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4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
4th week political culture
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4th week political culture

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  • {"5":"Culture is a big word. It is hard to say what culture exactly is. Nevertheless, we can apply the three levels of culture in order to draw a picture of defining culture.\n","11":"Civilization \n","17":"A political generation as a culturally distinctive age cohort. Distinguishing life-cycle and generational effects. Post-materialism: cultural change in Western democracies. The impact of post-war peace, affluence and educational expansion. Generational replacement as a mechanism of cultural change. The emergence of political leaders with no experience of world war.\nHuntington’s seven or eight civilizations and the clash of civilizations. Against this, Islam as a multi-vocal religion, a cultural resource which can be exploited in innumerable ways. Support for democracy widespread in both Western and Islamic countries but sexual attitudes more conservative in the Muslim world. The danger of civilizations – and of political culture generally – serving as blanket explanations. \nThe importance of elite political culture. Two dimensions: a) the elite’s faith in its right to rule and b) its willingness to compromise. Lijphart’s consociational democracy in Austria and the Netherlands – and in Belgium today.\nPolitical culture in authoritarian states. Founded on a traditional culture favouring authority and strong leadership – or is culture the effect rather than the cause? The example of Russia.\n","12":"Civilization \n","1":"In the lesson one, world politics is divided into state and non-state actors. In which, state consists of nation and nation-state.\nIn the lesson two, we can see states in the world politics as two type: democracy and non-democracy, namely authoritarian regime.\nHowever, no matter which forms, democratic or non-democratic, the political culture is shaped without saying. Therefore, today, we are going to talk about the concept of political culture.\n","13":"Even when the mass population is divided into separate and even hostile pillars. Political stability is still possible if pillar leaders can negotiate agreements on essential matters.\npillar1. Organized communities, typically based on religion (e.g. Catholic) or ideology (e.g. socialist). Depillarization refers to the weakening of the organized basis of such communities. See consociational democracy. 2. The three pillars (or columns, sectors, supports) of the European Union. These are the Community; Common Foreign and Security Policy; and Police and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters.\n","8":"Postmaterialism is a commitment to radical quality of life issues (such as the environment) which can emerge, especially among the edu­cated young, from a foundation of personal secu­rity and material affluence. Ronald Inglehart suggests that the rare combination of affluence, peace and secu­rity in Western countries in the post-war era crated a silent revolution in Western political cultures, as the traditional priority accorded to eco­nomic achievement made way for increased emphasis on the quality of life. From the 1960s, a new generation of postmate­rialists emerged: young, well-educated people focused on lifestyle issues such as nuclear disarmament and feminism. Where prewar generations had valued order, security and fixed rules in such areas as religion and sexual morality, postmaterialists gave priority to self-expression and flexible rules. Postmaterialists participate extensively in politics but are inclined to join elite-challenging promotional groups rather than mainstream political parties.\n","9":"Civilization \n","10":"Civilization \n"}
  • Transcript

    • 1. Week Four Political Culture Dr. Jizhen Huang
    • 2. Outline  What on earth culture is?  Civic culture  Political culture  New Political generation: post-materialism  Civilization and religion  Elite political culture  Political culture in authoritarian rule  Discussion time
    • 3. What on earth culture is?  Defined by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)  The set of spiritual, intellectual, and emotional features;  Lifestyle, ways of living together, value systems, traditions, belief, symbols, meanings, and expectations, etc.  Indicate who we are, what is important to us, and how we should behave.
    • 4. Why Culture Matters  Cultural norms typically change slowly and reflect stable values.  It encapsulates the history, traditions, and values of a society.  Congruence theory  The distribution of cultural patterns is typically related to the type of political process that citizens expect and support.  Do democracies create a participatory democratic public, or does a political culture lead to a democratic political system?  It works both ways.  Political culture can build common political community, but it can also have the power to divide.
    • 5. Three levels of culture  individuals  Social norms  National laws
    • 6. Civic Culture Many citizens are active in politics but a passive minority serves to stabilize the system. It makes a liberal democracy is most likely to develop and consolidate. The source of stable democracy. Resolving the tension within democracy between popular control and effective governance.
    • 7. Political Culture [ 政治文化 ] Culture consists of the distinctive spiritual and symbolic characteristics of society; it is the essential human characteristic, articulating our nature as aware social beings. Political culture, similarly, refers to fundamental values, outlooks and knowledge that give form and substance to polit­ics in a given country. Also refer to civic culture, elite political culture.
    • 8. Post-materialism: New Political Generation  Postmaterialism is a commitment to radical quality of life issues (such as the environment)  especially among the edu­cated young, from a foundation of personal secu­rity and material affluence.  Combination of affluence, peace and secu­rity in Western countries in the post-war era  Postmaterialists gave priority to self-expression and flexible rules.  Postmaterialists participate extensively in politics but are inclined to join elite-challenging promotional groups rather than mainstream political parties.
    • 9. Civilization & Religion Rather than countries, cultures would become the leading source of political conflict in the 21st century. The focus shifted from a battle of ideologies to a clash of civilizations.
    • 10. Civilization & Religion Rather than countries, cultures would become the leading source of political conflict in the 21st century. (Huntington) The focus shifted from a battle of ideologies to a clash of civilizations. Huntington’s 7-8 civilizations (p103) Relationships between states and civilizations (p103) Social values: equality for women, homosexuality, abortion, and divorce, etc.
    • 11. Political Culture in authoritarian states Authoritarian rule often means: NOT used to democratic behaviors and values. Such as: various thinking and behaving, tolerating dissents, and seeing the advantages of debate and discussion. Ultimately, emphasizing the values of security rather than self-expression, ex. Human rights. China becomes a significant case of this kind of political culture, regardless of good or bad.
    • 12. Elite Political Culture (1/2) Consist of the beliefs, attitudes, and ideas about politics; Which are held by those who are closet to the centers of political power. In a state, the values of elites are more systematic than the mass population. Relations amongst the different groups of elites
    • 13. Elite Political Culture (2/2)
    • 14. Trends Shaping Contemporary Political Cultures  Democratization  Marketization  Greater public acceptance of free markets and private profit incentives, rather than a government-managed economy  Globalization
    • 15. Trends Shaping Contemporary Political Cultures  Political culture is not a static phenomenon.  Encompasses how the agents of political socialization communicate and interpret historic events and traditional values  Important to understand  Influences how citizens act, how the political process functions, and what policy goals the government pursues
    • 16. Summary 1/2  Political culture as ‘the sum of the fundamental values, sentiments and knowledge that give form and substance to political processes.  Studying political culture through opinion surveys or public symbols. Danger of ignoring subject cultures and of stereotyping national character.  Civic culture: a participant style is balanced by less engaged elements to produce a balance conducive to democratic stability. Need to account for political culture itself: can reflect as well as shape politics.
    • 17. Summary 2/2  Post-materialism: cultural change in Western democracies. The impact of post-war peace, affluence and educational expansion. Generational replacement as a mechanism of cultural change. The emergence of political leaders with no experience of world war.  Huntington’s seven or eight civilizations and the clash of civilizations.  The importance of elite political culture. Two dimensions: a) the elite’s faith in its right to rule and b) its willingness to compromise.  Political culture in authoritarian states.
    • 18. Video clips  Chinese Politics Students  Social value shapes political culture  Islam and the clash of civilizations
    • 19. Discussion Questions  What are the main political subcultures in your country?  Does modernization generate postmaterialism?  What difference does it make if people trust heir government?  In your society, how, if at all, do the values of the political elite differ from those of the general public?  Is there a clash of civilizations between the Muslim and Western worlds?  Are authoritarian regimes sustained by cultures giving ‘priority to authority and strong leadership over freedom and expression’?

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