Aims of the Unit
- to be aware of the reasons of integrating
the four skills;
- to learn two ways of integrating the four
- to study the implications of integrating the
four skills for teaching
- to be aware of the limitations of integrating
the four skills
Discuss with your partner before you
write down your answers.
Question: Is the capital of Brazil Rio de
Janiero, Brasilia or Madrid?
Which skills do you use to answer the
Reading, listening, speaking, writing,
thinking, researching, interacting.
Why do we integrate skills?
Activity 4: Discuss in groups of four.
Which skills are involved in each
situation listening speaking reading writing
Discussing a news
report in the
Riding a bicycle
on your own
Ordering a meal in
Activity 5: Discuss in groups of four.
Think of a situation which involves 4
skills and share your idea with your
II. How Can We Integrate the Four Skills?
1) Simple integration
The easiest form of integration is within the same medium
(either oral or written), from receptive to productive skills.
Type of medium Receptive Skill Productive Skills
Oral Medium Listening Speaking
Written Medium Reading Writing
2) Complex integration
This involves constructing a series of
activities that use a variety of skills. In
each of the activities, there is realistic,
communicative use of language.
Topic : interviewing famous people.
Listen to an interview
Read a magazine article
Speak, interview a famous film star
Speak, interview each other
Write a magazine article
Go back over the concept of PPP and decide
what each section is.
III. What Are the Implications of Integrated
skills in Teaching?
1. There is focus on the discourse
2. There will be adjustment in the textbook
3. Adjustable timetable
IV. What Are the Limitations of
Integrating the Four Skills?
1) Neglecting the role that a separate focus on
individual aspects of vocabulary, grammar
and skills can play.
2) The problem of designing suitable materials
that account of students’ different skill levels.