Moral or Humanistic Approach • Literature is viewed to discuss man and its nature. • It presents man as essentially rational; that is, endowed with intellect and free will; or that the piece does not misinterpret the true nature of man. • The approach is close to the “morality” of literature, to questions of ethical goodness or badness. ignatius joseph n estroga
  23. 23. Literary Approaches Historical Approach Literature is seen both as a reflection and product of the times and circumstances in which it was written. ignatius joseph n estroga
  24. 24. Literary Approaches •Sociological Approach Literature Viewed as the expression of man within a given social situation which is reduced to discussions on economy which will underscore the conflict between the two classes- the rich and the poor. ignatius joseph n estroga
  25. 25. Literary Approaches Cultural Approach Literature is seen as one of the manifestations and vehicles of a nation’s or race’s culture and tradition. It includes the entire compels of what goes under “culture” ignatius joseph n estroga
  26. 26. Literary Approaches Psychological Approach Literature is viewed as the expression of “personality,” of “inner drives” or “neurosis”. It includes the psychology of the author, of the characters, and even the psychology of creation. It has resulted in an almost exhausting and exhaustive “psychological analysis” of characters, of symbols and images, of recurrent themes, and others. ignatius joseph n estroga
  27. 27. Literary Approaches Impressionistic Approach Literature is viewed to elucidate “reactingresponse” which is considered as something very personal, relative and fruitful. Unconditioned by explanations and often taking the impact of the piece as a whole, it seeks to see how the piece has communicated. ignatius joseph n estroga
  28. 28. Why do we need to study Philippine Literature? ignatius joseph n estroga
  29. 29. Why do we need to study Philippine Literature? • To trace our rich heritage of ideas and handed down to us from our forefathers • For appreciation of our heritage. • To Understand that we have noble traditions which can serve as the means to assimilate other cultures. ignatius joseph n estroga
  30. 30. Literature and History Together ignatius joseph n estroga
  31. 31. Literature and History • Literature and history are closely interrelated. • In discovering history of a race, a country, we basically understand their own culture and traditions, hence the written customs and traditions of a country, the dreams and aspirations of its people is called Literature. • History can also be written down and this too, is literature. History therefore is an integral part of literature. ignatius joseph n estroga
  32. 32. Literary Compositions that Influenced the World 1.The Bible or the Sacred Writings – This has become the basis of Christianity originating from Palestine and Greece. 2.Koran- The Muslim Bible originating from Arabia. 3.The Iliad and Odyssey – These have been the source of myths and legends of Greece. They were written by Homer. 4.The Mahabharata- The longest epic of the world. It contains the history of religion of India. 5.Canterbury Tales- It depicts the religion and customs of the English in the early days. This originated from England and written by Chaucer. 6.Uncle Tom’s Cabin- by Harriet Beecher Stowe of the US. This depicted the sad fate of slaves; this became the ignatius joseph n estroga basis of democracy later on.
  33. 33. Literary Compositions that Influenced the World 6. The Divine Comedy – by Dante Alighieri. This shows the religion and customs of the 7. El Cid – This shows the cultural characteristics of the Spaniards and their national history. 8. The Song of Roland – This includes Doce Pares and Ronscesvalles of France. It tells about the Golden age of Christianity in France. 9. The Book of the Dead – This includes the cult of Osiris and the mythology and theology of Egypt. 10. One Thousand and One Nights or the Arabian Nights – From Arabia and Persia (Iran) It shows the ways of government, of industries and of the society of the Arabs ignatius joseph n estroga
  34. 34. 2 General Types of Literature •Poetry •Prose ignatius joseph n estroga
  35. 35. Genres of Literature •Poetry •Short Story •Novel •Drama •Essay ignatius joseph n estroga
  36. 36. ignatius joseph n estroga
  37. 37. • http://www.slideshare.net/rick143/what-is-literature-15475840 • http://www.slideshare.net/midnightphantom26/philippine-literature15397779 ignatius joseph n estroga
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