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ENGLISH Grade 8 Q1 L1 Document Transcript

  • 1. Learning ModuleEnglish 8Module No. 2: Embracing My HeritageLesson 2• Employ appropriate listening skills when listening to descriptiveand long narrative texts• Listen to determine conflicting information aired over the radioand television• Listen for clues to determine pictorial representation of what istalked about in a listening text• Determine if the speaker is neutral, for or against an issue thatrelates to the community• Ask for and give information, express needs, opinions, feelings,and attitudes explicitly and implicitly in an informative talk• Make inquiries• Give information obtained from mass media• Highlight important points in an informative talk using multimediaresources• Use collocations of difficult words as aids in unlockingvocabulary difficulties• Evaluate content, elements, features, and properties of a readingor viewing selection using a set of criteria• Explain visual-verbal relationships illustrated in tables, graphs,information maps commonly used in content area texts• Discern positive and negative messages conveyed by a programviewed• React appropriately and provide suggestions based on anestablished fact• Decode the meaning of unfamiliar words using structuralanalysis• Follow task-based directions shown after viewing• Interpret the big ideas/key concepts implied by the facialexpressions of interlocutors• Show understanding and appreciation for the different genreswith emphasis on types contributed by Asian countries• Point out the elements of plays and playlets• Determine the author’s tone and purpose for writing the essay• Point out how the choice of title, space, allotment, imagery,choice of words, and figurative language, among otherscontribute to the theme• Communicate thoughts and feelings in summary results andnotes, among others, using appropriate styles (formal andinformal)• Use appropriate modes of paragraph development to expressone’s ideas, needs, feelings and attitudes• Use a variety of cohesive devices to make the flow of thoughts1
  • 2. from one sentence to another smooth and effortless• Employ concept mapping (circle, bubble, linear, etc.) as aids intaking down notes and organizing ideas• Use outlines to sum up ideas taken from texts• Use varied adjective complementation and formulate correctcomplex, compound-complex sentences and appropriateparenthetical expressions• Use writing conventions to indicate acknowledgment ofresourcesLesson 3 • Ask for and give information, and express needs, opinions,feelings, and attitudes explicitly and implicitly in an informativetalk• Communicate thoughts and feelings in summary results andnotes, among others, using appropriate styles• Listen to determine conflicting information aired over the radioand television• Determine if the speaker is neutral, for or against an issue thatrelates to the community• Look into the derivation of words• Define words from context and through word analysis• Organize information illustrated in tables, graphs and maps• Decode the meaning of unfamiliar words using structuralanalysis• Interpret the big ideas/key concepts implied by facial expressions• Point out how the choice of title, space, allotment, imagery,choice of words, and figurative language, among others,contribute to the theme• Use varied adjective complementation and formulate correctcomplex, compound-complex sentences and appropriateparenthetical expressions• Structure meaningful expanded sentences and conditionalstatementsMODULE MAP:Here is the simple map of the lessons you will cover :2Embracing OurHeritageTracing Our Roots Revisiting Our RichPastAppreciating Our OriginTwoBrothers(Egypt)Makato &HisCowrieShells(Thailand)TheTaximan’sStory(Singapore)In AnAquarium(Malaysia)TheLegend ofBanyuwangi;TheCenturyCarver(Indonesia)The Origin ofAncientVietnam;ThePeasant:TheBuffalo and theTiger:The Tale ofStrength andWisdom
  • 3. EXPECTED SKILLS:To do well in this module, you need to remember and do the following• Read with understanding• Read literary and informative texts critically• Enrich one’s life through literature• Recognize meaningful sentences• Improve and enrich one’s vocabulary• Write with accuracy, clarity and coherence• Adopt study strategies• Participate actively and fully in class discussion• Engage in enterprising activities• Manage time well in performing individual and group task• Collaborate fully in performing group task• Speak confidently and interact positively with the audience• Provide immediate and constructive feedback• Be sensitive to other’s culture, traditions and literature• Accept and respect other cultures and traditions• Appreciate the importance of unity, harmony and peace• Reflect individually and collectivelyIII.PRE-ASSESSMENTLet’s find out how much you know about the coverage of this module. Encircle the letter you thinkbest answers the question. Please answer all items. Take note of the items as you go through thismodule.1. In a plot of the story, the logical arrangement of events is presented .It has five essential partsexcept,a. denouementb. expositionc. atmosphered. climax2. Setting is one of the elements of a short story. It refers to the time and location in which astory takes place. It may be the following except,a. moodb. climax3
  • 4. c. atmosphered. social condition3. Which of the following is considered one of the elements of a short story?a. characterb. denouementc. expositiond. climax4. What element of the story shows the logical arrangement of events, with a beginning ,middle and end?a. expositionb. characterc. plotd. conflict5. The author may reveal a character in several ways.a. his/her physical appearanceb. what he/she says, thinks and doesc. what he/she does or does not dod. his/her views and opinions6. The following are examples of coordinating conjunctions, except,a. andb. butc. ford. while7. Which is synonymous to mood or atmosphere in the story ?a. climaxb. denouementc. settingd. character8. In preparing an outline from a listening text, the initial step is...a. listen to note detailsb. listen to extract informationc. listen to get the central idea* d. listen to get the summary9. Conflict is the opposition of forces. It maybe a conflict between man versus ,a. manb. circumstancesc. societyd. internal10. The point of view is defined as the angle from which a story is told except,a. first personb .innocent eyec. omniscientd. staticLearning Module4
  • 5. English 8Module No. 2: Lesson 1: Tracing Our RootsIntroduction and Focus Question(s):Have you ever wondered why you have similar physical attributes andcharacteristics as that of your Asian neighbors? Have you asked yourself why you look like aThai, Japanese, Chinese as well as Malaysian, Indonesian, or Egyptian? Have you thought ofdiscovering your roots as an Asian and further know what customs, traditions, beliefs andvalues are being treasured? Do you look forward to seeing, talking, and interacting with them?Do you think it is possible that people of different races, culture and heritage can also be unitedand work towards peace, harmony and progress? What would you do if you were given achance to meet and talk to them in a gathering of Afro-Asian nationalities?In this module, you will know more about who your ancestors are, their beliefs andtraditions, their ideals and aspirations. Likewise, you will understand the cultural diversity ofother Afro- Asian countries through their literary texts that shaped and molded you as aFilipino.Lesson No. 1: Tracing Our Roots (Thailand & Egypt)Makato and the Cowrie Shell (Thailand)Sawatdee.. Hello , My Beautiful Bangkok (Thailand)The Two Brothers (Egypt)Objectives:*Listen to note important information and details of a listening text*Determine if the speaker is neutral, for or against an issue*Infer character traits from a reading text*Formulate responses to questionsShow understanding and appreciation for the different Asian literary textsPoint out the elements of a short storyPoint out how the title contributes to the theme5
  • 6. *Identify the meaning of words through visual context*Use graphic organizer to sum up ideas*Evaluate content, elements, features, and properties of a reading or viewing selection*Employ concept mapping as aids in taking down notes and organizing ideas*Use graphic organizer to sum up ideas*Use appropriate idioms*Use correct coordinators*Observe the correct format in bibliographical entries*Use writing conventions to indicate acknowledgement of resourcesLESSON ACTIVITIES MAPKNOWACTIVITY 1. SAY YOU . . . SAY ME (PAIRED WORK)ACTIVITY 2. FACE TO FACE (PAIRED WORK)ACTIVITY 3. PICK AND MATCHREADING TEXT: SAWATDEE . .HELLO , MY BEAUTIFUL BANGKOK (THAILAND)PROCESSACTIVITY 4 . WHO’S THE NEXT? (GROUP WORK)ACTIVITY 5 . DRAW OR SKETCH (WRITING ACTIVITY)LISTENING TEXT: THAILAND AT THE TURN OF A CENTURYACTIVITY 6 . LAY YOUR CARDS (INDIVIDUAL WORK)ACTIVITY 7 . BUILD ME UP (INDIVIDUAL WORK)6
  • 7. ACTIVITY 8 . SUM UP THE WHOLE (INDIVIDUAL WRITING ACTIVITY)ACTIVITY 9 . BITE THE THEME (WRITING ACTIVITY)ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORYACTIVITY 10 . MATCHINGLANGUAGE FORM: COORDINATE CONJUNCTIONACTIVITY 11 . WORK WITH COORDINATESACTIVITY 12 . COMBINE/FUSEACTIVITY 13 . SUPPLY THE PARTSACTIVITY 14 . GUESS WHAT?ACTIVITY 15 . BITE THE WORD (PAIR WORK)READING TEXT: MAKATO AND THE COWRIE SHELL (THAILAND)ACTIVITY 16 . PAINT A PICTURE (INDIVIDUAL WORK)ACTIVITY 17 . COMPARE AND SHARE (VENN DIAGRAM)ACTIVITY 18 . LAY THE ROAD MAPACTIVITY 19 . BUILD A PYRAMID (INDIVIDUAL)ACTIVITY 20 . INTROSPECTING (WRITING ACTIVITY)ACTIVITY 21 . CONNECTING . . . PAIRINGREADING TEXT: THE TWO BROTHERS (EGYPT)ACTIVITY 22 . PAIRED APPROACHACTIVITY 23 . SENSE IT!ACTIVITY 24 . SUMMING UP!ACTIVITY 25 . WHAT ELEMENT?IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONSACTIVITY 26 . WORK WITH IDIOMSACTICITY 27 . IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONSACTIVITY 28 . CHARACTERIZATIONACTIVITY 29 . SOLVING . . .ACTIVITY 30 . BUILDINGACTIVITY 31 . DRAWING OUT . . . WHAT?BIBLIOGRAPHYACTIVITY 32 . FORMATTINGAPPENDIXREFLECT AND UNDERSTANDACTIVITY 33 . MULTI- INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIESACTIVITY 34 . PUNCHLINING, CAN YOU?ACTIVITY 35 . COMPARISON AND CONTRAST USING P-I-NACTIVITY 36 . MORE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ENTRIES USING ONLINE RESOURCES7
  • 8. TRANSFERACTIVITY 37. MAKE A SPEECH entitled , “ THE ROLE of the YOUTH in ESTABLISHINGUNITY in a DIVERSIFIED MULTI- CULTURAL SOCIETY “LEARNING GOALS AND TARGETS(Directions)For you to accomplish the tasks and perform well in the activities in this lesson, write yourgoals and targets in the box provided below.KnowLet’s start working on this module by watching a film clip about Thailand orsee the pictures below. As we go through the process, keep on thinking aboutthese questions: How does diversity contribute to unity? How dotraditions and beliefs bring about diversity and or harmony?Lesson – 1 TRACING OUR ROOTSThe Kingdom of Thailand is one of the fast-growing and developing countries in Southeast Asia.She is known as the “Land of the Free.”8
  • 9. To further know this country, observe the pictures below and watch the film .Source: https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=thailand+attractionsWhat did you notice in the pictures? What did you learn from the film? Can you see someconnections? Do you think we have similarities in terms of culture, beliefs and traditions? Explain.Be guided by the following questions.ACTIVITY 1. SAY YOU...SAY ME..(Paired Work)Work with a partner and answer the following guide questions .1. What are their customs and traditions?2. What landmarks are they noted for?3. Do they have a culture similar to us?4. What does this imply?ACTIVITY 2. FACE TO FACEFind a partner and orally talk about the similarities of Thais and Filipinos in terms ofcustoms, traditions, beliefs and way of life as depicted in the pictures .9
  • 10. In the process of your sharings , you may also bring out the differences of both countries interms of forms of government , religion and socio –economic status if you are familiar with.ACTIVITY 3. PICK and MATCHUsing Activity 2 ,”What I Want To Know” guide, find out whether the words or symbols youhave written match with the following selection below. Before you proceed, connect the picturesunder Column A with the vocabulary under Column B and the meaning under Column C, usinglines.Column A Column B Column C1. recline paintings on walls2. spire tilt back; lie back3. murals tall ,pointed structure4. mosaic picture of small colored pieces5. loquacious talkative10
  • 11. PROCESSRead the following selection below .Find out what Filipino culture , traditions andbeliefs are practiced by Thais as depicted in this selection. Discover, too, the attractions inThailand that captivated the heart of the writer while telling the story.SAWATDEE....HELLO, BEAUTIFUL BANGKOKBY ETHEL SOLIVEN- TIMBOLBangkok known as Krun Thep, which is Thai for “City of Angels,”beckons with its golden roofed temples and spicily curried cuisine. Sevenmillion visitors come to Thailand each year spending an average of six to sevendays because there is so much to see and to relish in this “Exotic Orient” as one enamored travellerdubbed the country.Our agenda for the first day of our tour started with a tour of Wat Po. One of the 370temples in Bangkok alone, it is home to the famous Reclining Buddha, which is said to be 46meters long. Also world–famous are the golden Buddha at the Wat Trinig (“wat” being Thai for“temple”) and the dazzling Emerald Buddha. There are 2100 temples in all of Thailand, where 90percent of the people are Buddhists.Our loquacious guide regales us with the colorful history of Bangkok and how it became theimperial city 300 years ago, when the god-king Rama I moved the royal residence to this side ofthe Chao Phraya River. Today, a boat excursion takes visitors on a tour of the old city, windingdown the “klong” canals for a glimpse of the water dwellers and the ancient edifices, remnants ofan era when Rama I divided his city into three sections: for the Thais, the Chinese and the Indians.The best buys of Thai silks, spices and crafts are still at the riverside markets where one can alsoproduce gold, jade and other precious jewelry.Not to be missed are the Temple of the Dawn along the Chao Phraya, a showcase of Chineseporcelain mosaics, and the Temple of the Giant Swing for some of the finest murals. Only forstrong knees is the Temple of the Golden Mount, atop a climb of 300 steps, housing one of thelargest bronze buddhas in the world.The Reclining Buddha was shipped from China by King Rama I, who also built the Wat PoTemple on a 20-hectare compound adjacent to the Royal Palace, circa 1782, in the 2222-old11
  • 12. Chinese section. The King had also brought with him excellent samples of porcelain, which thecourt artisans used to decorate pagodas using their elaborate spires. At the main temple, devoteesbuy one–inch gold leaf squares which they stick to smaller buddhas as offering to their god.Everyday, morning ceremonies are held at an adjacent temple surrounded by fourmagnificent monuments: the first in red built by Rama I; the second in yellow, by Rama II; thethird in green by Rama III; and the fourth in blue, by Rama IV. Just as fascinating is the sala treeunder which, according to legend, Buddha was born (although in India). Its pink and red flowersare sweet-smelling, a contrast to the brown gourd which are the “fruit “of the sala tree.To cap a hectic first day, we had dinner at the Baa Thai Restaurant while watching heavilycostumed folk dancers from the lowland and highland villages, including favorite destinations, likeChiang Mai, the second largest city up north, from whence one can visit the winter palace of theRoyal Family and the training school for working elephants.Amazingly, Bangkok is clean, especially the day after Wednesday, which is “Clean Up Day”according to our guide. So the sidewalk eateries are relatively sanitary, although foreign visitorsare advised to stick to bottled mineral water or soft drinks. In spite of the colossal traffic jams, nothanks to the ubiquitous “toktok” pedicabs , the air smells cleaner and less polluted than in Manila.Source: English for Secondary SchoolsMyrna S. TorresAdapted from The Manila Bulletin, June 2, 1996.ACTIVITY 4. WHO’S THE NEXT?Group yourselves into five (5) and you will be assigned names such as WHO, WHAT,WHERE, WHY, and HOW. Each group will construct questions that begin with the name of thegroup. Your questions will be taken from the selection read, and these will be thrown to the groupof your choice. Your performance as a group will depend on how well you have responded to thequestions asked.Example: Group WHAT: What is the mood of the writer while telling the story? GroupWHERE?Answer: The mood of the writer while telling the story is happy and excited.ACTIVITY 5. DRAW OR SKETCH12
  • 13. Draw on this canvas interesting customs, traditions and culture or even landmarksdistinctive of the country. Be able to explain or discuss your drawing in a 5-sentence paragraph.Provide your own title.You may start your sentence by saying, “One of the most interesting customs and traditionsin Thailand which attracted me is...______________.” Read orally your work in classWe are embarking on the next activity by learning more about the countrywhose contributions to fellow Afro-Asian neighbors made an impact on theireconomic growth as well as on bridging unity and progress. The selectionenables you to deeply appreciate its customs and beliefs similar to ours. Findout if your focus questions, “How does diversity contribute to unity?” and“How do traditions and beliefs bring about diversity and or harmony?” canbe answered.One way of getting information and knowledge is through listening.Let‘s find out what listening is all about.Listening is receiving language through the ears. It involves identifyingthe sounds of speech and processing them into words and sentences. Whenwe listen, we use our ears to receive individual sounds (letters, stress, rhythmand pauses), and we use our brain to convert these into messages that we find meaning in.Listening in any language requires focus and attention. It is a skill that some people need towork on harder than others. People who have difficulty concentrating are typically poor listeners.Listening in a second language requires even greater focus.Listen to your teacher as s/he reads the article entitled Thailand at the Turn of the Century.Find out what facts or information are presented by the speaker and determine if the speaker is foror against an issue.13
  • 14. Before listening, take note of the following guidelines when listening:1. Listen to get the general ideas of the text.2. Take down notes to help you recall important ideas.Be guided by the following questions:1. What is Thailand’s goal at the end of the century?2. Enumerate the plans of action of Thai government and its people in achieving their goals.Listen carefully as your teacher reads the listening text. After a pause in every thirdparagraph, be able to answer the questions in the question cards. Be guided by the pauses inorder to answer the questions. So, tune in, listen and give your responses.THAILAND AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY (for TG)1 Thailand, for one, as a pillar of the fast-growing Asian region, has made sure and steadystrides over the years to ensure its place in the global community.2 A country often compared with the Philippines for a score of reasons, Thailand, like thePhilippines, is a nation of 60 million. It has an area of 513,115 sq. kms. and enjoys a climatetypical of countries in the tropics; thus, its’ traditional proclivity for agrarian-based economicactivity.3 Notwithstanding, a shift from agriculture to manufacturing, Thailand continues to edge outits neighbors in terms of natural resources, what with the bounty of its land and sea which hasmade it the world’s foremost exporter of tapioca and rice. In addition, it is also a leader in theproduction of maize, frozen shrimp, canned pineapple, natural rubber and sugar.4 However, in the late 80’s and the 90’s, Thailand restructured its economy to adapt to thedemands of an urbanizing international community.5 As a result, the share of the agricultural sector in Thailand’s national income has declinedfrom a high of 40 percent in 1960 to 17 percent during early 90’s.6 Concomitantly, the manufacturing sector experienced strong growth, expanding rapidly inits share of the national income from 13 percent in 1960 to over 30 percent in the 90’s. With theimplementation of the first industrial Promotion Act in 1960 and various promotional programsundertaken by the Board of Investment, the way was paved for the remarkable growth of themanufacturing sector.14
  • 15. 7 Initially, industrial activity focused on food processing and import substitution. However, inthe 90’s, Thailand has developed heavily into export promotion, notably textiles and garments,which accounted for 34.5 per cent of principal exports in 1994 against the 12.7 percent output ofcanned food in the same year. On the whole, the industrial sector’s creditable performancebecame a plus factor for Thailand because policy-makers knew exactly where there was a need toput on weight to achieve an ideal balance among the various diversified industries that thechanging economy helped to bring about.8 It is equally worth noting that at the highest point of Thailand’s growth at the close of thelast decade, the highest income generator and largest foreign exchange contributor for Thailandwas its tourism sector. With the full backing of the Royal Thai Government extended to theTourism Authority of Thailand, the sector grew by a hefty 16 percent per annum.9 In addition to glowing figures posted by Thailand in the area of manufacturing, tourism andforeign investment, much of its success can also be attributed to the growing independence ofcountries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and in the burgeoning Asian-Pacific region.10Thailand rides high in this era of growth and is well on its way to an age of prosperity atthe turn of the century.11 From 1988-1991, Thailand’s growth rate averaged 12.5 percent, the highest in the world.Since 1993 when its economy rebounded from a worldwide recession in the early 90’s, the Thaieconomy has experienced steady gains reminiscent of the growth patterns of developed countriesin the West.Moving Ahead in English II ,pp 30-31,Myrna S.Torres.ACTIVITY 6. LAY YOUR CARDSAnswer the questions below based on the listening text.Q Card 1 Q Card 2 Q Card 3 Q Card 4From this activity, you were able to know the unfolding of Thailand’s growth in economythrough its diversified cultural and socio-economic innovation, which contributed in bridging andshaping the success of Asian countries.ACTIVITY 7. BUILD ME UP!15Thailand’sGoalsWhat are thesimilarities ofThailand andPhilippines ?What are Thailand’sreasons for shiftingto manufacture ?What are thediversifiedindustries inThailand ?What are thecauses ofeconomicgrowth ofThailand?
  • 16. IFill up this diagram, and explain your answers.ACTIVITY 8. SUM UP THE WHOLEUsing the graphic organizer in Activity 7, compose a paragraph of 7-10 sentences tosummarize the text listened to.From this activity, you have learned the similarities of Philippines and Thailand in terms ofsocio- economic goals. What other insights can you extract? Can unity be possible in diversity ofculture, beliefs and traditions?ACTIVITY 9. BITE THE THEMEWrite your reflections and insights in relation to the theme of the listening text. Provide yourown title._______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Reading literature is like looking at a painting or a mural .It is seeing beyond one’s eyes .Inpaintings, we find meanings as interpreted by the artist. The artist has a way of interpreting hissubject. This is the role of literature. It is to make the reader interpret and imagine what he isreading and to identify himself with it .By a skilful use of language, the writer places realism anduniqueness in his stories, poems or essays, as if making the reader feel as if he has experienced itin his life.Shall we now study the different elements of a short story?16
  • 17. ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY1. SETTINGThe setting refers to place, time, weather condition, social condition, and even mood oratmosphere. To recognize the setting of the story, you may ask these questions:• Where is the action taking place?• Where is the story taking place? Is it during the day, night, what year, what period?• What is the weather condition? Is it sunny, rainy, and stormy?• What is the daily life of the character? What are his customs and status in life?• What is the feeling created at the beginning of the story? Is it bright, cheerful, dark orfrightening?Example : My sister and I had a fun–filled vacation last summer. We stayed at our grandparents’house, which was near the beach. We swam in the sea every morning, climbed the trees in theafternoon and fed the animals before dark. When the moon was bright, we played patintero.Using the guide questions above, provide the answers:1. Where is the action taking place?2. Where is the story taking place?3. What is the weather condition?2. Plot – It is the sequence of events in a story or play. The plot is a planned, logical series ofevents having a beginning, middle and end. The short story usually has one plot, and it could beread in one sitting .There are five essential parts of a plot:a. Exposition/IntroductionIn the introduction, the setting and the characters are revealed.b. Rising ActionThis is where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story isrevealed .This is where events between introduction and climax take place.c. ClimaxIt is the turning point of the story and the highest point of interest. It is where the reader askswhat will happen next. Will the conflict be resolved or not?17
  • 18. d. Falling ActionThe problems and complications begin to be resolved.e. DenouementThis is the final outcome or untangling of events in the story.Here are three different parts of a story. On the blank after each paragraph, write whether thegiven part is the beginning, middle and end of the story.1. Suddenly, the boat tilted to the left. “Steady!” cried our teacher, “stay where you are!” Wekept calm .We prayed hard and followed all of our teacher’s instructions.Answer: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Finally, the fox grumbled. “I don’t want those grapes anyway. I know they must be sour.”Then, he went away.Answer: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. Once there was a child who liked summer best. He lived on a farm and every summer, heenjoyed harvesting corn, vegetables and fruits.Answer: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.Conflict - It is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plotmove.There are two types of conflict:External – refers to outside forces that may cause conflict, like another human being,circumstances, environment, etc.Internal - refers a struggle within oneself. The character maybe debating inside himselfabout what to do.4.Character – there are two meanings for the word character: the person in a work of fiction andthe characteristics of a person. He may be the protagonist, the good-natured character, or theantagonist, the opponent of the main character.The author may reveal a character in several ways: his physical appearance, what he/shesays, thinks, feels and dreams; what he/she does or does not do ;and what others say abouthim/her .5.Point of View – the angle from which the story is told6.Theme – it is the controlling idea or value in a piece of fiction. The theme maybe the author ‘sidea about a topic or view of human nature.(For further information, visit http://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca?engramja/elements.html.)18
  • 19. ACTIVITY 10. MATCHINGFrom the pool of words below, choose the appropriate answer to the following descriptions.___________1. The setting and characters are revealed.___________2. The highest point of interest in the story___________3. The main character faces a conflict or problem.___________4. The ending where the final outcome of the story is shown___________5. The problems and complications are resolved.Language Recall:Language Form and Function: Coordinate ConjunctionsObserve the following sentences:1. Makato never idled and never complained.2. He did every kind of work, yet he remained cheerful.3. Makato had no sister or a brother to take care of him.4. He tried his luck in a far-off land, so he became successful.19Climax Introduction DenouementFalling Action Rising Action
  • 20. 5. Makato was an orphan, but he was able to achieve his goals.Let’s answer the following questions below.1. What words are connected by and in sentence 1?______________________________________________________2. What are the two clauses that are joined by yet in sentence 2?______________________________________________________3. What are the phrases that are connected by or in sentence 3?______________________________________________________4. What are the clauses that are joined by so in sentence 4?______________________________________________________5. What are the clauses that are joined by but in sentence 5?_______________________________________________________Sentence 1 uses and to show addition of thought or ideas.Sentence 2 uses yet to show contrast of idea.Sentence 3 uses or to join nouns of equal rank.Sentence 4 uses so to show result.Sentence 5 uses but to show contrast of idea.Therefore, when you want to link and join words, phrases and clauses, use a conjunction.Coordinating Conjunctions join words, phrases and clauses of equal rank.And is used to connect words, phrases and clauses of which are equal.Or/Nor implies a consequence or choice.But /Yet is used to express contrast of idea. It joins an affirmative and negative sentencepattern.20
  • 21. So is used to show a result .ACTIVITY 11. WORK WITH COORDINATESRead the sentence carefully and encircle the conjunction. Underline the words, phrases andclauses it joins.1. Philippines and Thailand are both Asian countries.2. Thailand shifted from agriculture to manufacturing, so she gained a thirty percent economicgrowth.3. Philippines, like Thailand, enjoys a tropical climate, so both are tourist destinations in Asia.4. The tourism sector is Thailand’s highest income generator and largest foreign exchangecontributor.5. Thailand focused on food processing, but she developed heavily in export promotion.6. Much of Thailand’s success was attributed to the growing independence of countries in the Asia–Pacific Region and the shift to the area of manufacturing and tourism.ACTIVITY 12 .COMBINE/FUSECombine the following sentences below using the coordinate conjunctions. Write your sentencesin the blanks provided.1. Most cars are now equipped with radial tires. The chances for common blowouts are reduced .----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. The magazine contained only six articles .They were all about politics or sports.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. The meat was spoiled by the time I returned home .I had forgotten to put it in the refrigeratorwhen I left.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Philippines and Thailand are members of the ASEAN. They work for unity, peace and progressin the region.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. Both countries have diversity of culture. Their traditions and beliefs bring harmony and unity.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21
  • 22. ACTIVITY 13. SUPPLY THE PARTSComplete the sentences by supplying additional words, phrases and clauses .Write yoursentences on the blanks .1. Thais love spicy food and Chinese -------------------------------------------------------------------------.2. Filipinos and Thais have water dwellers so --------------------------------------------------------------.3. Riverside markets are attractions for small businessmen and --------------------------------------4. Sidewalk eateries mushroomed along the streets yet ------------------------------------------------.5. Traffic jams and pedicabs are both a sight to see and to experience and -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.Before ReadingACTIVITY 14. GUESS WHAT?Read each sentence carefully and choose from the word pool the character traits are inferred inthe following lines. Write your answer at the end of the statements.1. Makato had no brother nor sister to take care of him. His father and mother died._____2. He never idled, fed the pigs, and cleaned the forests._________3. He never complained and was satisfied. ____________4. He did every kind of work, like carrying heavy things.__________5. He tried his luck in a far-off land.__________________6. Makato thought about what he liked to do in the future.__________7. He picked up the shell and handed it to the king._______8. He planted the ground with more seedlings._________9. He knelt down and gave the king lettuces.____________Word PoolHonest orphaned good-natured ambitiousHardworking proactive adventurous gratefulIndustrious naturalistACTIVITY 14. Constructing22
  • 23. Construct sentences using the words found in the word pool. Work with your seatmate and dopeer checking .Find out if the words were used properly in the sentence.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The selection which you are about to read is a Thai folktale. Its theme is centered on theBuddhist principle of suppressing one’s earthly desire to achieve enlightenment.Draw out the Filipino values and traits of the character which enable him to becomesuccessful and better person. Find out the author’s purpose of writing this selection.Discover also Thai’s traditions and beliefs, as well as its diversity of culture which shapedyou as a Filipino.Makato and the Cowrie Shell(A Thai Folktale )Supanee KhanchanathitiOnce upon a time, there was a boy whose name was Makato. He wasan orphan, for his father and mother died when he was very young. He hadno brothers, sisters, cousins or friends to take care of him, so he had tomake a living for himself. He did every kind of work—carrying heavy things, clearing away theforest, or feeding pigs. He never idled. Although he was paid only small wages, he was satisfied.He knew that if he would not work, he would starve. Wherever he went, his employers praised himfor being sensible, hardworking, good-tempered and cheerful.One fine evening after he had finished chopping up a big pile of wood, he sat down to restand thought of all he would like to do in the future. He wanted to try his luck in far–off strangelands, for he longed for exciting adventures.“What are you thinking about so deeply, my boy?” asked his employer.“I would like to go on a journey for adventure,” said Makato, pointing to the northeast. “Iheard that the land is fertile and the people are kind. I wish I could see the land for myself.” Hiseyes sparked with excitement.“The land you wish to go to is called Sukhothai,” said his employer. “They say Pra Ruang ofSukhothai is a very kind–hearted king. You might be lucky if you could go there.”23
  • 24. Sometime later, Makato decided to try his fortune. He left his village and set out in the wideworld .He walked along cheerfully, enjoying new insights and talking to the people he met on theway. After a month’s journey, he reached a village on the boundary of the Kingdom of Sukhothai.“Please, can I have some water to drink?” Makato asked an old woman with a big water poton her head. “I’m so thirsty.”“Where did you come from? Why are you here alone? You look as if you’ve come a longway,” said the old woman, pouring cold water from her pot into a small cup and handling it toMakato.“Thank you so much,” said the boy.“Who are your father and mother? Haven’t you any family?” the old woman asked again.“I come from the City of Mon over there,” replied Makato.“Good heavens! Have you really come from Môn? How is it that you are travelling alone,such a young boy as you are?”“I wanted to see Pra Ruang of Sukhothai,” replied Makato.”They say he is a very kind-hearted king.”“You are a very determined boy!” said the woman.”Come along with me .Who knows? Youmight see Pra Ruang someday.”Makato was glad to go with her. If he could work with this kind of woman, he would have aplace to sleep, some food to eat and perhaps someday, he might be lucky enough to see the king.The old woman was one of the Pra Ruang Mahouts, which meant that she helped themahout find the food for the elephant and clean out the elephants’ sheds. He worked hard andwell, and the mahout and his wife grew fond of him.One day, the sky was clear and the weather so fine, it seemed to Makato that it must be alucky day. As he worked in the elephants’ sheds, a tall young man in a splendid costume, followedby attendants, came in. It was Pra Ruang himself. Makato bowed low at once with his handsclasped together before him.His heart beat fast.“Where did the boy come from?” the king asked the mahout, who was attending him.“How old is he?” the king asked further.“12 years old, your Majesty,” replied the mahout.“A good-looking and hardworking boy,” said the king. “Take good care of him.”As the king walked away, Makato saw a little cowrie shell lying on the ground .He ran topick up and held it to the king, but the king said with a smile, “You may keep it.”“How wonderful!” Makato thought, “the king has given me a cowrie shell.”24
  • 25. At the time, the people of Sukhothai used cowrie shells as money. Although one cowrie hadlittle value, Makato wanted to make as much use of it as possible, for it was the king’s gift. For along time, he could not think of a way to use it so that it would earn money for him.One day, he passed by a stall in the market where the seeds of many different plants weresold. He looked along the stall and caught sight of a basket full of lettuce seed. Lettuces! He couldgrow small plants like that. He asked the joyful woman at the stall, “Can I buy some lettuce seed?”“Oh yes, my boy. How much do you want?” said the old woman.“I have one cowrie shell!” said Makato.“One cowrie shell!” said the woman, laughing.”That won’t buy anything. I can’t evenmeasure that much.”“Look!” said Makato eagerly. “I will dip my finger into the pile of seeds. Then, I will take theseeds that stick to it. That must be right for one cowrie shell.”“Well, why not?” said the amused woman at his suggestions. “All right boy. Help yourself.”Makato paid the woman his one cowrie shell .Then, he dipped his finger into the pile ofseeds. When he pulled his wet finger out, it was covered with seeds. He carefully scraped them ofhis finger into the palm of his hand and went away, happily clutching the seeds.Now that he had seeds, Makato broke the soil and sowed them at once. He watered theseed bed every day and soon, the young plants appeared. Day by day, he cleared more groundand planted more lettuce seedlings until the kitchen garden was covered with them. He was veryproud of himself because he had done so well.“I wish I could give the king some lettuces,” he thought.One day, the king passed by the elephants’ sheds again. Makato waited for an opportunity,then knelt down and proudly presented his biggest lettuces to the king.“Where did you get this?” the king asked, surprised.“I grew them from the cowrie shell you gave me, Your Majesty,” answered Makato,beaming with a smile.“How could you do that?” asked the puzzled king.Makato told the king the whole story. The king was impressed with his intelligence andindustry, So much so that later on, he gave Makato a job in the palace.As the years passed, Makato grew tall and handsome. He mastered every grace andserved the king well. He was so loyal that the king trusted him absolutely. He was promoted tohigher positions until he was given a title of Kun Wang, which meant that he was the mostimportant person in the king’s court. He was also happily married to the beautiful young daughterof the king. After that, the king made him the ruler of the Mon.So it was that Makato, who had once been a poor orphan, became the king of thatprosperous kingdom.25
  • 26. Comprehension Check:Answer the following guide questions.1. Describe Makato. What character traits does he possess?2. What could be the reason why Makato left his place?3. Through inferring what the character says, does and thinks, one can recognize the traits ofa literary character .Cite lines, actions and thoughts which show Makato’s traits..4. What were those changes in Makato’s life after meeting the king? Enumerate.5. Which of Makato’s traits are similar to yours?6. How would you nurture and enhance your positive traits? In what ways?7. What lessons in life does the author want to convey to you? Are these true to all ages andraces?ACTIVITY 16 . PAINT A PICTUREWhat are Makato’s character traits? Describe his appearance, attitude, action and speech. Fill upthe character web with your answers and explain each trait.Action AppearanceWhat the What the charactercharacter does looks likeWhat the How the charactercharacter says feelsArticulation Attitude26Character___________________Character___________________
  • 27. ACTIVITY 17. COMPARE AND SHAREUsing the Venn Diagram, compare yourself with Makato. Be guided by the following questions .1. What traits do you both share? Write your answers between two circles.2. Write your character traits, which are different from Makato’s, inside the right circle.3. Write Makato’s character traits, which are different from yours, inside the left circle.4. Which of those traits would you like to improve? Explain.27
  • 28. ACTIVITY 18. LAY THE ROADMAPUsing the timeline, plot the events which led to Makato’s success. Be guided by the following keyquestions.1. What kind of life did he have at the beginning of the story? Describe.2. What motivated him to leave his place?3. How did the king recognize him? Cite the incident that showed it.4. What did he do with the cowrie shell?5. What was his reward from the king?Past28
  • 29. FutureACTIVITY 19 .DARE TO CLIMB?Plot the events in the story by writing them inside the space provided. Be able to answer the guidequestions below. Explain your work.1. What is the beginning of the story?2. What is the rising action?3. What is the climax of the story?4. What is the falling action?5. What is the denouement?29ClimaxClimaxIntroductionIntroductionFalling ActionFalling ActionRising ActionRising ActionDenouementDenouement
  • 30. ACTIVITY 20 . INTROSPECTING..What lessons in life have you learned from Makato’s experiences? Write a 5-7 sentenceparagraph. Provide your own title.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ACTIVITY 21. CONNECTING...PAIRINGCompose sentences describing the character traits of Makato using coordinate conjunctions. Workwith a partner and brainstorm ideas to come up with a 5-7 sentence paragraph.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------You are going to read your work orally in front of the class.You may choose from the following topics:1. Makato, the Teenager2. My Brief Encounter With Makato3. Makato’s Dream and My Dream30
  • 31. 4. How Makato Influenced My Life5. In What Ways Can I Build Peace and UnityBefore ReadingLet us discover and explore one of the most interesting Arab countries. Find out its uniqueculture, traditions and beliefs.Egypt is famous for its Pyramid at Giza and the Giant Statue known as The Sphinx. She isconsidered a modern nation in an ancient land and considered the most populous country .31We are embarking on the next activity by learning about another Asian neighbour, Egypt. Theselection enables you to deeply appreciate its customs and beliefs which are similar to ours.Find out if your focus questions, “How does diversity contribute to unity?” and“How do traditions and beliefs bring about diversity and or harmony?” can beanswered.
  • 32. Discover this country by observing the pictures on top or watching a documentary film.Activate your senses to draw out information.ACTIVITY 22. PAIRED APPROACHWork with a partner and discuss relevant issues. Be guided by the following questions.1. What country is described in the film/pictures?2. What knowledge and information did you get after watching/observing?3. Describe what you see, feel, hear and/or touch.4. What attracted you most about this country? Do you think you have common interests, culture,or similar customs and traditions? What make Egyptians different from Filipinos or Thais?ACTIVITY 23. SENSE IT!Using the sense web below, fill in the boxes with your answers and compare your work withyour seatmate. Do you have similar answers? What impressed you most about this country?SENSE WEB32SoundSound SightSightEGYPTEGYPTTouchTouchTasteTasteSmellSmell
  • 33. ACTIVITY 24. SUMMING UP!Write a 5-7 sentence paragraph describing Egypt using the information you placed in the senseweb. Find a partner and discuss relevant information about the country.ACTIVITY 25. WHAT ELEMENT?To prepare you to fully understand the text you are about to read, review the elements of a shortstory by doing the next activity.Rearrange the letters of the words below.1. TRACREHAR - ______________2. TLOP - ______________3. GITETNS - ______________4. TCFIOCNL - ______________5. ETLIT - ______________Now, you are slowly going deeper into understanding human nature and the experiences ofother people of different races. Have you realized something? Are human thoughts, feelings andemotions universal? Do they manifest in every race and culture?Let us see how you will work on the next activity.33
  • 34. Before we start working on the next activity , let us recall our lessons on idioms or idiomaticexpressions to be able to fully appreciate the beauty of these in the next reading text you areabout to read.English idiom or idiomatic expressions are Greek in origin. The word idiom means “aprivate citizen, something belonging to a private citizen, personal,” and, by extension, somethingindividual and peculiar. Idiomatic Expressions, then, conform to no laws or principles describingtheir formation. They may also violate grammar or logic or both and still be acceptable becausethe phrase is familiar, deep-rooted, widely used, and easily understandable- for the native born.“How do you do?” is, for example, an accepted idiom, although an exact answer would be absurd.There are many idiomatic expressions in our language. One is that several words arecombined which lose their literal meaning and express something very remotely suggested suchas ; birds of a feather, blacklist, lay up, toe the line, make out, bed of roses, dark horse, heavyhand, open house, read between the lines, no ax to grind, hard row to hoe.A second statement about idioms is that parts of the human body have suggested many ofthem: burn one’s fingers, all thumbs, fly in the face of, stand on one’s own feet, keep body andsoul together, keep one’s eyes open, step on someone’s toes, rub elbows with, get one’s back up,keep one’s chin up.A third generalization is that hundreds of idiomatic phrases contain adverbs or prepositionswith other parts of speech. Here are some examples: walk off, walk over, walk-up; run down, runin run off, run out; get nowhere, get through, get off.agree to a proposalon a planwith a personcontend for a principlewith a personagainst an obstacleUsage should conform to the idiomatic word combinations that are generally acceptable.Examples of Idiomatic expressions are : accord with ,according to , acquaint with ,adverse to , andaim to prove.ACTIVITY 26. WORKING WITH IDIOMS.Choose the appropriate idiomatic expressions to be used in the following sentences. Writea piece of cake, odds and ends, pros and cons or ups and downs in the blanks provided.1. The teacher asked us to talk about the ___________ of industrial development.34
  • 35. 2. Don’t worry about the problems you have in your business .You know there arealways ___________ in business.3. The police found nothing special in the house of the criminal as he had taken all theimportant documents with him leaving just _____________.4. If you think that doing this math problem is __________, just try it.Choose the appropriate word to complete the meaning of the idiom. Write ocean, music,rags, cold and pie in the blanks provided.1. All these promises the politicians make are just ____ in the sky.2. The small amount of money donated is just a drop in the _____ compared to thelarge sum of money needed.3. He has been successful in life. He went from ____ to riches.4. They had a dispute yesterday. That‘s why she gave him a ___ shoulder.5. I had to face the ____ all by myself, although I was not the only responsible for theproblem.ACTIVITY 27. IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONSGuess what idiomatic expressions are used below and give the correct meaning. After giving thecorrect meaning, use them in the sentences.1. Bata makes hay while the sun shines.___________2. The wife of Anpu was beaten black and blue._______3. Knowing the wife’s dishonesty, blood pours into his face._______4. After killing the wife, Anpu was blue in the face.__________5. Bata had made an easy way out to the mountains.________6. In good faith, Bata supported his brother Anpu.________7. Anpu felt a pain in the neck when he heard his wife’s explanation.________8. She bent her knees for forgiveness._______9. Anpu’s wife accepted the dose of her own medicine.________10.Bata kept company with god- Ra to seek consolation._______11.Anpu took the law into his hands.________35
  • 36. The selection which you are about to read is considered the oldest literary piecebelieved to have been written 3000 years before Christ.Find out the similarities of Egyptians and Filipinos in terms of culture, beliefs, respectand love for family and reverence to God as depicted in this selection.THE TWO BROTHERSEgyptian FolktaleOnce there were two brothers. Anpu was the elder, and Bata was the younger. When theirparents died, Anpu was already married and had a house of his own, so he took his little brotherwith him and treated him like his son. When the little brother grew to be a young man, he becamean excellent worker. He did the plowing. He harvested the corn, and there was no one his equal inthe whole land. Behold, the spirit of the god was within him.Every morning, the younger brother followed his oxen and worked all day in the fields, andevery evening, he returned to the house with vegetables, milk, and wood. He laid all these beforehis elder brother, and he took with him his bread, and he drove the cattle into the field.Because Anpu loved his younger brother very much, his wife became very jealous and shewanted to destroy Bata. One day, when Anpu and Bata were in the fields, they needed some corn,so Anpu sent Bata home to get some. The younger brother found the wife combing her hair andsaid to her, “Get up and give me some corn that I may run to the field for my elder brother is in ahurry. Do not delay.”At eventide, Anpu returned home earlier than his brother because Bata had much work todo in the fields. Anpu was met by his wife, who was crying bitterly. She showed him her arms andlegs which he had painted black and blue and accused Bata of having beaten her up. Shepretended to be in great pain. She did not give him water to wash his hands with. She did not lightthe fire for him. She pretended that she was very sick.Anpu became very angry. He sharpened his knife and waited for Bata in the stable.When the sun went down, Bata came home as usual, loaded with herbs, milk and wood. Ashe entered the door, he saw the feet of his brother and the sharp knife hanging by his side. Thebrother sprang from him and Bata fled praying to the god Ra. “My good Lord! Save me from death,thou who divines the evil from the good.” Ra heard his cry. He made a river flow between onebrother and the other and filled it with crocodiles.Bata asked his elder brother, “Why do you seek to kill me? Am I not your brother and haveyou not always treated me as if you were my father? Has not your wife been as mother to me?Now since you want to kill me, I shall go to the Valley of the Acacia.”36
  • 37. Anpu answered, “Why did you beat up my wife and almost kill her.”Bata answered, “I did not do such thing. Have I told you that I have always looked upon heras my mother?”So, Anpu went home. He found his wife near the river washing off the black and blue dyewith which she had painted herself. Filled with great anger, Anpu killed his wife and cast her to thedogs. Then, he sat down, poured ashes on his head and mourned for his younger brother.Bata reached the Valley of Acacia. Since there was no one with him, he slew wild beastsfor food, built himself a house and met the Nine Gods who knew of his innocence and goodness. Rasaid to the god Khunumu, “Behold, frame a woman for Bata that he may not remain alone.”SoKhunumu made for Bata a wife to dwell with him. She was indeed more beautiful than any otherwoman in the whole land. She was like a goddess, and Bata loved her very much.After ReadingACTIVITY 28. CHARACTERIZATIONDescribe the three characters through a Venn Diagram.1. Why did the wife get jealous of Bata?2. What did the wife do to get the attention of Anpu? Do you agree with what she had done?Why so?3. If you were Bata, what would you do? Do you agree with him in leaving the house? Why so?4. If you were Anpu, would you believe your wife’s explanation?5. Do you agree with the beliefs and traditions they practice? Which of those bring unity andharmony? Which do not?6. Enumerate those traditions of Egyptians which are similar to you as Filipinos.Write them down on this canvas. Then, compare and contrast them to our culture.37
  • 38. ACTIVITY 29. SOLVINGWhat problems are faced by the two brothers? Are these problems happening in today‘sworld? Using the problem–solution chart, identify the problems and provide solutions to thesebased on the selection you just read.Problem-Solution ChartACTIVITY 30. BUILDINGUsing the plot organizer, enumerate the events in the story by filling in the rectangles.Explain your work to the class.Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Denouement38Problems SolutionsThe Two Brothers
  • 39. ACTIVITY 31. DRAWING OUT...WHAT?What traditions and beliefs of Egyptians can contribute to and shape you as a Filipino?What cultural diversity brought unity, peace and progress?Compose a 5-7 sentence paragraph._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Bibliography contains a list of books or articles, or both, relating to a particularsubject. In a research paper, a bibliography is an alphabetical list, sometimes groupedinto categories, containing the names of all works quoted from or generally used in itspreparation. Every formally prepared research paper should contain a bibliographyplaced at the end and begun on a separate page.Bibliographical items should be arranged correctly and consistently. Let’s take a look at thefollowing examples below.BooksOne AuthorTompkins, Gail E. 2000. Teaching Writing (3rded.) New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.Two AuthorsDorn, Linda J. & Soffos, Carla. 2005. Teaching for Deep Comprehension. Maine:Stenhouse Publishers.Several Authors39
  • 40. Lauengco, Aurea, et.al. 1999. English CV for High Schools (3rded.). Makati: BookmarkInc.EncyclopediaHelms, Ronald. “Electric Light”. World Book Encyclopedia. 1995 ed.Magazine ArticleHackworth, Col. David H. “Terms of Forgiveness.” Newsweek. 24 Apr. 1995: 38-40.JournalCline, C.L. " Quasi Adventures in Literary Scholarship. " Texas Quarterly. 20 (1977) 36-42.NewspaperHunt, Albert R. "Clinton Needs Fewer Reinventions and More Consistency.World Wide WebAbilock, Debbie. "Choose The best search engine for your information.”22 March>http://www.nueva.pvt.k12.ca.us/~debbie/library/research/adviceengine.html> 12 Apr.1999What have you observed in the examples above? In writing the format of bibliographicalentries, what are the things you are supposed to remember?Let’s try answering the questions below.ACTIVITY 32. FORMATTING1. What is the format if the author is only one? Explain.______________________________________________________2. For two authors , how would you write the bibliography? Explain.______________________________________________________3. What words are used to mean several authors? Explain and give an example.______________________________________________________4. In writing the topics for encyclopedia, magazine and newspaper articles, what should youobserve?______________________________________________________40
  • 41. 5. In writing the titles of the book, what should you remember? Explain.______________________________________________________6. What should come first when writing the place and name of the publisher?______________________________________________________POINTS TO REMEMBER:1. All names of authors should start with the family name, followed by the first name.2. For two authors, the second author‘s name should be written with the first name firstand not with the family name.3. For several authors, use the words et .al. , to mean many or several authors.4. All titles of the books, magazines, encyclopedia and newspaper articles should beunderlined.5. Titles of topics of magazines, newspaper articles and encyclopedia must be enclosed inquotation marks.6. Observe correct punctuation marks, such as period, after the author’s name, title of thebook, encyclopedia, magazines and newspaper articles .7. Place a comma after the author’s family name to separate it from the first name and useit also to separate it from the name of the publisher.AppendixAn appendix refers to an “addendum” or any addition to a document, such as a book orlegal contract. It is a collection of supplementary materials, usually appearing at the end of areport, proposal, or a book. It may come in the form of tables and charts, sample questionnaires,budgets and cost estimates, correspondence about the preparation of the report, case histories,transcripts of telephone conversations, among others.REFLECT and UNDERSTAND41
  • 42. Shall we move on to the next challenge by taking you off from the text and allowingyou to explore your outside world? How about experiencing and translating yourunderstanding in discovering who you are as a Filipino and one who treasured hisroots?Your performance will depend on how well you can perform the activity.Group Activities:A. Multiple Intelligence ActivitiesYou are asked to perform the indicated activities.Group 1 – the Dramatists – Present a scene that highlights the theme of the story, “TheTwo Brothers” or “Mako and the Cowrie Shell.”Group 2 – the Naturalists/Environmentalists – Present a problem–solution chartshowing your ability to address environmental problems.Group 3 – the Dancers – Present a Thai or Egyptian dance showcasing its culture.Group 4 – the Singers – Sing a song or perform a rap related to the selection. Provideyour own lyrics depicting unity and diversity.Group 5 – the Mathematicians – Through a mathematical formula, show the age ofMakato when he became a king .B. I’m “Punch Lining.” Can You?Oral Activity1. Work as a group and interpret this passage: “Unity in diversity is the highestpossible attainment of a civilization, a testimony to the most noble possibilitiesof the human race. This attainment is made possible through passionateconcern for choice in an atmosphere of social trust.” –Michael Novak2. Using the key ideas presented in the passage, provide dialogs appropriate forthe following pictures found below. Then, deliver the dialogues.3. Your performance will be scored through a rubric.Be guided by the following: Deliver your lines well.42
  • 43.  Enunciate the words with articulation. Observe proper stress, tone and voice level. Use appropriate facial expressions and hand and body movements.Leaders of three nations talking about national issues and problemsInternational beauties joining the contestTwo different nationalities in a boxing bout43
  • 44. Men worshipping in a church or a mosqueMeeting of ASEAN Leaders in a Summitwww.google.com.phWhat can you say about the presentations made? What have you learned? Is there aconnection between the words diversity and unity? Traditions and beliefs? Give yourgeneralizations and conclusions.44
  • 45. C. Writing ActivityUsing comparison and contrast, fill in the grid with the Positive-Interesting-Negativeaspects of Filipinos, Thais and Egyptians in terms of :a. Love for Familyb. Reverence to Godc. Desire to Succeed in LifeReport to the class afterward.Positive Interesting NegativeFilipinoThaiEgyptianD. More ReadingsWith your group, look for some readings related to the topics below. Come upwith 10 bibliographies, using on line resources for additional information.1. Multi-Cultural Dialects of Filipinos2. Religious Beliefs of Filipinos3. Filipino Treasured Values4. Filipino Traditions and BeliefsTRANSFERYou are asked to be the representative of the Youth Commission in a World YouthConference to speak on their behalf on the topic, “The Role of the Youth in Establishing Unity in aDiversified Multi-Cultural Society.” Your task is to prepare your speech by scouting reliableresources from the internet and other library resources to address the concerns. Make sure thatthe suggestions you will cite can be done by young people like you.Make a list of bibliographicalsources and present it to class.Rubric for Assessing an Oral PresentationGrading Criteria Excellent Acceptable Minimal UnacceptablePreparation Gathersinformation fromvaried sources;Gathersinformation fromthree or fourGathersinformation fromone or twoGathersinformation fromonly one source;45
  • 46. makes note cardsto use as cuesduringpresentation;creates attractivevisual aids toillustratepresentationsources;prepares notesand visual aids touse duringpresentationsources; writespresentationaccuratelymay not be ableto complete taskbecause of lackof preparationContent Used anabundance ofmaterials clearlyrelated to topic;Made pointsclearly; usedvaried materialsUsed adequateinformation aboutthe topic; madegood points; usedsome variation inuse of materialsUsed someinformation notconnected to thetopicUsed informationthat has littleconnection totopicOrganization Organizedinformation andordered ideaslogically;Presented easy-to-followargument; Stateda clearconclusionPresented mostinformation in alogical order;Presentedgenerally clearand easy-to-follow argumentsPresented looselyconnected ideas;Presented achoppy anddifficult-to-followorganizationDid not use alogical order inpresentationSpeaking Skills Well-poised,enthusiastic, andconfident duringthe presentation;enunciatedclearly.Engaged duringpresentation.Had little or noexpression; Didnot enunciateclearlyAppeareddisinterestedduringpresentation© Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reservedhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/20891655/Rubric-for-Oral-PresentationGlossaryAadventurous – daring; inclined to incur riskancient – very old; dating from the distant pastantagonist – opponentappendix – a section or a supplementary information at the back of a bookBbeckons – to summon by a gesturebibliography – list of writings on a given subject or by a given authorburgeoning – to start to increase rapidly46
  • 47. Ccentury – a period of 100 yearscharacter – one of the element of a short story; a person of marked individualitycivilization – advance stage of social cultureclimax – most interesting part of the storycolossal – immense; giganticconflict – to clash; a fight; emotional disturbancecoordinate – to integrate elements into an efficient relationshipcowrie shell – a marine mollusk with a glossy, brightly speckled shellcultural – pertaining to cultureDdenouement – the solution; the outcome; the resolution or a plot or storydiversified – assorted; various; differencesdiversity – variety; distinction; differenceEedifice – substantial buildingemerald – a rich green gemstoneenamoured – to inspire with loveexotic – foreign; strange; excitingly different or unusualexposition – a public show or exhibition; a detailed explanationeventide – eveningFfiction – an invented story; any literary work with imaginary characters and eventsHhefty – large and strongheritage – something inherited at birthIinnovation – new methods or ideasJ47
  • 48. journey – travelling from one place to anotherLloquacious – talkativeMmahouts – an elephant drivermaize – corn; a light yellow colormonument – a statue or building that commemorates a person or an eventmosaic – a surface decoration made by inlaying small pieces of glass or stonemural – a picture or a design painted directly onto a wallNnaturalist – one who studies natural history; an advocate of naturalismPpopulous – densely inhabitedproclivity – inclination; tendencyprotagonist – the main character in a story or dramapyramid – a solid figure having a polygon as a base, and whose sides are trianglessharing a common vertexRrealism – practical outlook; the ability to represent things without concealmentrebounded – bounced backrecession – a downturn in economic activityrecline – to lie down on the back or sidereminiscent – recalling the pastremnants – small remaining fragmentsSshift – to change positionsphinx – a monster with a lions body and human headspire – the tapering point of a steeplesplendid – brilliant; magnificent48
  • 49. Ttapioca – a glutinous starch extracted from the root of the cassava and used inpuddingstheme – the main subject of a discussionUubiquitous – omnipresent; universalunfolding – display; openuniqueness – exceptional; matchless; unexampledReferences:1. Carpio, Rustica C. 2007. Criss Crossing Through Afro-Asian Literature, Copyrightby Anvil Publishing, Inc.2. Lapid, Milagros G. and Josephine Serrano. 2000. English Communication Artsand Skills Through Afro-Asian Literature, Phoenix Publishing Co., Inc.3. Torres, Myrna S. 1997. English for Secondary Schools. Copyright, FNBEducational, Inc.4. Torres, Myrna S. 2000. Moving Ahead in English II. FNB Educational, Inc.5. English Teachers’ Guide, Second Year High School, Learning Package 2. 2007.49
  • 50. Fund for Assistance to Private Education.6. English Expressways, Textbook for Second Year. 2007. SD Publications, Inc.On Line Sources:1. http://www.eduplace.com./graaphic organizer2. https://www.google.com.ph.3. https://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/engramja/elements,html4. http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/tips/bibform.htm/5. http://grammar.abnet.com/od./ab/g/appendix term.htm6. Unescodoc.unesco.org./ciges7. www.scribct.com/doc.725397772/synopsis of Afro-Asian Literature50