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Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
Influenza
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  • 1. PROTOCOL FOR INFLUENZA <ul><li>By S/N Roselin </li></ul>
  • 2. C0MMON COLDS <ul><li>Acute viral nasopharyngitis, or acute coryza, usually known as the common cold, is a highly contagious, viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system, primarily caused by picornaviruses or coronaviruses </li></ul>
  • 3. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Symptoms of the common cold usually begin 2 to 3 days after infection and often include </li></ul><ul><li>Mucus buildup in your nose </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty breathing through your nose </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of your sinuses </li></ul><ul><li>Sneezing </li></ul><ul><li>Sore throat, cough, headache </li></ul><ul><li>Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul>
  • 4. TREATMENT <ul><li>No approved antiviral drugs for the common cold.But it resolves in 7days on average. </li></ul><ul><li>The reliable treatment is drinking fluids to maintain hydration,plenty of rest,using cough drops,throat sprays,cold medicines,saline nasal drops may alleviate congestion. </li></ul>
  • 5. The Counter Symptom Medicines. <ul><li>There are a number of effective treatment which, rather than treat the viral infection, focus on relieving the symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Analgesics ---- aspirin or/ paracetamol </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal decongestants ---- pseudoephedrine </li></ul><ul><li>Cough suppressants ---- dextromethorphan </li></ul><ul><li>Anti – histamines ---- brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine </li></ul>
  • 6. Define influenza Influenza commenly called “the flu” is a highly contagious infection of the nose, throat,bronchial tubes,and lungs.
  • 7. Infective agent <ul><li>Influenza is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract. </li></ul><ul><li>Two main types:- </li></ul><ul><li>1.Influenza type-A </li></ul><ul><li>2.Influenza type-B </li></ul><ul><li>These viruses can under go two types of changes. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Antigenic drift” – gradual evaluation of virus. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Antigenic Shift” _ occurs only occasionally. </li></ul>
  • 8. How do people get influenza <ul><li>Influenza occurs world wide. The major types of influenza virus live and change inside animals, primarily birds, pigs, and horses. </li></ul><ul><li>It spreads through the Air, most often when an infected person sneezes, cough, or speaks. </li></ul>
  • 9. Signs and symptoms <ul><li>Abrupt fever </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle aches </li></ul><ul><li>Severe tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Sore throat </li></ul><ul><li>Runny or stuffy nose </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>These symptoms typically appear 1-5 days after infection. </li></ul>
  • 10. How is influenza diagnosed <ul><li>Health care provider will diagnose influenza based on typical symptoms of fever, chills, headache, cough and body aches. </li></ul>
  • 11. Who is at risk for influenza <ul><li>Any one can get. but the risk of complication in highest in these groups. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Person aged 65 years and older </li></ul><ul><li>2.Residents of nursing home </li></ul><ul><li>3.Adults and children with long lasting disorders of the lungs or heart. </li></ul><ul><li>4.Adults and children with diabetes, kidney disease, or weakened immune systems </li></ul><ul><li>5.Health-care workers, house hold members and others who are contact with persons at high risk for influenza. </li></ul>
  • 12. Treatment for influenza <ul><li>There is no cure for influenza. </li></ul><ul><li>Rest and liquids are main treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Antiviral drug- Tamiflu is licenced for treatment of both the main types of influenza in humans (type A and type B) it may prevent or reduce the severity of influenza. </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

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