Rome, Italian: Roma pronounced Latin: Rōma) is acity and special comune ("Roma Capitale") in Italy.Rome is the capital of Italy and also of Lazio (Latin:Latium). With 2.8 million residents in 1,285.3 km2(496.3 sq mi), it is also the countrys largest and mostpopulated comune and fifth-most populous city in theEuropean Union by population within city limits.Between 3.2 and 3.8 million people live in the Romeurban and metropolitan area. The city islocated in the central-western portion of the ItalianPeninsula, on the Tiber within the Lazio region ofItaly. Rome is referred to as "The Eternal City", anotion expressed by ancient Roman poets and
Legend of the Founding of RomeTraditional stories handed down by the ancientRomans themselves explain the earliest history of theircity in terms of legend and myth. The most familiar ofthese myths, and perhaps the most famous of allRoman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, thetwins who were suckled by a she-wolf. They decided tobuild a city, but after an argument, Romulus killed hisbrother. According to the Roman annalists, thishappened on 21 April 753 BC.[This legend had to bereconciled with a dual tradition, set earlier in time, thathad the Trojan refugee Aeneas escape to Italy andfound the line of Romans through his son Iulus, thenamesake of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.[This wasaccomplished by the Roman poet Virgil in the firstcentury BC.
Ethnic groupsAccording to the latest statistics conducted byISTAT, approximately 9.5% of thepopulation consists of non-Italians. About halfof the immigrant population consists of thoseof various other European origins (chieflyRomanian, Polish, Ukrainian, and Albanian)numbering a combined total of 131,118 or 4.7percent of the population. The remaining 4.8percent are those with non-European origins,chiefly Filipinos (26,933), Bangladeshis (12,154),Peruvians (10,530), and Chinese (10,283).
The Esquilino rione, off Termini Railway Station, hasevolved into a largely immigrant neighbourhood; it isnow seen as Romes Chinatown, but in fact immigrantsfrom more than a hundred different countries crowdits busy streets and piazzas. A thriving commercialdistrict, Esquilino boasts dozens of restaurantsfeaturing every kind of international cuisine. There areinnumerable wholesale clothes shops: of the 1,300 or socommercial premises operating in the district 800 areChinese-owned, around 300 are run by immigrantsfrom other countries around the world and some 200are owned by Italians. Hundreds of Romani gypsies live in illegal trailercamps on the citys outskirts. There is a growingpopulation of homeless people in Rome, mostly notItalian and estimated at 7,000.
ArchitectureRomes architecture over the centuries has greatlydeveloped, especially from the Classical andImperial Roman styles to modern Fascistarchitecture. Rome was for a period one of theworlds main epicentres of classical architecture,developing new forms such as the arch, the domeand the vault. The Romanesque style in the 11th,12th and 13th centuries was also widely used inRoman architecture, and later the city became oneof the main centres of Renaissance and Baroquearchitecture.
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